OnMusic Jazz 7-11

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Which of the following musicians fits this description?

An early bebop drummer who played the house drums at Monroe’s when that club served as a proving ground for the emerging style of bebop. He performed on such notable recordings as "Koko" and "Klactovestedstene."

Max Roach

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A virtuoso trumpeter who was one of two leading pioneers of bebop.

Dizzy Gillepsie

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A virtuoso saxophonist nicknamed "Bird," he was one of the two leading pioneers of bebop and the composer of "Koko."

Charlie Parker

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A celebrated Cuban drummer and pioneer of Afro-Cuban jazz, he was the co-composer of "Manteca."

Chano Pozo

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

An early bebop bass player whose walking bass lines may be heard on "Koko" and "Leap Frog."

Curly Russell

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A superb tenor saxophonist, he was the best known of the "Four Brothers."

Stan Getz

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

One of the two leading bebop pianists who pared down the left-hand activity and adopted the bebop horn style to create a linear bop style of piano. His trio recorded Gillespie’s "Night In Tunisia."

Bud Powell

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Pianist and composer, he wrote "Straight, No Chaser" and other groundbreaking bop standards. His compositions possess such originality that, in many respects, they transcend the bop idiom.

Thelonious Monk

Dizzy Gillespie takes the first solo (00:47 to 1:14) in "Shaw, Nuff."

False

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

The trombonist most often associated with the bop style, he cultivated a darker tone than most swing era trombonists, with less vibrato. One of his notable recordings is "Laura."

J.J. Johnson

Which of the following trumpeters was credited with starting the trend toward the "Cool Jazz" movement?

Miles Davis

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

He was one of three tenor saxophonists in Woody Herman’s Four Brothers Band. He played tenor sax for the Metronome All-Stars in their 1950 recording of "No Figs." He is also known for popularizing bossa nova.

Stan Getz

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Classically-trained pianist and leader of his own West Coast style quartet. His playing emphasized chords more than single melodic lines. His collaborations with alto saxophonist Paul Desmond include the famous recording, "Take Five."

Dave Brubeck

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Baritone saxophonist, composer, arranger, and an important collaborator on The Birth of the Cool, he went on to lead a piano-less quartet with West Coast trumpeter Chet Baker, establishing his own particular style of "cool."

Gerry Mulligan

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

An extraordinary alto saxophonist, he was a pioneer of the "cool jazz" style. He was considered by many the only one who could rival Charlie Parker in speed and agility.

Lee Konitz

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Pianist and composer, he developed a "cool" modern jazz alternative to bop that drew upon the styles of Lester Young and Johann Sebastian Bach. His quintet made several notable recordings.

Lennie Tristano

The 1949 recordings of the Miles Davis Nonet, which were eventually released as The Birth of the Cool, produced a truly noteworthy album.

All but one of the following assertions correctly state reasons that account for the album’s impact.? Which one is NOT TRUE?

The splendid arrangements intensified the distinct and contrasting timbres among the brass instruments

In "Boplicity," which ensemble member takes a solo over the first half of the second chorus (0:58-1:26), accompanied only by the rhythm section?

Gerry Mulligan

Which of the following individuals fits this description?

Arranger, composer, and an early creator of "cool jazz," he collaborated with trumpeter Miles Davis in 1949 to produce recordings that were eventually released as The Birth of the Cool.

Gil Evans

The Modern Jazz Quartet, formed in 1952, was a cool jazz group that exemplified a style sometimes referred to as "third stream."

Which of the following assertions is NOT TRUE about their music?

Pianist John Lewis defined the sound of the Modern Jazz Quartet by providing most of the solos.

Which musician fits the following description?

One of a handful of influential hard bop bass players, he is best known for his recordings made with Miles Davis. He was part of the sextet that recorded Kind of Blue in 1959.

Paul Chambers

Which musician fits the following description?

A co-founder of the Jazz Messengers, he was a dynamic hard bop drummer and bandleader. He developed the hard bop drumming tendencies of drumming loudly and with greater activity.

Art Blakey

Which musician fits the following description?

In 1958, this alto saxophonist joined Miles Davis, expanding the quintet to a sextet. He had such a full, deep tone that listeners mistakenly thought they were hearing tenor saxophone when he played.

Cannonball Adderley

A tenor saxophonist, he was one of the leading horn players who developed the hard bop style. The 1956 recording of his piece "Pent-Up House" is an example of a hard bop style that suggests comparisons to the works of Bird and Dizzy. Name this musician.

Sonny Rollins

A virtuoso trumpeter, he was one of the leading horn players who developed the hard bop style. He performed on the 1956 recording of "Pent-Up House" shortly before his untimely death in an auto accident. Name this musician.

Clifford Brown

Which musician fits the following description?

A prominent hard bop pianist known for his brand of funky jazz, he was co-founder of the Jazz Messengers.

Horace Silver

Which musician fits the following description?

He was a superb, fiery, virtuoso tenor saxophonist. His association with Miles Davis dates back to 1956, when he played in Davis’ first quintet.

John Coltrane

Which musician fits the following description?

One of the most prominent hard bop pianists, he played piano on the masterpiece "Blue Seven."

Tommy Flanagan

Widely regarded as the most outstanding and influential jazz guitarist after Charlie Christian, he played with his thumb, instead of a pick, and he developed extraordinary facility, playing single-line hard bop solos that he could then double in octaves, and then "thicken" with three-note and four-note chords:

Wes Montgomerey

There are more similarities than differences between bop and hard bop. Which of the following is NOT a difference between them?

Hard bop tempos are even more hard-driving, often exceeding the blistering tempos of bop

What combination of instruments is featured in John Coltrane’s "Giant Steps"?

