MIS Ch. 4 Practice

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Which of the following kinds of software allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group?

Presentation

Which of the following kinds of software is a sophisticated type of application software that assists a professional user in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs?

CAD

Which of the following kinds of software is software that enables professional designers to create sophisticated documents that contain text, graphics, and many colors?

DTP

Which of the following is a collection of electronic drawings, photos, and other images that can be inserted into documents?

Clip art

Which of the following increases or decreases how crisp the objects in a photo appear?

Sharpness

Which of the following describes a potentially damaging computer program that affects, or infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer works without the user’s knowledge or permission?

Virus

Which of the following kinds of software provides the capabilities of paint software and also includes the ability to enhance and modify existing images and pictures?

Image editing

Designers and graphic artists can print finished publications on a color printer, take them to a professional printer, or post them on the web in a format that can be viewed by those without what kind of software?

DTP

_____ technologies help to fight software piracy and prevent unauthorized copying of digital content.

DRM

An end-user license agreement, or _____, grants one user the right to use the software.

EULA

The illegal copying and distribution of copyrighted software is known as ______.

Piracy

Intellectual ______ is the legal term for ownership of intangible assets such as ideas, art, music, movies, and software.

Property

For downloaded software, the details of the software license usually appear during ______.

Installation

Which of the following programs allow designers to rotate designs of 3-D objects to view them from any angle?

CAD

Which of the following kinds of software allows users to modify a segment of a video, called a clip?

Video editing

Which the following is a filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on web pages?

Pop-up blocker

The most important preinstalled software is the ______ software that allows you to use the computer the first time you turn it on.

System

A set of instructions that tells a computer what to do, how to do it, and where to send the results or output is called ________.

Software

Software is written by software developers using computer-readable code called a(n) _______.

Programming language

When you choose a(n) ___________ installation, you only install selected features, rather than all of the features associated with a software program.

Custom

A software __________ replaces small sections of existing software code with new, improved code to add enhancements or fix problems.

Update

What you need to change to make words appear bigger on the page

Font size

This defines what text characters look like

Font type

The document formatting feature you use to make paragraphs line up with the left side of the page

Alignment

You adjust this to control the amount of white space in between rows of text

Line spacing

Shadowing and reflection are examples of this

Text effect

Which of the following is a request for specific data from a database?

Query

Which kind of program attempts to locate a file on your computer or mobile device based on criteria you specify?

Educational

What kind of software assists in the preparation of a will, for example?

Legal

Which kind of software allows users to draw pictures, shapes, and other graphical images with various on-screen tools such as a pen, brush, and eyedropper?

Paint

Which of the following is a utility that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file?

Image viewer

Which of the following kinds of malware is a malicious mobile app that uses a variety of fraudulent schemes to charge unsuspecting users for premium messaging services?

Toll fraud

Which of the following is an example of a photo sharing app?

Instagram

Which of the following is a utility that detects and protects a computer from unauthorized intrusions?

Personal firewall

Which of the following kinds of software provides a means for sharing, distributing, and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user?

Document management

Which of the following kinds of players is a program that allows you to view images and animation, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer?

Media

Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking e-mail that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?

Phising

What kind of software provides the capabilities of adjusting or enhancing image colors, adding special effects such as shadows and glows, and the like?

Image editing

Which of the following is a collection of individual programs sold as a unit?

Software suite

Which of the following adjusts the difference in appearance between light and dark areas of a photo?

Contrast

What kind of software helps users of all skill levels create web pages that include graphics, video, audio, animation, and other special effects?

Website authoring

Architects, scientists, interior designers, and engineers use _____ design software to create highly detailed and technically accurate drawings.

Computer-aided

TIFF, PNG, and GIF files can be compressed using _____ compression, so the files contain all of their original data when uncompressed.

Lossless

The clarity or sharpness of an image is called _____.

Resolution

_____ and Fotolia are examples of Web sites where you can download graphics and photos for a fee.

Shutterstock

Flatbed, sheet-fed, pen, and handheld are types of _____.

Scanners

Which kind of software can be distributed by anyone to others at no cost?

Public-domain

Which of the following is a utility that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files?

Uninstaller

Which of the following kinds of programs displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on webpages, email, or other Internet service?

Adware

Unlike application software programs, which run in a window on your desktop, _____ usually run in the background whenever they’re needed.

Device drivers

Hackers create _______ to intentionally damage computers by deleting files, erasing hard drives, stealing information, or slowing computer performance.

Malware

Operating system software, also called a(n) _____, manages computer hardware and software.

Playform

Often used as keyloggers to steal passwords to online accounts, _____disguise themselves as useful programs like utilities.

Trojan horses

Widgets or gadgets are _____ programs that appear on the desktop and display little pieces of information such as a calendar.

Utility

What kind of software allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation into an interactive application?

Multimedia authoring

What kind of software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks?

Application

What is the term for a square-shaped coded graphic that corresponds to a web address or other information?

QR code

Which of the following kinds of file utilities shrink the size of a file(s)?

File compression

An alternative to e-mail filtering is to purchase which of the following kinds of program that attempts to remove a message before it reaches a user’s inbox?

Anti-spam

Which of the following warns that the computer is infected and needs immediate attention?

Virus hoax

Which of the following kinds of software enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of a notebook?

Note taking

Which of the following is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data?

Database

Software designed to meet the unique needs of an organization or business

Custom

Software whose ownership rights are public property, and which is available to anyone at no cost

Freeware

Copyrighted software, such as Linux, that is typically distributed free of charge and can be customized

Open source

Type of software where some applications are free, some require a one-time registration fee, and some require a periodic subscription charge

Web apps

Software whose ownership rights are public property, and which is available to anyone at no cost

Public domain

Which of the following tools searches for and removes unnecessary files?

Disk cleanup

A _____ is technology used to compress/decompress video files.

Codec

To watch video on a computer, you need special hardware plus software known as a _____.

Media player

Streaming media known as _____ is stored on the provider’s server, which allows you to play the media multiple times.

On-demand

Graphics that help a viewer know when one scene ends and another begins are called _____ .

Transitions

The Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) is a popular _____ standard.

Video compression

Displays unsolicited advertisements in banners or pop-up windows

Adware

Removes unused files like temporary Internet files from your hard drive

Disk cleanup utility

Reorganizes the data on a magnetic hard drive so that you can access files more quickly

Disk defragmenter

Not emptying this lets files remain on your computer and take up space

Recycle bin

Software that scans incoming messages and programs to protect your computer

Virus protection

Which category of applications allows you to locate a nearby restaurant or check the weather forecast?

Lifestyle

Which of the following kinds of software allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics?

Word processing

In the event a backup file is used, which kind of program reverses the process and returns backed up files to their original form?

Restore

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