Medical Terminology Mid Term Chapter 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10

Acromegaly

Enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problem

Adenectomy

Removal of a gland

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo

Anemia

Decrease in numbers of red blood cells or hemoglobin within red blood cells

Arthralgia

Pain in a joint

Biopsy

Microscopic examination of living tissue

Cancerous tumor

Carcinoma

carcinoma

Cancerous tumor

Cell membrane

Allows materials to pass into and out of the cell

Cerebral

Pertaining to the largest part of the brain

Chronic

Continuing over a long period of time

Coccyx

The tailbone is the

Cranial

The pituitary gland is in which body cavity?

Craniotomy

Incision of the skull

cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

Cystoscopy

Visual examination of the urinary bladder

Cytology

Study of cells

Death

necr/o

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Genes are composed of

Diagnosis

Made on the basis of complete knowledge about the patient's condition

Diaphragm

Muscular wall separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

Electroencephalogram

Record of electricity in the brain

Endoplasmic reticulum

Part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs

endoscope

Instrument to examine within

Fat

Adipose means pertaining to

Gastrectomy

Gastric resection

-graph

Instrument to record

hematoma

Collection of blood

Hepatoma

Tumor of the liver

Hyperglycemia

High level of sugar in the blood

Hypertrophy

Excessive development

Hypochondriac regions

The upper lateral regions of the abdomen, beneath the ribs, are the

iatrogenic

Pertaining to produced by treatment:

inguinal

Pertaining to the groin

Laryngectomy

Removal of the voice box

Larynx

Voice box

Leukemia

Increase in numbers of malignant white blood cells

Myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

Nephrosis

Abnormal condition of the kidney

neurectomy

Resection of a nerve

-oid

Resembling

Opthalmoscope

Instrument to view the eye

Osteitis

Inflammation of a joint

Osteotomy

Incision of a bone

Otalgia

Pain in the ear

pericardium

Membrane surrounding the heart

pneumonia

Condition (disease) of the lung

Prolapse

-ptosis

Psychosis

Abnormal condition of the mind

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nose

Sagittal

Pertaining to a plane that divides the body into right and left portions

Sarcoma

Malignant tumor of flesh tissue

-sclerosis

The opposite of -malacia is

-scope

Instrument to visually examine

Skin cell

An epithelial cell is a(an):

Space between the membranes around the lungs

The pleural cavity is the

-stomy

Surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body

Supine

Lying on the back

-therapy

Treatment

thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

Throat

Esophagus

Tissues

A histologist studies

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat

Transhepatic

Pertaining to through the liver

Viscera

Internal organs

nucleus

Control center of the cell, containing chromosomes

anabolism

The process of building up proteins in a cell

metabolism

the total of the chemical processes in a cell is known as

histologist

a scientist who studies tissue

genes

regions of DNA within a chromosome

pharynx

name for throat

adipose tissue

collection of fat cells

trachea

windpipe

ureter

tube from the kidney to the urinary bladder

larynx

voice box

pleura

membrane surrounding the lungs

cartilage

flexible connective tissue at joints

urethra

tube from the urinary bladder to outside of body

cranial cavity

cavity surrounded by the skull

thoracic cavity

cavity in chest surrounded by ribs

pelvic cavity

cavity surrounded by the hip bone

spinal cavity

cavity surrounded by the backbones

abdominal cavity

cavity below the chest containing digestive organs

cervical

region of the neck

thoracic

region of the chest

lumbar

region of the waist

sacrum

region of the sacrum

cocygeal

region of the tailbone

superficial

opposite of deep

distal

opposite of proximal

supine

opposite of prone

ventral

opposite of dorsal

lateral

The left lung lies _____ to the heart

proximal

the ____ end of the humerus is at the shoulder

superior

the liver lies ____ to the intestines

vertebra

A back bone is called a _____

distal

The ____ end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap

transverse

the ____ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions

sagital

the ___ plane divides the body into right and left portions

inferior caudal

the diaphragm lies ____ (_____) to the organs in the thoracic cavity

craniotomy

removal of diseased portion

epigastric

above the stomach

chondroma

benign tumor

umbilical

pertaining to the navel

posterior

pertaining to the back of body

intervertebral

between back bone

mediastinum

space between the lungs

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain

mitochondria

sausage-shaped cellular structures in which catabolism takes place

epidermal

pertaining to skin (surface) cells

sarcoma

tumor of flesh (malignant)

visceral

pertaining to internal organs

karyotype

picture of chromosomes in cell of nucleus

right upper quadrant

what does RUQ stand for?

Lumbar 5 sacral 1

What does L5-S1 stand for?

chondrosarcoma

malignant tumor of connective tissue

epithelial cells

___ ___ lines external body surface and internal surfaces of organs

histology

study of tissues

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

thyroid gland

secretory organ in the neck

diaphragm

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

sagital

lateral

supine

lying on back

peritoneum

membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity

medial

between proximal and distal

proximal

closest to attachment of limb

distal

farthest from trunk

anterior

pertaining to the front

craniotomy

incision of the skull

cytoplasm

contents of the cell (apart from nucleus and cell membrane)

iliac

pertaining to the ilium

lumbosacral

pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions

nucleic

pertaining to the nucleus

thoracotomy

incision of the chest

ventral

pertaining to the belly side of the body

anabolic

pertaining to casting up; building up substances (proteins) in the cell

catabolism

process of casting down; breaking down material in the cell to release energy

hypochondriac regions

pertaining to under the rib cartilages (area of the abdomen)

endoplasmic reticulum

part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs

metabolism

sum of the chemical porcesses in a cell

mitochondria

part of a cell where catabolism primarily occurs

cell membrane

allows materials to pass into and out of the cell

DNA

genes are composed of

skin cell

An epithelial cell is a(n)

cranial

the pituitary gland is in which body cavity?

Larynx

Structure in the trachea

coccyx

the tailbone is the

liver

the RUQ contains the

disk

a piece of cartilage between backbones

left upper quadrant

what does LUQ stand for?

right lower quadrant

what does RLQ stand for?

spinal column

bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity

spina cord

nervous tissue within the spinal cavity

hypogastric

lower middle region below the umbilical region

RUQ

contains the liver(right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

LUQ

Contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

RLQ

contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter

LLQ

contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo

tonsillitis

inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat

ptosis

prolapse

ischemia

blood is held back from an area

necr/o

death

acromegaly

enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problems

otalgia

pain in the ear

chronic

continuing over a long period of time

arteriole

small artery

scope

instrument to visually examine

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

myelogram

x-ray record of the spinal cord

myeloma

tumor of bone marrow (cancerous)

coccus

berry shaped (spheroidal) bacteria

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

neutrophil

graphy

instrument to record

oid

resembling

leukocyte

an eosinophil is an

laryngectomy

removal of the voice box

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

lymphocyte

a blood cell that produces antibodies

sclerosis

hardening (opposite of malacia)

hypertrophy

excessive development

therapy

treatment

stomy

surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body

myelogram

record of the spinal cord

angiography

process of recording blood vessels

myalgia

pain of a muscle

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

staphlococci

berry shaped bacteria in clusters

laryngectomy

resection of the voice box

ischemia

holding back of blood(from cells)

