History Chapter 10

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1. By the end of the 1820s, the right to vote __________.

had moved significantly toward universal manhood suffrage for whites

2. Which group was an active participant in the Second Great Awakening?


3. Many evangelical preachers of the Second Great Awakening __________.

directly challenged slavery

4. The first presidential candidate of the Democratic Party was __________.

Andrew Jackson

5. The Albany Regency, a tightly disciplined political machine, was run by __________.

Martin Van Buren

6. Jackson dominated his presidency with __________.

the sheer force of his personality

7. The spoils system features a strategy in which __________.

government jobs are given to supporters of the victorious party

8. Which policy was supported by Andrew Jackson?

internal improvements that benefited the general public

9. The Cherokee Indians __________.

had their own newspaper and a constitution

10. The term Trail of Tears refers to the __________.

horrifying conditions experienced by Cherokees during their removal

11. The Indian Removal Act __________.

included Indians living in Florida

12. In the case Worcester v. Georgia, the Supreme Court ruled that __________.

the state of Georgia had violated the Constitution in their treatment of Indians

13. During his second term, President Jackson __________.

dismantled the Bank of the United States

14. The first crisis that besieged the administration of Martin Van Buren was the __________.

Panic of 1837

15. The value of federal land sales in southern states was highest around __________.


16. Andrew Jackson issued the Specie Circular, which prevented __________ from being purchased with anything

large tracts of public land

17. William Lloyd Garrison believed that slavery __________.

was immoral and should be immediately ended

18. The Independent Treasury System __________.

reduced the nation’s money supply and prolonged the depression

19. The Whig Party was __________.

a supporter of government for economic development

20. The Anti-Masons called for __________.

equal rights for all freemen

21. The first members of the Whig Party believed that __________.

Jackson had exercised too much power in his years as president

22. The first president to die in office was __________.

William Henry Harrison

23. Which statement about John Tyler is true?

He was expelled from the Whig Party when he was president

24. In the election of 1844, __________.

James Polk expressed expansionist ideas

25. A major change in American politics by the late 1820s was __________.

mass participation through wider voting rights for white males

26. After the Salary Act of 1816 __________.

many Congressmen were voted out of office in the next election

27. Preachers of the Second Great Awakening believed which of the following?

Women should be encouraged to achieve spiritual revival

28. An important legacy of the election of 1824 was __________.

public sympathy for Jackson, who lost because of a "corrupt bargain"

29. The election of 1828 revealed that Jackson had a formidable electoral base __________.

with farmers of the South and West

30. Which statement would most likely have been said by a supporter of nullification?

"The states shall not adhere to federal law that is deemed to be unconstitutional."

31. When Henry Clay tried to make the Bank of the United States a key campaign issue in 1832 __________.

Jackson turned the tables on him by vehemently opposing rechartering of the Bank

32. Which statement best describes Jackson’s view of those who supported nullification?

Jackson viewed nullification as a dangerous and treasonous affront to the union.

33. The Force Bill was designed to deal with __________.

the nullification crisis

34. The Force Bill gave Jackson the power to __________.

put down nullification with military force

35. One of the effects of destroying the Bank of the United States was __________.

the shifting of deposits to state banks

36. Which of the following was a factor in creating the Panic of 1837?

a drop-off in the price and exportation of American cotton

37. The Whig Party believed the Panic of 1837 happened for many reasons, including __________.

the predominance of "pet banks" that emerged during the 1830s

38. In the 1830s, abolitionists achieved which of the following?

printing over one million pieces of antislavery literature

39. The gag rule __________.

allowed Congress to automatically table all antislavery petitions

40. William Henry Harrison won the election of 1840 for many reasons, including that __________.

he was not tainted by loyalty to the Bank of the United States

41. Compared to Democrats, Whigs were more likely to __________.

oppose further westward expansion

42. The Whigs made political inroads in the presidential election of 1836 when __________.

Van Buren lost some of the Democrats’ support in the South

43. Anti-Jacksonians called themselves Whigs because __________.

they accused Jackson of acting like a monarch

44. Why was John Tyler at odds with the urban and commercial members of the Whig Party?

He was a states-rights’ advocate and farmer.

45. How did Daniel Webster impact Tyler’s foreign policy?

He brokered the treaty that established the boundaries between British Canada and Maine and the Upper Midwest.

46. Why did the Democrats focus on linking Oregon to Texas as a territorial objective in their 1844 electoral platform?

To counter the charge that they were a pro-southern party.

47. The dominant issue in the election of 1844 was __________.

the annexation of Texas

48. How did the rights of free African-Americans change during the early to mid-1800s as compared to the Revolutionary War period?

Their rights did not change, as suffrage was still limited to white, property-owning men.

49. In the 1830s, how did government and private banks influence the economy?

They promoted reckless economic expansion with easy credit.

50. Why did President Jackson refuse to annex Texas before leaving office?

He was afraid of provoking a war with Mexico

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