# IS 310 Ch 5

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 d. random variable A numerical description of the outcome of an experiment is called a a. descriptive statistic b. probability function c. variance d. random variable c. discrete random variable A random variable that can assume only a finite number of values is referred to as a(n) a. infinite sequence b. finite sequence c. discrete random variable d. discrete probability function b. binomial probability distribution A probability distribution showing the probability of x successes in n trials, where the probability of success does not change from trial to trial, is termed a a. uniform probability distribution b. binomial probability distribution c. hypergeometric probability distribution d. normal probability distribution b. a measure of the dispersion of a random variable Variance is a. a measure of the average, or central value of a random variable b. a measure of the dispersion of a random variable c. the square root of the standard deviation d. the sum of the squared deviation of data elements from the mean a. any value in an interval or collection of intervals A continuous random variable may assume a. any value in an interval or collection of intervals b. only integer values in an interval or collection of intervals c. only fractional values in an interval or collection of intervals d. only the positive integer values in an interval a. probability distribution A description of the distribution of the values of a random variable and their associated probabilities is called a a. probability distribution b. random variance c. random variable d. expected value c. expected value A measure of the average value of a random variable is called a(n) a. variance b. standard deviation c. expected value d. coefficient of variation d. positive square root of the variance The standard deviation is the a. variance squared b. square root of the sum of the deviations from the mean c. same as the expected value d. positive square root of the variance d. squared deviations from the mean The variance is a measure of dispersion or variability of a random variable. It is a weighted average of the a. square root of the deviations from the mean b. square root of the deviations from the median c. squared deviations from the median d. squared deviations from the mean c. the expected value A weighted average of the value of a random variable, where the probability function provides weights is known as a. a probability function b. a random variable c. the expected value d. random function a. discrete random variable An experiment consists of making 80 telephone calls in order to sell a particular insurance policy. The random variable in this experiment is a a. discrete random variable b. continuous random variable c. complex random variable d. simplex random variable b. continuous random variable An experiment consists of determining the speed of automobiles on a highway by the use of radar equipment. The random variable in this experiment is a a. discrete random variable b. continuous random variable c. complex random variable d. simplex random variable b. 0.26 and 0.577 The number of electrical outages in a city varies from day to day. Assume that the number of electrical outages (x) in the city has the following probability distribution. x f(x) 0 0.80 1 0.15 2 0.04 3 0.01 The mean and the standard deviation for the number of electrical outages (respectively) are a. 2.6 and 5.77 b. 0.26 and 0.577 c. 3 and 0.01 d. 0 and 0.8 b. a discrete random variable The number of customers that enter a store during one day is an example of a. a continuous random variable b. a discrete random variable c. either a continuous or a discrete random variable, depending on the number of the customers d. either a continuous or a discrete random variable, depending on the gender of the customers a. a continuous random variable The weight of an object is an example of a. a continuous random variable b. a discrete random variable c. either a continuous or a discrete random variable, depending on the weight of the object d. either a continuous or a discrete random variable depending on the units of measurement b. 0.0142 Four percent of the customers of a mortgage company default on their payments. A sample of five customers is selected. What is the probability that exactly two customers in the sample will default on their payments? a. 0.2592 b. 0.0142 c. 0.9588 d. 0.7408 a. hypergeometric distribution When sampling without replacement, the probability of obtaining a certain sample is best given by a a. hypergeometric distribution b. binomial distribution c. Poisson distribution d. normal distribution c. 4 Twenty percent of the students in a class of 100 are planning to go to graduate school. The standard deviation of this binomial distribution is a. 20 b. 16 c. 4 d. 2 d. binomial probability function If you are conducting an experiment where the probability of a success is .02 and you are interested in the probability of 4 successes in 15 trials, the correct probability function to use is the a. standard normal probability density function b. normal probability density function c. Poisson probability function d. binomial probability function c. Values of f(x) must be greater than or equal to zero. Which of the following statements about a discrete random variable and its probability distribution are true? a. Values of the random variable can never be negative. b. Some