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

thrombocyte

a clotting cell,platelet

erythrocyte

a red blood cell

neutrophril

a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them,polymorphonuclear leukocyte

monocyte

a mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte

lymphocytes

a mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies

eosinophils

a leukocyte whose granules turn red with stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions

acrophobia

fear of heights(extremities)

myosarcoma

flesh (malignant) tumor of muscle

morphology

study of shape (of cells)

blepharitis

inflammation of an eyelid

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

myeloma

tumor of bone marrow

cardiomypathy

disease of heart muscle

pertaining to the lungs

pulmonary

pertaining to death

necrotic

pertaining to the groin

inguinal

tissue surrounding the heart

pericardium

hardening fatty material in the artery

arteriosclerosis

record of the spinal cord

myelogram

enlargemnt of the liver

hepatomegaly

new opening in the tracheal

tracheostomy

inflammation in the tonsills

tonsillitis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

abdominocentesis

pain associated with the pleura

pleurodynia

study of the eye

ophthalmology

berry or spherical shaped bacteria in clusters

staphylococci

beyond control(spread of a cancerous tumor)

metastasis

pertaining to the voice box

laryngeal

condition disease of the lung

pneumonia

hernia of the urinary bladder

cystocele

deficiency in white blood cells

leukopenia

excessive development

hypertrophy

pertaining to the groin

inguinal

clotting cell

platelet

incision of a vein

phlebotomy

small vein

venule

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

blepharoptosis

prolapse of an eyelid

cardiomypathy

disease of heart muscle

mastectomy

resection of the breast

otalgia

ear pain

laryngeal

pertaining to the voice box

angiogenesis

formation of blood vessels

peritoneal

pertaining to the membrane surounding the abdomen

hemolysis

destruction of blood

laparotomy

incision of the abdomen

metastasis

spread of a malignant tumor

ischemia

holding back blood from tissues

acrophobia

fear of heights

tracheostomy

new opening of the windpipe to the outside of the body

necrosis

abnormal condition of death of cells

cystocele

hernia in the urinary bladder

electroencephalogram

record of the electricity in the brain

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of clotting cells(platelets)

biopsy

removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of fluid in the kidney

stretococcus

berry shaped bacteria in twisted chains

intracostal

pertaining to - between the ribs (-al = pertaining to, intra- = between, cost/o = ribs)

contralateral

pertaining to the opposite side (-al = pertaining to)

exophthalamos

protrusion of an eyeball

syndactyly

a congenital anomaly (congenital = present at birth)

symbiosis

parasitism is an example of ... ?

prodrome

symptoms precede an illness (like a fever, or rash)

ante cibum

before meals

antibodies

protein substances made by leukocytes (anti- = against)

symphysis

bones grow together, as in the pelvis

ultrasonography

sound waves and echoes are used to create an image

metamorphosis

change in shape or form

hypertrophy

increase in cell size, increased development (-trophy = development)

hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

retroperitoneal

behind the abdomen (retro- = back, behind) (peri = around, surrounding)

antigen

streptococci is an example of an ...?

relapse

return of disease symptoms

dia-

complete, through (as in Diagnosis)

abductor muscle

Ab ("b" faces away) carries a limb AWAY from the body

adductor muscle

Ad ("d" faces toward) pulls limb TOWARD the body.

dyspnea

difficult breathing (pnea = breathing, dys- = difficult)

slow

Brady-

Tachycardia

rapid heartbeat (cardia = heartbeat, tachy- = rapid or fast)

parathyroid glands

located on the dorsal side of an endocrine gland in the neck (the thyroid gland) para = near

Recombinant DNA

gene from one organism is inserted (recombined) into another organism

epithelium

Skin cells. Surface cells that line internal organs and found in the skin.

percutaneous

through the skin

anoxia

condition of no oxygen

antisepsis

against infection

congenital anomaly

irregularity present at birth (such as ... born with webbed toes)

antepartum

before birth

apnea

not breathing

contralateral

pertaining to opposite side

metamorphosis

condition of change of shape or form

malaise

vague feeling of bodily discomfort

pancytopenia

deficiency of ALL blood cells

metasasis

spread of a cancerous tumor to a secondary organ or tissue

exophthalmos

eyeballs that bulge outward

paralysis

loss of movement in muscles

prodrome

symptoms that appear before an illness (such as a rash or fever)

remission

symptoms lessen

relapse

disease or symptoms return

neoplasm

new growth (tumor)

syndactyly

webbed fingers or toes

Cec/o

The combining form of the first part of the large intestine is

Celiac

Pertaining to the abdomen

Peristalsis

Muscular wave-like movement to transport food through the digestive system

Pulp

Part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels

Gums

Gingivo/o means

Pertaing to the cheek

Buccal means

Hyerbilirubinemia

High blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile

Common bile duct

Carries bile into the duodenum

Amylase

Enzyme to digest starch

Crohn disease

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

Sphincter

Ring of muscle

Periodontist

Specialist in gum

Mouth

Stomat/o means

Labi/o

Cheil/o means the same as

Sialadenolithiasis

Stone in salivary gland

Mesentery

Membrane that connects parts of the small intestine

Colostomy

New opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body

Steatorrhea

Fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces

Anorexia

Lack of appetite

Icterus

Another term for jaundice

Swollen, twisted veins

Esophageal varices are

Deverticula

Abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine

Intussusception

Telescoping of the intestine

Dysphagia

Difficulting in swallowing

Oral leukoplakia

White plaques on the mucosa of the mouth

Pertaing to the cheek

Buccal means

spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs

hemoptysis

suture

rrhaphy

new opening between parts of the jejuno

jejunujejunostomy

dliation of a lymph vessel

lymphangiectasis

difficult digestion

dyspepsia

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening between the stomach and the intestine

which test will tell the presence of melena

stool guaiac

an ulcer would most likely be detected by which test

gastroscopy

esophageal atresia

esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth

bursting forth of blood from the spleen

splenorrhagia

lipase is

an enzyme that digest fat

palatoplasty

surgical repair of the roof of the mouth

which test are liver function test

serum bilirubin, alp, ast, alt

which test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis

transhepatic cholangiography

opposite of ectasis

stenosis

flow discharge

rrhea

anastomosis

cholecystojejunostomy

common bile duct

choledocho

forward protrusion of the eye

proptois

surgical procedure to remove fuid from the abdomen

paracentesis

twisting of part of the intestine upon itself

cecal volvulus

periodontal procedure

gingivectomy

heavy menstrual discharge

menorrhagia

visual examination of the abdomen

laparoscopy

salivary stones

sialothiasis

pepsia

digestion

ptysis

spitting

emesis

vomiting

ptosis

drooping, sagging

rrhagia

bursting forth of blood

phagia

swallowing eating

plasty

surgical repair

rrhaphy

suture

ectasis

widening dilation

stenosis

narrowing

stasis

stop control

lysis

seperation, destruction

ptosis

drooping, sagging

rrhea

flow discharge

polyphagia

excessive eating

odynophagia

painful swallowing

proptosis

abnormal protusion of the eyeball

esophageal atresia

the esophagus is not open to the stomach at birth

surgical repair of the eyelid

blepharoplasty

incision of a ring of muscles

sphincterotomy

suture of a weakened muscular wall

herniorrhaphy

new surgical connection between the stomach and the first part of the small intestine

gastroduodenal anastomosis

new opening of the first part of the colon to the outside of the body

cecostomy

removal of gum tissue

gingivectomy

surgical puncture of the abdomen for withdrawal of fluid

paracentesis

difficult swallowing

dysphagia

pertaining to the cheek

buccal

enlargement of the liver

hepatomegaly

pertaining to under the tongue

sublingual

pertaining to the common bile duct

choledochal

apthous stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers

lipase

enzyme to digest fat

cheilosis

abnormal condition of the lip

sialadenectomy

removal of a salivary gland

periodontal membrane

tissue surrounding a tooth

colectomy

removal of the colon

tube is inserted through the nose into the stomach

nasogastric intubation

measurement of the bile pigment in the blood

serum bilirubin

xray examination of the lower gastrointestinal tract

barium enema

test to reveal hidden blood in feces

stool guaiac hemoccult

sound waves are used to image abdominal organs

abdominal ultrasonography

feces are placed in a growth medium for bacterial analysis

liver biopsy

contrast material is injected through an endoscope and xrays are taken of the pancreas and bile ducts

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

radioactive material is injected and image recorded of uptake in liver cells

liver scan

tranverse xray pictures of abdominal organs

ct of the abdomen

xray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestines after administering barium by mouth

upper gastrointestinal series

contrast material is injected through the liver and xrays are taken of bile vessels

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

difficult digestion

dyspepsia

vomiting blood

hematemesis

forward protusion of the eye

proptosis

discharge of pus (gingivitis)

