History 1700 final

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The freedom rides of 1961 traveled through which of the following states?

Alabama and Mississippi

Why did the African-American civil rights protesters that marched in June 1963 in more than 186 cities not try more deliberately to avoid arrest?

The very point of the protests was to illustrate the punitive nature of southern Jim Crow Laws.

How could Birmingham police chief Eugene Connor have undermined Martin Luther King Jr.’s strategy in Birmingham in May 1963?

He could have allowed the protesters to march unimpeded

What did president John F Kennedy have in common with his predecessor Dwight D. Eisenhower?

Both tended to view the entire world through the lens of the cold war.

Why did John F. Kennedy consider civil rights a moral crisis for the nation?

He found racial discrimination incompatible with the United States’ claim for leadership of the free world

What set President Lyndon Baines Johnson apart from his predecessor John F. Kennedy?

He knew the meaning of poverty and racial injustice from his own life

Which of the following organizations does not belong in this group?


What did the defeat of Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater show?

The civil rights movement had redrawn the political map and opened the south to the Republican Party

On what grounds could foreign nationals apply for immigrant status in the United States after 1965?

Their families ties to U.S. citizens or other immigrants

Why are the riots in American cities during the 1960’s best understood as battles?

Urban blacks saw the predominantly white police force as an occupying army

What did students of the new left movement think was missing in American Liberalism in the 1960’s?

The practice of true participatory democracy

In what ways did the counterculture represent the fulfillment of the consumer marketplace?

The counterculture extended the concept of individual choice into every realm of life

The slogan of the March on Washington was "Jobs and Freedom"


John F. Kennedy’s foreign policy for Latin America called for a revolution in Cuba


The Cuban Missile Crisis did nothing to change Kennedy’s attitudes toward the Cold War


At the onset of his presidency, John F. Kennedy regarded civil rights as his top priority


The Immigration Reform Act did not alter the rate or national origin of immigration after 1965


Unlike the New Deal, the Great Society was a response to prosperity, not depression


Why did President Nixon embrace the Philadelphia Plan for affirmative action in the building trades?

He was hoping to weaken the power of trade unions

Why did the fight over busing become so violent in Boston in the mid-1970’s?

Boston’s tightly knit Irish-American community in South Boston fought integration violently

What triggered the rise of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia?

The invasion of U.S. troops in 1970

Which of the following statements correctly describes the outcome of the My Lai massacre?

One person was found guilty in this killing of 350 civilians, but was released in 1974

What led to the congressional discovery that the FBI had spied on millions of Americans in the 1960’s?

The Church Committee Investigations

Why did conservatives have the last laugh in the Watergate scandal?

Watergate proved the conservatives’ point that the power of the federal government had to be restricted

Which of the following comparisons of wage trends for 1953 to 1973 and 1973 to 1993 is accurate?

Wage gains were typically eaten up by inflation in the first half

Why did President Carter cut off aid to Argentina in 1978?

A brutal military dictatorship had emerged there, waging a dirty war against its own citizens

How did the experience of the 1960’s shape America’s neoconservatives?

Neoconservatives came to believe that even the best-intentioned social programs did more harm than good

What setback did the advocates of the Roe V. Wade decision of 1973 suffer in 1976?

President Ford vetoed federal funding for abortion

How did trickle-down economics claim to increase government tax revenues?

By lowering tax rates

What victory could cultural conservatives claim in 1986?

The supreme court upheld the constitutionality of state laws banning homosexual acts

Richard Nixon appointed Earl Warren to chief justice of the supreme court in 1969


Even during the energy crisis of the 1970’s the national economy grew


Why was it unlikely that the Soviet Union was going to embark on a new military campaign in the years following World War 2?

The communist nation had suffered more than 20 million casualties, along with immense devastation

Why did American policy makers agree to spend billions of dollars on the economic recovery of Europe under the Marshall plan?

They were afraid that if they did not help with the recovery, western European nations might fall into the soviet sphere of influence

Why did the United States allow West Germany to become part of a defensive alliance less than ten years after the defeat of Nazi Germany?

The successful Soviet detonation of a nuclear bomb underlined the importance of a militarily united West

In the 1950’s what did the term "Tolalitariansim" describe?

