Physics Chapter 23

What condition is necessary for the flow of heat? What analogous condition is necessary for the flow of charge?

A difference in temperature is needed for heat to flow. A difference in electrical potential is needed for charge to flow.

What condition is necessary for the sustained flow of water in a pipe? What analogous condition is necessary for the sustained flow of charge in a wire?

A continuous pressure different, often provided by a pump, is needed for water to flow. A continuous potential difference, often provided by a battery, is needed for charge to flow.

Why are electrons, rather than protons, the principal charge carriers in metal wires?

Electrons are free to move through the metal, whereas protons are fixed in place

What exactly is an ampere?

The flow of one coulomb per second

Name two kinds of practical "electric pumps."

Batteries and automobile alternators

How much energy is supplied to each coulomb of charge that flows through a 12-V battery?

12 joules

Does electron charge flow across a circuit or through a circuit? Does voltage flow across a circuit or is it impressed across a circuit?

Charge flows through and voltage is impressed a circuit

Will water flow more easily through a wide pipe or a narrow pipe? Will current flow more easily through a thick wire or a thin wire?

Wide pipe and thick wire

Does heating a metal wire increase or decrease its electrical resistance? Why?

It increases resistance because atoms at higher temperatures jostle into the way of moving electrons

What is the unit of electrical resistance?

Ohm

If the voltage impressed across a circuit is held constant while the resistance doubles, what change occurs in the current?

It is cut in half

If the resistance of a circuit remains constant while the voltage across the circuit decreases to half its former value, what change occurs in the current?

It is cut in half

How does wetness affect the resistance of your body?

Wet bodies have lower resistance

What is the function of the round third prong in a modern household electric plug?

It grounds the case to zero potential

Does a battery produce dc or ac? Does the generator at a commercial power station produce dc or ac?

The battery is dc; the generator is ac.

What does it mean to say that a certain current is 60 Hz?

It alternates back and forth 60 times a second

What property of a diode enables it to convert ac to pulsed dc?

It is a one-way valve that allows electrons to in one direction only

A diode converts ac to pulsed dc. What electrical device smooths the pulsed dc to a smoother dc/

A capacitor

At what speed do electrons in a battery driven automotive circuit travel along a wire? At what speed does the electric field propagate along a wire?

Electrons move at 0.01 cm/s. The electric field propagates at nearly the speed of light/

Why does a wire that carries electric current become hot?

Moving electrons collide with atoms, which transfer their kinetic energy to atomic motion

What is meant by drift velocity?

The net flow of electrons along a wire.

A tipped domino sends a pulse along a row of standing dominoes. Is this a good analogy for the way electric current, sound, or both travel?

This is the way sound travels but not how electric current travels.

When you make your household electric payment at the end of the month, are you billed for voltage, current, power, or energy?

Energy

What is the error in saying the source of electrons in a circuit is he battery or generator?

Wire are full of mobile electrons

Where do the electrons come from that produce an electric shock when you touch a charged conductor?

Inside you

between a watt, a kilowatt, and a kilowatt-hour, which is a unit of power and which is a unit of energy?

A watt is power, a kilowatt is power, and a kilowatt-hour is energy.

How does the heat emitted by lamps affect their efficiency?

Heat emitted reduces the efficiency.

In a circuit of two lamps in series, where the current through one lamp is 1 A, what is the current through the other lamp? Defend your answer

1 amp. The same current flows through lamps in series

If a voltage of 6 V is impressed across the circuit in the preceding question and the voltage across the first lamp is 2 V, what is the voltage across the second lamp? Defend your answer.

4 volts. The sum of the voltages across each lamp must add up to the total voltage across both lamps

In a circuit of two lamps in parallel, where there is a voltage of V across one lamp, what is the voltage across the other lamp?

6 volts

How do the currents through the branches of a simple parallel circuit compare with the current in the voltage source?

The sum of the currents in the branches equals the current through the source

What is the function of fuse or circuit breaker in a circuit?

To prevent over loading the circuit with current/

A flow of electric charge in a wire normally requires a _________.

Potential difference across the ends of the wire

An electric current of 5 amperes in a wire carries _________.

5 coulombs per second

A voltage source in a circuit provides electrical _________.

pressure

The electric resistance in a length of wire is doubled when the wire is__________.

twice as long

When your body undergoes electric shock, the source of moving electrons is __________.

electrons already in your body

Electrons in the filament of a lamp that carries ac have a net speed that is_________.

zero

The entity that travels about the speed of light in an electric circuit is __________

electric field

What is the relationship among electric power, current, and voltage?

Power is current times voltage.

Electric power in a circuit is the rate at which___________.

energy dissipates

When the filament breaks in one lamp in a series circuit, other lamps in the circuit normally _________.

go out

When the filament breaks in one lamp in a parallel circuit, lamps in other branches of the circuit normally_________.

continue glowing as brightly

What is the effect on the current in a wire if both the voltage across it and its resistance are doubles?

