psych campbell ch12

1. (p. 441) When a behavior is _____ it is often considered abnormal. A. impulsive and not as frequent
B. atypical in that it deviates from what is acceptable in a culture C. repetitive
D. unique

B. atypical

2. (p. 441-442) Which of the following is NOT one of the criteria that psychologists use to define abnormality? A. Unique
B. Maladaptive C. Personally distressful D. Deviant

A. unique

3 (p. 442) With respect to the three characteristics of abnormal behavior, when a behavior interferes with a person's ability to function effectively in the world, it is considered _____.
A. unique B. dependent C. maladaptive D. repetitive

C. maladaptive

4. (p. 442) Jason is very depressed and can't help but think that life holds few rewards. He feels upset and frustrated by the fact that he just can't "shake the blues." The _____ aspect of abnormal behavior applies to Jason. A. deviant
B. maladaptive C. digressive
D. personally distressful

D. personally distressful

5. (p. 443) The _____ approach to disorders primarily focuses on the brain, genetic factors, and neurotransmitter functioning as the sources of abnormality. A. psychological B. sociocultural C. biological D. evolutionary

c. biological

6. (p. 443) The _____ approach is evident in the medical model.
A. biological
B. psychological
C. sociocultural
D. cognitive

A. biological

7. (p. 443) Which theoretical approach emphasizes the contributions of experiences, thoughts, emotions, and personality characteristics in explaining psychological disorders? A. The sociocultural approach B. The psychological approach
C. The humanistic approach
D. The biological approach

B. the psychological approach

8. (p. 443) Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a doctor. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders.
A. medical
B. behavioral C. psychoanalytic D. cognitive

A. medical

9. (p. 446) Drug companies commonly fund research that focuses on a(n) _____ model of psychological disorders. A. cultural
B. analytical
C. disease
D. cognitive

C. disease

10. (p. 447) Chad regularly experiences motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts. It is likely that Chad suffers from a(n) _____. A. mood disorder B. anxiety disorder C. personality disorder D. dissociative disorder

B. anxiety disorder

11. (p. 447) Which of the following is NOT classified as an anxiety disorder? A. Specific phobia
B. Panic disorder
C. Depression
D. Social anxiety disorder

C. depression

12. (p. 447) Although Carol has been experiencing persistent anxiety for the past 6 months, she has been unable to specify the cause or source of her nervous feelings. Carol likely suffers from _____. A. Schizophrenia
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. a panic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

d. generalized anxiety

13. (p. 448) In a(n) _____, a person experiences recurrent, sudden onsets of intense terror, often without warning and with no specific cause.
A. panic disorder B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. phobic disorder D. obsessive-compulsive disorder

a. panic disorder

14. (p. 448) You are having dinner with your friend Sophia when she experiences a sudden onset of intense terror, without warning and with no specific cause. Sophia would most likely be diagnosed as suffering from _____.
A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. panic disorder
C. phobic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

B

15. (p. 448) John has sudden attacks of intense fear in which he experiences palpitations, he feels dizzy, and he has trouble catching his breath. During these attacks, he worries that he is going to die. From this description, it sounds like John has _____. A. Schizophrenia B. obsessive-compulsive disorder C. panic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

c. panic disorder

16. (p. 449) A fear becomes a phobia when _____. A. a doctor diagnoses it as such
B. an individual will go to any length to avoid the object of the fear/phobia C. a person can specifically identify what they are afraid of
D. the regions of the brain like amygdala and hippocampus are deactivated

B. an individual will go to any length to avoid the object of the fear/ohobia

17. (p. 449) Former NFL coach John Madden had a famous fear of flying that led him to take a bus to all of the games he broadcasted. The fact that he would go to any length to avoid flying suggests that he suffered from _____. A. schizophrenia B. obsessive-compulsive disorder
C. specific phobia
D. post-traumatic stress disorder

c. specific phobia

18. (p. 450) Individuals who suffer from _____ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in public/collective situations. A. generalized anxiety disorder B. obsessive-compulsive disorder
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. social anxiety disorder

d. social anxiety disorder

19. (p. 451) The Anxiety disorder in which the individual has anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation is called _______. A. specific phobia
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. obsessive-compulsive disorder
D. schizophrenia

c. ocd

20. (p. 451) The most common compulsion exhibited by individuals who have obsessive-compulsive disorder is excessive _____. A. exercising
B. cleansing
C. sleeping
D. eating