PERIONDONTAL DISEASE

dilation of tube leading into lung

bronchiectasis

esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth

congenital esophageal atresia

suture of an abdominal protusion

herniorrhaphy

surgical repair of the lip and mouth

cheilostmmatoplasty

removal of the large bowel

colectomy

pertaining to the common bile duct

choledochal

spitting up blood

hemoptysis

pertaining to the cheek

buccal

an anastomosis

cholecystojejunostomy

difficult swallowing

dysphagia

removal of gum tissue

gingivectomy

removal of the gallbladder

cholecystectomy

painful menstruation

dysmenorrhea

narrowing of a ring muscles

pyloric stenosis

ulcers and inflammation of the mouth

apthous stomatitis

pertaining to the throat and mouth

glossopharyngeal

herniorrhaphy

suture of a hernia

hematemesis

vomiting blood

cholestasis

stoppage of flow of bile

lymphangiectasis

dilation of lymph vessels

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

choledochal

pertaining to the common bile duct

glossotomy

incision of the toungue

stenosis

narrowing

chielosis

abnormal condition of the lip

record of bile vessels

cholangiogram

not open

atresia

spitting up blood

HEMOPTYSIS

destruction of blood

hemolysis

celiac

pertaining to the abdomen

rrhagia

bursting forth of blood

rrhea

discharge flow

tomy

incision

phagia

swallowing, eating

ptosis

drooping

spasm

involuntary contraction

rrhaphy

suture

stenosis

narrowing

stomy

new opening

ectasis

widening,dilation

dyspepsia

difficult digestion

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

hematemesis

Vomiting of blood

glossotomy

incision of the toungue

enterorrhaphy

suture of the intestine

atresia

no opening

apthous stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth w/small painful ulcers(canker sores)

amylo

starch

appendico

appendix

bili

bile

broncho

bronchial tubes

celio

abdomen

cheilo

lip

cholangio

bile vessels

cibo

meal

ano

anus

denti

tooth

duodeno

duodenum

entero

small intestine

esophago

esophagus

colo

colon

etio

cause

glosso

tongue

glyco

sugar

hemo

blood

laparo

abdomen

cholecysto

gallbladder

pharyngo

throat

lymphangio

lymph vessel

mandibulo

mandible; lower jaw

odyno

painful

oro

mouth

procto

anus and rectum

meno

menstruation

proteo

protein

pyloro

pylorus

recto

rectum

sialadeno

salivary gland

stomato

mouth

centesis

surgical puncture

chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

ectasia

widening

ectomy

excision, removal

graphy

process of recording

prandial

Meal

orexia

appetite

tresia

opening

iasis

Abnormal Condition

lysis

breakdown

Portion of the urinary bladder

Trigone

Glomerular

Pertaining to small balls of capillaries in the kidney

Meatal stenosis

Narrowing of the urethral opening to the outside of the body

Electrolyte

Sodium

Nitrogenous waste

Creatinine

Renal pelvis

pyel/o

A term that means no urine production is

Anuria

Surrounding the urinary bladder

Perivesical

Uremia

Azotemia

X-ray of the urinary tract

KUB

Oliguria

Scanty urination

Diabetes insipidus is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

Glycosuria

Hernia of the tube connecting the kidney and urinary bladder

Ureterocele

Artifical kidney machine

hemodialysis

Nephrolithotomy

Incision to remove a renal calculus

Protein in the urine

Albuminuria

Renal abscess may lead to

Pyuria

Alkaline

Basic

A group of symptoms marked by edema, proteinuria,and hypoalbuminenia

nephrotic syndrome

High levels of ketones in the blood can lead to

Acidosis

Childhood renal carcinoma

Wilms tumor

Urine is held in the bladder

Urinary retention

Test that measures the amount of urea in the blood

BUN

Nephrosclerosis

Hardening of blood vessels in the kidney

Lithotripsy

Shock waves crush urinary tract stones

high blood pressure that is idiopathic

essential hypertension

malignant tumor of the kidney

hypernephroma

high blood pressure caused by kidney disease

secondary hypertension

a tube for withdrawing or giving fluid

catheter

swelling, fluid in tissues

edema

inadequate secretion of ADH

diabetes insipidus

a narrowed area in a tube

stricture

Central collecting region in the kidney

renal pelvis

Chemical element carrying an electrical charge when dissolved in water; sodium and potassium are examples

electrolyte

Tube for injecting or removing fluids

catheter

Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of red blood cells by bone marrow

erythropoietin

Inner region of an organ

medulla

Outer region of an organ

cortex

Tiny ball of capillaries in outer area of kidney

glomerulus

Urination; micturition

voiding

Nitrogenous waste product of muscle metabolism excreted in urine

creatinine

Hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine

urinary bladder

hematuria

Blood in the urine

diuresis

Excessive urination

abscess

Collection of pus

uremia

Excessive urea in the bloodstream

perivesical

Pertaining to surrounding the urinary bladder

dysuria

Painful urination

cortical

Pertaining to the outer section of an organ

medullary

Pertaining to in inner section of an organ

renal cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the kidney

enuresis

Bedwetting

How many kidneys?

2

How many ureters?

2

How many urinary bladders?

1

How many urethra?

1

Adnexa uteri

Accessory parts of the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Amenorrhea

Absence of menstrual flow.

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac.

Amnion

Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.

Amniotic fluid

Fluid contained within the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus.

Anovulatory

Not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary).

Areola

Dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.

Bartholin glands

Two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body.

Bilateral oophorectomy

Excision or removal of both ovaries.

Cephalic version

Procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first.

Cervix

Necklike, lower portion of the uterus.

Choriogenesis

Formation of the chorion, the outermost membrane surrounding the fetus.

Chorion

Outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus. It forms the fetal part of the placenta.

Chorionic

Pertaining to the chorion.

Clitoris

Sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra.

Coitus

Sexual intercourse.

Colposcopy

Visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope (colposcope).

Corpus luteum

Yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.

Cul-de-sac

Region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum.

Culdocentesis

Surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease.

Dysmenorrhea

Painful, difficult menses (menstruation).

Dyspareunia

Painful sexual intercourse.

Dystocia

Difficult childbirth.

Embryo

Stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks.

Endocervicitis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus).

Endometritis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion).

Endometrium

Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.

Episiotomy

Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.

Estrogen

Ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development.

Fallopian tube

One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes).

Fertilization

Union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell.

Fetal presentation

Manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal.

Fetus

Stage in prenatal development from 6 to 39 or 40 weeks.

Fimbriae

Finger or fringe-like ends of the fallopian tubes.

Follicle-stimulating hormone

Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of (FSH) the egg cell (ovum).

Galactorrhea

Excessive or abnormal secretion of milk after breast-feeding has ended.

Gamete

Reproductive cell (ovum or sperm cell).

Genitalia

Reproductive organs (genitals).

Gestation

Nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregnancy.

Gonad

Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.

Gynecology

Study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts.

Gynecomastia

Female-like breast enlargement in a male.

Human chorionic

Secreted by the placenta to sustain pregnancy.gonadotropin

Hymen

Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.

Hysterectomy

Removal of the uterus.

Hysteroscopy

Visual examination (endoscopic) of the uterus.

Intrauterine device (IUD)

Device inserted by a physician into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

Involution

Shrinking of the uterus (womb) to its normal size after childbirth.

Labia

Lips of the vagina.

Lactation

Production of milk.

Lactiferous ducts

Tubes that carry milk throughout the breast.

Lactogenesis

Production of milk.

Leukorrhea

White to yellow discharge from the vagina.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation.

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast.

Mammary papilla

Nipple of the breast.

Mammoplasty

Surgical repair of the breast (augmentation or reduction surgery).

Mastectomy

Removal (excision) of a breast.

Mastitis

Inflammation of a breast.

Menarche

Beginning of the first menstrual period (menses).

Menometrorrhagia

Excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation and also between menstrual periods.

Menopause

Gradual ending of menstruation.

Menorrhea

Menstruation; monthly discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus.

Menorrhagia

Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods.

Menstruation

Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; menses.

Metrorrhagia

Bleeding between menstruations.

Multigravida

A woman who has been pregnant more than once.

Multipara

A woman who has delivered more than one viable infant.

Myomectomy

Removal of muscle tumors (fibroids) from the uterus.

Myometrium

Muscle layer of the uterus.

Neonatal

Newborn.

Neonatology

Study of newborns.

Nullipara

A woman who has never given birth to an infant.

Obstetrics

Branch of medicine dealing with the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth.

Oligomenorrhea

Scanty menstrual flow.

Oogenesis

Formation of ova (egg cells).

Oophoritis

Inflammation of an ovary.

Orifice

An opening.

Ovarian

Pertaining to an ovary.

Ovarian follicle

Tiny sac in the ovary that contains an egg cell (ovum).

Ovary

One of two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).

Ovulation

Release of an egg cell from an ovary.

Ovum

Egg cell; plural is ova.

Oxytocia

Rapid labor and childbirth.

Oxytocin

Secretion of the pituitary gland causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast.

Parturition

Act of giving birth.

Perineorrhaphy

Suture of the perineum (following an episiotomy).