The current remains unchanged

If both are halved?

The current remains unchanged

Electric charge flows from a region _______ electric potential to an area of _______ electric potential.

high; low

Suitable electric pumps for electric circuits are ________ and _________

generators; batteries

In order to keep artificial waterfalls going a pump is needed to pump the water back to the top of the falls. In the same way, in electric circuit the flow of charge needs ________ to keep the charges flowing.

voltage

If we think about potential difference we are thinking about __________

voltage

The unit for current is the _________

ampere

When contemplating voltage, current and resistance, pressure is most similar to _________

voltage

Charge flows ___ a circuit, while voltage flows ________ it

in; across

The ohm is the unit for electrical ___________

resistance

The role of ________ is to impede current in a circuit

resistance

If two copper wires of the same length have different thickness, then the thicker wire has ______ resistance

less

As the temperature of a wire increases, its electrical resistance ____________

also increases

Thinner wires have ______ resistance than thicker ones

more

Light bulbs with more resistance have ________ light bulbs while bulbs with less resistance have ________ light bulbs

dimmer; brighter

Name two ways current in a wire can be increased.

By increasing the voltage across it and by reducing its resistance

Direct current is normally produced by a ________ while a generator could produce ______________

battery; alternating current

How is a capacitor useful?

It is useful in smoothing pulsed currents

What are electric diodes used for?

They are used to change ac to dc

Do electric companies supply electrons? If not, then what do they supply?

No, they supply energy

Electrons used in electric circuits are stored in _________________

the circuits themselves

The source of energy that powers a hair dryer is _______________

the power company

In order for electrons to flow in an electrical circuit they must interact with _____________________

an established electric field

The electric field in dc current established by a battery acts in _________

one direction

The electric field in ac current established by a generator acts in ____________

two directions

How is power defined?

Energy expended/time

Power = ___________

current x voltage

1 watt = 1 ____________

amperes x volts

1 volt = 1 ______________

Joule/coulomb

A unit of power is a ___________-

kilowatt

One kilowatt-hour is a unit of _______

energy

The power rating on a lamp will be directly related to its __________

brightness

Physics Chapter 23 - Subjecto.com

Physics Chapter 23

Your page rank:

Total word count: 1435
Pages: 5

Calculate the Price

- -
275 words
Looking for Expert Opinion?
Let us have a look at your work and suggest how to improve it!
Get a Consultant

What condition is necessary for the flow of heat? What analogous condition is necessary for the flow of charge?

A difference in temperature is needed for heat to flow. A difference in electrical potential is needed for charge to flow.

What condition is necessary for the sustained flow of water in a pipe? What analogous condition is necessary for the sustained flow of charge in a wire?

A continuous pressure different, often provided by a pump, is needed for water to flow. A continuous potential difference, often provided by a battery, is needed for charge to flow.

Why are electrons, rather than protons, the principal charge carriers in metal wires?

Electrons are free to move through the metal, whereas protons are fixed in place

What exactly is an ampere?

The flow of one coulomb per second

Name two kinds of practical "electric pumps."

Batteries and automobile alternators

How much energy is supplied to each coulomb of charge that flows through a 12-V battery?

12 joules

Does electron charge flow across a circuit or through a circuit? Does voltage flow across a circuit or is it impressed across a circuit?

Charge flows through and voltage is impressed a circuit

Will water flow more easily through a wide pipe or a narrow pipe? Will current flow more easily through a thick wire or a thin wire?

Wide pipe and thick wire

Does heating a metal wire increase or decrease its electrical resistance? Why?

It increases resistance because atoms at higher temperatures jostle into the way of moving electrons

What is the unit of electrical resistance?

Ohm

If the voltage impressed across a circuit is held constant while the resistance doubles, what change occurs in the current?

It is cut in half

If the resistance of a circuit remains constant while the voltage across the circuit decreases to half its former value, what change occurs in the current?

It is cut in half

How does wetness affect the resistance of your body?

Wet bodies have lower resistance

What is the function of the round third prong in a modern household electric plug?

It grounds the case to zero potential

Does a battery produce dc or ac? Does the generator at a commercial power station produce dc or ac?

The battery is dc; the generator is ac.

What does it mean to say that a certain current is 60 Hz?

It alternates back and forth 60 times a second

What property of a diode enables it to convert ac to pulsed dc?

It is a one-way valve that allows electrons to in one direction only

A diode converts ac to pulsed dc. What electrical device smooths the pulsed dc to a smoother dc/

A capacitor

At what speed do electrons in a battery driven automotive circuit travel along a wire? At what speed does the electric field propagate along a wire?

Electrons move at 0.01 cm/s. The electric field propagates at nearly the speed of light/

Why does a wire that carries electric current become hot?

Moving electrons collide with atoms, which transfer their kinetic energy to atomic motion

What is meant by drift velocity?

The net flow of electrons along a wire.

