History Study Chapters 1-4

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In what way did sixteenth-century Europeans benefit from trade between the Americas and Europe?

A large number of new crops became available in Europe

An encomienda was

the right to exact tribute and labor from natives

The origins of the majority of human existence in North America began

with migrations from Eurasia over the Bering Strait

An important consequence of the defeat of the Spanish Armada was that

England found the seas more open to their control

In the fifteenth century, slavery in Africa

generally allowed certain legal protections to the enslaved

Between 1500 and 1800, African immigrants to the Americas

nearly all came against their will and made up over half of all immigrants to the New World

The agricultural practices of pre-Columbian tribes in the Northeast were characterized by

a rapid exploitation of the land

What condition in England in the sixteenth century provided an incentive for colonization

the availability of farmland was declining while the population was growing

As a result of his third voyage in 1498, Christopher Columbus concluded

he had encountered a continent separate from Asia

Christopher Columbus

thought the world was much smaller than it was in reality

Which statement regarding the economic theory of mercantilism is FALSE?

It reduced the desire for nations to acquire and maintain colonies

In what way were Martin Luther and John Calvin important to English Puritans

Luther and Calvin advocated ideas of religious reform that influenced Purita

In the late fifteenth century, the desire in Europe to look for new lands was spurred by

significant population growth

The English concluded from their colonial experiences in Ireland that

English colonists should maintain a rigid separation from the indigenous population

The English Reformation resulted from

a political dispute between King Henry VIII and the Catholic Church

Seventeenth-century English colonial settlements

were essentially business enterprises

Regarding the origins of slavery in the North American English colonies,

many colonies gradually embraced slavery as a solution to their labor troubles

The development of the Carolina colony was notable in that

the northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other

When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619

colonists were given a share of local political representation

In its beginning, the Maryland colony

was a refuge for English Catholics

The Virginia Company developed the "headright" system to

attract new settlers to the colony

The Massachusetts Bay Puritans

created a colonial "theocracy."

Originally, the Georgia colony excluded

both free blacks and slaves

The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a "shining city upon a hill"

felt they were creating a holy community that would be a model for the world

The suppression of Bacon’s Rebellion helped spur

slavery in Virginia

The first important economic boom in Jamestown resulted from

the production of tobacco

The first blacks imported to Virginia in 1619

were most likely indentured servants

The English Parliament enacted the Navigation Acts primarily to benefit

British business and merchants

The New York colony

emerged after a struggle between the English and the Dutch

Unlike Puritans, the Quakers

rejected the doctrine of original sin

In the seventeenth century, white women in colonial Chesapeake

averaged one pregnancy for every two years of marriage

In the seventeenth century, the great majority of English immigrants who came to the Chesapeake region were

indentured servants

The term "middle passage" refers to the movement of enslaved Africans

from Africa to the New World

In colonial New England Puritan communities, women

were expected to be major contributors to the family

In the North American colonies, mulatto children were

rarely recognized by their white fathers

By the mid-eighteenth century, a distinct colonial merchant class came into existence because of

illegal colonial trade in markets outside of the British Empire

In the "triangular trade," the North American colonies primarily contributed

raw materials

In the outbreaks of witchcraft hysteria that marked New England colonial life, those accused were most commonly

women of low social position

The Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s

had particular appeal with women and young men

Seventeenth-century southern plantations

tended to be rough and relatively small

"Primogeniture" refers to the

passing of property to the firstborn son

The most common form of resistance by enslaved Africans to their condition was

subtle defiance or evasion of their masters

By 1700, English colonial landowners began to rely more heavily on African slavery because

of a declining birthrate in England.

The largest contingent of immigrants during the colonial period were the


Many colonists believed the legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764-1765

meant the British were trying to take away their tradition of self-government

During the first half of the eighteenth century, England’s administration of the colonies

was loose, decentralized, and inefficient

The Boston Massacre

was transformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression

In 1774, the First Continental Congress

called for the repeal of all oppressive legislation passed since 1763

By the 1750s, American colonial assemblies

exercised a significant degree of authority to levy taxes

When he became British Prime Minister, George Grenville

believed the American colonists had been indulged for far too long

According to the terms of the Peace of Paris of 1763

France ceded Canada and all of its claims to land east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans, to Great Britain

Taverns were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because

they become central meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance

Who among the following took the lead in protesting against the Stamp Act

Patrick Henry

English and American supporters of the English constitution felt it correctly divided power between

the monarchy, the aristocracy, and representative assemblies

In the 1760s, "country Whigs" were English colonists who

considered the British government to be corrupt and oppressive

In the eighteenth century, the English constitution was

an unwritten document

Following the conclusion of the French and Indian War,

many colonists resented England’s interference in their local affairs

The Declaratory Act of 1766

was a sweeping assertion of Parliament’s authority over the colonies

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