negative values of f(x) are allowed as long as f(x) = 1. c. Values of f(x) must be greater than or equal to zero. d. The values of f(x) increase to a maximum point and then decrease. c. Poisson distribution In the textile industry, a manufacturer is interested in the number of blemishes or flaws occurring in each 100 feet of material. The probability distribution that has the greatest chance of applying to this situation is the a. normal distribution b. binomial distribution c. Poisson distribution d. uniform distribution b. discrete probability distribution The Poisson probability distribution is a a. continuous probability distribution b. discrete probability distribution c. uniform probability distribution d. normal probability distribution b. a discrete random variable The binomial probability distribution is used with a. a continuous random variable b. a discrete random variable c. any distribution, as long as it is not normal d. None of these alternatives is correct. c. is the average value for the random variable over many repeats of the experiment The expected value of a discrete random variable a. is the most likely or highest probability value for the random variable b. will always be one of the values x can take on, although it may not be the highest probability value for the random variable c. is the average value for the random variable over many repeats of the experiment d. None of these alternatives is correct. c. the trials are dependent Which of the following is not a characteristic of an experiment where the binomial probability distribution is applicable? a. the experiment has a sequence of n identical trials b. exactly two outcomes are possible on each trial c. the trials are dependent d. the probabilities of the outcomes do not change from one trial to another c. the trials are independent Which of the following is a characteristic of a binomial experiment? a. at least 2 outcomes are possible b. the probability changes from trial to trial c. the trials are independent d. None of these alternatives is correct. d. None of these alternatives is correct. The expected value of a random variable is a. the value of the random variable that should be observed on the next repeat of the experiment b. the value of the random variable that occurs most frequently c. the square root of the variance d. None of these alternatives is correct. a. the probability does not change from trial to trial In a binomial experiment a. the probability does not change from trial to trial b. the probability does change from trial to trial c. the probability could change from trial to trial, depending on the situation under consideration d. None of these alternatives is correct. d. 50 Assume that you have a binomial experiment with p = 0.5 and a sample size of 100. The expected value of this distribution is a. 0.50 b. 0.30 c. 100 d. 50 c. the probabilities of the two outcomes can change from one trial to the next Which of the following is not a property of a binomial experiment? a. the experiment consists of a sequence of n identical trials b. each outcome can be referred to as a success or a failure c. the probabilities of the two outcomes can change from one trial to the next d. the trials are independent b. a discrete random variable The Poisson probability distribution is used with a. a continuous random variable b. a discrete random variable c. either a continuous or discrete random variable d. any random variable d. None of these alternatives is correct The standard deviation of a binomial distribution is a. (x) = P(1 – P) b. (x) = nP c. (x) = nP(1 – P) d. None of these alternatives is correct. c. E(x) = nP The expected value for a binomial probability distribution is a. E(x) = Pn(1 – n) b. E(x) = P(1 – P) c. E(x) = nP d. E(x) = nP(1 – P) d. var(x) = nP(1 – P) The variance for the binomial probability distribution is a. var(x) = P(1 – P) b. var(x) = nP c. var(x) = n(1 – P) d. var(x) = nP(1 – P) b. 0.0038 A production process produces 2% defective parts. A sample of five parts from the production process is selected. What is the probability that the sample contains exactly two defective parts? a. 0.0004 b. 0.0038 c. 0.10 d. 0.02 b. Poisson distribution When dealing with the number of occurrences of an event over a specified interval of time or space, the appropriate probability distribution is a a. binomial distribution b. Poisson distribution c. normal distribution d. hypergeometric probability distribution d. None of these alternatives is correct The hypergeometric probability distribution is identical to a. the Poisson probability distribution b. the binomial probability distribution c. the normal distribution d. None of these alternatives is correct. b. the probability of success changes from trial to trial The key difference between the binomial and hypergeometric distribution is that with the hypergeometric distribution a. the probability of success must be less than 0.5 b. the probability of success changes from trial to trial c. the trials are independent of each other d. the random variable is continuous b. 12 Assume that you have a binomial experiment with p = 0.4 and a sample size of 50. The variance of this distribution is a. 20 b. 12 c. 3.46 d. 144 c. 0.0555 In a binomial experiment the probability of success is 0.06. What is the probability of two successes in seven trials? a. 0.0036 b. 0.0600 c. 0.0555 d. 0.2800 d. 2.333 X is a random variable with the probability