Intro to Sociology chapter10-21

Mass

Tarah is attending a sold-out Counting Crows concert at Madison Square Garden, with thousands of other Counting Crows fans. Tarah is part of a:

Motivational

The anti-drug campaign in the 1980's encouraged students to "just say no" to put an end to drug use and drug violence. Which type of framing did this campaign use?

Resource mobilization theory

PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) is an animal rights group that has over 2 million members across the country and spends millions of dollars on advertising (print, broadcast and social media) in order to spread social awareness about their cause each year. Which theory attempts to explain PETA's success?

Emergent norm

An airplane has crashed on a deserted island off the coast of Fiji. The survivors are forced to learn new behaviors in order to adapt to the situation and each other. This is an example of which theory?

Resistance

The National Organization for Marriage is a group which travels across the country, condemning homosexuality and advocating against new laws allowing gay marriage. What type of movement are they participating in?

Frame alignment process

When social movements link their goals to the goals of other social movements and merge into a single group, this is referred to as:

convergence cluster

A group of friends traveling to New York City for the weekend is an example of...?

Collective behavior

According to Neil Smelser, several conditions must be in place for _________________ to occur?

Value-added

Neil Smelser's theory of crowd behavior is referred to as ______ theory:

social change

The change in society created through social movements as well as external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations.

Interactionist

Assembling perspective falls under which sociological perspective?

Reform

The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C. which advocates for equal rights and marriage rights of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual citizens. The HRC is a ____ group:

Coalescence stage

When news of Proposition 8 broke in California in 2008, hundreds of thousands of protestors came together using Twitter, Facebook, and the media to get their message of protest out. Which stage of Blumer and Tilly's social movement outline represents this?

Disease

Which of the following is not a widely contributing factor in social change?

Assembling

Chip believes that individuals in crowds behave rationally, and thinks crowds are engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action. What sociological perspective is Chip referring to?

social movement

A purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal.

conventional crowd

people who come together for a regularly scheduled event

acting crowd

crowds of people who are focused on a specific action or goal

casual crowd

people who share close proximity without really interacting

expressive crowd

crowds who share opportunities to express emotions

Middle Class

Which social class is quickly disappearing from modern economies?

global stratification

examines a myriad of different types of prejudice and inequality

social stratification

covers the social class and standing of individuals

core nation, peripheral nation, semi-peripheral nation

Immanuel Wallerstein's classification of nations uses which set of terms?

less biased and appear less ethnocentric

Which statement explains why Immanuel Wallerstein's classification is preferred by sociologist?

lower prices for their consumable products

In the United States, where outsourcing is almost always addressed negatively, companies still get away with outsourcing. How do they do this?

Gross National Income

Which number does the World Bank use to determine the status and classification of each nation?

More women live in poverty

Which trend has the World Bank seen in its study of poverty in low-income nations?

Absolute poverty

88 million people live on less than $1.00 a day. These people are said to be living in _____________.

Africa

Which continent has the greatest number of impoverished nations in the world?

Asia

Which continent has the largest number of people living in poverty in the world?

educating young people

What has been the main factor that has aided the financial situations of many countries in Latin America?

research products before buying

Child labor and sweatshops have existed since the Industrial Revolution and even before that. Many products sold today are created in these sweatshops, even though, living in the 21st century, we like to think we are above such practices. What is one practical way we can try and stop multinational companies from using such labor?

Lack of education

Which is an effect of absolute poverty that also contributes to its cyclical nature?

Once poverty has entered an geographic location, it is very difficult to get rid of.

Which statement would you find in the analysis of poverty by Neckerman and Torche?

Factories using child labor

An example of slavery, according to Anti-Slavery International, is:

Deindustrialization

Areas that once had vast economic growth and large amounts of industry, but are now suffering from the effects of outsourcing are going through a period of:

Core nation

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was created by:

Underground economy

Maria babysits as a form of income while she is in college. Because the amounts she gets per job are not huge, Maria never bothers to report her earnings to the IRS. Maria is a part of the_____________.

True

True/False. The two major issues facing high-income countries are capital flight and deindustrialization.

True

True/False. Chattel slavery is when one person owns another as their property and was practiced during the pre-Civil War time in America.

Zero population growth

Anil has noticed that infertility has been affecting many of his intergenerational friends and family. Based on this observation, Anil is writing his senior thesis on the effects that certain cities, water quality, and hormones might have on his friends. Anil will most likely approach his findings and paper using which theory?

Stage 4

Paris has been studying the demography of the United Kingdom. The U.K. is very similar to the United States or Sweden in that it is industrialized, has relatively long life expectancy, and infant mortality is low. Which stage in the Demographic Transition Theory would the U.K. fall into?

Cornucopian theory

Melissa has been working to develop drought-resistance seeds that require little water to grow and which produce grain. She wants to send these to arid parts of the world, where conventional grain is not easy (or even impossible) to grow to improve nutrition for the people in those countries. In sociological terms, Melissa most likely ascribes to:

100,000 people

What is the threshold population for a town, community, etc. before it begins to act like, and take on the characteristics of a city?

Sjoberg

Your best friend Sky is hoping to start a new city on an island in the Pacific. Which sociologist would you suggest she read first, before setting out?

sidewalks narrower

Which is an aspect of city life that might catch a human ecologist's attention?

The model fails to show gentrification

If we consider the concentric zone model, which is a conflict theorist's critique?

connect in a virtual city

Given the example of London with its postindustrial economy of ideas, how might the Internet affect the modern city as we know it?

suburbs are bad in Paris

Some people may think that once you've studied one city, you've studied them all. Which is an example of why these people may be misinformed?

Well constructed buildings

Three things are important for the formation and sustentation of a city. Which of the below options is NOT one of them?

metropolis

just one city

megalopolis

includes many different cities

examine carrying capacity

Bill wants to increase his herd of cattle on his farm. Right now, his herd numbers around 100, and he has 100 acres of his farm set aside for their pasture. What would a sociologist suggest so that his farm, which feeds many in his town and county, can continue to function?

tradit. life and best for land

What have sociologists begun to realize about the nomadic lifestyle?

contaminating water

What is one way the people of the United States, and the world, are reaching and abusing the Earth's carrying capacity?

Kyoto Protocol

Pollution, like many other issues in the world, has become a global issue. What was the name of the agreement that several countries signed as a way to pledge the lessening of carbon emissions?

environmental racism

Josh sits in his kitchen in the city projects trying to sip his coffee while inhaling the nauseating fumes wafting from the town dump that was relocated to within a mile of his home. He desperately wishes he could move, but he works two jobs just to make ends meet for his family. Josh lives in the poorer part of town; the part that is greatly overlooked by local government officials. What might a sociologist call this phenomenon?

How did Max Weber define power?

The ability to exercise one's will over others

Juan believes that battles such as the French Revolution are necessary for a country to preserve liberty, to maintain or gain land, and will ultimately lead to a more even distribution of wealth among a population. From which sociological perspective do Jan's thoughts come from?

Conflict thoery

T/F: Power legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs is called charismatic power.

False

T/F: Power legitimized on the basis of a leader's exceptional personal qualities is called rational-legal power

False

T/F: Power that is legitimized by rules, regulations, and laws is called traditional power.

False

Which sociological perspective would consider activism such as Occupy Wall Street and Teacher's Union rallies undesirable, because they force political change?

Functionalism

What is the difference between an oligarchy and a monarchy?

Members of an oligarchy do not necessarily achieve their status based on ties to noble ancestry, while members of a monarchy do.

Which sociologist studied the power elite, and wrote the book entitled Who Rules America?

G. William Domhoff

Communist regimes, which attempt to control all aspects of citizens' lives, are examples of which form of government

Totalitarian dictatorship

In recent decades, lobbying has become a powerful force in the political world. Lobbyists frequently meet behind closed doors with senators, lawmakers, and congressmen and women to push influential legislation through the congressional process. Which sociological perspective would be most interested in examining the lobbying movement?

Symbolic interactionist

Which of the following best defines the term patrimonialism?

A type of authority wherein military and administrative factions enforce the power of the master

What was the significance of the famous case of Reynolds vs. Sims?

It reaffirmed the concept that each person's votes should be counted equally

Queen Noor of Jordan is a leader of what form of government

Constitutional monarchy

Over the past decades, the turnout of minority voters has

Steadily increased

From the functional perspective, which of the following is NOT a purpose of government?

Lobbying for domestic corporate interests

Kendra believes the U.S. Government of be corrupt, and thinks that there should be no governing force to control people's lives. Kendra believes in:

Anarchy

Define representative democracy

A form of government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests

Hitler was an example of what kind of authority?

Charismatic

Which of the following contributes to lower percentages of voter turnout from those who come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds?

Lower-paying jobs frequently have less flexible hours, making time to vote difficult

Which sociologist saw political conflict as the only means of promoting positive change for the underprivileged?

Karl Marx

power

The ability to exercise one's will over others is Max Weber's definition of _______

Domhoff

Which sociologist studied the power elite, and wrote the book entitled Who Rules America?

Totalitarian dictatatorship

Communist regimes, which attempt to control all aspects of citizens' lives, are examples of which form of government:

each vote counted equally

What was the significance of the famous case Reynolds v. Sims?

Steadily increased

Over the past decades, the turnout of minority voters has:

representative democracy

A government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests.

Charismatic

Hitler was an example of what kind of authority?

Lower-paying jobs

Which of the following contributes lower percentage of voter turnout from those who come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds?

