Music Appreciation Test 3 (Baroque Era)

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Baroque style flourished in music during the period ___________


The ___________ is a Lutheran congregational hymn tune


The earliest opera that has been preserved is Jacopo Peri’s


A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called


In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach’s cantatas closely resembled the ____________ of the time


Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except the


A polyphonic composition based on one main theme is the


An _______________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work


The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in __________ form


A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it is called

figured bass

Sets of dance-inspired instrumental movements are called


Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso


The word movement in music normally refers to

a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition

A Vivaldi concerto usually has _____________ movements


The early baroque was characterized by

homophonic texture

Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by

Henry Purcell

______________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech


The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and

Johann Sebastian Bach

A baroque musical composition usually expresses _______________ within the same movement

one basic mood

Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his huge output consists of English oratorios and Italian


The respect given Henry Purcell by his fellow Englishmen is evidenced by his burial in

Westminster Abbey

The solo instruments in Bach’s Bradenburg Concerto No. 5 are the ___________, violin, and harpsichord


The main theme of a fugue is called the


The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the


The text, or booklet, of a musical dramatic work is called the


An _____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action


The music director of a baroque court was usually not responsible for

publicity in reaching an audience

The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the piece of admission opened in 1637 in


Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubjects are called


A concerto grosso most often has ___________ movement(s)


While at Leipzig, Bach

– taught organ and composition, gave recitals, and was often asked to judge the construction of organs – was responsible for the musical education of some 55 students in the St. Thomas schoo – rehearsed, conducted, and usually composed an extended work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra for each Sunday and holiday of the church year

All of the following were major baroque composers except

Wolfgang A. Mozart

Corelli’s Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for

two violins and basso continuo

Terraced dynamics refers to

the sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another

Monteverdi, an early baroque composer, strove to create music that was

passionate and dramatc

In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen’s opportunities for hearing music usually came from the


The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the late baroque ______________

favored polyphonic texture

Affections in baroque usage refers to what?

emotional states or moods of music

Baroque melodies often are ____________

elaborate and ornamental

The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of _______________

basso continuo

In Italy, music schools were often connected with ____________


The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the ______________


In many figures, the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another voice by a different melodic idea called a(n) _______________


Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called ___________


The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the _____________


A sonata intended to be played in church, and therefore dignified and suitable for sacred performance, was called a ____________

sonata da chiesa

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