Perineum

Area between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males.

Pituitary gland

Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.

Placenta

Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy.

Prenatal

Pertaining to before birth.

Pregnancy

Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation.

Primigravida

A woman during her first pregnancy.

Primipara

A woman who has given birth to her first child.

Primiparous

Pertaining to a woman who has given birth to her first child.

Progesterone

Hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.

Pseudocyesis

False pregnancy.

Puberty

Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins.

Pyosalpinx

Pus in a fallopian tube.

Retroversion

Tipping backward of an organ or a part of the body; as in the uterus.

Salpingectomy

Removal of a fallopian tube.

Salpingitis

Inflammation of a fallopian tube.

Uterine serosa

Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.

Uterus

Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop; womb.

Vagina

Muscular, mucosal tube extending from the uterus (cervix) to the exterior of the body.

Vaginal orifice

Opening of the vagina to the exterior of the body.

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina.

Vulva

External female genitalia; labia, clitoris and vaginal orifice.

Vulvovaginitis

Inflammation of the vulva and vagina.

Zygote

Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to two weeks.

Abortion

Premature ending of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is able to exist on its own.

Abruptio placentae

Premature detachment of the placenta from its place in the uterine wall.

Apgar score

System of scoring an infant's physical condition at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.

Aspiration

Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.

Carcinoma in situ

Cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.

Carcinoma of the breast

Malignant tumor of breast tissue; breast cancer.

Carcinoma of the cervix

Malignant cells within the cervix (lower portion of the uterus).

Carcinoma of the endometrium

Malignant tumor of the uterus (endometrium).

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue by burning.

Cervical dysplasia

Abnormal cells in the cervix (lower, neck-like region of the uterus).

Cervicitis

Inflammation of the cervix.

Cesarean section

Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.

Chlamydia

Type of bacteria that causes pelvic inflammatory disease and infection in the reproductive tract of women and men.

Choriocarcinoma

Malignant tumor of the placenta.

Chorionic villus sampling

Sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis.

Colposcopy

Visual examination of the vagina and uterine cervix using an optical magnifying instrument called a colposcope.

Conization

Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.

Cryocauterization

Use of freezing cold temperature to burn and destroy tissue.

Culdocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.

Cystadenocarcinoma

Malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries.

Cystadenoma

Benign tumor of cystic and glandular components, commonly found in the ovaries.

Dermoid cyst

Ovarian cysts lined with a variety of cell types (hair, skin, teeth).

Dilatation

Widening and enlargement of a hollow organ.

Dilation and curettage

Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.

Ectopic pregnancy

Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than in the uterus.

Endometriosis

Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.

Erythroblastosis fetalis

Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor between the mother and fetus.

Exenteration

Removal of internal organs. Pelvic exenteration is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and sections of the intestines.

Fetal monitoring

Continuous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during labor.

Fibrocystic disease

Presence of small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast.

Fibroids

Benign tumors of fibrous and muscular tissue in the uterus; leiomyomas.

Hyaline membrane disease

Acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn.

Hydrocephalus

Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head.

Hysterosalpingography

X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.

In vitro fertilization

Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix.

Laparoscopy

Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope.

Leiomyomas

Benign tumors of the uterus; fibroids.

Lumen

Cavity or channel with a tube or tubular organ, as a blood vessel, vagina, or fallopian tube.

Mammography

X-ray recording of the breast.

Meconium aspiration

Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) by a fetus syndrome or newborn.

Ovarian carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the ovary; ovarian adenocarcinoma.

Ovarian cyst

Sacs of fluid within or on the ovaries.

Palpation

Process of examining by using hands or fingers on the outside of the body.

Pap smear

Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.

Pelvic ultrasonography

Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region.

Pelvimetry

Measurement of the dimensions of the female pelvis.

Placenta previa

Placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall.

Preeclampsia

Abnormal condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema.

Pyloric stenosis

Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum in a newborn.

Respiratory distress

Abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant) syndrome is missing in the lung tissues. Infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease.

Tubal ligation

Tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female.

testis

the male gonad

prostate

a gland below the bladder and surrounding the urethra

seminiferous tubules

tissue that produces sperm cells

flagellum

hair-like tail region of the sperm is called

vas deferens

tube that leads from the epididymis

prepuce

foreskin

bilateral orchiectomy

male castration would result from which of the following operations

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

syphilis

a chancre is the primary lesionin which of the following conditions

testosterone

an androgen

interstitial cells of the testes

testosterone is produced by

cryptorchism

undescended testicles

overgrowth of glandular tissue

benign prostatic hyperplasia is characterized by

seminoma

testicular carcinoma

vasectomy

sterilization procedure

scrotum

the sac containing the male gonad

hypospadias

congenital condition of the male urethra

anorchism

congenital absence of a testicle

destroys sperm cells

a spermolytic substance

fixation of an undescended testicle

orchiopexy

varicocele

swollen, twisted veins near the testes

chalamydial infection

non-gonococcal urethritis is most often caused by

cryogenic surgery

treating tissue with cold temperatures is called

BPH

which of the following is not an STD

castration

orchiectomy

purulent

pus-filled

ligation

to tie off or bind

circumcision

removal of the prepuce

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the urethra

cryosurgery

destrucion of tissue by freezing

vasectomy

removal of a piece of vas deferens

semen analysis

test of fertility(reproductive ability)

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

bilateral orchiectomy

seminoma (reason performed)

TURP

benign prostatic hyperplasia (reason performed)

vasectomy

sterilization (hormones remain) (reason performed)

orchiopexy

cryptorchism (reason performed)

hydrocelectomy

abnormal fluid collection in scrotum (reason performed)

circumcision

phimosis (reason performed)

radical prostatectomy

carcinoma of the prostate gland (reason performed

vasovasostomy

reversal of sterilization (reason performed)

varicocelectomy

removal of swollen, twisted veins near the testes (reason performed)

seminiferous tubules

parenchymal tissue in the testes

Cerebellum

part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance

myoneural

Pertaining to muscle and nerves

acetylcholine

Neurotransmitter

dendrite

part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse

gyri

Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex

causalgia

burning sensation of pain

plexus

A network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system

astrocytes

glial cells

synapse

space between nerve cells

medula oblongata

part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels

aphasia

inability to speak

cauda equina

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

subdural hematoma

Collection of blood within the meningeal layers

paresthesia

abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling

radiculitis

inflammation of a spinal nerve root

glioblastoma

a highly malignant brain tumor

quadriplegia

paralysis of four extremities

cerebrovascular accident

cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhaging

syncope

fainting

meningomyelocele

Spina bifida is associated with

shuffling gait

Parkinson disease is characterized by

dyslexia

disorder of reading, writing, and learning

anesthesia

condition of no nervous sensation

epilepsy

Sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures

Bell palsy

unilateral facial paralysis

myasthenia gravis

loss of muscle strength; breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter

aura

peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms

transient ischemic attack

interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum

occlusion

blockage

dopamine

neurotransmitter

glioblastoma multiforme

malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells

tonic-clonic seizure

major convulsive epileptic seizure

meninges

Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord

embolism

Obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot

glial

pertaining to supportive cells of the nervous system

thalamus

a part of the brain that serves as a relay station for incoming sensory information

synapse

space between nerve cells

neurasthenia

lack of strength in nerves; a feeling of weakness and exhaustion

hypothalamus

located below the thalamus, controls vital bodily functions. Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, an body temperature

neurorrhaphy

surgically suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

motor nerve

a nerve that passes toward or to muscles or glands

myelin sheath

insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons

acetylcholine

a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction.

meningioma

tumor of the meninges

hyperkinesis

excessive movement

neurasthenia

nervous exhaustion

paresis

slight or partial paralysis

demyelination

Destruction of myelin on axons of neurons (as in multiple sclerosis)

syncopal

pertaining to fainting

palliative

remedy that alleviates pain without curing

dementia

loss of mental capacity

intrathecal

pertaining to within the meninges

parenchymal

essential cells of an organ

gait

manner of walking

Medical Terminology Mid Term Chapter 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 - Subjecto.com

Medical Terminology Mid Term Chapter 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10

Your page rank:

Total word count: 5931
Pages: 22

Calculate the Price

- -
275 words
Looking for Expert Opinion?
Let us have a look at your work and suggest how to improve it!
Get a Consultant

Acromegaly

Enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problem

Adenectomy

Removal of a gland

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo

Anemia

Decrease in numbers of red blood cells or hemoglobin within red blood cells

Arthralgia

Pain in a joint

Biopsy

Microscopic examination of living tissue

Cancerous tumor

Carcinoma

carcinoma

Cancerous tumor

Cell membrane

Allows materials to pass into and out of the cell

Cerebral

Pertaining to the largest part of the brain

Chronic

Continuing over a long period of time

Coccyx

The tailbone is the

Cranial

The pituitary gland is in which body cavity?