Marx

Which sociologist saw political conflict as the only means of promoting positive change for the underprivileged?

commodity

A physical object we find, grow, or make to meet our needs and those of others.

Agricultural Revolution

During what time period did economies begin to develop globally?

xenophobia

An illogical fear and even hatred of foreigners and foreign goods.

Recession

By 2009, America had suffered several consecutive quarters of economic decline. America was in the midst of a:

globalization

The process of integrating governments, cultures, and financial markets through international trade into a single world market.

Global assembly line

Apple computers ship their computer parts to India to be made, and station their tech support in India. This is an example of a:

Outsourcing

Keshawn used to work for an IT company in Baltimore, but lost his job when his company decided to use workers in New Delhi instead. This is an example of:

Farming Fishing Forestry

Which of the following industries is not projected to experience growth within the United States within the next 10 years?

Global

Many of the world's most powerful corporations have headquarters in New York City, which hosts endless influential events, and offers an advanced transportation infrastructure. New York City is a ______ city.

traditional

Power legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs

charismatic

Power legitimized on the basis of a leader's exceptional personal qualities

rational-legal

Power that is legitimized by rules, regulations, and laws

sexual orientation

A person's emotional and sexual attraction to a particular sex.

Sexism

Peggy accepts a job offer as an advertising copywriter. Her boss immediately assigns her campaigns for products such as makeup and cleaning products. Peggy asks for different clients, but her boss tells her she should stick to what she and "her kind" know best. Peggy is experiencing :

sexuality

A person's capacity for sexual feelings.

Family

What is the first agent of socialization?

77 cents

For every dollar a man makes in the United States, how much does a woman make?

Sweden

In which country is sex education required in public schools?

Kinsey Scale

A six-point rating system that ranges from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual orientation.

Medical sociology

What is the systematic study of how humans manage issues of health and illness, disease and disorders, and health care for both the sick and the healthy

Stigmatized illness

Sheryl was diagnosed with bipolarity when she was a teenager. She's hesitant to tell her friends, and tries her best to hide her diagnosis from her coaches, teachers, and employers, since she's seen other people with the illness be discriminated against on account of it. Bipolarity is an example of a(n):

High income

Obesity is rising at the fastest rate in which of the following countries?

Clean water access

What is one of the largest contributors to health problems in low-income countries?

Medicare

A publicly funded health care program which provides health services to people over 65 years old as well as people who meet other standards for disability

Socialized medicine

Drake lives in Great Britain, where the British government owns and operates the country's health care system. This is an example of ____:

Public/private insurance coverage

The United States healthcare system consists of:

Decrease obesity

Which of the following was not among the United Nations eight Millennium Development Goals set in 2000?

Underinsurance

Taylor works as a legal assistant. His insurance doesn't cover treatment for depression, and he spends 15% of his income each month to receive care. This is an example of

Talcott Parsons

What sociologist pioneered the concept of "The Sick Role"?

Medicalization of deviance

In recent years, a great compulsion to engage in frequent and risky sexual behaviors was deemed sexual addiction. This is an example of:

Universal healthcare

Dana's lives in a country which guarantees healthcare for all of its citizens. Dana lives in a country which uses:

The Sick Role

The pattern of expectations that define appropriate behavior for the sick and for those who take care of them

85

Your grandmother is still very active and loves to get her friends together for bridge on Friday. They always talk about all those old-old people down at the senior center who like to play bingo. About how old are the old-old senior citizens to whom they are referring?

Young-old

When your mother-in-law fell and broke her hip at age 72, you were concerned because she is still ________________.

Increase age

No one in the United States can watch the news without hearing about the struggle over Social Security. Which approach has been used in the past to avoid the program's collapse?

dependency ratio

It is the comparison of working people to non-working people.

The Madrid Plan

The world population is growing and aging. In an effort to collectively deal with some of the challenges facing the elderly, several countries gathered at a summit. Which plan was the result of this summit?

Secondary aging

While visiting your dad at his nursing home, you see an elderly lady sitting at the table with a full tray of food in front of her. She is in a wheel chair and seems depressed. You conclude that she is experiencing:

Despair

According to Erik Erikson's theory on aging, what is the final hurdle that most people who reach old age must overcome?

medical ailments trivialized

Which is a social issue that many elderly females discover they are victims of?

Thanatology

Elizabeth Kübler-Ross's book On Death and Dying added much content knowledge to which field?

widows: dn remarry; elderly widowers do

How do elderly widows and widowers react to death of their significant other?

Washington State Oregon Montana

Which three states allow some form of physician-assisted suicide?

Ageism

Accusing people of DWE (driving while elderly) is considered a type of:

Gerontocracy

When elderly people are considered elders and leaders of a group of people, they are functioning under a(n):

Depression

What causes some caretakers to abuse their elderly charges?

disengagement theory

What theory: As people age, they generally withdraw from all forms of society

Modernization theory

Some conflict theorists ascribe to the idea that as time and technology move forward, elderly people are left behind and they lose social standing and power. Which specific theory does this describe?

Subculture of aging theory

A symbolic interactionist may choose to study senior centers, and other groups of elderly people. Which theory might they find most useful for their study?

formal education

The learning of academic facts and concepts.

Mills v. Board of Education

Which court case set the precedent for access to education within the United States for students with disabilities?

Cultural capital

Malik grew up in an affluent household which embraced activities such as attending the opera, visiting museums, and traveling to foreign countries at least once a year. When Malik goes to college, he finds he has much to talk about with professors, and fellow students from similar backgrounds. Malik is enjoying the benefits of:

hidden curriculum

A type of nonacademic knowledge that one learns through informal learning and cultural transmission.

sorting

Classifying students based on academic merit or potential.

Bourdieu

Which sociologist studied how cultural capital helps an individual navigate their culture?

Head Start Program

A federal program that provides academically focused preschool to students of low socioeconomic status.

Grade inflation

To make students more competitive in the work force and for graduate school, college professors are beginning to lower the standard for student grades (i.e. what was once considered a B, is now considered an This is known as:

Tracking

When Ahmed is in 5th grade, he does poorly in math and science. His teachers recommend him for lower-level classes throughout middle school in all subjects, and he's not given the chance to excel elsewhere. This process is known as:

Sacred; profane

Which two words did Émile Durkheim use to distinguish between religious objects and non-religious objects?

Polytheism

Sanchita worships three different and separate gods. Her religion falls into which category?

jen

A Confucian teaching that everyone should be treated kindly.

5

How many pillars are essential to the Islamic faith?

South Korea

Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of the United States. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

Talmud; Torah

The ___________ records Jewish interpretations of the _____________ which is their sacred text.

Taoism

Many people are familiar with the yin-yang symbol. From which religion does this come?

Modernization of society

What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Plessy v. Furguson

Court Case: Allowed racial segregation in schools and private businesses

Brown v. Board of Education

Declared that state laws that had established separate schools for black and white students were unequal and unconstitutional

Mills v. Board of Education

Set precedent for universal access to education in the United States

White

In the United States, which race would be considered the dominant group?

Real estate agents directing clients of certain race

Which of the following is an example of racial steering?

Not biologically identifiable

According to the social construction of race school of thought, race is:

scapegoat theory

Adolf Hitler blaming Germany's pre-war problems on the Jewish population is an example of:

Symbolic interactionist

Max believes that most people's racial beliefs are based on images conveyed in popular media since many people never meet members of certain races for themselves. Max's perspective is:

discrimination

Prejudiced action against a group of people.

culture of prejudice

Speedy Gonzalez is a popular cartoon character, but is widely considered an inappropriate stereotype. Many children are raised watching Speedy Gonzalez cartoons, unaware that such stereotypes are negative. This is a product of:

White privilege

When Alexander, who is white, drives his car over the speed limit, a police officer lets him off with a warning. When Christopher, who is Hispanic, drives his car at the same speed as Alexander on the same road, the officer gives him a ticket, even though his record is clean. This is an example of:

Expulsion

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's executive order 9066, which authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry following Pearl Harbor, is an example of:

segregation

The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

Bill 1070

what controversial Senate Bill proposed: During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.

Mexican descent

Arizona Senate Bill 1070, often referred to colloquially as the "papers, please" law, was aimed widely at those of:

Conflict theory

Angela believes that race relations in America are poor because the white ruling class has enacted various laws and regulations to keep other racial groups from achieving equality. With which sociological perspective does Angela's view best align?

Asian American

Which group within the United States has been stereotyped as the model minority?

Amalgamation

1967's Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, a case which legally allowed interracial marriage, is an example of

Pluralistic

Asad's first grade class is diverse: there are two students from Korea, five students from South America, two students from the United States, three students from Kuwait, a student from Mexico, two students from England, and five students from western Europe. Asad's class is:

assimilation

The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.

Functionalism

Cedric's uncle believes that racism and discrimination have made a positive impact on society - but only in the lives of those who are members of the dominant group. Which sociological perspective is Cedric's uncle coming from?

True

True or false: The majority of American citizens are descendents of immigrants?