Facism, Nazism, and communism

How did the Soviet focus on social and economic rights in the Cold War human rights debate affect American Attitudes?

In the climate of anticommunist hysteria, it prompted many Americans to condemn these rights as a first step to socialism

Why did nearly 5 million workers walk off their jobs over the course of 1946?

The removal of price controls resulted in a drop in workers’ real income

Why did southern Democrats fear losing their position in the Democratic Party following its national convention of 1948?

Party liberals under the leadership of Hurbert Humphrey had added a strong civil rights plank to the party platform

Why did Harry Truman’s loyalty review system target homosexuals working for the government?

Homosexuals were considered susceptible to blackmail and thought to be lacking the manly qualities necessary to fight communism

The charges against which of the following organizations led to the downfall of Joseph McCarthy in 1954?

The Army

How did white supremacists take advantage of anticommunist rhetoric?

They charged African-American civil rights leaders with a communist agenda

The freedom train contained documents such as the Wagner Act and FDR’s Four Freedoms speech


George Kennan’s Long Telegram laid the foundation for the policy of containment


The truman Doctrine was in support of giving billions of dollars for European economic recovery


Overall despite good intentions the Marshall Plan was not very successful


What about the golden age of capitalism between 1946 and 1960 was most beneficial for Americans?

Most monetary gains reached ordinary citizens through rising wages

The shopping mall was the inevitable result of what institution?

The suburb

What made the Army-McCarthy hearings unusual for American television programming of the 1950’s?

It was deeply political and controversial

Why were American suburbs of the 1950’s so heavily segregated?

Residents, brokers, and realtors dealt in contracts and mortgages that barred the sale to non-white

What gave conservatives of the 1950’s their political unity?

The common enemies of the Soviet Union and the federal government

How did President Dwight d. Eisenhower surpass the New Deal in government involvement in the economy?

He presided over the construction of 41,000 miles of interstate highways

Why did the Eisenhower administration embrace the doctrine of "Masssive retaliation"

The constant threat of mutually assured destruction under the doctrine made for more cautious diplomacy

Why did the Soviet Union strongly support the national independence movements in the new third world?

They hoped to convince new nations to ally themselves with the eastern bloc against European and American imperialists

Why did the editors of Life magazine fear that American freedom might be in danger from to being used enough?

Americans seemed to have largely withdrawn from open dissent in the public sphere

Which of the following assessments of the civil rights movement is most accurate?

The movement came as a great surprise and was predicted only by a few

What inspiration did Martin Luther King Jr. gain from Mahatma Gandhi?

The idea of peaceful civil disobedience

Which event did President John F. Kennedy blame on the failures of the Eisenhower administration?

The launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik

The percentage of families at or below the poverty rate fell during the 1950’s


The standard consumer package of the 1950s included a car, house, and television


The new conservatives understood freedom as first and foremost a moral condition


In the 1960 presidential election, John F. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by a landslide


According to supreme court justice Louis Brandis, how could corporations have prevented the Great Depression?

By increasing their workers’ wages

What time period most influenced the New Deal?

First World War

Why did President Franklin D. Roosevelt dissolve the Civil Works Administration?

Complaints multiplied that this measure was contributing to a permanent class of government dependents

Why did workers during the 1930’s make demands that went beyond better wages?

They were hoping to establish a set of basic civil liberties for workers

In contrast to the American Federation of Labor, the Congress of Industrial Organization fought for:?

Industrial democracy

By 1935, Huey Long and Francis Townsend had made which of the following approaches to economic recovery less promising for New Dealers?

Efforts at general business recovery

Which of the following Second New Deal measures came closest to meeting the demands of the Congress of Industrial Organizations for workplace democracy?

Social Security

How did President Franklin D. Roosevelt describe the notion of a "liberty of contract"?

He denounced it as a service to the interest of "the privileged few"

After the court packing attempt, how did the change in the jurisprudence of the United States Supreme Court affect American life?

The new political climate in the United States Supreme Court meant that a federal child labor ban could stand constitutional muster.

Which of the following had been a traditional belief prior to the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes?

Balanced budgets were sacred

Which of the following statements best assesses the fate of feminism during the New Deal?

Given the broad consensus that the job claims of male providers superseded women’s, organized feminism essentially disappeared

Why did stigma around public assistance during the New Deal years?