Craniotomy

Incision of the skull

cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

Cystoscopy

Visual examination of the urinary bladder

Cytology

Study of cells

Death

necr/o

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Genes are composed of

Diagnosis

Made on the basis of complete knowledge about the patient’s condition

Diaphragm

Muscular wall separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

Electroencephalogram

Record of electricity in the brain

Endoplasmic reticulum

Part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs

endoscope

Instrument to examine within

Fat

Adipose means pertaining to

Gastrectomy

Gastric resection

-graph

Instrument to record

hematoma

Collection of blood

Hepatoma

Tumor of the liver

Hyperglycemia

High level of sugar in the blood

Hypertrophy

Excessive development

Hypochondriac regions

The upper lateral regions of the abdomen, beneath the ribs, are the

iatrogenic

Pertaining to produced by treatment:

inguinal

Pertaining to the groin

Laryngectomy

Removal of the voice box

Larynx

Voice box

Leukemia

Increase in numbers of malignant white blood cells

Myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

Nephrosis

Abnormal condition of the kidney

neurectomy

Resection of a nerve

-oid

Resembling

Opthalmoscope

Instrument to view the eye

Osteitis

Inflammation of a joint

Osteotomy

Incision of a bone

Otalgia

Pain in the ear

pericardium

Membrane surrounding the heart

pneumonia

Condition (disease) of the lung

Prolapse

-ptosis

Psychosis

Abnormal condition of the mind

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nose

Sagittal

Pertaining to a plane that divides the body into right and left portions

Sarcoma

Malignant tumor of flesh tissue

-sclerosis

The opposite of -malacia is

-scope

Instrument to visually examine

Skin cell

An epithelial cell is a(an):

Space between the membranes around the lungs

The pleural cavity is the

-stomy

Surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body

Supine

Lying on the back

-therapy

Treatment

thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

Throat

Esophagus

Tissues

A histologist studies

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat

Transhepatic

Pertaining to through the liver

Viscera

Internal organs

nucleus

Control center of the cell, containing chromosomes

anabolism

The process of building up proteins in a cell

metabolism

the total of the chemical processes in a cell is known as

histologist

a scientist who studies tissue

genes

regions of DNA within a chromosome

pharynx

name for throat

adipose tissue

collection of fat cells

trachea

windpipe

ureter

tube from the kidney to the urinary bladder

larynx

voice box

pleura

membrane surrounding the lungs

cartilage

flexible connective tissue at joints

urethra

tube from the urinary bladder to outside of body

cranial cavity

cavity surrounded by the skull

thoracic cavity

cavity in chest surrounded by ribs

pelvic cavity

cavity surrounded by the hip bone

spinal cavity

cavity surrounded by the backbones

abdominal cavity

cavity below the chest containing digestive organs

cervical

region of the neck

thoracic

region of the chest

lumbar

region of the waist

sacrum

region of the sacrum

cocygeal

region of the tailbone

superficial

opposite of deep

distal

opposite of proximal

supine

opposite of prone

ventral

opposite of dorsal

lateral

The left lung lies _____ to the heart

proximal

the ____ end of the humerus is at the shoulder

superior

the liver lies ____ to the intestines

vertebra

A back bone is called a _____

distal

The ____ end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap

transverse

the ____ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions

sagital

the ___ plane divides the body into right and left portions

inferior caudal

the diaphragm lies ____ (_____) to the organs in the thoracic cavity

craniotomy

removal of diseased portion

epigastric

above the stomach

chondroma

benign tumor

umbilical

pertaining to the navel

posterior

pertaining to the back of body

intervertebral

between back bone

mediastinum

space between the lungs

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain

mitochondria

sausage-shaped cellular structures in which catabolism takes place

epidermal

pertaining to skin (surface) cells

sarcoma

tumor of flesh (malignant)

visceral

pertaining to internal organs

karyotype

picture of chromosomes in cell of nucleus

right upper quadrant

what does RUQ stand for?

Lumbar 5 sacral 1

What does L5-S1 stand for?

chondrosarcoma

malignant tumor of connective tissue

epithelial cells

___ ___ lines external body surface and internal surfaces of organs

histology

study of tissues

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

thyroid gland

secretory organ in the neck

diaphragm

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

sagital

lateral

supine

lying on back

peritoneum

membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity

medial

between proximal and distal

proximal

closest to attachment of limb

distal

farthest from trunk

anterior

pertaining to the front

craniotomy

incision of the skull

cytoplasm

contents of the cell (apart from nucleus and cell membrane)

iliac

pertaining to the ilium

lumbosacral

pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions

nucleic

pertaining to the nucleus

thoracotomy

incision of the chest

ventral

pertaining to the belly side of the body

anabolic

pertaining to casting up; building up substances (proteins) in the cell

catabolism

process of casting down; breaking down material in the cell to release energy

hypochondriac regions

pertaining to under the rib cartilages (area of the abdomen)

endoplasmic reticulum

part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs

metabolism

sum of the chemical porcesses in a cell

mitochondria

part of a cell where catabolism primarily occurs

cell membrane

allows materials to pass into and out of the cell

DNA

genes are composed of

skin cell

An epithelial cell is a(n)

cranial

the pituitary gland is in which body cavity?

Larynx

Structure in the trachea

coccyx

the tailbone is the

liver

the RUQ contains the

disk

a piece of cartilage between backbones

left upper quadrant

what does LUQ stand for?

right lower quadrant

what does RLQ stand for?

spinal column

bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity

spina cord

nervous tissue within the spinal cavity

hypogastric

lower middle region below the umbilical region

RUQ

contains the liver(right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

LUQ

Contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

RLQ

contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter

LLQ

contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo

tonsillitis

inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat

ptosis

prolapse

ischemia

blood is held back from an area

necr/o

death

acromegaly

enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problems

otalgia

pain in the ear

chronic

continuing over a long period of time

arteriole

small artery

scope

instrument to visually examine

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

myelogram

x-ray record of the spinal cord

myeloma

tumor of bone marrow (cancerous)

coccus

berry shaped (spheroidal) bacteria

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

neutrophil

graphy

instrument to record

oid

resembling

leukocyte

an eosinophil is an

laryngectomy

removal of the voice box

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

lymphocyte

a blood cell that produces antibodies

sclerosis

hardening (opposite of malacia)

hypertrophy

excessive development

therapy

treatment

stomy

surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body

myelogram

record of the spinal cord

angiography

process of recording blood vessels

myalgia

pain of a muscle

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

staphlococci

berry shaped bacteria in clusters

laryngectomy

resection of the voice box

ischemia

holding back of blood(from cells)

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

thrombocyte

a clotting cell,platelet

erythrocyte

a red blood cell

neutrophril

a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them,polymorphonuclear leukocyte

monocyte

a mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte

lymphocytes

a mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies

eosinophils

a leukocyte whose granules turn red with stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions

acrophobia

fear of heights(extremities)

myosarcoma

flesh (malignant) tumor of muscle

morphology

study of shape (of cells)

blepharitis

inflammation of an eyelid

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

myeloma

tumor of bone marrow

cardiomypathy

disease of heart muscle

pertaining to the lungs

pulmonary

pertaining to death

necrotic

pertaining to the groin

inguinal

tissue surrounding the heart

pericardium

hardening fatty material in the artery

arteriosclerosis

record of the spinal cord

myelogram

enlargemnt of the liver

hepatomegaly

new opening in the tracheal

tracheostomy

inflammation in the tonsills

tonsillitis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

abdominocentesis

pain associated with the pleura

pleurodynia

study of the eye

ophthalmology

berry or spherical shaped bacteria in clusters

staphylococci

beyond control(spread of a cancerous tumor)

metastasis

pertaining to the voice box

laryngeal

condition disease of the lung

pneumonia

hernia of the urinary bladder

cystocele

deficiency in white blood cells

leukopenia

excessive development

hypertrophy

pertaining to the groin

inguinal

clotting cell

platelet

incision of a vein

phlebotomy

small vein

venule

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

blepharoptosis

prolapse of an eyelid

cardiomypathy

disease of heart muscle

mastectomy

resection of the breast

otalgia

ear pain

laryngeal

pertaining to the voice box

angiogenesis

formation of blood vessels

peritoneal

pertaining to the membrane surounding the abdomen

hemolysis

destruction of blood

laparotomy

incision of the abdomen

metastasis

spread of a malignant tumor

ischemia

holding back blood from tissues

acrophobia

fear of heights

tracheostomy

new opening of the windpipe to the outside of the body

necrosis

abnormal condition of death of cells

cystocele

hernia in the urinary bladder

electroencephalogram

record of the electricity in the brain

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of clotting cells(platelets)

biopsy

removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of fluid in the kidney

stretococcus

berry shaped bacteria in twisted chains

intracostal

pertaining to – between the ribs (-al = pertaining to, intra- = between, cost/o = ribs)

contralateral

pertaining to the opposite side (-al = pertaining to)

exophthalamos

protrusion of an eyeball

syndactyly

a congenital anomaly (congenital = present at birth)

symbiosis

parasitism is an example of … ?

