Man-Chapter 16 Multiple Choice

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What does TPS stand for?

Toyota Production System

Which of the following is generally found in most JIT environments?

pull systems

Which one of the following is not a benefit of the implementation of JIT?

variability increase

Which of the following is not a reason for variability?

Employees, machines, and suppliers produce units that conform to standards.

Which of the following is specifically characterized by a focus on continuous improvement, respect for people, and standard work practices?

Toyota Production System (TPS)

Which of the following is specifically characterized by continuous and forced problem solving via
afocus on throughput and reduced inventory?

Just-in-time(JIT)

Which of the following statements regarding a pull system is true?

Problems become more obvious.

Manufacturing cycle time is best defined as the

time from raw materials receipt to finished product exit

If the goals of JIT partnerships are met, which of the following is a result?

In-transitinventory falls as suppliers are located closer to facilities.

Which one of the following is a characteristic of a JIT partnership?

removal of incoming inspection

Which of the following is specifically characterized by the elimination of waste through a focus on exactly what the customer wants?

Lean operations

Characteristics of JIT partnerships with respect to suppliers include

support suppliers so they become or remain price competitive

Characteristics of just-in-timepartnerships donot include

large lot sizes to save on setup costs and to gain quantity discounts

What is the time required to move orders through the production process, from receipt to delivery?

throughput

Which of the following is not a goal of JIT partnerships?

removal of engineering changes

A characteristic of JIT partnerships with respect to quality is to

help suppliers meet quality requirement

Which of the following is not a goal of JIT partnerships?

All of the above are goals of JIT partnerships.

Which one of the following is a concern expressed by suppliers?

production with zero defects

.Reduction of in-transitinventory can be encouraged through use of

supplier location near plants

In JIT partnerships, suppliers have several concerns. Which of the following is not such a concern?

customers’ infrequent engineering changes

Which of the following is not a concern of suppliers as they prepare to enter into JIT partnerships?

All of the above represent JIT supplier concerns.

Just-in-timesystems make demands on layouts, including

All of the above are JIT influences on layout.

Which one of the following is not a layout tactic in a JIT environment?

fixed equipment

Which of the following is the author of the phrase "Inventory is evil"?

Shigeo Shingo

Which one of the following statements is true regarding JIT inventory?

It is the minimum inventory necessary to keep a perfect system running.

A firm wants to develop a level material use schedule based on the following data. What should be the setup cost?

$0.45

A product has annual demand of 100,000 units. The plant manager wants production to follow a four-hourcycle. Based on the following data, what setup cost will enable the desired production cycle? d=400 per day (250 days per year), p=4000 units per day, H=$40 per unit per year, and Q=200 (demand for four hours, half a day).

.$7.20

Throughput measures the time

required to move orders through the production process, from receipt to delivery

Which of the following is true regarding the steps to reducing setup times?

All of the Above

Factory X is trying to use level use scheduling. If their first target were to cut the current lot size in half, by what proportion must setup cost change?

Setup cost must be cut to one fourth its current value.

The technique known as level schedules

All of the above are true regarding level scheduling.

Which one of the following statements is true about the kanban system?

The customer workstation signals to the supplier workstation when production is needed.

Kanban is associated with all of the following except

increased material handling

The word "kanban" means

card

Which one of the following scenarios represents the use of a kanban to reduce inventories?

A "customer" work center signals to the "supplier" workstation that more parts are needed

If a casual-diningrestaurant is attempting to practice JIT and lean operations, which of the following wouldnot be present?

food preparation in large batches

The number of kanbans is

the ratio of the reorder point to container size

Which of the following is false regarding the links between JIT and quality?

All of the above are true.

Which of the following is an illustration of employee empowerment?

"No one knows the job better than those who do it."

Which of the following is not an attribute of lean operators?

pushing responsibility to the highest level possible through centralized decision making

The 5S’s

All of these are true

The list of 5S’s, although it looks like a housekeeping directive, supports lean production by

identifying non-valueitems and removing them, in the "sort/segregate" item

In the quest for competitive advantage, which of the following is a JIT requirement?

All of the above are JIT requirements.

Which one of the following does not exemplify JIT used for competitive advantage?

Cheramie Trucking trains workers to specialize and become very efficient in one job

Which one of the following is not a requirement of JIT systems?

strong job specialization

Great Lakes Barge and Baggage Company makes, among other things,battery-operatedbilge pumps. Which of the following activities isnot part of JIT? They

produce in long production runs to reduce the impact of setup costs

Which one of the following is an example of JIT being used for competitive advantage?

Jones Company has decreased the number of job classifications to just a few.

A manufacturer took the following actions to reduce inventory. Which of these is generallynot accepted as a JIT action?

It picked the supplier that offered the lowest price based on quantity discounts

Which of the following is not one of the Seven Wastes?

assignment

Concerning relationships with suppliers, which of the following combinations is critical to the success of JIT?

close relationships with trust

Which of the following statements regarding JIT in services is true?

All of the JIT techniques for dealing with suppliers, layout, inventory, and scheduling are used in services.

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