Black workers were relegated to the least generous assistance programs with discriminatory eligibility standards administered by states

How did the federal government institutionalize racism during the New Deal?

The Federal Housing Administration refused to ensure mortgages in integrated neighborhoods

The Supreme Court ruled that the Agricultural Adjustment Act was unconstitutional


In the Past, Depressions had hurt the labor movement; however labor made great strides during the New Deal


Upton Sinclair campaigned for governor of California on the Share Our Wealth movement


Although well intended, the New Deal for Native Americans resulted in a series of forced assimiliations


In what aspect of American foreign policy did Franklin D. Roosevelt remove himself from Herbert Hoover’s precedent?

He formally recognized the Soviet Union in an effort to stimulate trade

Why did Franklin D. Roosevelt announce his candidacy for the third term in 1940?

He argued that the recovery was too fragile and the international situation too dangerous for him to leave his post

Why did so many American workers walk out of the jobs in 1943-1944?

They charged their employers with the unseemly expansion of corporate profits

What taste of freedom did women enjoy World War 2?

The thrills and excitement of military service

Who did publisher Henry Luce credit with the provision of "the abundant life" in his blueprint for postwar property, The American Century?

Free enterprise

On what grounds did the Austrian-born economist Friedricha. Hayek reject the New Deal state?

He was convinced that even the best intentioned government planning efforts would threaten individual liberties

Why did Executive Order 9066 not apply to persons of Japanese descent living in Hawaii?

Since nearly 40 percent of the population was of Japanese descent, the evacuation order would have been impractical

How did the promise of freedom in the postwar years differ for black and white Americans?

For White American, freedom was a position to be defended; for African-Americans it was a goal to be achieved

Why did the United States drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima?

There was no indication that Japan was at all willing to surrender

What made it so difficult for the United States to reject the demands of Joseph Stalin for establishing a Soviet sphere in eastern Europe?

Roosevelt realized the sacrifices the Soviets had made in their victory in the eastern front

What did the members of the new United Nations Security Council all have in common?

They all had suffered the least casualties and financial losses during the war

When war broke out in Europe in 1939, the Soviet Union stood virtually alone in fighting Germany


The America First Committee campaigned for Americans to be the first to go to war against Nazi Germany


The only people killed during the German Holocaust were the Jewish people


After the war, the South remained very poor. Many rural people lived without indoor plumbing


Which of the following assessments of the Roosevelt Corollary is accurate?

It represented a vow to defend the Western Hemisphere against European intervention

Which of the following elements of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points most resembled the commissions Progressives had instated back home?

The League of Nations

Why did the War Industries Board establish standardized specifications during World War 1?

To increase efficiency and speed up production

Assess the way in which the Committee on Public Information presented its message to encourage Americans to remain loyal and support to war effort?

The CPI packaged its appeals in the language of social cooperation and an expanded democracy

What did employers, urban reformers, as well as women reformers hope prohibition would achieve during the war years?

Peace and order on the home front

Which of the following statements would have been prosecuted under the Sedition Act of 1918?

"I call on you to boycott the draft"

How did eugenics shape public policy during World War 1?

It provided anti-immigrant sentiment with an air of professional expertise

In what ways was W.E.B. Du Bois a typical progressive?

He believed that investigation, exposure, and education could solve the nation’s problem

How did Garveyites define freedom at the time of World War 1?

As black self-reliance and national self-determination

What triggered the surge of conservative governments in central Europe at the end of World War 1?

The world wide revolutionary upsurge

Assess the impact of the bombing of the New York Stock Exchange in September 1920?

it caused the death of forty people

Why did many people in eastern Europe consider Woodrow Wilson a "popular saint"?

His criticism of imperialism helped eastern European peoples carve out new independent nations

Patriotism during World War 1 meant support for the government, the war, and the American economic system


During World War 1, most progressives were outraged at the broad suppression of freedom of expression and spoke out against the Sedition Act


Americanization programs often targeted native born Anglo-Americans as transmitters of culture


How was American life different in the 1920’s than in the years prior?

Although Americans worked hard in an increasingly industrial world, they also enjoyed more vacations

Assess the state of individual American financial savings by the end of the 1920’s?