prodrome

symptoms precede an illness (like a fever, or rash)

ante cibum

before meals

antibodies

protein substances made by leukocytes (anti- = against)

symphysis

bones grow together, as in the pelvis

ultrasonography

sound waves and echoes are used to create an image

metamorphosis

change in shape or form

hypertrophy

increase in cell size, increased development (-trophy = development)

hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

retroperitoneal

behind the abdomen (retro- = back, behind) (peri = around, surrounding)

antigen

streptococci is an example of an …?

relapse

return of disease symptoms

dia-

complete, through (as in Diagnosis)

abductor muscle

Ab ("b" faces away) carries a limb AWAY from the body

adductor muscle

Ad ("d" faces toward) pulls limb TOWARD the body.

dyspnea

difficult breathing (pnea = breathing, dys- = difficult)

slow

Brady-

Tachycardia

rapid heartbeat (cardia = heartbeat, tachy- = rapid or fast)

parathyroid glands

located on the dorsal side of an endocrine gland in the neck (the thyroid gland) para = near

Recombinant DNA

gene from one organism is inserted (recombined) into another organism

epithelium

Skin cells. Surface cells that line internal organs and found in the skin.

percutaneous

through the skin

anoxia

condition of no oxygen

antisepsis

against infection

congenital anomaly

irregularity present at birth (such as … born with webbed toes)

antepartum

before birth

apnea

not breathing

contralateral

pertaining to opposite side

metamorphosis

condition of change of shape or form

malaise

vague feeling of bodily discomfort

pancytopenia

deficiency of ALL blood cells

metasasis

spread of a cancerous tumor to a secondary organ or tissue

exophthalmos

eyeballs that bulge outward

paralysis

loss of movement in muscles

prodrome

symptoms that appear before an illness (such as a rash or fever)

remission

symptoms lessen

relapse

disease or symptoms return

neoplasm

new growth (tumor)

syndactyly

webbed fingers or toes

Cec/o

The combining form of the first part of the large intestine is

Celiac

Pertaining to the abdomen

Peristalsis

Muscular wave-like movement to transport food through the digestive system

Pulp

Part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels

Gums

Gingivo/o means

Pertaing to the cheek

Buccal means

Hyerbilirubinemia

High blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile

Common bile duct

Carries bile into the duodenum

Amylase

Enzyme to digest starch

Crohn disease

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

Sphincter

Ring of muscle

Periodontist

Specialist in gum

Mouth

Stomat/o means

Labi/o

Cheil/o means the same as

Sialadenolithiasis

Stone in salivary gland

Mesentery

Membrane that connects parts of the small intestine

Colostomy

New opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body

Steatorrhea

Fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces

Anorexia

Lack of appetite

Icterus

Another term for jaundice

Swollen, twisted veins

Esophageal varices are

Deverticula

Abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine

Intussusception

Telescoping of the intestine

Dysphagia

Difficulting in swallowing

Oral leukoplakia

White plaques on the mucosa of the mouth

Pertaing to the cheek

Buccal means

spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs

hemoptysis

suture

rrhaphy

new opening between parts of the jejuno

jejunujejunostomy

dliation of a lymph vessel

lymphangiectasis

difficult digestion

dyspepsia

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening between the stomach and the intestine

which test will tell the presence of melena

stool guaiac

an ulcer would most likely be detected by which test

gastroscopy

esophageal atresia

esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth

bursting forth of blood from the spleen

splenorrhagia

lipase is

an enzyme that digest fat

palatoplasty

surgical repair of the roof of the mouth

which test are liver function test

serum bilirubin, alp, ast, alt

which test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis

transhepatic cholangiography

opposite of ectasis

stenosis

flow discharge

rrhea

anastomosis

cholecystojejunostomy

common bile duct

choledocho

forward protrusion of the eye

proptois

surgical procedure to remove fuid from the abdomen

paracentesis

twisting of part of the intestine upon itself

cecal volvulus

periodontal procedure

gingivectomy

heavy menstrual discharge

menorrhagia

visual examination of the abdomen

laparoscopy

salivary stones

sialothiasis

pepsia

digestion

ptysis

spitting

emesis

vomiting

ptosis

drooping, sagging

rrhagia

bursting forth of blood

phagia

swallowing eating

plasty

surgical repair

rrhaphy

suture

ectasis

widening dilation

stenosis

narrowing

stasis

stop control

lysis

seperation, destruction

ptosis

drooping, sagging

rrhea

flow discharge

polyphagia

excessive eating

odynophagia

painful swallowing

proptosis

abnormal protusion of the eyeball

esophageal atresia

the esophagus is not open to the stomach at birth

surgical repair of the eyelid

blepharoplasty

incision of a ring of muscles

sphincterotomy

suture of a weakened muscular wall

herniorrhaphy

new surgical connection between the stomach and the first part of the small intestine

gastroduodenal anastomosis

new opening of the first part of the colon to the outside of the body

cecostomy

removal of gum tissue

gingivectomy

surgical puncture of the abdomen for withdrawal of fluid

paracentesis

difficult swallowing

dysphagia

pertaining to the cheek

buccal

enlargement of the liver

hepatomegaly

pertaining to under the tongue

sublingual

pertaining to the common bile duct

choledochal

apthous stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers

lipase

enzyme to digest fat

cheilosis

abnormal condition of the lip

sialadenectomy

removal of a salivary gland

periodontal membrane

tissue surrounding a tooth

colectomy

removal of the colon

tube is inserted through the nose into the stomach

nasogastric intubation

measurement of the bile pigment in the blood

serum bilirubin

xray examination of the lower gastrointestinal tract

barium enema

test to reveal hidden blood in feces

stool guaiac hemoccult

sound waves are used to image abdominal organs

abdominal ultrasonography

feces are placed in a growth medium for bacterial analysis

liver biopsy

contrast material is injected through an endoscope and xrays are taken of the pancreas and bile ducts

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

radioactive material is injected and image recorded of uptake in liver cells

liver scan

tranverse xray pictures of abdominal organs

ct of the abdomen

xray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestines after administering barium by mouth

upper gastrointestinal series

contrast material is injected through the liver and xrays are taken of bile vessels

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

difficult digestion

dyspepsia

vomiting blood

hematemesis

forward protusion of the eye

proptosis

discharge of pus (gingivitis)