B. cleansing

21. (p. 451) _____ are recurrent thoughts, whereas _____ are recurrent behaviors.
A. Compulsions/obsessions
B. Obsessions/compulsions
C. Delusions/hallucinations
D. Hallucinations/delusions

B. obsessions/compulsion

22. (p. 451) Jillian can't bear to leave her home without washing all the linens and floors, vacuuming the carpets, and organizing everything in her cupboards. Because she knows that her behavior is extreme, she has tried to go to work without doing all these things, but she is overcome with such overwhelming dread that she never makes it all the way to the office. Jillian probably has _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. panic disorder

A. obsessive-compulsive disorder

23. (p. 451) Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) _____.
A. does not seem to have a genetic component because it does not run in families
B. is linked with high levels of serotonin and dopamine
C. does not seem to be linked with abnormal brain functioning
D. sometimes occurs during a period of life stress

d. sometimes occurs during a period of life stress

24. (p. 452) Which of the following is NOT a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder? A. Flashbacks B. Impulsive outbursts of behavior C. Difficulties with memory and concentration D. Feeling emotionally charged

D.feeling emotional charged

25. (p. 452) When Sandra was 18 years old, she was in a serious car accident. Although she made a full recovery from her injuries, she experienced extreme anxiety afterward. Sandra is now very anxious when driving, has nightmares about the accident, and flinches when she goes through intersections. Sandra has symptoms suggestive of _____. A. generalized anxiety disorder
B. specific phobia
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. panic disorder

C. post-traumatic stress

26. (p. 452-453) In movies that focus on war, soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, nervousness, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases these soldiers have problems with memory and an inability to experience happiness. These characters are indicative of _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. specific phobia D. dissociative identity disorder

B. ptsd

27. (p. 452-453) Randy experienced a horrific childhood. She was physically and verbally abused by her mother and sexually abused by her stepfather. Years later, she began experiencing anxiety symptoms. Which of the following anxiety related disorders would best apply to this situation? A. major depressive disorder B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. bipolar disorder D. schizophrenia

B, ptsd

28. (p. 454) A depressive disorder is classified as a(n) _____ disorder. A. anxiety
B. mood
C. personality D. digressive

B. mood

29. (p. 454) _____ is an unrelenting lack of pleasure in life. A. Anxiety B. Fear
C. Anger
D. Depression

d. depression

30. (p. 455) According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the leading cause of disability in the United States is _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. panic disorder C. schizophrenia
D. major depressive disorder

d. major depressive disorder

31. (p. 455) _____ involves a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least 2 weeks. A. Obsessive-compulsive disorder B. Major depressive disorder
C. Bipolar disorder D. Generalized anxiety disorder

b. major depressive disorder

32. (p. 455) Depressed people tend to have fewer receptors of the neurotransmitters _____
A. dopamine and GABA
B. GABA and epinephrine
C. oxytocin and serotonin
D. serotonin and norepinephrine

d. serotonin and norepinephrine

33. (p. 457) _____ is a mood disorder that is characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania, an overexcited, unrealistically optimistic state. A. Major depressive disorder B. Obsessive-compulsive disorder C. Bipolar disorder D. Generalized anxiety disorder

C. bipolar`

34. (p. 457) Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested it in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasted for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited earlier this semester. Your roommate is exhibiting symptoms of _____.
A. bipolar disorder
B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. panic disorder D. obsessive-compulsive disorder

a. bipolar disorder

35. (p. 457) Depressive disorders are _____, whereas bipolar disorder is _____. A. more common among men/equally common in men and women
B. more common among women/equally common in men and women C. equally common in men and women/more common among women D. equally common in men and women/more common among men

B

36. (p. 457) Genetic factors are stronger predictors of _____ than _____.
A. depressive disorders/bipolar disorder
B. bipolar disorder/depressive disorders
C. dysthymic disorder/depressive disorders
D. dysthymic disorders/bipolar disorder

B. bipolar/depressive

37. (p. 460) Suicide is linked with low levels of the neurotransmitter _____. A. dopamine
B. GABA
C. serotonin
D. epinephrine

