Nutrition Chapter 7

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Which of the following statements about vitamins is incorrect?

They provide energy

Which of the following vitamins is transported in a micelle along with bile and fatty acids?

Vitamin a

Which of the following conditions will not destroy the vitamin content of foods?


Which of the following statements about xerophthalmia is correct?

It is defined as permanent damage to the cornea resulting from a vitamin a deficiency

Which of the following substances is a form of naturally occurring vitamin E?


Which of the following vitamins is light sensitive and abundant in milk?


Which of the following vitamins is essential for blood clotting?

Vitamin K

Which of the following vitamins is important in a woman’s diet before she conceives a baby?


Which of the following vitamins has been shown to reduce the risk of certain cancers, especially colon cancer?


Vitamin C is necessary for which of the following processes?

Collagen production

Pellagra is a condition associated with a deficiency of which vitamin?

Vitamin B three

Which of the following conditions is a vitamin D deficiency disease in children?


Which of the following conditions is Not caused by a vitamin D deficiency?


Which of the following factors is Not responsible for the increase in cases of rickets in the United States?

Consumption of low-fat milk

Which of the following vitamins cannot be synthesized by your body?

Vitamin C

Thiamin deficiency results in which of the following conditions?


The phytochemical anthocyanin is found in


Which of the following vitamins has been shown to beneficially alter the serum levels of triglycerides?


Which of the following actions is the best way to reduce your chances of catching a cold?

Frequent handwashing with soap and water

Which of the following vitamins is involved in breaking down homocysteine in the blood?


Which of the following substances is Not an antioxidant?


Folate can be found in the highest levels in which of the following foods?


Naturally occurring vitamin B12 is found in which of the following foods?


Which of the following statements about vitamin B 12 is false?

The bodies ability to absorb this vitamin increases with age

Pernicious anemia occurs when there is a deficiency of which vitamin?

B 12

Which of the following people might Not benefit from a vitamin supplement?

Individuals who regularly eat fortified foods

According to a study conducted by the National Eye Institute, which of the following lists of supplements may lower the risk of age-related macular degeneration?

Vitamin C, vitamin D, and beta carotene

At which sites is the inactive form of vitamin D converted to the active form?

In the liver and then in the kidneys

Which of the following vitamins helps bone health by regulating calcium and phosphorus?

Vitamin D

Vitamin K has a role

As an anti-coagulant

When the B vitamins help numerous enzymes produce reactions within cells, they are acting as


Vitamin C is also known as ________ acid.


Foods that have had nutrients added to them are designated as ________ foods.


Which of the following organizations sets purity and reliability standards for dietary supplements?


________ and vitamin B12 are B vitamins needed for keeping red blood cells healthy.


________ is a vitamin-like substance that is abundant in foods from animal sources and is needed to properly utilize fat.


Oxygen-containing molecules that can damage cells and possibly contribute to the increased risk of certain chronic diseases are called

Free radicals

Excessive amounts of water-soluble vitamins are often excreted in


________ plays a role in breaking down alcohol in the body.


The signs and symptoms of ________ include dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea.


The body can synthesize ________ from the amino acid tryptophan.


Vitamin B6 is a collective name for several related compounds, including


________ boosts the immune system by enabling the body to make white blood cells.

Vitamin C

Vitamin E, vitamin C, and beta-carotene act as ________, which may reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer, arthritis, and Alzheimer’s disease.


Vitamin C helps the body absorb ________ from plant foods such as grains and cereals.


Ascorbic acid acts as a coenzyme and is needed for the production of


The disease resulting from vitamin C deficiency is called


The condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy is called

A cataract

________ are naturally occurring plant compounds that act as antioxidants and give fruits and vegetables their vibrant colors.


Individuals who cannot produce intrinsic factor and thus cannot absorb vitamin B12 may develop ________ anemia.


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