PERIONDONTAL DISEASE

dilation of tube leading into lung

bronchiectasis

esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth

congenital esophageal atresia

suture of an abdominal protusion

herniorrhaphy

surgical repair of the lip and mouth

cheilostmmatoplasty

removal of the large bowel

colectomy

pertaining to the common bile duct

choledochal

spitting up blood

hemoptysis

pertaining to the cheek

buccal

an anastomosis

cholecystojejunostomy

difficult swallowing

dysphagia

removal of gum tissue

gingivectomy

removal of the gallbladder

cholecystectomy

painful menstruation

dysmenorrhea

narrowing of a ring muscles

pyloric stenosis

ulcers and inflammation of the mouth

apthous stomatitis

pertaining to the throat and mouth

glossopharyngeal

herniorrhaphy

suture of a hernia

hematemesis

vomiting blood

cholestasis

stoppage of flow of bile

lymphangiectasis

dilation of lymph vessels

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

choledochal

pertaining to the common bile duct

glossotomy

incision of the toungue

stenosis

narrowing

chielosis

abnormal condition of the lip

record of bile vessels

cholangiogram

not open

atresia

spitting up blood

HEMOPTYSIS

destruction of blood

hemolysis

celiac

pertaining to the abdomen

rrhagia

bursting forth of blood

rrhea

discharge flow

tomy

incision

phagia

swallowing, eating

ptosis

drooping

spasm

involuntary contraction

rrhaphy

suture

stenosis

narrowing

stomy

new opening

ectasis

widening,dilation

dyspepsia

difficult digestion

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

hematemesis

Vomiting of blood

glossotomy

incision of the toungue

enterorrhaphy

suture of the intestine

atresia

no opening

apthous stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth w/small painful ulcers(canker sores)

amylo

starch

appendico

appendix

bili

bile

broncho

bronchial tubes

celio

abdomen

cheilo

lip

cholangio

bile vessels

cibo

meal

ano

anus

denti

tooth

duodeno

duodenum

entero

small intestine

esophago

esophagus

colo

colon

etio

cause

glosso

tongue

glyco

sugar

hemo

blood

laparo

abdomen

cholecysto

gallbladder

pharyngo

throat

lymphangio

lymph vessel

mandibulo

mandible; lower jaw

odyno

painful

oro

mouth

procto

anus and rectum

meno

menstruation

proteo

protein

pyloro

pylorus

recto

rectum

sialadeno

salivary gland

stomato

mouth

centesis

surgical puncture

chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

ectasia

widening

ectomy

excision, removal

graphy

process of recording

prandial

Meal

orexia

appetite

tresia

opening

iasis

Abnormal Condition

lysis

breakdown

Portion of the urinary bladder

Trigone

Glomerular

Pertaining to small balls of capillaries in the kidney

Meatal stenosis

Narrowing of the urethral opening to the outside of the body

Electrolyte

Sodium

Nitrogenous waste

Creatinine

Renal pelvis

pyel/o

A term that means no urine production is

Anuria

Surrounding the urinary bladder

Perivesical

Uremia

Azotemia

X-ray of the urinary tract

KUB

Oliguria

Scanty urination

Diabetes insipidus is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

Glycosuria

Hernia of the tube connecting the kidney and urinary bladder

Ureterocele

Artifical kidney machine

hemodialysis

Nephrolithotomy

Incision to remove a renal calculus

Protein in the urine

Albuminuria

Renal abscess may lead to

Pyuria

Alkaline

Basic

A group of symptoms marked by edema, proteinuria,and hypoalbuminenia

nephrotic syndrome

High levels of ketones in the blood can lead to

Acidosis

Childhood renal carcinoma

Wilms tumor

Urine is held in the bladder

Urinary retention

Test that measures the amount of urea in the blood

BUN

Nephrosclerosis

Hardening of blood vessels in the kidney

Lithotripsy

Shock waves crush urinary tract stones

high blood pressure that is idiopathic

essential hypertension

malignant tumor of the kidney

hypernephroma

high blood pressure caused by kidney disease

secondary hypertension

a tube for withdrawing or giving fluid

catheter

swelling, fluid in tissues

edema

inadequate secretion of ADH

diabetes insipidus

a narrowed area in a tube

stricture

Central collecting region in the kidney

renal pelvis

Chemical element carrying an electrical charge when dissolved in water; sodium and potassium are examples

electrolyte

Tube for injecting or removing fluids

catheter

Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of red blood cells by bone marrow

erythropoietin

Inner region of an organ

medulla

Outer region of an organ

cortex

Tiny ball of capillaries in outer area of kidney

glomerulus

Urination; micturition

voiding

Nitrogenous waste product of muscle metabolism excreted in urine

creatinine

Hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine

urinary bladder

hematuria

Blood in the urine

diuresis

Excessive urination

abscess

Collection of pus

uremia

Excessive urea in the bloodstream

perivesical

Pertaining to surrounding the urinary bladder

dysuria

Painful urination

cortical

Pertaining to the outer section of an organ

medullary

Pertaining to in inner section of an organ

renal cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the kidney

enuresis

Bedwetting

How many kidneys?

2

How many ureters?

2

How many urinary bladders?

1

How many urethra?

1

Adnexa uteri

Accessory parts of the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Amenorrhea

Absence of menstrual flow.

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac.

Amnion

Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.

Amniotic fluid

Fluid contained within the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus.

Anovulatory

Not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary).

Areola

Dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.

Bartholin glands

Two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body.

Bilateral oophorectomy

Excision or removal of both ovaries.

Cephalic version

Procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first.

Cervix

Necklike, lower portion of the uterus.

Choriogenesis

Formation of the chorion, the outermost membrane surrounding the fetus.

Chorion

Outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus. It forms the fetal part of the placenta.

Chorionic

Pertaining to the chorion.

Clitoris

Sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra.

Coitus

Sexual intercourse.

Colposcopy

Visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope (colposcope).

Corpus luteum

Yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.

Cul-de-sac

Region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum.

Culdocentesis

Surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease.

Dysmenorrhea

Painful, difficult menses (menstruation).

Dyspareunia

Painful sexual intercourse.

Dystocia

Difficult childbirth.

Embryo

Stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks.

Endocervicitis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus).

Endometritis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion).

Endometrium

Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.

Episiotomy

Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.

Estrogen

Ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development.

Fallopian tube

One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes).

Fertilization

Union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell.

Fetal presentation

Manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal.

Fetus

Stage in prenatal development from 6 to 39 or 40 weeks.

Fimbriae

Finger or fringe-like ends of the fallopian tubes.

Follicle-stimulating hormone

Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of (FSH) the egg cell (ovum).

Galactorrhea

Excessive or abnormal secretion of milk after breast-feeding has ended.

Gamete

Reproductive cell (ovum or sperm cell).

Genitalia

Reproductive organs (genitals).

Gestation

Nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregnancy.

Gonad

Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.

Gynecology

Study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts.

Gynecomastia

Female-like breast enlargement in a male.

Human chorionic

Secreted by the placenta to sustain pregnancy.gonadotropin

Hymen

Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.

Hysterectomy

Removal of the uterus.

Hysteroscopy

Visual examination (endoscopic) of the uterus.

Intrauterine device (IUD)

Device inserted by a physician into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

Involution

Shrinking of the uterus (womb) to its normal size after childbirth.

Labia

Lips of the vagina.

Lactation

Production of milk.

Lactiferous ducts

Tubes that carry milk throughout the breast.

Lactogenesis

Production of milk.

Leukorrhea

White to yellow discharge from the vagina.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation.

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast.

Mammary papilla

Nipple of the breast.

Mammoplasty

Surgical repair of the breast (augmentation or reduction surgery).

Mastectomy

Removal (excision) of a breast.

Mastitis

Inflammation of a breast.

Menarche

Beginning of the first menstrual period (menses).

Menometrorrhagia

Excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation and also between menstrual periods.

Menopause

Gradual ending of menstruation.

Menorrhea

Menstruation; monthly discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus.

Menorrhagia

Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods.

Menstruation

Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; menses.

Metrorrhagia

Bleeding between menstruations.

Multigravida

A woman who has been pregnant more than once.

Multipara

A woman who has delivered more than one viable infant.

Myomectomy

Removal of muscle tumors (fibroids) from the uterus.

Myometrium

Muscle layer of the uterus.

Neonatal

Newborn.

Neonatology

Study of newborns.

Nullipara

A woman who has never given birth to an infant.

Obstetrics

Branch of medicine dealing with the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth.

Oligomenorrhea

Scanty menstrual flow.

Oogenesis

Formation of ova (egg cells).

Oophoritis

Inflammation of an ovary.

Orifice

An opening.

Ovarian

Pertaining to an ovary.

Ovarian follicle

Tiny sac in the ovary that contains an egg cell (ovum).

Ovary

One of two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).

Ovulation

Release of an egg cell from an ovary.

Ovum

Egg cell; plural is ova.

Oxytocia

Rapid labor and childbirth.

Oxytocin

Secretion of the pituitary gland causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast.

Parturition

Act of giving birth.

Perineorrhaphy

Suture of the perineum (following an episiotomy).

Perineum

Area between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males.

Pituitary gland

Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.

Placenta

Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy.