The racial term "African American" can refer to:
a. a black person living in the United States
b. people whose ancestors came to the United States through the slave trade
c. a white person who originated in Africa and now lives in the United States
d. any of the above

d. any of the above

What is the one defining feature of a minority group?
a. Self-definition
b. Numerical minority
c. Lack of power
d. Strong cultural identity

c. Lack of power

Ethnicity describes shared:
a. beliefs
b. language
c. religion
d. any of the above

d. any of the above

Which of the following is an example of a numerical majority being treated as a subordinate group?
a. Jewish people in Germany
b. Creoles in New Orleans
c. White people in Brazil
d. Blacks under apartheid in South Africa

d. Blacks under apartheid in South Africa

Scapegoat theory shows that:
a. subordinate groups blame dominant groups for their problems
b. dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems
c. some people are predisposed to prejudice
d. all of the above

b. dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems

Stereotypes can be based on:
a. race
b. ethnicity
c. gender
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

What is discrimination?
a. Biased thoughts against an individual or group
b. Biased actions against an individual or group
c. Belief that a race different from yours is inferior
d. Another word for stereotyping

b. Biased actions against an individual or group

Which of the following is the best explanation of racism as a social fact?
a. It needs to be eradicated by laws.
b. It is like a magic pill.
c. It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.
d. None of the above

c. It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.

As a Caucasian in the United States, being reasonably sure that you will be dealing with authority figures of the same race as you is a result of:
a. intersection theory b. conflict theory
c. white privilege
d. scapegoating theory

c. white privilege

Speedy Gonzalez is an example of:
a. intersection theory
b. stereotyping
c. interactionist view
d. culture of prejudice

b. stereotyping

Which intergroup relation displays the least tolerance?
a. Segregation
b. Assimilation
c. Genocide
d. Expulsion

c. Genocide

What doctrine justified legal segregation in the South? a. Jim Crow
b. Plessey v. Ferguson
c. De jure
d. Separate but equal

d. Separate but equal

What intergroup relationship is represented by the "salad bowl" metaphor?
a. Assimilation
b. Pluralism
c. Amalgamation
d. Segregation

b. Pluralism

Amalgamation is represented by the _____________ metaphor.
a. melting pot
b. Statue of Liberty
c. salad bowl
d. separate but equal

a. melting pot

What makes Native Americans unique as a subordinate group in the United States? a. They are the only group that experienced expulsion.
b. They are the only group that was segregated.
c. They are the only group that was enslaved.
d. They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants.

d. They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants.

Which subordinate group is often referred to as the "model minority?"
a. African Americans
b. Asian Americans
c. White ethnic Americans
d. Native Americans

b. Asian Americans

Which federal act or program was designed to allow more Hispanic American immigration, not block it?
a. The Bracero Program
b. Immigration Reform and Control Act
c. Operation Wetback
d. SB 1070

a. The Bracero Program

Many Arab Americans face _______________, especially after 9/11.
a. racism
b. segregation
c. Islamophobia
d. prejudice

c. Islamophobia

Why did most white ethnic Americans come to the United States?
a. For a better life
b. To escape oppression
c. Because they were forced out of their own countries
d. a and b only

d. a and b only

In the United States, which race would be considered the dominant group?

a. Hispanic
b. White
c. Black
d. Asian

b. White

Which of the following is an example of racial steering?

a. Real estate agents directing white clients to look for housing in certain neighborhoods, and non-white clients to others.
b. The Trail of Tears, when the United States government forced Native Americans to permanently leave their homes and territory.
c. Kiki being told she'll be bad at math because she is a girl.
d. Jose's parents not allowing him to date Martha because she is of a different race.

a. Real estate agents directing white clients to look for housing in certain neighborhoods, and non-white clients to others.

3. According to the social construction of race school of thought, race is:

a. Based only on geographic regions
b. No longer in existence
c. A product of the media
d. Not biologically identifiable

d. Not biologically identifiable

Adolf Hitler blaming Germany's pre-war problems on the Jewish population is an example of:

a. The scapegoat theory
b. The social construction of race
c. White privilege
d. Pluralism

a. The scapegoat theory

Max believes that most people's racial beliefs are based on images conveyed in popular media since many people never meet members of certain races for themselves. Max's perspective is:

a. Functionalist
b. Conflict theorist
c. Feminist
d. Symbolic interactionist

d. Symbolic interactionist

The term discrimination is defined in the text as:

a. The theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture.
b. Biased thought based on flawed assumptions about a group of people.
c. An expression of dissatisfaction with the justice system.
d. Prejudiced action against a group of people.

d. Prejudiced action against a group of people.

Speedy Gonzalez is a popular cartoon character, but is widely considered an inappropriate stereotype. Many children are raised watching Speedy Gonzalez cartoons, unaware that such stereotypes are negative. This is a product of:

a. Genocide
b. Intersection theory
c. The culture of prejudice
d. The scapegoat theory

c. The culture of prejudice

When Alexander, who is white, drives his car over the speed limit, a police officer lets him off with a warning. When Christopher, who is Hispanic, drives his car at the same speed as Alexander on the same road, the officer gives him a ticket, even though his record is clean. This is an example of:

a. Affirmative action
b. White privilege
c. Intersection theory
d. The social construction of race

b. White privilege

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's executive order 9066, which authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry following Pearl Harbor, is an example of:

a. Racial steering
b. Communism
c. Expulsion
d. Genocide

c. Expulsion

The term segregation is defined in the text as:
a. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
b. The deliberate annihilation of a targeted, usually subordinate, group.
c. The integration of diverse cultural concepts into a public school curriculum.
d. The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

d. The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

In 2010, what did controversial Senate Bill 1070 propose, causing a series of protests and legal battles?

a. After being charged with a crime, Wisconsin courts can order legal immigrants back to their countries of origin.
b. During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.
c. If suspected of illegal activity, Nevada police may search the home of any immigrant, or child of an immigrant, without a warrant.
d. After being detained by New Mexico police, immigrants are given no rights by the authorities and may be held for weeks without being officially charged.

b. During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.*

Arizona Senate Bill 1070, often referred to colloquially as the "papers, please" law, was aimed widely at those of:

a. Irish descent
b. Middle Eastern descent
c. Chinese descent
d. Mexican descent

d. Mexican descent

Angela believes that race relations in America are poor because the white ruling class has enacted various laws and regulations to keep other racial groups from achieving equality. With which sociological perspective does Angela's view best align?

a. Functionalism
b. Conflict theory
c. Feminism
d. Symbolic interactionism

b. Conflict theory

Which group within the United States has been stereotyped as the model minority?

a. The Asian American community
b. The African American community
c. The Arab American community
d. The Hispanic American community

a. The Asian American community

1967's Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, a case which legally allowed interracial marriage, is an example of

a. Racism
b. Stereotyping
c. Amalgamation
d. Assimilation

c. Amalgamation

Asad's first grade class is diverse: there are two students from Korea, five students from South America, two students from the United States, three students from Kuwait, a student from Mexico, two students from England, and five students from western Europe. Asad's class is:

a. Segregated
b. Pluralistic
c. Assimilated
d. Profiled

b. Pluralistic

The term assimilation is defined by the text as:

a. When a dominant group forces a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country.
b. The theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture.
c. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
d. The act of singling out an individual because of his or her race.

c. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.

Cedric's uncle believes that racism and discrimination have made a positive impact on society - but only in the lives of those who are members of the dominant group. Which sociological perspective is Cedric's uncle coming from?

a. Functionalism
b. Conflict theory
c. Feminism
d. Symbolic interactionism

a. Functionalism

Which of the following is NOT an example of a stereotype?

a. Cynthia believing her best friend to be good at math because she is Asian.
b. Maria assuming her son-in-law is a heavy drinker because he is Irish.
c. Isaiah cooking his girlfriend a meat-free dinner because she is a vegetarian.
d. Pedro assuming his neighbor likes rap music because he is African American.

c. Isaiah cooking his girlfriend a meat-free dinner because she is a vegetarian.

True or false: The majority of American citizens are descendents of immigrants?

a. True
b. False

a. True

amalgamation

the process by which a minority group and a majority group combine to form a new group

assimilation

the process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture

colorism

the belief that one type of skin tone is superior or inferior to another within a racial group

culture of prejudice

the theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture

discrimination

prejudiced action against a group of people

dominant group

a group of people who have more power in a society than any of the subordinate groups

ethnicity

shared culture, which may include heritage, language, religion, and more

expulsion

the act of a dominant group forcing a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country

genocide

the deliberate annihilation of a targeted (usually subordinate) group

institutional racism

racism embedded in social institutions

intersection theory

theory that suggests we cannot separate the effects of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, and other attributes

minority group

any group of people who are singled out from the others for differential and unequal treatment

model minority

the stereotype applied to a minority group that is seen as reaching higher educational, professional, and socioeconomic levels without protest against the majority establishment

pluralism

the ideal of the United States as a "salad bowl:" a mixture of different cultures where each culture retains its own identity and yet adds to the "flavor" of the whole

prejudice

biased thought based on flawed assumptions about a group of people

racial profiling

the use by law enforcement of race alone to determine whether to stop and detain someone

racial steering

the act of real estate agents directing prospective homeowners toward or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race

racism

a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are used to justify the belief that one racial category is somehow superior or inferior to others

redlining

the practice of routinely refusing mortgages for households and business located in predominately minority communities

scapegoat theory

a theory that suggests that the dominant group will displace its unfocused aggression onto a subordinate group

sedimentation of racial inequality

the intergenerational impact of de facto and de jure racism that limits the abilities of black people to accumulate wealth

segregation

the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions

social construction of race

the school of thought that race is not biologically identifiable

stereotypes

oversimplified ideas about groups of people

subordinate group

a group of people who have less power than the dominant group

white privilege

the benefits people receive simply by being part of the dominant group

Family is a term that is difficult to define. When studying sociology it is important to remember that?

sociologists try to keep definition open to encompass all types of people who are emotionally close to each other.