C

38. (p. 462) _____ is an eating disorder in which an individual, typically female, consistently follows a binge-and-purge eating pattern.
A. Bulimia nervosa
B. Binge-eating disorder C. Anorexia nervosa D. Schizophrenia

a. bulimianervosa

39. (p. 462) ______ is an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.
A. Binge-eating disorder B. Anorexia nervosa C. Schizophrenia D. Dissociative identity disorder

b. anorexia nervosa

40. (p. 462) _____ has the highest mortality rate of any psychological disorder.
A. Generalized anxiety disorder
B. Schizophrenia
C. Bipolar disorder
D. Anorexia nervosa

d. anorexia nervosa

41. (p. 463) Francine has been suffering from a chronic sore throat, kidney problems, dehydration, gastrointestinal problems, and dental problems. These complications are commonly experienced by individuals who suffer from _____.
A. binge eating disorders B. anorexia nervosa C. bulimia nervosa D. bipolar disorder

c. bulimia

42. (p. 463) Individuals with bulimia nervosa tend to have _____ of perfectionism and _____ of self-efficacy. A. high levels/high levels
B. high levels/low levels
C. low levels/high levels
D. low levels/low levels

B.. high/low

43. (p. 463) Problems in regulating _____ are related to both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. A. serotonin
B. epinephrine C. tryptamine
D. dopamine

A. serotonin

44. (p. 465) _____ involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity.
A. Anxiety disorders
B. Mood disorders
C. Personality disorders
D. Dissociative disorders

d. dissociative disorders

45. (p. 465) Dissociative disorders often occur in individuals who also show signs of _____.
A. bipolar disorder B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. antisocial personality disorder
D. panic disorder

b. ptsd

46. (p. 466) _____ is the most dramatic, least common, and most controversial dissociative disorder. A. Dissociative amnesia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Dissociative fugue D. Schizophrenia

B. dissociative identity

47. (p. 466) Which of the following was formerly called multiple personality disorder?
A. Dissociative amnesia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Dissociative fugue D. Schizophrenia

b. dissociative identity

48. (p. 468) _____ is a severe psychological disorder that is characterized by highly disordered thought processes.
A. Social anxiety disorder
B. Bipolar disorder C. Generalized anxiety disorder
D. Schizophrenia

D. schizophrenia

49. (p. 468) _____ are sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli. _____ are false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual's culture. A. Delusions/Hallucinations
B. Hallucinations/Delusions
C. Referential thoughts/Catatonic thoughts
D. Catatonic thoughts/Referential thoughts

B. hallucinations. delusions

50. (p. 468) Frank believes that he is the finest fisherman ever and that, when he is out on the lake, thousands of people are in the surrounding area with binoculars watching his every move in the hopes of discovering his technique. This is an example of _____.
A. a delusion
B. a hallucination
C. a mirage
D. flat affect

a. delusion

51. (p. 469) _____ is a common negative symptom of schizophrenia, which means the display of little or no emotion. A. Catatonia
B. Flat affect
C. Referential thinking D. Hallucination

b. flat affect

52. (p. 469) Catatonia _____. A. is a state of immobility and unresponsiveness that lasts for long periods of time
B. means giving personal meaning to completely random events C. refers to false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual's culture D. refers to sensory experiences that occur in the absence of real stimuli

a.

53. (p. 473) _____ personality disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by guiltlessness, law-breaking, exploitation of others, irresponsibility, and deceit.
A. Histrionic
B. Schizoid
C. Antisocial
D. Obsessive-compulsive

c. anti social

54. (p. 473) Ted is a superficially charming person but is indifferent to the pain of others. He has spent his life in and out of prison for violent crimes. Ted would most likely be diagnosed with which type of personality disorder? A. Borderline
B. Narcissistic
C. Antisocial
D. Schizotypal

c. antisocial

55. (p. 475) _____ is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions, and of marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in various contexts. A. Schizophrenia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Antisocial personality disorder
D. Borderline personality disorder

d. borderline personality disorder

56. (p. 475) The thinking style called splitting is associated with which of the following disorders? A. Schizophrenia
B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Antisocial personality disorder
D. Borderline personality disorder

d. borderline personality disorder

57. (p. 478) The Americans with Disabilities Act _____. A. made it illegal to hold social stigmas against those with mental disorders
B. made it illegal to discriminate against a person with a psychological disorder in the workplace when the person's condition does not prevent performance of the job's essential functions
C. was designed to reduce the cultural stereotypes of people with mental disorders D. was designed to provide additional healthcare coverage to people with mental disorders who were stereotyped as violent

b.