A tipped domino sends a pulse along a row of standing dominoes. Is this a good analogy for the way electric current, sound, or both travel?

This is the way sound travels but not how electric current travels.

When you make your household electric payment at the end of the month, are you billed for voltage, current, power, or energy?

Energy

What is the error in saying the source of electrons in a circuit is he battery or generator?

Wire are full of mobile electrons

Where do the electrons come from that produce an electric shock when you touch a charged conductor?

Inside you

between a watt, a kilowatt, and a kilowatt-hour, which is a unit of power and which is a unit of energy?

A watt is power, a kilowatt is power, and a kilowatt-hour is energy.

How does the heat emitted by lamps affect their efficiency?

Heat emitted reduces the efficiency.

In a circuit of two lamps in series, where the current through one lamp is 1 A, what is the current through the other lamp? Defend your answer

1 amp. The same current flows through lamps in series

If a voltage of 6 V is impressed across the circuit in the preceding question and the voltage across the first lamp is 2 V, what is the voltage across the second lamp? Defend your answer.

4 volts. The sum of the voltages across each lamp must add up to the total voltage across both lamps

In a circuit of two lamps in parallel, where there is a voltage of V across one lamp, what is the voltage across the other lamp?

6 volts

How do the currents through the branches of a simple parallel circuit compare with the current in the voltage source?

The sum of the currents in the branches equals the current through the source

What is the function of fuse or circuit breaker in a circuit?

To prevent over loading the circuit with current/

A flow of electric charge in a wire normally requires a _________.

Potential difference across the ends of the wire

An electric current of 5 amperes in a wire carries _________.

5 coulombs per second

A voltage source in a circuit provides electrical _________.

pressure

The electric resistance in a length of wire is doubled when the wire is__________.

twice as long

When your body undergoes electric shock, the source of moving electrons is __________.

electrons already in your body

Electrons in the filament of a lamp that carries ac have a net speed that is_________.

zero

The entity that travels about the speed of light in an electric circuit is __________

electric field

What is the relationship among electric power, current, and voltage?

Power is current times voltage.

Electric power in a circuit is the rate at which___________.

energy dissipates

When the filament breaks in one lamp in a series circuit, other lamps in the circuit normally _________.

go out

When the filament breaks in one lamp in a parallel circuit, lamps in other branches of the circuit normally_________.

continue glowing as brightly

What is the effect on the current in a wire if both the voltage across it and its resistance are doubles?

The current remains unchanged

If both are halved?

The current remains unchanged

Electric charge flows from a region _______ electric potential to an area of _______ electric potential.

high; low

Suitable electric pumps for electric circuits are ________ and _________

generators; batteries

In order to keep artificial waterfalls going a pump is needed to pump the water back to the top of the falls. In the same way, in electric circuit the flow of charge needs ________ to keep the charges flowing.

voltage

If we think about potential difference we are thinking about __________

voltage

The unit for current is the _________

ampere

When contemplating voltage, current and resistance, pressure is most similar to _________

voltage

Charge flows ___ a circuit, while voltage flows ________ it

in; across

The ohm is the unit for electrical ___________

resistance

The role of ________ is to impede current in a circuit

resistance

If two copper wires of the same length have different thickness, then the thicker wire has ______ resistance

less

As the temperature of a wire increases, its electrical resistance ____________

also increases

Thinner wires have ______ resistance than thicker ones

more

Light bulbs with more resistance have ________ light bulbs while bulbs with less resistance have ________ light bulbs

dimmer; brighter

Name two ways current in a wire can be increased.

By increasing the voltage across it and by reducing its resistance

Direct current is normally produced by a ________ while a generator could produce ______________

battery; alternating current

How is a capacitor useful?

It is useful in smoothing pulsed currents

What are electric diodes used for?

They are used to change ac to dc

Do electric companies supply electrons? If not, then what do they supply?

No, they supply energy

Electrons used in electric circuits are stored in _________________

the circuits themselves

The source of energy that powers a hair dryer is _______________

the power company

In order for electrons to flow in an electrical circuit they must interact with _____________________

an established electric field

The electric field in dc current established by a battery acts in _________

one direction

The electric field in ac current established by a generator acts in ____________

two directions

How is power defined?

Energy expended/time

Power = ___________

current x voltage

1 watt = 1 ____________

amperes x volts

1 volt = 1 ______________

Joule/coulomb

A unit of power is a ___________-

kilowatt

One kilowatt-hour is a unit of _______

energy

The power rating on a lamp will be directly related to its __________

brightness

Share This
Flashcard

More flashcards like this

NCLEX 10000 Integumentary Disorders

When assessing a client with partial-thickness burns over 60% of the body, which finding should the nurse report immediately? a) ...

Read more

NCLEX 300-NEURO

A client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, "Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without ...

Read more

NASM Flashcards

Which of the following is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body? Diffusion ...

Read more

Unfinished tasks keep piling up?

Let us complete them for you. Quickly and professionally.

Check Price

Successful message
sending