function: f(X) = X/6 for X = 1, 2 or 3 The expected value of X is a. 0.333 b. 0.500 c. 2.000 d. 2.333 a. continuous random variable A random variable that may take on any value in an interval or collection of intervals is known as a a. continuous random variable b. discrete random variable c. continuous probability function d. finite probability function b. 2.2 Refer to Exhibit 5-1. The expected daily demand is a. 1.0 b. 2.2 c. 2, since it has the highest probability d. of course 4, since it is the largest demand level a. 0.7 Refer to Exhibit 5-1. The probability of having a demand for at least two computers is a. 0.7 b. 0.3 c. 0.4 d. 1.0 c. 0.0413 Refer to Exhibit 5-2. What is the probability that among the students in the sample exactly two are female? a. 0.0896 b. 0.2936 c. 0.0413 d. 0.0007 a. 0.1064 Refer to Exhibit 5-2. What is the probability that among the students in the sample at least 7 are female? a. 0.1064 b. 0.0896 c. 0.0168 d. 0.8936 d. 0.0499 Refer to Exhibit 5-2. What is the probability that among the students in the sample at least 6 are male? a. 0.0413 b. 0.0079 c. 0.0007 d. 0.0499 c. 3.05 Refer to Exhibit 5-3. The expected number of new clients per month is a. 6 b. 0 c. 3.05 d. 21 b. 2.047 Refer to Exhibit 5-3. The variance is a. 1.431 b. 2.047 c. 3.05 d. 21 a. 1.431 Refer to Exhibit 5-3. The standard deviation is a. 1.431 b. 2.047 c. 3.05 d. 21 d. 0.3456 Refer to Exhibit 5-4. The probability that the sample contains 2 female voters is a. 0.0778 b. 0.7780 c. 0.5000 d. 0.3456 a. 0.0778 Refer to Exhibit 5-4. The probability that there are no females in the sample is a. 0.0778 b. 0.7780 c. 0.5000 d. 0.3456 a. 24 Refer to Exhibit 5-5. The expected value of x equals a. 24 b. 25 c. 30 d. 100 b. 84 Refer to Exhibit 5-5. The variance of x equals a. 9.165 b. 84 c. 85 d. 93.33 b. 1.2 Refer to Exhibit 5-6. The expected number of cups of coffee is a. 1 b. 1.2 c. 1.5 d. 1.7 a. .96 Refer to Exhibit 5-6. The variance of the number of cups of coffee is a. .96 b. .9798 c. 1 d. 2.4 b. .096 Refer to Exhibit 5-7. The probability that Pete will catch fish on exactly one day is a. .008 b. .096 c. .104 d. .8 c. .104 Refer to Exhibit 5-7. The probability that Pete will catch fish on one day or less is a. .008 b. .096 c. .104 d. .8 c. 2.4 Refer to Exhibit 5-7. The expected number of days Pete will catch fish is a. .6 b. .8 c. 2.4 d. 3 b. .48 Refer to Exhibit 5-7. The variance of the number of days Pete will catch fish is a. .16 b. .48 c. .8 d. 2.4 b. Poisson Refer to Exhibit 5-8. The random variable x satisfies which of the following probability distributions? a. normal b. Poisson c. binomial d. Not enough information is given to answer this question. a. discrete Refer to Exhibit 5-8. The appropriate probability distribution for the random variable is a. discrete b. continuous c. either discrete or continuous depending on how the interval is defined d. None of these alternatives is correct. b. 5.3 Refer to Exhibit 5-8. The expected value of the random variable x is a. 2 b. 5.3 c. 10 d. 2.30 b. .0771 Refer to Exhibit 5-8. The probability that there are 8 occurrences in ten minutes is a. .0241 b. .0771 c. .1126 d. .9107 c. .1016 Refer to Exhibit 5-8. The probability that there are less than 3 occurrences is a. .0659 b. .0948 c. .1016 d. .1239 b. \$56,000 Refer to Exhibit 5-9. The expected daily sales are a. \$55,000 b. \$56,000 c. \$50,000 d. \$70,000 d. 0.90 Refer to Exhibit 5-9. The probability of having sales of at least \$50,000 is a. 0.5 b. 0.10 c. 0.30 d. 0.90 d. 2.35 Refer to Exhibit 5-10. The expected number of goals per game is a. 0 b. 1 c. 2, since it has the highest probability d. 2.35 d. 0.95 Refer to Exhibit 5-10. What is the probability that in a given game the Lions will score at least 1 goal? a. 0.20 b. 0.55 c. 1.0 d. 0.95 b. 0.55 Refer to Exhibit 5-10. What is the probability that in a given game the Lions will score less than 3 goals? a. 0.85 b. 0.55 c. 0.45 d. 0.80 b. 0.05 Refer to Exhibit 5-10. What is the probability that in a given game the Lions will score no goals? a. 0.95 b. 0.05 c. 0.75 d. 0.60 b. 1.70 Refer to Exhibit 5-11. The expected number of machine breakdowns per month is a. 2 b. 1.70 c. one, since it has the highest probability d. at least 4 d. 0.25 Refer to Exhibit 5-11. The probability of at least 3 breakdowns in a month is a. 0.93 b. 0.88 c. 0.75 d. 0.25 d. 0.12 Refer to Exhibit 5-11. The probability of no breakdowns in a month is a. 0.88 b. 0.00 c. 0.50 d. 0.12 d. 0.8 Refer to Exhibit 5-12. What is the probability that in a given day there will be less than 3 accidents? a. 0.2 b. 120 c. 0.5 d. 0.8 b. 0.85 Refer to Exhibit 5-12. What is the probability that in a given day there will be at least 1 accident? a. 0.15 b. 0.85 c. at least 1 d. 0.5 d. 0.15 Refer to Exhibit 5-12. What is the probability that in a given day there will be no accidents? a. 0.00 b. 1.00 c. 0.85 d. 0.15 d. 3.84 Refer to Exhibit 5-13. the expected monthly production level is a. 1.00 b. 4.00 c. 3.00 d. 3.84 d. 0.612 Refer to Exhibit 5-13. The standard deviation for the production is a. 4.32 b. 3.74 c. 0.374 d. 0.612 d. f(x) = 1 Which of the following is a required condition for a discrete probability function? a. f(x) = 0 b. f(x) 1 for all values of x c. f(x) < 0 d. f(x) = 1 c. f(x) = 0 Which of the following is not a required condition for a discrete probability function? a. f(x) 0 for all values of x b. f(x) = 1 c. f(x) = 0 d. f(x) 1

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