Passing on one's heritage, passiveness and wealth is:

Generally based on lineage, which is defined by one's culture and family

Why do sociologists find the study of family to be so important when trying to group the mores and norms of a culture?

Families provide for each other and teach

Watching television shows can be a good way to understand and study families because?

They teach us how a family on screen can represent the values of the era in which they aired.

5. The US census bureau keep records of different statistics that pertain to families. For example, in 2010 there were three million children who did not live with their parents. These children were:

Living with their grandparents

6. What is the relationship if any between people who cohabitate and then get married, and those who wait to live together after they marry?

Cohabitating, unmarried partners have a slightly higher divorce rate after they get married than those who don't cohabitate after marriage.

7. Which one is one reason that sociologists cite to explain why men and women are defying marriage until their mid to late twenties

Many young people place education and career higher than marriage on their list of priorities

8. Polygamy is

a man who is married to more than one woman at a time

9. To a conflict theorist, marriage and families are fascinating because:

within the family are social standings and poer struggle.

10. Peter finds that he always reacts differently to correction from his father than from his mother. What might.

PETER PLAYS DIFFERENT ROLES WITH HIS FATHER AND MOTHER

11. Which factors do sociologists suspect were the cause for such a high divorce rate during the 1960's?

there was an increase in women working

12. In which part of the family life cycle do sociologists point to be the most stressful time for a marriage?

The birth of the first child

13. If you consider the university of Virginias national marriage project what can be concluded from their study?

Finances are an important foundation for a successful marriage.

14. According to the US census bureau.. What might impact this have o the US male population over time?

Men may be more aggressive which may lead to an increase in crime, domestic, violence etc.

15. What is the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and marriage?

Men and women who are married experience less abuse.

16. What is one of the biggest challenges facing groups and organizations that try to prevent

The victim of IPV do not report the abuse.

17. If you work with children why is it important to be ever vigilant for ant signs of child abuse?

Most reports of child abuse come from non-relative adults who interact with the child.

18. Corporal punishment is another way of saying:

spanking

19. Which of the following is NOT true of the sociological perspectives on religion?

Religion is a symbol of high culture

20. Which two words who did Emile Durkheim use to distinguish between religions object and non - religious objects?

Sacred; profane

21. What correlation between religion and society did Max Weber see and study?

Religion was influential over the economy and the habits of workers

22. Which position describes Karl Marx views in relation and society

Religion simply kept the ploteraiat in their low social class

23. Some believe that religion is Important because it adds meaning to people's lives... a sociologist following which theory would agree with this statement?

A structural functionalist

24. You are interested in Durkheim...

symbolic interactionist

25. A sociologist studying how religious beliefs become so deeply rooted in people and they can hate people off other religion probably is:

conflict theorist

26. Roberto has just moved to a new city... which theory will Roberto use to use either consciously or subconsciously to make a decision?

A. Rational something something...

27. Sanchita worships three different blah blah..

Polytheism - POLY MEANS MANY

28. What name do Buddhists gave to their four basic rules?

Noble truths

29. If someone who follows the teaching of confiuscanism mentions the word jen. They are referring to:

a mystical type of meditation

30. Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of The US. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

South Korea

31. The.... Records Jewish interpretations of the... which is their sacred text

Talmud; Torah

32. When Rosa and Sergei realized that the poor were being neglected... this is an example of:

Liberation theology

33. What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Modernization of society

34. On any given day, there is often a story about prayer in school in the news....... This controversy is a great example of tension between...

church and state

35. Many people are familiar with the ting-yang symbol. From which religion does this come

Taoism

36. Which text is considered sacred of Christians of all sects

The Bible

Mass

Tarah is attending a sold-out Counting Crows concert at Madison Square Garden, with thousands of other Counting Crows fans. Tarah is part of a:

Motivational

The anti-drug campaign in the 1980's encouraged students to "just say no" to put an end to drug use and drug violence. Which type of framing did this campaign use?

Resource mobilization theory

PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) is an animal rights group that has over 2 million members across the country and spends millions of dollars on advertising (print, broadcast and social media) in order to spread social awareness about their cause each year. Which theory attempts to explain PETA's success?

Emergent norm

An airplane has crashed on a deserted island off the coast of Fiji. The survivors are forced to learn new behaviors in order to adapt to the situation and each other. This is an example of which theory?

Resistance

The National Organization for Marriage is a group which travels across the country, condemning homosexuality and advocating against new laws allowing gay marriage. What type of movement are they participating in?

Frame alignment process

When social movements link their goals to the goals of other social movements and merge into a single group, this is referred to as:

convergence cluster

A group of friends traveling to New York City for the weekend is an example of...?

Collective behavior

According to Neil Smelser, several conditions must be in place for _________________ to occur?

Value-added

Neil Smelser's theory of crowd behavior is referred to as ______ theory:

social change

The change in society created through social movements as well as external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations.

Interactionist

Assembling perspective falls under which sociological perspective?

Reform

The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C. which advocates for equal rights and marriage rights of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual citizens. The HRC is a ____ group:

Coalescence stage

When news of Proposition 8 broke in California in 2008, hundreds of thousands of protestors came together using Twitter, Facebook, and the media to get their message of protest out. Which stage of Blumer and Tilly's social movement outline represents this?

Disease

Which of the following is not a widely contributing factor in social change?

Assembling

Chip believes that individuals in crowds behave rationally, and thinks crowds are engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action. What sociological perspective is Chip referring to?

social movement

A purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal.

conventional crowd

people who come together for a regularly scheduled event

acting crowd

crowds of people who are focused on a specific action or goal

casual crowd

people who share close proximity without really interacting

expressive crowd

crowds who share opportunities to express emotions

Family is a term that is difficult to define. When studying sociology it is important to remember that?

sociologists try to keep definition open to encompass all types of people who are emotionally close to each other.

Passing on one's heritage, passiveness and wealth is:

Generally based on lineage, which is defined by one's culture and family

Why do sociologists find the study of family to be so important when trying to group the mores and norms of a culture?

Families provide for each other and teach

Watching television shows can be a good way to understand and study families because?

They teach us how a family on screen can represent the values of the era in which they aired.

5. The US census bureau keep records of different statistics that pertain to families. For example, in 2010 there were three million children who did not live with their parents. These children were:

Living with their grandparents

6. What is the relationship if any between people who cohabitate and then get married, and those who wait to live together after they marry?

Cohabitating, unmarried partners have a slightly higher divorce rate after they get married than those who don't cohabitate after marriage.

7. Which one is one reason that sociologists cite to explain why men and women are defying marriage until their mid to late twenties

Many young people place education and career higher than marriage on their list of priorities

8. Polygamy is

a man who is married to more than one woman at a time

9. To a conflict theorist, marriage and families are fascinating because:

within the family are social standings and poer struggle.

10. Peter finds that he always reacts differently to correction from his father than from his mother. What might.

PETER PLAYS DIFFERENT ROLES WITH HIS FATHER AND MOTHER

11. Which factors do sociologists suspect were the cause for such a high divorce rate during the 1960's?

there was an increase in women working

12. In which part of the family life cycle do sociologists point to be the most stressful time for a marriage?

The birth of the first child

13. If you consider the university of Virginias national marriage project what can be concluded from their study?

Finances are an important foundation for a successful marriage.

14. According to the US census bureau.. What might impact this have o the US male population over time?

Men may be more aggressive which may lead to an increase in crime, domestic, violence etc.

15. What is the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and marriage?

Men and women who are married experience less abuse.

16. What is one of the biggest challenges facing groups and organizations that try to prevent

The victim of IPV do not report the abuse.

17. If you work with children why is it important to be ever vigilant for ant signs of child abuse?

Most reports of child abuse come from non-relative adults who interact with the child.

18. Corporal punishment is another way of saying:

spanking

19. Which of the following is NOT true of the sociological perspectives on religion?

Religion is a symbol of high culture

20. Which two words who did Emile Durkheim use to distinguish between religions object and non - religious objects?

Sacred; profane

21. What correlation between religion and society did Max Weber see and study?

Religion was influential over the economy and the habits of workers

22. Which position describes Karl Marx views in relation and society

Religion simply kept the ploteraiat in their low social class

23. Some believe that religion is Important because it adds meaning to people's lives... a sociologist following which theory would agree with this statement?

A structural functionalist

24. You are interested in Durkheim...

symbolic interactionist

25. A sociologist studying how religious beliefs become so deeply rooted in people and they can hate people off other religion probably is:

conflict theorist

26. Roberto has just moved to a new city... which theory will Roberto use to use either consciously or subconsciously to make a decision?

A. Rational something something...

27. Sanchita worships three different blah blah..

Polytheism - POLY MEANS MANY

28. What name do Buddhists gave to their four basic rules?

Noble truths

29. If someone who follows the teaching of confiuscanism mentions the word jen. They are referring to:

a mystical type of meditation

30. Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of The US. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

South Korea

31. The.... Records Jewish interpretations of the... which is their sacred text

Talmud; Torah

32. When Rosa and Sergei realized that the poor were being neglected... this is an example of:

Liberation theology

33. What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Modernization of society

34. On any given day, there is often a story about prayer in school in the news....... This controversy is a great example of tension between...

church and state

35. Many people are familiar with the ting-yang symbol. From which religion does this come

Taoism

36. Which text is considered sacred of Christians of all sects

The Bible

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Mass

Tarah is attending a sold-out Counting Crows concert at Madison Square Garden, with thousands of other Counting Crows fans. Tarah is part of a:

Motivational

The anti-drug campaign in the 1980’s encouraged students to "just say no" to put an end to drug use and drug violence. Which type of framing did this campaign use?