Prenatal

Pertaining to before birth.

Pregnancy

Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation.

Primigravida

A woman during her first pregnancy.

Primipara

A woman who has given birth to her first child.

Primiparous

Pertaining to a woman who has given birth to her first child.

Progesterone

Hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.

Pseudocyesis

False pregnancy.

Puberty

Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins.

Pyosalpinx

Pus in a fallopian tube.

Retroversion

Tipping backward of an organ or a part of the body; as in the uterus.

Salpingectomy

Removal of a fallopian tube.

Salpingitis

Inflammation of a fallopian tube.

Uterine serosa

Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.

Uterus

Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop; womb.

Vagina

Muscular, mucosal tube extending from the uterus (cervix) to the exterior of the body.

Vaginal orifice

Opening of the vagina to the exterior of the body.

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina.

Vulva

External female genitalia; labia, clitoris and vaginal orifice.

Vulvovaginitis

Inflammation of the vulva and vagina.

Zygote

Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to two weeks.

Abortion

Premature ending of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is able to exist on its own.

Abruptio placentae

Premature detachment of the placenta from its place in the uterine wall.

Apgar score

System of scoring an infant’s physical condition at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.

Aspiration

Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.

Carcinoma in situ

Cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.

Carcinoma of the breast

Malignant tumor of breast tissue; breast cancer.

Carcinoma of the cervix

Malignant cells within the cervix (lower portion of the uterus).

Carcinoma of the endometrium

Malignant tumor of the uterus (endometrium).

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue by burning.

Cervical dysplasia

Abnormal cells in the cervix (lower, neck-like region of the uterus).

Cervicitis

Inflammation of the cervix.

Cesarean section

Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.

Chlamydia

Type of bacteria that causes pelvic inflammatory disease and infection in the reproductive tract of women and men.

Choriocarcinoma

Malignant tumor of the placenta.

Chorionic villus sampling

Sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis.

Colposcopy

Visual examination of the vagina and uterine cervix using an optical magnifying instrument called a colposcope.

Conization

Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.

Cryocauterization

Use of freezing cold temperature to burn and destroy tissue.

Culdocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.

Cystadenocarcinoma

Malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries.

Cystadenoma

Benign tumor of cystic and glandular components, commonly found in the ovaries.

Dermoid cyst

Ovarian cysts lined with a variety of cell types (hair, skin, teeth).

Dilatation

Widening and enlargement of a hollow organ.

Dilation and curettage

Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.

Ectopic pregnancy

Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than in the uterus.

Endometriosis

Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.

Erythroblastosis fetalis

Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor between the mother and fetus.

Exenteration

Removal of internal organs. Pelvic exenteration is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and sections of the intestines.

Fetal monitoring

Continuous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during labor.

Fibrocystic disease

Presence of small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast.

Fibroids

Benign tumors of fibrous and muscular tissue in the uterus; leiomyomas.

Hyaline membrane disease

Acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn.

Hydrocephalus

Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head.

Hysterosalpingography

X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.

In vitro fertilization

Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix.

Laparoscopy

Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope.

Leiomyomas

Benign tumors of the uterus; fibroids.

Lumen

Cavity or channel with a tube or tubular organ, as a blood vessel, vagina, or fallopian tube.

Mammography

X-ray recording of the breast.

Meconium aspiration

Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) by a fetus syndrome or newborn.

Ovarian carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the ovary; ovarian adenocarcinoma.

Ovarian cyst

Sacs of fluid within or on the ovaries.

Palpation

Process of examining by using hands or fingers on the outside of the body.

Pap smear

Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.

Pelvic ultrasonography

Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region.

Pelvimetry

Measurement of the dimensions of the female pelvis.

Placenta previa

Placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall.

Preeclampsia

Abnormal condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema.

Pyloric stenosis

Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum in a newborn.

Respiratory distress

Abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant) syndrome is missing in the lung tissues. Infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease.

Tubal ligation

Tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female.

testis

the male gonad

prostate

a gland below the bladder and surrounding the urethra

seminiferous tubules

tissue that produces sperm cells

flagellum

hair-like tail region of the sperm is called

vas deferens

tube that leads from the epididymis

prepuce

foreskin

bilateral orchiectomy

male castration would result from which of the following operations

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

syphilis

a chancre is the primary lesionin which of the following conditions

testosterone

an androgen

interstitial cells of the testes

testosterone is produced by

cryptorchism

undescended testicles

overgrowth of glandular tissue

benign prostatic hyperplasia is characterized by

seminoma

testicular carcinoma

vasectomy

sterilization procedure

scrotum

the sac containing the male gonad

hypospadias

congenital condition of the male urethra

anorchism

congenital absence of a testicle

destroys sperm cells

a spermolytic substance

fixation of an undescended testicle

orchiopexy

varicocele

swollen, twisted veins near the testes

chalamydial infection

non-gonococcal urethritis is most often caused by

cryogenic surgery

treating tissue with cold temperatures is called

BPH

which of the following is not an STD

castration

orchiectomy

purulent

pus-filled

ligation

to tie off or bind

circumcision

removal of the prepuce

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the urethra

cryosurgery

destrucion of tissue by freezing

vasectomy

removal of a piece of vas deferens

semen analysis

test of fertility(reproductive ability)

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

bilateral orchiectomy

seminoma (reason performed)

TURP

benign prostatic hyperplasia (reason performed)

vasectomy

sterilization (hormones remain) (reason performed)

orchiopexy

cryptorchism (reason performed)

hydrocelectomy

abnormal fluid collection in scrotum (reason performed)

circumcision

phimosis (reason performed)

radical prostatectomy

carcinoma of the prostate gland (reason performed

vasovasostomy

reversal of sterilization (reason performed)

varicocelectomy

removal of swollen, twisted veins near the testes (reason performed)

seminiferous tubules

parenchymal tissue in the testes

Cerebellum

part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance

myoneural

Pertaining to muscle and nerves

acetylcholine

Neurotransmitter

dendrite

part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse

gyri

Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex

causalgia

burning sensation of pain

plexus

A network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system

astrocytes

glial cells

synapse

space between nerve cells

medula oblongata

part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels

aphasia

inability to speak

cauda equina

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

subdural hematoma

Collection of blood within the meningeal layers

paresthesia

abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling

radiculitis

inflammation of a spinal nerve root

glioblastoma

a highly malignant brain tumor

quadriplegia

paralysis of four extremities

cerebrovascular accident

cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhaging

syncope

fainting

meningomyelocele

Spina bifida is associated with

shuffling gait

Parkinson disease is characterized by

dyslexia

disorder of reading, writing, and learning

anesthesia

condition of no nervous sensation

epilepsy

Sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures

Bell palsy

unilateral facial paralysis

myasthenia gravis

loss of muscle strength; breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter

aura

peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms

transient ischemic attack

interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum

occlusion

blockage

dopamine

neurotransmitter

glioblastoma multiforme

malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells

tonic-clonic seizure

major convulsive epileptic seizure

meninges

Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord

embolism

Obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot

glial

pertaining to supportive cells of the nervous system

thalamus

a part of the brain that serves as a relay station for incoming sensory information

synapse

space between nerve cells

neurasthenia

lack of strength in nerves; a feeling of weakness and exhaustion

hypothalamus

located below the thalamus, controls vital bodily functions. Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, an body temperature

neurorrhaphy

surgically suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

motor nerve

a nerve that passes toward or to muscles or glands

myelin sheath

insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons

acetylcholine

a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction.

meningioma

tumor of the meninges

hyperkinesis

excessive movement

neurasthenia

nervous exhaustion

paresis

slight or partial paralysis

demyelination

Destruction of myelin on axons of neurons (as in multiple sclerosis)

syncopal

pertaining to fainting

palliative

remedy that alleviates pain without curing

dementia

loss of mental capacity

intrathecal

pertaining to within the meninges

parenchymal

essential cells of an organ

gait

manner of walking

Share This
Flashcard

More flashcards like this

NCLEX 10000 Integumentary Disorders

When assessing a client with partial-thickness burns over 60% of the body, which finding should the nurse report immediately? a) ...

Read more

NCLEX 300-NEURO

A client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, "Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without ...

Read more

NASM Flashcards

Which of the following is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body? Diffusion ...

Read more

Unfinished tasks keep piling up?

Let us complete them for you. Quickly and professionally.

Check Price

Successful message
sending