Nutrition Chapter 2

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Which statement best describes nutrient density?

Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories.

Measurements of height, weight, body circumferences, and body fat are called


The acronym RDA stands for

Recommended Dietary Allowance.

Which term describes failing health that results from a long-standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs?


The RDAs for nutrients generally are

designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people.

Tina is consuming 12 mg of iron per day. Her RDA is 15 mg. She has no condition warranting a greater-than-normal need for iron. Which of the following statements is true about her consumption of this nutrient?

Only if her intake is consistently less than 70% of the RDA would she be at great risk of nutritional deficiency.

Adequate Intakes (AI)

are established for nutrients for which there is not enough information to set RDAs.

Which of the following has been set for vitamin D, fluoride, and biotin?


You pick up a box of Cheerios cereal in the supermarket. The label tells you that a 1-cup serving provides 25 percent of the ______ for iron.

Daily Value

The term "Daily Values" on a food label refers to

a rough guideline based on approximate human needs.

According to the USDA MyPlate, consumption of foods from the Grain group should include

at least 3 oz. of whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every day.

According to the USDA MyPlate, an adult age 18 or older should consume how many cups of milk or milk equivalent per day on a 2,000-calorie diet?


EER refers to

estimated calorie needs for the average person of a specific height, weight, age, gender, and physical activity pattern.

Which of the following is not a true statement about the USDA MyPyramid Fruit group?

Include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servings.

Margaret, an elderly woman, needs to limit her kcalorie intake without sacrificing needed nutrients. Keeping in mind MyPyramid, which of the following could she do?

Carefully select foods rich in nutrients but low in kcalories.

Nutrient density can be defined as the amount of

a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of kcalories in that serving.

One cup of apple juice has 111 kcalories and 1.4 mg of vitamin C. The same serving size of orange juice has 112 kcalories and 124 mg of vitamin C. Which of the following is true regarding their nutrient density?

Orange juice is more vitamin C nutrient dense than apple juice.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends which of the following?

Being physically active each day

Which of the following statements is consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

Balance the food you eat with physical activity.

Jeff, a world-class triathlete, visits a dietitian to obtain sports nutrition advice. During his visit, Jeff is asked to recall what he ate for the past 24 hours. Which part of a nutritional assessment is this?

Diet history

Missy visits a doctor because she feels tired most of the time, is easily distracted, and feels chilled. As part of her examination, Missy has blood drawn to be tested for concentrations of nutrients and their by-products. This part of the examination is the

biochemical evaluation.

Mrs. Mitchell was hospitalized after being found unconscious in her home. A dietitian conducted a nutritional assessment noting the general appearance of Mrs. Mitchell’s skin, eyes, and tongue. Which part of the assessment is this?

Clinical examination

Kate consumes 1,900 kcalories each day. She requires 1,750 kcalories to meet daily energy needs. Over time, Kate’s kcalorie consumption could lead to


When looking at the ingredient label of a bottled spaghetti sauce, you see that olive oil is the second ingredient. This means that olive oil is

the second most abundant ingredient by weight.

According to the Dietary Guidelines the food groups to encourage are

fruits, vegetables, low-fat milk, and whole grains.

The number of servings to consume from each MyPyramid food group depends on a person’s

age, gender, and physical activity level.

Which of the following most accurately describes the term epidemiology?

A study of how disease rates vary among different population groups

Which of the following accurately describes the term hypotheses?

An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenon

The MyPlate guidelines recommend that we be physically active for at least how many minutes most days of the week?


RDAs are not used in food labeling because

they are age and gender specific.

Two tablespoons (tbsp) of salad dressing, peanut butter, or margarine is about the size of a

golf ball

One serving of Raisin Bran cereal contains 50 percent of the 18 mg Daily Value for iron. How much iron will one serving of your cereal provide?

9 mg

Alan has been hospitalized and you are concerned about his nutritional status. The five ways you would attempt to assess his nutritional status would be to take anthropometric measurements, determine environmental status, and do a biochemical evaluation, clinical examination, and _______________ analysis.


A _______________ is generally a fake medicine used to disguise the treatments of participants in an experiment.


When using the USDA MyPlate to choose fruits and vegetables, one should include a vitamin C source such as citrus fruit and a dark green vegetable each day, as a source of _______________.

Vitamin A

In relation to fats, the Dietary Guidelines recommend choosing foods that contain
fatty acids/fats.


Which government agency is responsible for most U.S. food labeling?


The theme of this chapter and this course, is that a healthy diet can be achieved through a combination of B_____, V_____, and M_____ .I am listing the first letter of each word as a hint. When you type your answers you need to type the complete words (including the first letter).

Balance, Variety, Moderation

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