Resource mobilization theory

PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) is an animal rights group that has over 2 million members across the country and spends millions of dollars on advertising (print, broadcast and social media) in order to spread social awareness about their cause each year. Which theory attempts to explain PETA’s success?

Emergent norm

An airplane has crashed on a deserted island off the coast of Fiji. The survivors are forced to learn new behaviors in order to adapt to the situation and each other. This is an example of which theory?

Resistance

The National Organization for Marriage is a group which travels across the country, condemning homosexuality and advocating against new laws allowing gay marriage. What type of movement are they participating in?

Frame alignment process

When social movements link their goals to the goals of other social movements and merge into a single group, this is referred to as:

convergence cluster

A group of friends traveling to New York City for the weekend is an example of…?

Collective behavior

According to Neil Smelser, several conditions must be in place for _________________ to occur?

Value-added

Neil Smelser’s theory of crowd behavior is referred to as ______ theory:

social change

The change in society created through social movements as well as external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations.

Interactionist

Assembling perspective falls under which sociological perspective?

Reform

The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C. which advocates for equal rights and marriage rights of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual citizens. The HRC is a ____ group:

Coalescence stage

When news of Proposition 8 broke in California in 2008, hundreds of thousands of protestors came together using Twitter, Facebook, and the media to get their message of protest out. Which stage of Blumer and Tilly’s social movement outline represents this?

Disease

Which of the following is not a widely contributing factor in social change?

Assembling

Chip believes that individuals in crowds behave rationally, and thinks crowds are engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action. What sociological perspective is Chip referring to?

social movement

A purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal.

conventional crowd

people who come together for a regularly scheduled event

acting crowd

crowds of people who are focused on a specific action or goal

casual crowd

people who share close proximity without really interacting

expressive crowd

crowds who share opportunities to express emotions

Middle Class

Which social class is quickly disappearing from modern economies?

global stratification

examines a myriad of different types of prejudice and inequality

social stratification

covers the social class and standing of individuals

core nation, peripheral nation, semi-peripheral nation

Immanuel Wallerstein’s classification of nations uses which set of terms?

less biased and appear less ethnocentric

Which statement explains why Immanuel Wallerstein’s classification is preferred by sociologist?

lower prices for their consumable products

In the United States, where outsourcing is almost always addressed negatively, companies still get away with outsourcing. How do they do this?

Gross National Income

Which number does the World Bank use to determine the status and classification of each nation?

More women live in poverty

Which trend has the World Bank seen in its study of poverty in low-income nations?

Absolute poverty

88 million people live on less than $1.00 a day. These people are said to be living in _____________.

Africa

Which continent has the greatest number of impoverished nations in the world?

Asia

Which continent has the largest number of people living in poverty in the world?

educating young people

What has been the main factor that has aided the financial situations of many countries in Latin America?

research products before buying

Child labor and sweatshops have existed since the Industrial Revolution and even before that. Many products sold today are created in these sweatshops, even though, living in the 21st century, we like to think we are above such practices. What is one practical way we can try and stop multinational companies from using such labor?

Lack of education

Which is an effect of absolute poverty that also contributes to its cyclical nature?

Once poverty has entered an geographic location, it is very difficult to get rid of.

Which statement would you find in the analysis of poverty by Neckerman and Torche?

Factories using child labor

An example of slavery, according to Anti-Slavery International, is:

Deindustrialization

Areas that once had vast economic growth and large amounts of industry, but are now suffering from the effects of outsourcing are going through a period of:

Core nation

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was created by:

Underground economy

Maria babysits as a form of income while she is in college. Because the amounts she gets per job are not huge, Maria never bothers to report her earnings to the IRS. Maria is a part of the_____________.

True

True/False. The two major issues facing high-income countries are capital flight and deindustrialization.

True

True/False. Chattel slavery is when one person owns another as their property and was practiced during the pre-Civil War time in America.

Zero population growth

Anil has noticed that infertility has been affecting many of his intergenerational friends and family. Based on this observation, Anil is writing his senior thesis on the effects that certain cities, water quality, and hormones might have on his friends. Anil will most likely approach his findings and paper using which theory?

Stage 4

Paris has been studying the demography of the United Kingdom. The U.K. is very similar to the United States or Sweden in that it is industrialized, has relatively long life expectancy, and infant mortality is low. Which stage in the Demographic Transition Theory would the U.K. fall into?

Cornucopian theory

Melissa has been working to develop drought-resistance seeds that require little water to grow and which produce grain. She wants to send these to arid parts of the world, where conventional grain is not easy (or even impossible) to grow to improve nutrition for the people in those countries. In sociological terms, Melissa most likely ascribes to:

100,000 people

What is the threshold population for a town, community, etc. before it begins to act like, and take on the characteristics of a city?

Sjoberg

Your best friend Sky is hoping to start a new city on an island in the Pacific. Which sociologist would you suggest she read first, before setting out?

sidewalks narrower

Which is an aspect of city life that might catch a human ecologist’s attention?

The model fails to show gentrification

If we consider the concentric zone model, which is a conflict theorist’s critique?

connect in a virtual city

Given the example of London with its postindustrial economy of ideas, how might the Internet affect the modern city as we know it?

suburbs are bad in Paris

Some people may think that once you’ve studied one city, you’ve studied them all. Which is an example of why these people may be misinformed?

Well constructed buildings

Three things are important for the formation and sustentation of a city. Which of the below options is NOT one of them?

metropolis

just one city

megalopolis

includes many different cities

examine carrying capacity

Bill wants to increase his herd of cattle on his farm. Right now, his herd numbers around 100, and he has 100 acres of his farm set aside for their pasture. What would a sociologist suggest so that his farm, which feeds many in his town and county, can continue to function?

tradit. life and best for land

What have sociologists begun to realize about the nomadic lifestyle?

contaminating water

What is one way the people of the United States, and the world, are reaching and abusing the Earth’s carrying capacity?

Kyoto Protocol

Pollution, like many other issues in the world, has become a global issue. What was the name of the agreement that several countries signed as a way to pledge the lessening of carbon emissions?

environmental racism

Josh sits in his kitchen in the city projects trying to sip his coffee while inhaling the nauseating fumes wafting from the town dump that was relocated to within a mile of his home. He desperately wishes he could move, but he works two jobs just to make ends meet for his family. Josh lives in the poorer part of town; the part that is greatly overlooked by local government officials. What might a sociologist call this phenomenon?

How did Max Weber define power?

The ability to exercise one’s will over others

Juan believes that battles such as the French Revolution are necessary for a country to preserve liberty, to maintain or gain land, and will ultimately lead to a more even distribution of wealth among a population. From which sociological perspective do Jan’s thoughts come from?

Conflict thoery

T/F: Power legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs is called charismatic power.

False

T/F: Power legitimized on the basis of a leader’s exceptional personal qualities is called rational-legal power

False

T/F: Power that is legitimized by rules, regulations, and laws is called traditional power.

False

Which sociological perspective would consider activism such as Occupy Wall Street and Teacher’s Union rallies undesirable, because they force political change?

Functionalism

What is the difference between an oligarchy and a monarchy?

Members of an oligarchy do not necessarily achieve their status based on ties to noble ancestry, while members of a monarchy do.

Which sociologist studied the power elite, and wrote the book entitled Who Rules America?

G. William Domhoff

Communist regimes, which attempt to control all aspects of citizens’ lives, are examples of which form of government

Totalitarian dictatorship

In recent decades, lobbying has become a powerful force in the political world. Lobbyists frequently meet behind closed doors with senators, lawmakers, and congressmen and women to push influential legislation through the congressional process. Which sociological perspective would be most interested in examining the lobbying movement?

Symbolic interactionist

Which of the following best defines the term patrimonialism?

A type of authority wherein military and administrative factions enforce the power of the master

What was the significance of the famous case of Reynolds vs. Sims?

It reaffirmed the concept that each person’s votes should be counted equally

Queen Noor of Jordan is a leader of what form of government

Constitutional monarchy

Over the past decades, the turnout of minority voters has

Steadily increased

From the functional perspective, which of the following is NOT a purpose of government?

Lobbying for domestic corporate interests

Kendra believes the U.S. Government of be corrupt, and thinks that there should be no governing force to control people’s lives. Kendra believes in:

Anarchy

Define representative democracy

A form of government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests

Hitler was an example of what kind of authority?

Charismatic

Which of the following contributes to lower percentages of voter turnout from those who come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds?

Lower-paying jobs frequently have less flexible hours, making time to vote difficult

Which sociologist saw political conflict as the only means of promoting positive change for the underprivileged?

Karl Marx

power

The ability to exercise one’s will over others is Max Weber’s definition of _______

Domhoff

Which sociologist studied the power elite, and wrote the book entitled Who Rules America?

Totalitarian dictatatorship

Communist regimes, which attempt to control all aspects of citizens’ lives, are examples of which form of government:

each vote counted equally

What was the significance of the famous case Reynolds v. Sims?

Steadily increased

Over the past decades, the turnout of minority voters has:

representative democracy

A government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests.

Charismatic

Hitler was an example of what kind of authority?

Lower-paying jobs

Which of the following contributes lower percentage of voter turnout from those who come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds?

Marx

Which sociologist saw political conflict as the only means of promoting positive change for the underprivileged?

commodity

A physical object we find, grow, or make to meet our needs and those of others.