Tenor saxophone, piano, bass, and drums

According to the text, Miles Davis was on the cutting edge of several jazz movements. However, he was NOT associated with:

Afro-Cuban Jazz

The term "dorian" refers to:

The type of scale formed by playing the white keys from D to D on the keyboard

The term "multiphonics" refers to:

A technique by which two or more tones are produced from an instrument that is designed to produce one note at a time

What is the form of Miles Davis’ "Well you Needn’t"?

AABA

According to the text, John Coltrane’s "Alabama" was his response to:

A church bombing that killed 4 children

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A member of the Miles Davis 1959 Sextet, he went on to form his own quartet, consisting of Elvin Jones, McCoy Tyner, and Jimmy Garrison.

John Coltrane

According to the text, the 1959 Miles Davis Sextet played together for:

One year

Which of the following artists fits this description?

A member of the Miles Davis 1959 Sextet, he later went on to form his own piano trio, consisting of Scott LaFaro on bass and Paul Motion on drums.

Bill Evans

The 1959 Miles Davis Sextet was significant for:

Recording Kind of Blue

According to the text, free jazz found its name thanks to an Ornette Coleman album. What was the name of this album?

Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation

After disbanding the Miles Davis Sextet of 1959, Davis formed the Miles Davis Quintet (1965-8). Which of the following was a notable a member of this quintet?

Wayne Shorter

According to the text, the mid-60s Miles Davis Quintet abandoned tonality in their compositions.

False

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Decried as a charlatan by some, and hailed as a genius by others, he led a quartet consisting of Don Cherry, Charlie Haden, and Billy Higgins in the late 1950s.

Ornette Coleman

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

The pianist in Miles Davis’ mid-60s quintet, this former child prodigy would go on to enjoy a long and storied career in jazz.

Herbie Hancock

According to the text, which of the following statements is NOT true about free jazz?

Free jazz gave rise to funky jazz

According to the text, collective improvisation, multiphonics, and atonality are all techniques associated with the free jazz movement.

True

In "Lonely Woman" by Ornette Coleman, the starkness created by the lack of the piano’s harmonic foundation is intensified by:

The plaintive melody played by sax and trumpet

According to the text, which one of the following reasons makes Cecil Taylor’s music noteworthy?

His music completely abandons tonality

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

Known for the responsive, atonal, collaborative improvisation on his record Spiritual Unity, this free jazz tenor saxophonist led a trio that included bassist Gary Peacock and drummer Sunny Murray.

Albert Alyer

Despite the fact that it defied expectations of both jazz and rock audiences, and drew on aspects of avant-garde jazz, In a Silent Way was nevertheless Miles Davis’ first gold album.

False

The solo instrument that plays during the introduction to "Birdland" by Weather Report is a synthesized electric guitar.

False

The introduction to Chick Corea’s "Spain" is based on the slow movement of famous classical music concerto titled "Concierto de Aranjuez."

True

What solo bridges "Steps" to "What Was" in Chick Coreas "Steps-What Was?

A drum solo

Herbie Hancock’s 1983 hit "Rockit" anticipated many of the stylistic elements of both acid jazz and…

Jazz-hip-hop fusion

The soloists during the first "groove" section (2:51-14:40) of Miles Davis’ "Bitches Brew" are:

Davis on trumpet, John McLaughlin on guitar, Wayne Shorter on soprano sax, and Joe Zawinul on electric keyboard

Which of the following were members of Return to Forever?

Airto Moreira and Flora Purim

Which of the following musicians fits this description

An Austrian-American who played electric piano and was arguably Miles Davis’ most important collaborator on In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew.

Joe Zawinul

Which of the following combines hip-hop and funk?

Acid jazz

According to the text, what style of jazz did Pat Metheny and Lyle Mays help spawn?

Smooth jazz

Which of the following musicians fits this description?

A MacArthur Fellow, he incorporates European and African influences in his music. His record For Alto was the first full-length album for his instrument.

Anthony Braxton

The text implies a contentious relationship between neo-classical jazz advocates and their avant-garde jazz counterparts.

True

Which of the following musicians was a member of World Saxophone Quartet?

David Murray

Which one of the following was a member of Masada?

John Zorn

According to the text, postmodern jazz and neo-classical jazz are very similar.

False

The array of meters and modes that organize "Knozz-Moe-King" is…

Variable and based entirely on the responsive interactions of the players

The neo-classical approach to jazz allows for modern takes on jazz standards, so long as the pieces maintain their bluesy, swing feeling.

True

According to Mark Keresman of the Free Jazz/Avante Garde CD Reviews,"What’s To Say" was influenced by:

Debussy’s impressionism

According to the text, which of the following best characterizes the relationship between Surrealism and Modernism?

Surrealism is an example of Modernism

According to the text, the composition (or game) Cobra is an example of neo-classical jazz.

False

According to the text, Afro-Cuban jazz is based on the

Clave rhythm

In "Tin Ning," Le brings together a truly international band of musicians. The resulting blend of influences suggests that:

There is potential for "global jazz" in the decades ahead

"Mambo Influenciado" is a Latin-infused:

12-bar form

"Oye Como Va" is a Latin jazz composition written by:

Tito Puente

The group Irakere was made up of Chucho Valdes, Paquito D’Rivera, and

Arturo Sandoval

Mehldau’s rendition of the head (0:00-0:38) in "Monk’s Dream" is:

Characteristically "Monk-ish"

According to the text, Latin jazz is a subcategory of Afro-Cuban jazz.

False

Diana Krall’s "The Best Thing For You" is based on a tune by Cole Porter.

False

Although the term "Latin jazz" implies music from Latin America, Latin jazz actually has a strong connection to Africa.

True

In Paquito D’Rivera’s "Chucho" we can hear post-bop, free jazz, and cool jazz elements.

True

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