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1. (p. 441) When a behavior is _____ it is often considered abnormal. A. impulsive and not as frequent
B. atypical in that it deviates from what is acceptable in a culture C. repetitive
D. unique

B. atypical

2. (p. 441-442) Which of the following is NOT one of the criteria that psychologists use to define abnormality? A. Unique
B. Maladaptive C. Personally distressful D. Deviant

A. unique

3 (p. 442) With respect to the three characteristics of abnormal behavior, when a behavior interferes with a person’s ability to function effectively in the world, it is considered _____.
A. unique B. dependent C. maladaptive D. repetitive

C. maladaptive

4. (p. 442) Jason is very depressed and can’t help but think that life holds few rewards. He feels upset and frustrated by the fact that he just can’t "shake the blues." The _____ aspect of abnormal behavior applies to Jason. A. deviant
B. maladaptive C. digressive
D. personally distressful

D. personally distressful

5. (p. 443) The _____ approach to disorders primarily focuses on the brain, genetic factors, and neurotransmitter functioning as the sources of abnormality. A. psychological B. sociocultural C. biological D. evolutionary

c. biological

6. (p. 443) The _____ approach is evident in the medical model.
A. biological
B. psychological
C. sociocultural
D. cognitive

A. biological

7. (p. 443) Which theoretical approach emphasizes the contributions of experiences, thoughts, emotions, and personality characteristics in explaining psychological disorders? A. The sociocultural approach B. The psychological approach
C. The humanistic approach
D. The biological approach

B. the psychological approach

8. (p. 443) Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a doctor. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders.
A. medical
B. behavioral C. psychoanalytic D. cognitive

A. medical

9. (p. 446) Drug companies commonly fund research that focuses on a(n) _____ model of psychological disorders. A. cultural
B. analytical
C. disease
D. cognitive

C. disease

10. (p. 447) Chad regularly experiences motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts. It is likely that Chad suffers from a(n) _____. A. mood disorder B. anxiety disorder C. personality disorder D. dissociative disorder

B. anxiety disorder

11. (p. 447) Which of the following is NOT classified as an anxiety disorder? A. Specific phobia
B. Panic disorder
C. Depression
D. Social anxiety disorder

C. depression

12. (p. 447) Although Carol has been experiencing persistent anxiety for the past 6 months, she has been unable to specify the cause or source of her nervous feelings. Carol likely suffers from _____. A. Schizophrenia
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. a panic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

d. generalized anxiety

13. (p. 448) In a(n) _____, a person experiences recurrent, sudden onsets of intense terror, often without warning and with no specific cause.
A. panic disorder B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. phobic disorder D. obsessive-compulsive disorder

a. panic disorder

14. (p. 448) You are having dinner with your friend Sophia when she experiences a sudden onset of intense terror, without warning and with no specific cause. Sophia would most likely be diagnosed as suffering from _____.
A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. panic disorder
C. phobic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

B

15. (p. 448) John has sudden attacks of intense fear in which he experiences palpitations, he feels dizzy, and he has trouble catching his breath. During these attacks, he worries that he is going to die. From this description, it sounds like John has _____. A. Schizophrenia B. obsessive-compulsive disorder C. panic disorder D. generalized anxiety disorder

c. panic disorder

16. (p. 449) A fear becomes a phobia when _____. A. a doctor diagnoses it as such
B. an individual will go to any length to avoid the object of the fear/phobia C. a person can specifically identify what they are afraid of
D. the regions of the brain like amygdala and hippocampus are deactivated

B. an individual will go to any length to avoid the object of the fear/ohobia

17. (p. 449) Former NFL coach John Madden had a famous fear of flying that led him to take a bus to all of the games he broadcasted. The fact that he would go to any length to avoid flying suggests that he suffered from _____. A. schizophrenia B. obsessive-compulsive disorder
C. specific phobia
D. post-traumatic stress disorder

c. specific phobia

18. (p. 450) Individuals who suffer from _____ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in public/collective situations. A. generalized anxiety disorder B. obsessive-compulsive disorder
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. social anxiety disorder

d. social anxiety disorder

19. (p. 451) The Anxiety disorder in which the individual has anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation is called _______. A. specific phobia
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. obsessive-compulsive disorder
D. schizophrenia

c. ocd

20. (p. 451) The most common compulsion exhibited by individuals who have obsessive-compulsive disorder is excessive _____. A. exercising
B. cleansing
C. sleeping
D. eating