By the end of the 1920’s, the majority of American families had no savings whatsoever

Why did cigarettes become known as "torches of freedom" during the 1920’s?

Women began to smoke cigarettes as an expression of personal freedom

The prevailing jurisprudence of the United States Supreme Court in the 1920’s can best be described as?


Which of the following best describes the significance of the Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922?

It demonstrated a repudiation of Wilson’s free trade ideas

What united the authors Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald in the 1920’s?

Both were deeply disillusioned with conservative American politics and materialism

Which of the following legal bans no longer passed constitutional scrutiny by the end of the 1920’s ?

Criminalizing the advocacy of unlawful acts for the sake of political change

Which of the following trends of the 1920’s did fundamentalists support?

The prohibition of liquor sales

How did fundamentalist Christians define freedom in the 1920’s?

As voluntary adherence to moral liberty

What broad popular sentiments did the Ku Klux Klan express in the 1920’s?

Control of the nation should be returned to native-born protestants

Which of the following best describes the economic dynamic of the Great Depression?

Mass unemployment and the lack of investments triggered a devastating cycle of deflation

What did Hoover’s observation during the depth of the Depression that "many persons left their jobs for the more profitable one of selling apples" indicate?

President Hoover had grown increasingly out of touch with the economic reality of Americans

If one commodity drove the economy in the 1920’s, it was the typewriter.


After World War 1, American corporations ceased to pursue overseas investments


Farmers benefited the most from the prosperity of the decade


During the 1920’s, labor lost over 2 million members


Which of the following prompted some urban observers to misjudge Populists as a backward-looking movement?

Their beliefs in a commonwealth of small producers and the dignity of labor

How did Populists hope to guarantee farmers inexpensive access to markets for their crops?

They called for public ownership of the railroads

Why did the South fail to attract significant economic development in the wake of Reconstruction?

Investors came to the South for cheap labor and low taxes, so they made few capital investments in the region

How did racial segregation in the labor market affect Afican-American women?

A high percentage of black women worked for wages, typically in domestic service

How did black women challenge the racial ideology of the Jim Crow South?

They insisted on the equal respectability of black women by working for "racial uplift"

Apart from the racial identity of victims, what typically triggered the lynch violence of southern white mobs?

The victim’s alleged sexual conduct

The ascendancy of the American Federation of Labor during the 1890’s reflected:?

A shift from broad reform goals to more limited goals

Native-born middle class women under the leadership of Carrie Chapman-catt argued that they deserved the right to vote on account of:?

Their status as an educated and superior race

Had the Teller Amendment been applied to the Phillippines and Cuba, how would it have changed the Spanish-American War?

Cuba would have become an associated territory as well

Which of the following was the reason for U.S. control over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines?

Control of strategic gateways from which to project American naval and commercial power

Why did Americans celebrate the Spanish American War?

Americans experienced the war as an occasion for national reconciliation between North and South

William McKinley championed a government that would help ordinary Americans


The campaign of 1896 is considered the first modern campaign because of McKinley’s campaign travels


Blacks owned more land in 1900 than they had at the end of Reconstruction


Why was "the city" the focus of progressive politics?

The overwhelming majority of Americans lived in cities

What was the most significant difference between Angel Island in the San Francisco Bay and Ellis Island in the New York harbor?

Angel Island had to administer the immigration of Asian and Mexican migrants

Which of the following least symbolized the growing autonomy of working women with regard to their consumerism?

Military service

The "living wage" and the "American standard of living" were an outgrowth of what?

A mature consumer economy

Why did Samuel Gompers seek to forge closer ties with forward-looking corporate leaders?

He wanted to stabilize employer-employee relations

What constitutional right did workers claim in defense of their public activism?

The right to free speech

Why did Montezuma call for the abolition of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1916?

The Bureau had failed to secure Indian self-determination.

Why did progressive reformers think they had much to learn from the Old World?

Germans had pioneered several measures of social legislation

Which of the following contradictions plagued Progressive reformers’ ideas on the political process?

They worked both to expand the electorate and shrink its size through other measures.

Why did businesses support the Pure Food and Drug Act?

They understood that greater public confidence in the quality of the products helped their sales.

Why did the Wilson administration impose a graduated income tax in 1913?

