Nutrition Chapter 6

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Compounds in your body that consist of numerous amino acids and are found in all living cells are called


The most common inherited blood disorder in the United States is

Sickle-cell anemia

Proteins can be denatured or rendered inactive by which of the following factors?


Digestion of protein within the stomach begins with the enzyme


The type of RNA that carries an amino acid to a ribosome is


Which of the following molecules is a protein that provides structural support to body tissues?


Which of the following states of nitrogen balance is a pregnant woman typically in?

Positive nitrogen balance

The average adult (age 19 and older) should consume how many grams of protein for each kilogram of body weight (g/kg)?


An overweight individual’s protein needs are

Much greater than those of a normal weight person of similar height

What is the approximate protein requirement for a 24-year-old female who weighs 125 pounds?

45 g

Which of the following foods has the lowest protein content?

One cup melon

Which of the following factors does Not lead to PEM?


Which foods are most likely missing when a person is on a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet?


Proteins that act as biological catalysts and speed up chemical reactions are


Proteins that minimize fluctuations in pH are known as


A gene is a segment of ________ that codes for a specific protein.


Denaturation of a protein results in

Alterations in the proteins function

A diet that is too high in protein can increase the risk for all of the following conditions except


A vegetarian diet has Not been shown to lower the risk for which of the following diseases?


An ovo-vegetarian will eat all of the following foods except


Which of the following statements about soy is correct?

It may be harmful for individuals at high-risk of developing breast cancer

The biggest risk for vegetarians is Not consuming enough

Vitamin B 12

Which of the following conditions is a consequence of a severe deficiency of dietary protein?


Which of the following food pairings is more likely to be an example of combining two incomplete proteins to achieve protein complementation?

Vegetables and rice

Which of the following amino acids was once thought to be essential only for infants?


The absorption of amino acids occurs in the

Small intestine

Amino acids are joined together by which kind of bond?

Peptide bond

After a meal, proteins help increase ________ more than do either carbohydrates or fat.


The amino acid that is in the shortest supply in an incomplete protein is known as the

Limiting amino acids

A vegan diet excludes which of the following foods?

Any foods of animal origin

The protein digestibility corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) takes into account both the amino acid profile and the ________ of a protein.


A starving person would be in ________ nitrogen balance.


A classic symptom of severe kwashiorkor is ________ of the legs, feet, and stomach.


A diet high in ________ and low in calcium may lead to osteoporosis.


When a diet is chronically low in both proteins and calories, the condition is called


The most abundant protein in the body is


Isoflavones have a chemical structure similar to


A study of Chinese women revealed that those who ate the most ________ during their adolescent years had a reduced risk of breast cancer in adulthood.


It is recommended that you consume from 10 to ________ percent of your total daily calories from protein.


The iron and zinc needs of vegetarians tend to be higher than those of nonvegetarians, in part due to ________ in grains, which inhibits the absorption of zinc and iron from foods.


Children with kwashiorkor typically have a diet that is high in carbohydrates and extremely low in.


Individuals 18 years of age and younger should consume ________ grams of protein for each kilogram of body weight.


A gram of protein contains ________ calories.


A person fighting a fever would be in ________ nitrogen balance.


The nitrogen removed from an amino acid generates ammonia, which is converted to ________ and excreted in the urine.


All excess calories are stored as


The condition characterized by a severe deficiency of calories is known as


The molecule that directs protein synthesis in cells is


An amino acid that can be synthesized in the body is considered to be


A rare genetic disorder, phenylketonuria (PKU), is caused by the body’s inability to properly degrade


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