Nutrition Basics

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Essential nutrients include all of the following except

Enzymes

The process in which foods you eat are broken down & absorbed is called

Digestion

Which of the following essential nutrients does NOT supply energy

Vitamins

Fat provides____ calories per gram.

9

Protein provides____ calories per gram.

4

Carbs provides___ calories per gram.

4

Alcohol provides____ calories per gram.

7

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding alcohol?

Alcohol is not an essential nutrients, and it supplies 7 calories of energy per gram.

The main structural components of the body, muscles, bones are made up of

Proteins

The building blocks of proteins are called

Amino acids

One of the 20 common amino acids, how many of these are termed "essential"?

9

Protein sources that provide all the amino acids that cannot be manufactured in the body are best described as

Complete

Meats, fish, poultry, and eggs are sources of____protein.

Complete

Foods from most plant sources supply____ proteins.

Incomplete

Which of the following is a source of incomplete protein?

Beans

Martha is a vegetarian and wants to eat a source of complete protein. Which of the following should she choose?

Rice, beans, corn, peanut butter, milk.

Which of the following will help supply Carey with an adequate daily intake of proteins?

3 Oz. Of meat, 1/2 cup of tofu, 1 cup of yogurt, or 1 & 1/2 Oz. Of cheese.

The recommended daily intake of protein is____ of total daily calories.

10-35%

The average American diet includes about_____ of total daily calories as protein

15%

Fats are also called

Lipids

Which of the following is NOT a function of fats?

They for important components of blood & some hormones.

The major source of fuel for the body during rest and light activity is

Fats

Most of the fats in foods are in the form of

Triglycerides

The essential fatty acids, linoleic, and alpba-linoleic acids, are both

Polyunsaturated

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding fats?

They are the most concentrated source of energy, food fats are composed of both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, food fats containing large amounts of saturated fatty acids are usually solid at room temperature.

Saturated fats are primarily found in

Animal food sourced and are solid at room temperature.

Leading sources of saturated fat in the American diet includes all of the following, EXCEPT

Poultry

Which of the following does NOT contain mostly monosaturated fatty acids?

Palm oil

All of the following contain mostly polyunsaturated fatty acids, EXCEPT

Coconut oil

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding vegetable oils that have been hydrogenated?

They tend to be higher in saturated fat.

A by-product of hydrogenation is

Trans fatty acids

To control your blood cholesterol levels, the most important action you can take is to limit the amount of_______ in your diet.

Saturated and Trans fats

Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding Trans fatty acids?

None

In order to determine the presence of Trans fat in a given product, consumers should check the label for

Partially hydrogenated oils.

A good source of omega-3 fatty acids is

Salmon

Plant sources that provide small amounts of omega-3 fatty acids include all of the following, EXCEPT

Coconut oil

Which of the following is FALSE regarding omega-6 fatty acids?

They are primarily found in Palm and Coconut oils.

When reducing fat intake, the emphasis should be placed on lowering intake of

Trans fatty acids.

Which of the following would be an effect of consuming omega-3 fatty acids?

They reduce the tendency of blood to clot, they inhibit inflammation, they inhibit abnormal heart rhythms.

The major source of fuel for the nervous system, brain, and red blood cells is

Carbohydrates

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