B. cleansing

21. (p. 451) _____ are recurrent thoughts, whereas _____ are recurrent behaviors.
A. Compulsions/obsessions
B. Obsessions/compulsions
C. Delusions/hallucinations
D. Hallucinations/delusions

B. obsessions/compulsion

22. (p. 451) Jillian can’t bear to leave her home without washing all the linens and floors, vacuuming the carpets, and organizing everything in her cupboards. Because she knows that her behavior is extreme, she has tried to go to work without doing all these things, but she is overcome with such overwhelming dread that she never makes it all the way to the office. Jillian probably has _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. panic disorder

A. obsessive-compulsive disorder

23. (p. 451) Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) _____.
A. does not seem to have a genetic component because it does not run in families
B. is linked with high levels of serotonin and dopamine
C. does not seem to be linked with abnormal brain functioning
D. sometimes occurs during a period of life stress

d. sometimes occurs during a period of life stress

24. (p. 452) Which of the following is NOT a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder? A. Flashbacks B. Impulsive outbursts of behavior C. Difficulties with memory and concentration D. Feeling emotionally charged

D.feeling emotional charged

25. (p. 452) When Sandra was 18 years old, she was in a serious car accident. Although she made a full recovery from her injuries, she experienced extreme anxiety afterward. Sandra is now very anxious when driving, has nightmares about the accident, and flinches when she goes through intersections. Sandra has symptoms suggestive of _____. A. generalized anxiety disorder
B. specific phobia
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. panic disorder

C. post-traumatic stress

26. (p. 452-453) In movies that focus on war, soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, nervousness, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases these soldiers have problems with memory and an inability to experience happiness. These characters are indicative of _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. specific phobia D. dissociative identity disorder

B. ptsd

27. (p. 452-453) Randy experienced a horrific childhood. She was physically and verbally abused by her mother and sexually abused by her stepfather. Years later, she began experiencing anxiety symptoms. Which of the following anxiety related disorders would best apply to this situation? A. major depressive disorder B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. bipolar disorder D. schizophrenia

B, ptsd

28. (p. 454) A depressive disorder is classified as a(n) _____ disorder. A. anxiety
B. mood
C. personality D. digressive

B. mood

29. (p. 454) _____ is an unrelenting lack of pleasure in life. A. Anxiety B. Fear
C. Anger
D. Depression

d. depression

30. (p. 455) According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the leading cause of disability in the United States is _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. panic disorder C. schizophrenia
D. major depressive disorder

d. major depressive disorder

31. (p. 455) _____ involves a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least 2 weeks. A. Obsessive-compulsive disorder B. Major depressive disorder
C. Bipolar disorder D. Generalized anxiety disorder

b. major depressive disorder

32. (p. 455) Depressed people tend to have fewer receptors of the neurotransmitters _____
A. dopamine and GABA
B. GABA and epinephrine
C. oxytocin and serotonin
D. serotonin and norepinephrine

d. serotonin and norepinephrine

33. (p. 457) _____ is a mood disorder that is characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania, an overexcited, unrealistically optimistic state. A. Major depressive disorder B. Obsessive-compulsive disorder C. Bipolar disorder D. Generalized anxiety disorder

C. bipolar`

34. (p. 457) Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested it in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasted for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited earlier this semester. Your roommate is exhibiting symptoms of _____.
A. bipolar disorder
B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. panic disorder D. obsessive-compulsive disorder

a. bipolar disorder

35. (p. 457) Depressive disorders are _____, whereas bipolar disorder is _____. A. more common among men/equally common in men and women
B. more common among women/equally common in men and women C. equally common in men and women/more common among women D. equally common in men and women/more common among men

B

36. (p. 457) Genetic factors are stronger predictors of _____ than _____.
A. depressive disorders/bipolar disorder
B. bipolar disorder/depressive disorders
C. dysthymic disorder/depressive disorders
D. dysthymic disorders/bipolar disorder

B. bipolar/depressive

37. (p. 460) Suicide is linked with low levels of the neurotransmitter _____. A. dopamine
B. GABA
C. serotonin
D. epinephrine