Agricultural Revolution

During what time period did economies begin to develop globally?

xenophobia

An illogical fear and even hatred of foreigners and foreign goods.

Recession

By 2009, America had suffered several consecutive quarters of economic decline. America was in the midst of a:

globalization

The process of integrating governments, cultures, and financial markets through international trade into a single world market.

Global assembly line

Apple computers ship their computer parts to India to be made, and station their tech support in India. This is an example of a:

Outsourcing

Keshawn used to work for an IT company in Baltimore, but lost his job when his company decided to use workers in New Delhi instead. This is an example of:

Farming Fishing Forestry

Which of the following industries is not projected to experience growth within the United States within the next 10 years?

Global

Many of the world’s most powerful corporations have headquarters in New York City, which hosts endless influential events, and offers an advanced transportation infrastructure. New York City is a ______ city.

traditional

Power legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs

charismatic

Power legitimized on the basis of a leader’s exceptional personal qualities

rational-legal

Power that is legitimized by rules, regulations, and laws

sexual orientation

A person’s emotional and sexual attraction to a particular sex.

Sexism

Peggy accepts a job offer as an advertising copywriter. Her boss immediately assigns her campaigns for products such as makeup and cleaning products. Peggy asks for different clients, but her boss tells her she should stick to what she and "her kind" know best. Peggy is experiencing :

sexuality

A person’s capacity for sexual feelings.

Family

What is the first agent of socialization?

77 cents

For every dollar a man makes in the United States, how much does a woman make?

Sweden

In which country is sex education required in public schools?

Kinsey Scale

A six-point rating system that ranges from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual orientation.

Medical sociology

What is the systematic study of how humans manage issues of health and illness, disease and disorders, and health care for both the sick and the healthy

Stigmatized illness

Sheryl was diagnosed with bipolarity when she was a teenager. She’s hesitant to tell her friends, and tries her best to hide her diagnosis from her coaches, teachers, and employers, since she’s seen other people with the illness be discriminated against on account of it. Bipolarity is an example of a(n):

High income

Obesity is rising at the fastest rate in which of the following countries?

Clean water access

What is one of the largest contributors to health problems in low-income countries?

Medicare

A publicly funded health care program which provides health services to people over 65 years old as well as people who meet other standards for disability

Socialized medicine

Drake lives in Great Britain, where the British government owns and operates the country’s health care system. This is an example of ____:

Public/private insurance coverage

The United States healthcare system consists of:

Decrease obesity

Which of the following was not among the United Nations eight Millennium Development Goals set in 2000?

Underinsurance

Taylor works as a legal assistant. His insurance doesn’t cover treatment for depression, and he spends 15% of his income each month to receive care. This is an example of

Talcott Parsons

What sociologist pioneered the concept of "The Sick Role"?

Medicalization of deviance

In recent years, a great compulsion to engage in frequent and risky sexual behaviors was deemed sexual addiction. This is an example of:

Universal healthcare

Dana’s lives in a country which guarantees healthcare for all of its citizens. Dana lives in a country which uses:

The Sick Role

The pattern of expectations that define appropriate behavior for the sick and for those who take care of them

85

Your grandmother is still very active and loves to get her friends together for bridge on Friday. They always talk about all those old-old people down at the senior center who like to play bingo. About how old are the old-old senior citizens to whom they are referring?

Young-old

When your mother-in-law fell and broke her hip at age 72, you were concerned because she is still ________________.

Increase age

No one in the United States can watch the news without hearing about the struggle over Social Security. Which approach has been used in the past to avoid the program’s collapse?

dependency ratio

It is the comparison of working people to non-working people.

The Madrid Plan

The world population is growing and aging. In an effort to collectively deal with some of the challenges facing the elderly, several countries gathered at a summit. Which plan was the result of this summit?

Secondary aging

While visiting your dad at his nursing home, you see an elderly lady sitting at the table with a full tray of food in front of her. She is in a wheel chair and seems depressed. You conclude that she is experiencing:

Despair

According to Erik Erikson’s theory on aging, what is the final hurdle that most people who reach old age must overcome?

medical ailments trivialized

Which is a social issue that many elderly females discover they are victims of?

Thanatology

Elizabeth Kübler-Ross’s book On Death and Dying added much content knowledge to which field?

widows: dn remarry; elderly widowers do

How do elderly widows and widowers react to death of their significant other?

Washington State Oregon Montana

Which three states allow some form of physician-assisted suicide?

Ageism

Accusing people of DWE (driving while elderly) is considered a type of:

Gerontocracy

When elderly people are considered elders and leaders of a group of people, they are functioning under a(n):

Depression

What causes some caretakers to abuse their elderly charges?

disengagement theory

What theory: As people age, they generally withdraw from all forms of society

Modernization theory

Some conflict theorists ascribe to the idea that as time and technology move forward, elderly people are left behind and they lose social standing and power. Which specific theory does this describe?

Subculture of aging theory

A symbolic interactionist may choose to study senior centers, and other groups of elderly people. Which theory might they find most useful for their study?

formal education

The learning of academic facts and concepts.

Mills v. Board of Education

Which court case set the precedent for access to education within the United States for students with disabilities?

Cultural capital

Malik grew up in an affluent household which embraced activities such as attending the opera, visiting museums, and traveling to foreign countries at least once a year. When Malik goes to college, he finds he has much to talk about with professors, and fellow students from similar backgrounds. Malik is enjoying the benefits of:

hidden curriculum

A type of nonacademic knowledge that one learns through informal learning and cultural transmission.

sorting

Classifying students based on academic merit or potential.

Bourdieu

Which sociologist studied how cultural capital helps an individual navigate their culture?

Head Start Program

A federal program that provides academically focused preschool to students of low socioeconomic status.

Grade inflation

To make students more competitive in the work force and for graduate school, college professors are beginning to lower the standard for student grades (i.e. what was once considered a B, is now considered an This is known as:

Tracking

When Ahmed is in 5th grade, he does poorly in math and science. His teachers recommend him for lower-level classes throughout middle school in all subjects, and he’s not given the chance to excel elsewhere. This process is known as:

Sacred; profane

Which two words did Émile Durkheim use to distinguish between religious objects and non-religious objects?

Polytheism

Sanchita worships three different and separate gods. Her religion falls into which category?

jen

A Confucian teaching that everyone should be treated kindly.

5

How many pillars are essential to the Islamic faith?

South Korea

Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of the United States. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

Talmud; Torah

The ___________ records Jewish interpretations of the _____________ which is their sacred text.

Taoism

Many people are familiar with the yin-yang symbol. From which religion does this come?

Modernization of society

What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Plessy v. Furguson

Court Case: Allowed racial segregation in schools and private businesses

Brown v. Board of Education

Declared that state laws that had established separate schools for black and white students were unequal and unconstitutional

Mills v. Board of Education

Set precedent for universal access to education in the United States

White

In the United States, which race would be considered the dominant group?

Real estate agents directing clients of certain race

Which of the following is an example of racial steering?

Not biologically identifiable

According to the social construction of race school of thought, race is:

scapegoat theory

Adolf Hitler blaming Germany’s pre-war problems on the Jewish population is an example of:

Symbolic interactionist

Max believes that most people’s racial beliefs are based on images conveyed in popular media since many people never meet members of certain races for themselves. Max’s perspective is:

discrimination

Prejudiced action against a group of people.

culture of prejudice

Speedy Gonzalez is a popular cartoon character, but is widely considered an inappropriate stereotype. Many children are raised watching Speedy Gonzalez cartoons, unaware that such stereotypes are negative. This is a product of:

White privilege

When Alexander, who is white, drives his car over the speed limit, a police officer lets him off with a warning. When Christopher, who is Hispanic, drives his car at the same speed as Alexander on the same road, the officer gives him a ticket, even though his record is clean. This is an example of:

Expulsion

President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s executive order 9066, which authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry following Pearl Harbor, is an example of:

segregation

The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

Bill 1070

what controversial Senate Bill proposed: During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.

Mexican descent

Arizona Senate Bill 1070, often referred to colloquially as the "papers, please" law, was aimed widely at those of:

Conflict theory

Angela believes that race relations in America are poor because the white ruling class has enacted various laws and regulations to keep other racial groups from achieving equality. With which sociological perspective does Angela’s view best align?

Asian American

Which group within the United States has been stereotyped as the model minority?

Amalgamation

1967’s Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, a case which legally allowed interracial marriage, is an example of

Pluralistic

Asad’s first grade class is diverse: there are two students from Korea, five students from South America, two students from the United States, three students from Kuwait, a student from Mexico, two students from England, and five students from western Europe. Asad’s class is:

assimilation

The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.

Functionalism

Cedric’s uncle believes that racism and discrimination have made a positive impact on society – but only in the lives of those who are members of the dominant group. Which sociological perspective is Cedric’s uncle coming from?

True

True or false: The majority of American citizens are descendents of immigrants?

