Music Test 2

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The term dark ages formerly referred to the time

between 500 and 1000 CE

The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and

newly formed centralized governments led by kings

The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government


Why was the art music of the Middle Agees predominantly religious?

The churched patronized music extensively

The late middles ages witnessed

building of great cathedrals, founding of universities, and rise of the bourgeoisie

Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the middle ages

Cervantes’ Don Quixote

During the Middle Ages the status of women

was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music

Of the following which does not represent the thinking of the Renaissance?

an exclusively religious orientation

What characterizes humanism?

all of the above

Which historical event did not take place in the Renaissance?

the writing of the Magna Carta

All of the following were Renaissance artists except


Why is Renaissance painting considered to be more realistic than medevial painting?

Renaissance painters created a perspective that made it possible to see the whole world simultaneously

Which institution supported music in Renaissance society?

church, city and state, and the aristocratic courts

Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways except:

professional orchestra conductor

The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal Lord and the state


Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular


The knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries


Although feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary


The Renaissance was characterized by an increased awareness of the cultures of learned civilizations


The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance


Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism


The Renaissance first came to flower in France


The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home making music


_____ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church

Pope Gregory

Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant?

triadic harmonies

Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?

there is no harmony

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:


Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:


The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:

the Mass

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:

the Ordinary

The portion of the mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated is called

the proper

what is the primary language of the Mass


Of the following, which does not describe life in the medivial cloister

being at the center of trade and commerce

IN addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen was known for

all of the above

Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?

Hildegard of Bingen

For which liturgical occasion was Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgica mediatrix sung?

a feast day for the Virgin Mary

IN what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur

Mass proper

What genre of vocal music was not used int Renaissance church services


Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?

all of the above

What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music


The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:

a cantus firmus

Which of the following make up the movements of the ordinary of the mass

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy in ABA form, is called

The kyris

Which section of the ordinary of the mass is a confession of faith

the credo

What is a cantus firmus

a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass

How does the Renaissance motet differ from its medevial predecessor

it only had one text in latin

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed


Josquin Ave Maria… virgo serena is an example of

a motet

The text of Ave Maria… virgo serence is

in praise of the Virgin Mary

What is the musical asis of Josquins Ave Maria… virgo serena?

a Gregorian chant in the top voice, the freely composed

Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?

Martin Luther

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as

The counter reformation

Which of the following was not a recommendation of the council of trent

to use more instruments to embellish music

Which composer responded to the reforms of the council of trent in an exemplary fashion


Of the following, which describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass

It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falcettos

Of the following which best describes the texture of the pope Marcellus mass

six voice polyphony

The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass


Like the Renaissance motet, a polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus


The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single latin text


Josquins career centered exclusively in his native France


Josquins sacred works do not use preexsisiting melodies


The reform movement in the Catholic church brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter Reformation


The council of trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century


The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words


The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices


Secular music was integral to medivial court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music


The 14th century witnessed a decreased focus on secular music


Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony


Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music


Machaut’s chanson Puis qu’en oubli is a ballade for three voices


Although the learned vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised


Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages


Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages


Who composed the chanson Puis qu-en oubli?


Which of the following does not characterize a Puis qu’en oubli?

It has a monophonic texture

What is the form of a rondeau


Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut meaning

soft or loud

An end-blown flute with a breathy tone is called

a recorder

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is

the sackbut

troubadors and trouveres are medieval post musicians


Of the following which is not a fixed poetic form


Early songs in the Latin, such as those in Carmina burana were created by

students in university towns

Which of the following was not a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadors and trouveres

the rebirth of classical learning

In Germany, aristocratic poet musicians were called


sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?


Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as

the ars nova

the outstanding composer poet of the ars nova was


the French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the


The earliest type of polyphony was


Polyphony required the development of

rhythmic modes

The Notre Dame style of polyphony in which the tenor line was based on a preexsisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely and more rapidly was called


the early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called

the motet

The order of church service and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy


A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic


the modes served as a basis for the European art music for less than one hundred years


Hildegar of Bingen wrote both the poetry and music for alleluia, o irga mediatrix


Hildegards alleluia o virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas


The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is AAB


Organum was freely composed with no preexsisiting basis


An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris


Hildegard of Bingen was a leader of the Notre Dame school of early polyphony


In the early middle ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic nodes


The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads



melodic decorations

Tabo and tambourine are what type of instruments

Tabor and tambourine

Where did the rondes become popular?

in the city and at the courts of the nobility

What is the pavane

The stately court dance

Ronde means

round dance

Ronde is performed

In a circle

The madrigal originated in


Italian and English _____, French ______

madrigals, chansons

Early master of the Italian madrigal

Jacques Arcadelt

Expressive devices

word painting

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