Music Appreciation Pt. 5

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An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures may be found in which period of music?


One way in which music from the classical era differs from the Baroque is that

there is a fluctuation in mood

Classical melodies sound balanced because

they are made up of two phrases of the same length

The piano began to be widely used by


In the classical orchestra, which section was considered the most important?


A classical form written in 2-4 movements for one or two instruments is called

a sonata

Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life

serving a wealthy aristocratic family

In the classical period, comic opera sometimes

ridiculed the aristocracy

Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered

a skilled servant

Social mobility during the classical period was

an important factor in the rise of the middle class

Vienna in 1800

was the fourth-largest city in Europe, had a population of almost 250,000, and was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire

In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart

became close friends

In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by

folk and popular music

The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as

theater, literature, and music

The Concert des Amateurs, an organization in Paris devoted to presenting public concerts, was conducted in the 1770’s by

the Chevalier de Saint-Georges

Sonata form should be viewed as

a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key

In the exposition of a sonata-form movement

the second theme is in a new key

Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ____ movement of a multi-movement work

first, slow, and final fast

In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement

all the principal material is in the tonic key

At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a

repeat sign

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as


Each successive variation in a theme with variations

retains some elements of the theme

The ____ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form


The minuet is generally the ____ movement of a classical symphony


The minuet as a whole may be outlined as


In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet


The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)

dance at the court of Louis XIV of France

The character of the minuet is best described as

stately and dignified

The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it

moves more quickly

As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik

sounds an octave lower than the cello part

Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a


A common rondo pattern is


The main theme of the rondo

is usually in the tonic key

Another common rondo pattern is


The rondo was used

as late as the twentieth century

Symphony may be defined as a(n)

musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements, sonata for orchestra, and extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

fast, slow, dance-related, fast

The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in


ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the

slow movement

A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same

key in three of its movements

A classical concerto is a three-movement work for

instrumental soloist and orchestra

An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto’s soloist is known as a


The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the

minuet or scherzo

The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the


A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a


The first movement of a classical concerto

has two expositions

Classical chamber music is designed

for the intimate setting of a small room

The classical string quartet is a musical composition for

two violins, viola, and cello

The most important form in classical chamber music is the

string quartet

The piano trio is a musical composition for

violin, cello, and piano

The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is

fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music

is performed by one player per part

Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s _______ are considered his most important works

string quartets

Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterhazys included

composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra of about twenty-five players, and coaching the singers for operatic performances

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music?

There are few changes in texture and orchestration

Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major is performed today by the

valve trumpet

By the age of six, Mozart could

play the harpsichord and violin, improvise fugues and write minuets, and read music perfectly sight

Don Giovanni, in Mozart’s opera of that name, is

the legendary Spanish lover

Mozart’s Requiem was

finished by one of his pupils after Mozart’s death

Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart

was continually on tour in England and Europe

Mozart’s Symphony No. 40

is in G minor

Mozart’s finest German opera was

The Magic Flute

Mozart was born in

Salzburg, Austria

Which of the following is not one of Mozart’s three masterpieces of Italian opera?


Which of the following statements is no true about the late eighteenth-century fortepiano?

It weighed the same as the modern piano

Beethoven’s greatest liturgical music is to be found in his

Missa Solemnis

Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include

piano sonatas, string quartets, and the Ninth Symphony

Beethoven greatly expanded the ______ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic


The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based on

Schiller’s Ode to Joy

Beethoven’s sixteenth _____ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed

string quartets

One of the most famous rhythmic ideas in music is the short-short-long motive found in Beethoven’s

5th Symphony

First section of a sonata-form movement, which sets up a strong conflict between the tonic key and the new key; and between the first theme (or group of themes) and the second theme (or group of themes).


In the exposition of the sonata form, a section which leads from the first theme in the tonic, or home, key to the second theme, which is in a new key

bridge (transition)

Second section of a sonata-form movement, in which themes from the exposition are developed and the music moves through several different keys


Fragment of a theme,or short musical idea that is developed within a composition


Third section of a sonata-form movement, in which the first theme, bride, second theme, and concluding section are presented more or less as they were in the exposition, with one crucial difference: all the principal material is now in the tonic key


In a sonata-form movement, a concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further


Melodic idea that accompanies a main theme


From the beginning; an indication usually meaning that the opening section of a piece is to be repeated after the middle section

da capo

Unaccompanied section of virtuoso display for the soloist in a concerto, usually appearing near the end of the first movement and sometimes in the last movement


In the classical period, there was no ______ except during the recitative in opera


The orchestra only used trombones in _____ and _____ music

opera, church

The most important composers of the Borococo was:

Mozart & Haydn

In the opera, Marriage of Figaro, why did Figaro looked shorter than normal?

Cherubino jumped out the window and the gardener saw him. Figaro pretended to be the one who jumped out the window.

In the opera, Marriage of Figaro, who was hiding in the closet with Sussan?


The first movement of a symphony is in what form?

Sonata form

The second movement of a symphony is in what form?

Variation form

The third movement of a symphony is in what form?

Minuet form

The fourth movement of a symphony is in what form?

Rondo form

The symphony has ____ movements


The _______ became the most important type of piece


In the recapitulation, this is when the key has not changed:

the bridge is "broken"

Mozart was most influenced by


The second movement =


The fourth movement =

string quartet

The third movement =

minuet & trio

The symphony has ____ themes


The first key is in the

tonic key

The exposition


A piece for a solo instrument and orchestra

Concerto form

The concerto form is divided into __ movements: ___, ___, ___

3, fast, slow, fast

An end to an idea


Beethoven’s ____ symphony was the most famous, and it was the first symphony to use a _____

9th, choir

The Requiem in D minor kerkel’s number is:


Catalog number:


He invented/made the string quartet


Who wrote the 1st trumpet concerto?


Beethoven’s music was all about


A dance, usually in triple meter, less refined than a minuet, and faster than a minuet


First symphony to take a theme from the first movement and put/move it to another movement

Beethoven’s symphony No. 5

What movement in the concerto form is slow?

second movement

What does the concerto form have that the sonata form doesn’t?

a cadenza

Why was some of Mozart’s pieces have Baroque style in it?

Mozart studied the work of Bach

Free interchange has instrument parts unfold


When do you hear the first movement in Mozart’s first theme?

in the first movement

What does Cherubino lose and Figaro finds it?

a commission letter

What was the name of Beethoven’s mass?

Missa Solemnis

First section of the sonata form:


Second section of the sonata form:


Third section of the sonata form:


There are 3 sections of the sonata form; they are:

exposition, development, recapitulation

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