C

38. (p. 462) _____ is an eating disorder in which an individual, typically female, consistently follows a binge-and-purge eating pattern.
A. Bulimia nervosa
B. Binge-eating disorder C. Anorexia nervosa D. Schizophrenia

a. bulimianervosa

39. (p. 462) ______ is an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.
A. Binge-eating disorder B. Anorexia nervosa C. Schizophrenia D. Dissociative identity disorder

b. anorexia nervosa

40. (p. 462) _____ has the highest mortality rate of any psychological disorder.
A. Generalized anxiety disorder
B. Schizophrenia
C. Bipolar disorder
D. Anorexia nervosa

d. anorexia nervosa

41. (p. 463) Francine has been suffering from a chronic sore throat, kidney problems, dehydration, gastrointestinal problems, and dental problems. These complications are commonly experienced by individuals who suffer from _____.
A. binge eating disorders B. anorexia nervosa C. bulimia nervosa D. bipolar disorder

c. bulimia

42. (p. 463) Individuals with bulimia nervosa tend to have _____ of perfectionism and _____ of self-efficacy. A. high levels/high levels
B. high levels/low levels
C. low levels/high levels
D. low levels/low levels

B.. high/low

43. (p. 463) Problems in regulating _____ are related to both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. A. serotonin
B. epinephrine C. tryptamine
D. dopamine

A. serotonin

44. (p. 465) _____ involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity.
A. Anxiety disorders
B. Mood disorders
C. Personality disorders
D. Dissociative disorders

d. dissociative disorders

45. (p. 465) Dissociative disorders often occur in individuals who also show signs of _____.
A. bipolar disorder B. post-traumatic stress disorder
C. antisocial personality disorder
D. panic disorder

b. ptsd

46. (p. 466) _____ is the most dramatic, least common, and most controversial dissociative disorder. A. Dissociative amnesia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Dissociative fugue D. Schizophrenia

B. dissociative identity

47. (p. 466) Which of the following was formerly called multiple personality disorder?
A. Dissociative amnesia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Dissociative fugue D. Schizophrenia

b. dissociative identity

48. (p. 468) _____ is a severe psychological disorder that is characterized by highly disordered thought processes.
A. Social anxiety disorder
B. Bipolar disorder C. Generalized anxiety disorder
D. Schizophrenia

D. schizophrenia

49. (p. 468) _____ are sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli. _____ are false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual’s culture. A. Delusions/Hallucinations
B. Hallucinations/Delusions
C. Referential thoughts/Catatonic thoughts
D. Catatonic thoughts/Referential thoughts

B. hallucinations. delusions

50. (p. 468) Frank believes that he is the finest fisherman ever and that, when he is out on the lake, thousands of people are in the surrounding area with binoculars watching his every move in the hopes of discovering his technique. This is an example of _____.
A. a delusion
B. a hallucination
C. a mirage
D. flat affect

a. delusion

51. (p. 469) _____ is a common negative symptom of schizophrenia, which means the display of little or no emotion. A. Catatonia
B. Flat affect
C. Referential thinking D. Hallucination

b. flat affect

52. (p. 469) Catatonia _____. A. is a state of immobility and unresponsiveness that lasts for long periods of time
B. means giving personal meaning to completely random events C. refers to false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual’s culture D. refers to sensory experiences that occur in the absence of real stimuli

a.

53. (p. 473) _____ personality disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by guiltlessness, law-breaking, exploitation of others, irresponsibility, and deceit.
A. Histrionic
B. Schizoid
C. Antisocial
D. Obsessive-compulsive

c. anti social

54. (p. 473) Ted is a superficially charming person but is indifferent to the pain of others. He has spent his life in and out of prison for violent crimes. Ted would most likely be diagnosed with which type of personality disorder? A. Borderline
B. Narcissistic
C. Antisocial
D. Schizotypal

c. antisocial

55. (p. 475) _____ is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions, and of marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in various contexts. A. Schizophrenia B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Antisocial personality disorder
D. Borderline personality disorder

d. borderline personality disorder

56. (p. 475) The thinking style called splitting is associated with which of the following disorders? A. Schizophrenia
B. Dissociative identity disorder
C. Antisocial personality disorder
D. Borderline personality disorder

d. borderline personality disorder

57. (p. 478) The Americans with Disabilities Act _____. A. made it illegal to hold social stigmas against those with mental disorders
B. made it illegal to discriminate against a person with a psychological disorder in the workplace when the person’s condition does not prevent performance of the job’s essential functions
C. was designed to reduce the cultural stereotypes of people with mental disorders D. was designed to provide additional healthcare coverage to people with mental disorders who were stereotyped as violent

b.

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