The racial term "African American" can refer to:
a. a black person living in the United States
b. people whose ancestors came to the United States through the slave trade
c. a white person who originated in Africa and now lives in the United States
d. any of the above

d. any of the above

What is the one defining feature of a minority group?
a. Self-definition
b. Numerical minority
c. Lack of power
d. Strong cultural identity

c. Lack of power

Ethnicity describes shared:
a. beliefs
b. language
c. religion
d. any of the above

d. any of the above

Which of the following is an example of a numerical majority being treated as a subordinate group?
a. Jewish people in Germany
b. Creoles in New Orleans
c. White people in Brazil
d. Blacks under apartheid in South Africa

d. Blacks under apartheid in South Africa

Scapegoat theory shows that:
a. subordinate groups blame dominant groups for their problems
b. dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems
c. some people are predisposed to prejudice
d. all of the above

b. dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems

Stereotypes can be based on:
a. race
b. ethnicity
c. gender
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

What is discrimination?
a. Biased thoughts against an individual or group
b. Biased actions against an individual or group
c. Belief that a race different from yours is inferior
d. Another word for stereotyping

b. Biased actions against an individual or group

Which of the following is the best explanation of racism as a social fact?
a. It needs to be eradicated by laws.
b. It is like a magic pill.
c. It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.
d. None of the above

c. It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.

As a Caucasian in the United States, being reasonably sure that you will be dealing with authority figures of the same race as you is a result of:
a. intersection theory b. conflict theory
c. white privilege
d. scapegoating theory

c. white privilege

Speedy Gonzalez is an example of:
a. intersection theory
b. stereotyping
c. interactionist view
d. culture of prejudice

b. stereotyping

Which intergroup relation displays the least tolerance?
a. Segregation
b. Assimilation
c. Genocide
d. Expulsion

c. Genocide

What doctrine justified legal segregation in the South? a. Jim Crow
b. Plessey v. Ferguson
c. De jure
d. Separate but equal

d. Separate but equal

What intergroup relationship is represented by the "salad bowl" metaphor?
a. Assimilation
b. Pluralism
c. Amalgamation
d. Segregation

b. Pluralism

Amalgamation is represented by the _____________ metaphor.
a. melting pot
b. Statue of Liberty
c. salad bowl
d. separate but equal

a. melting pot

What makes Native Americans unique as a subordinate group in the United States? a. They are the only group that experienced expulsion.
b. They are the only group that was segregated.
c. They are the only group that was enslaved.
d. They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants.

d. They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants.

Which subordinate group is often referred to as the "model minority?"
a. African Americans
b. Asian Americans
c. White ethnic Americans
d. Native Americans

b. Asian Americans

Which federal act or program was designed to allow more Hispanic American immigration, not block it?
a. The Bracero Program
b. Immigration Reform and Control Act
c. Operation Wetback
d. SB 1070

a. The Bracero Program

Many Arab Americans face _______________, especially after 9/11.
a. racism
b. segregation
c. Islamophobia
d. prejudice

c. Islamophobia

Why did most white ethnic Americans come to the United States?
a. For a better life
b. To escape oppression
c. Because they were forced out of their own countries
d. a and b only

d. a and b only

In the United States, which race would be considered the dominant group?

a. Hispanic
b. White
c. Black
d. Asian

b. White

Which of the following is an example of racial steering?

a. Real estate agents directing white clients to look for housing in certain neighborhoods, and non-white clients to others.
b. The Trail of Tears, when the United States government forced Native Americans to permanently leave their homes and territory.
c. Kiki being told she’ll be bad at math because she is a girl.
d. Jose’s parents not allowing him to date Martha because she is of a different race.

a. Real estate agents directing white clients to look for housing in certain neighborhoods, and non-white clients to others.

3. According to the social construction of race school of thought, race is:

a. Based only on geographic regions
b. No longer in existence
c. A product of the media
d. Not biologically identifiable

d. Not biologically identifiable

Adolf Hitler blaming Germany’s pre-war problems on the Jewish population is an example of:

a. The scapegoat theory
b. The social construction of race
c. White privilege
d. Pluralism

a. The scapegoat theory

Max believes that most people’s racial beliefs are based on images conveyed in popular media since many people never meet members of certain races for themselves. Max’s perspective is:

a. Functionalist
b. Conflict theorist
c. Feminist
d. Symbolic interactionist

d. Symbolic interactionist

The term discrimination is defined in the text as:

a. The theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture.
b. Biased thought based on flawed assumptions about a group of people.
c. An expression of dissatisfaction with the justice system.
d. Prejudiced action against a group of people.

d. Prejudiced action against a group of people.

Speedy Gonzalez is a popular cartoon character, but is widely considered an inappropriate stereotype. Many children are raised watching Speedy Gonzalez cartoons, unaware that such stereotypes are negative. This is a product of:

a. Genocide
b. Intersection theory
c. The culture of prejudice
d. The scapegoat theory

c. The culture of prejudice

When Alexander, who is white, drives his car over the speed limit, a police officer lets him off with a warning. When Christopher, who is Hispanic, drives his car at the same speed as Alexander on the same road, the officer gives him a ticket, even though his record is clean. This is an example of:

a. Affirmative action
b. White privilege
c. Intersection theory
d. The social construction of race

b. White privilege

President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s executive order 9066, which authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry following Pearl Harbor, is an example of:

a. Racial steering
b. Communism
c. Expulsion
d. Genocide

c. Expulsion

The term segregation is defined in the text as:
a. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
b. The deliberate annihilation of a targeted, usually subordinate, group.
c. The integration of diverse cultural concepts into a public school curriculum.
d. The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

d. The physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions.

In 2010, what did controversial Senate Bill 1070 propose, causing a series of protests and legal battles?

a. After being charged with a crime, Wisconsin courts can order legal immigrants back to their countries of origin.
b. During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.
c. If suspected of illegal activity, Nevada police may search the home of any immigrant, or child of an immigrant, without a warrant.
d. After being detained by New Mexico police, immigrants are given no rights by the authorities and may be held for weeks without being officially charged.

b. During a lawful stop, detention, or arrest, Arizona police officers may establish the immigration status of anyone they suspect may be here illegally.*

Arizona Senate Bill 1070, often referred to colloquially as the "papers, please" law, was aimed widely at those of:

a. Irish descent
b. Middle Eastern descent
c. Chinese descent
d. Mexican descent

d. Mexican descent

Angela believes that race relations in America are poor because the white ruling class has enacted various laws and regulations to keep other racial groups from achieving equality. With which sociological perspective does Angela’s view best align?

a. Functionalism
b. Conflict theory
c. Feminism
d. Symbolic interactionism

b. Conflict theory

Which group within the United States has been stereotyped as the model minority?

a. The Asian American community
b. The African American community
c. The Arab American community
d. The Hispanic American community

a. The Asian American community

1967’s Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, a case which legally allowed interracial marriage, is an example of

a. Racism
b. Stereotyping
c. Amalgamation
d. Assimilation

c. Amalgamation

Asad’s first grade class is diverse: there are two students from Korea, five students from South America, two students from the United States, three students from Kuwait, a student from Mexico, two students from England, and five students from western Europe. Asad’s class is:

a. Segregated
b. Pluralistic
c. Assimilated
d. Profiled

b. Pluralistic

The term assimilation is defined by the text as:

a. When a dominant group forces a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country.
b. The theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture.
c. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
d. The act of singling out an individual because of his or her race.

c. The process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture.

Cedric’s uncle believes that racism and discrimination have made a positive impact on society – but only in the lives of those who are members of the dominant group. Which sociological perspective is Cedric’s uncle coming from?

a. Functionalism
b. Conflict theory
c. Feminism
d. Symbolic interactionism

a. Functionalism

Which of the following is NOT an example of a stereotype?

a. Cynthia believing her best friend to be good at math because she is Asian.
b. Maria assuming her son-in-law is a heavy drinker because he is Irish.
c. Isaiah cooking his girlfriend a meat-free dinner because she is a vegetarian.
d. Pedro assuming his neighbor likes rap music because he is African American.

c. Isaiah cooking his girlfriend a meat-free dinner because she is a vegetarian.

True or false: The majority of American citizens are descendents of immigrants?

a. True
b. False

a. True

amalgamation

the process by which a minority group and a majority group combine to form a new group

assimilation

the process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture

colorism

the belief that one type of skin tone is superior or inferior to another within a racial group

culture of prejudice

the theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture

discrimination

prejudiced action against a group of people

dominant group

a group of people who have more power in a society than any of the subordinate groups

ethnicity

shared culture, which may include heritage, language, religion, and more

expulsion

the act of a dominant group forcing a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country

genocide

the deliberate annihilation of a targeted (usually subordinate) group

institutional racism

racism embedded in social institutions

intersection theory

theory that suggests we cannot separate the effects of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, and other attributes

minority group

any group of people who are singled out from the others for differential and unequal treatment

model minority

the stereotype applied to a minority group that is seen as reaching higher educational, professional, and socioeconomic levels without protest against the majority establishment

pluralism

the ideal of the United States as a "salad bowl:" a mixture of different cultures where each culture retains its own identity and yet adds to the "flavor" of the whole

prejudice

biased thought based on flawed assumptions about a group of people

racial profiling

the use by law enforcement of race alone to determine whether to stop and detain someone

racial steering

the act of real estate agents directing prospective homeowners toward or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race

racism

a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are used to justify the belief that one racial category is somehow superior or inferior to others

redlining

the practice of routinely refusing mortgages for households and business located in predominately minority communities

scapegoat theory

a theory that suggests that the dominant group will displace its unfocused aggression onto a subordinate group

sedimentation of racial inequality

the intergenerational impact of de facto and de jure racism that limits the abilities of black people to accumulate wealth

segregation

the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions

social construction of race

the school of thought that race is not biologically identifiable

stereotypes

oversimplified ideas about groups of people

subordinate group

a group of people who have less power than the dominant group

white privilege

the benefits people receive simply by being part of the dominant group

Family is a term that is difficult to define. When studying sociology it is important to remember that?

sociologists try to keep definition open to encompass all types of people who are emotionally close to each other.

Passing on one’s heritage, passiveness and wealth is:

Generally based on lineage, which is defined by one’s culture and family

Why do sociologists find the study of family to be so important when trying to group the mores and norms of a culture?

Families provide for each other and teach

Watching television shows can be a good way to understand and study families because?

They teach us how a family on screen can represent the values of the era in which they aired.

5. The US census bureau keep records of different statistics that pertain to families. For example, in 2010 there were three million children who did not live with their parents. These children were:

Living with their grandparents

6. What is the relationship if any between people who cohabitate and then get married, and those who wait to live together after they marry?

Cohabitating, unmarried partners have a slightly higher divorce rate after they get married than those who don’t cohabitate after marriage.

7. Which one is one reason that sociologists cite to explain why men and women are defying marriage until their mid to late twenties

Many young people place education and career higher than marriage on their list of priorities

8. Polygamy is

a man who is married to more than one woman at a time

9. To a conflict theorist, marriage and families are fascinating because:

within the family are social standings and poer struggle.

10. Peter finds that he always reacts differently to correction from his father than from his mother. What might.

PETER PLAYS DIFFERENT ROLES WITH HIS FATHER AND MOTHER

11. Which factors do sociologists suspect were the cause for such a high divorce rate during the 1960’s?

there was an increase in women working

12. In which part of the family life cycle do sociologists point to be the most stressful time for a marriage?

The birth of the first child

13. If you consider the university of Virginias national marriage project what can be concluded from their study?

Finances are an important foundation for a successful marriage.

14. According to the US census bureau.. What might impact this have o the US male population over time?

Men may be more aggressive which may lead to an increase in crime, domestic, violence etc.

15. What is the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and marriage?

Men and women who are married experience less abuse.

16. What is one of the biggest challenges facing groups and organizations that try to prevent

The victim of IPV do not report the abuse.

17. If you work with children why is it important to be ever vigilant for ant signs of child abuse?

Most reports of child abuse come from non-relative adults who interact with the child.

18. Corporal punishment is another way of saying:

spanking

19. Which of the following is NOT true of the sociological perspectives on religion?

Religion is a symbol of high culture

20. Which two words who did Emile Durkheim use to distinguish between religions object and non – religious objects?

Sacred; profane

21. What correlation between religion and society did Max Weber see and study?

Religion was influential over the economy and the habits of workers

22. Which position describes Karl Marx views in relation and society

Religion simply kept the ploteraiat in their low social class

23. Some believe that religion is Important because it adds meaning to people’s lives… a sociologist following which theory would agree with this statement?

A structural functionalist

24. You are interested in Durkheim…

symbolic interactionist

25. A sociologist studying how religious beliefs become so deeply rooted in people and they can hate people off other religion probably is:

conflict theorist

26. Roberto has just moved to a new city… which theory will Roberto use to use either consciously or subconsciously to make a decision?

A. Rational something something…

27. Sanchita worships three different blah blah..

Polytheism – POLY MEANS MANY

28. What name do Buddhists gave to their four basic rules?

Noble truths

29. If someone who follows the teaching of confiuscanism mentions the word jen. They are referring to:

a mystical type of meditation

30. Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of The US. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

South Korea

31. The…. Records Jewish interpretations of the… which is their sacred text

Talmud; Torah

32. When Rosa and Sergei realized that the poor were being neglected… this is an example of:

Liberation theology

33. What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Modernization of society

34. On any given day, there is often a story about prayer in school in the news……. This controversy is a great example of tension between…

church and state

35. Many people are familiar with the ting-yang symbol. From which religion does this come

Taoism

36. Which text is considered sacred of Christians of all sects

The Bible

Mass

Tarah is attending a sold-out Counting Crows concert at Madison Square Garden, with thousands of other Counting Crows fans. Tarah is part of a:

Motivational

The anti-drug campaign in the 1980’s encouraged students to "just say no" to put an end to drug use and drug violence. Which type of framing did this campaign use?

Resource mobilization theory

PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) is an animal rights group that has over 2 million members across the country and spends millions of dollars on advertising (print, broadcast and social media) in order to spread social awareness about their cause each year. Which theory attempts to explain PETA’s success?

Emergent norm

An airplane has crashed on a deserted island off the coast of Fiji. The survivors are forced to learn new behaviors in order to adapt to the situation and each other. This is an example of which theory?

Resistance

The National Organization for Marriage is a group which travels across the country, condemning homosexuality and advocating against new laws allowing gay marriage. What type of movement are they participating in?

Frame alignment process

When social movements link their goals to the goals of other social movements and merge into a single group, this is referred to as:

convergence cluster

A group of friends traveling to New York City for the weekend is an example of…?

Collective behavior

According to Neil Smelser, several conditions must be in place for _________________ to occur?

Value-added

Neil Smelser’s theory of crowd behavior is referred to as ______ theory:

social change

The change in society created through social movements as well as external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations.

Interactionist

Assembling perspective falls under which sociological perspective?

Reform

The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C. which advocates for equal rights and marriage rights of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual citizens. The HRC is a ____ group:

Coalescence stage

When news of Proposition 8 broke in California in 2008, hundreds of thousands of protestors came together using Twitter, Facebook, and the media to get their message of protest out. Which stage of Blumer and Tilly’s social movement outline represents this?

Disease

Which of the following is not a widely contributing factor in social change?

Assembling

Chip believes that individuals in crowds behave rationally, and thinks crowds are engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action. What sociological perspective is Chip referring to?

social movement

A purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal.

conventional crowd

people who come together for a regularly scheduled event

acting crowd

crowds of people who are focused on a specific action or goal

casual crowd

people who share close proximity without really interacting

expressive crowd

crowds who share opportunities to express emotions

Family is a term that is difficult to define. When studying sociology it is important to remember that?

sociologists try to keep definition open to encompass all types of people who are emotionally close to each other.

Passing on one’s heritage, passiveness and wealth is:

Generally based on lineage, which is defined by one’s culture and family

Why do sociologists find the study of family to be so important when trying to group the mores and norms of a culture?

Families provide for each other and teach

Watching television shows can be a good way to understand and study families because?

They teach us how a family on screen can represent the values of the era in which they aired.

5. The US census bureau keep records of different statistics that pertain to families. For example, in 2010 there were three million children who did not live with their parents. These children were:

Living with their grandparents

6. What is the relationship if any between people who cohabitate and then get married, and those who wait to live together after they marry?

Cohabitating, unmarried partners have a slightly higher divorce rate after they get married than those who don’t cohabitate after marriage.

7. Which one is one reason that sociologists cite to explain why men and women are defying marriage until their mid to late twenties

Many young people place education and career higher than marriage on their list of priorities

8. Polygamy is

a man who is married to more than one woman at a time

9. To a conflict theorist, marriage and families are fascinating because:

within the family are social standings and poer struggle.

10. Peter finds that he always reacts differently to correction from his father than from his mother. What might.

PETER PLAYS DIFFERENT ROLES WITH HIS FATHER AND MOTHER

11. Which factors do sociologists suspect were the cause for such a high divorce rate during the 1960’s?

there was an increase in women working

12. In which part of the family life cycle do sociologists point to be the most stressful time for a marriage?

The birth of the first child

13. If you consider the university of Virginias national marriage project what can be concluded from their study?

Finances are an important foundation for a successful marriage.

14. According to the US census bureau.. What might impact this have o the US male population over time?

Men may be more aggressive which may lead to an increase in crime, domestic, violence etc.

15. What is the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and marriage?

Men and women who are married experience less abuse.

16. What is one of the biggest challenges facing groups and organizations that try to prevent

The victim of IPV do not report the abuse.

17. If you work with children why is it important to be ever vigilant for ant signs of child abuse?

Most reports of child abuse come from non-relative adults who interact with the child.

18. Corporal punishment is another way of saying:

spanking

19. Which of the following is NOT true of the sociological perspectives on religion?

Religion is a symbol of high culture

20. Which two words who did Emile Durkheim use to distinguish between religions object and non – religious objects?

Sacred; profane

21. What correlation between religion and society did Max Weber see and study?

Religion was influential over the economy and the habits of workers

22. Which position describes Karl Marx views in relation and society

Religion simply kept the ploteraiat in their low social class

23. Some believe that religion is Important because it adds meaning to people’s lives… a sociologist following which theory would agree with this statement?

A structural functionalist

24. You are interested in Durkheim…

symbolic interactionist

25. A sociologist studying how religious beliefs become so deeply rooted in people and they can hate people off other religion probably is:

conflict theorist

26. Roberto has just moved to a new city… which theory will Roberto use to use either consciously or subconsciously to make a decision?

A. Rational something something…

27. Sanchita worships three different blah blah..

Polytheism – POLY MEANS MANY

28. What name do Buddhists gave to their four basic rules?

Noble truths

29. If someone who follows the teaching of confiuscanism mentions the word jen. They are referring to:

a mystical type of meditation

30. Megachurches have become popular in certain parts of The US. Where else in the world are megachurches widely popular?

South Korea

31. The…. Records Jewish interpretations of the… which is their sacred text

Talmud; Torah

32. When Rosa and Sergei realized that the poor were being neglected… this is an example of:

Liberation theology

33. What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society?

Modernization of society

34. On any given day, there is often a story about prayer in school in the news……. This controversy is a great example of tension between…

church and state

35. Many people are familiar with the ting-yang symbol. From which religion does this come

Taoism

36. Which text is considered sacred of Christians of all sects

The Bible

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