The substantial reduction of duties on imports required Wilson to make up for lost revenue

Which of the following was a new governmental institution that Progressives had implemented by 1916 for the protection and advance of "industrial freedom"?

Labor Unions

Upton Sinclair wrote a piercing two-volume history of the Standard Oil Company


Angel Island was where most Mexican immigrants entered the United States


During the Progressive era, the working woman became a symbol of female emancipation


Progressives wished to completely overthrow industrial capitalism


How did Reconstruction leave an enduring legacy?

The leadership for the civil rights movement came from African-American churches

How did Fredrick Douglass see the post-Civil War South?

Douglass wanted to ensure the ideals of the the Declaration of Independence became a reality for black men, too

What would have made the Freedmen’s Bureau more effective?

The government should have employed more agents to help with the numerous duties of the bureau

According to the petition from the freedmen to President Andrew Johnson, how was the planter class endangering freedom?

They tried to limit economic opportunity

Through analyzing the "sharecropping Contract," what can be determined?

The contract was a type of economic slavery

what was ironic about the election of Andrew Johnson?

A man from a state that had seceded was now president

How can Andrew Johnson be compared to Abraham Lincoln?

When making decisions, Johnson was less flexible than Lincoln

In what was was reconstruction policy a success?

It established an amendment promising equal protection for all

When assessing the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, what can be determined about this issue?

Both Congress and the president accused the other of unconstitutional acts

The idea that change comes slowly can be evidenced by what event during Reconstruction?

Women were excluded from the suffrage amendment

When analyzing the election of 1876, what conclusion can be drawn?

The Republican Party had increased its support in the South

by examining Reconstruction from 1863-1877, what conclusion can be drawn?

Equal rights for African-Americans continued to increase after 1877

Compared to rebels in the rest of world history, the rebels of the defeated Confederacy were treated very harshly


The Civil Rights Act of 1866 became the first major law in American history to be passed over a presidential veto


The senate, following the House’s impeachment veto, removed Andrew Johnson from office


When the Union was restored by 1870, the southern states had Democratic majorities


Why did new products like Ivory Soap and Quaker Oats symbolize the continuing integration of the economy in America’s Gilded Age?

These products were national brands, sold everywhere across the United States thanks to the expanding railroad network

Why did railroad companies and other businesses form "pools" during the American Gilded Age?

They hoped to escape the chaos of market forces by fixing prices with their competitors

How were skilled workers able to secure new freedoms for the themselves in rapidly expanding industries?

Their knowledge allowed them to control the production process and the training of apprentices

What did Native Americans have in common with the Zulu of South Africa and the aboriginal people in Australia?

They found themselves pushed aside by centralizing government trying to control large interior regions

According to the authors of the Dawes Severalty Act, what constituted a civilized life for Native Americans in the later nineteenth century?

Tribal life and autonomy on the nation’s reservations

Why was WilliamTweed so popular with the city’s immigrant poor?

He had provided food, fuel, and patronage to them in exchange for their votes

Which of the following best characterized the Democrats’ position on the Republicans’ monetary policy during the American Gilded Age?

They largely agreed that the farmers’ demands for increasing the money supply had to be resisted

Which of the following properly assesses the significance of the passage of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1890?

The law established a precedent that the national government could regulate the economy in the interest of the public good.

Which of the following property assesses the significance of wage labor in industrializing America during the Gilded Age?

More and more Americans experienced wage labor as a permanent condition on the edge of poverty

What did the books of Henry George, Laurence Gronlond, and Edward Bellamy all have in common?

They all offered decidedly optimistic remedies for the unequal distribution of wealth

The idea for the Statue of Liberty originated as a response to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln


By 1880, a majority of Americans worked in non farm activities


Railroad companies divided the United States into Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific time zones


The spread of electricity was essential to industrial and urban growth


For the South in the 1830s, making the Texas territory part of the United States could potentially be most beneficial in what way?

Several slave states could be created out of Texas

When "Fifty-four forty or fight" did not result in gaining all of the Pacific Northwest, who most likely would have been the angriest?

Northern Democrats

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the United States gained the most territory through:?

Wars with Mexico

how did the territory acquired from the Mexican War promote Thomas Jefferson’s earlier idea of an Empire of Liberty?

Only people classified as whites gained full rights

The opening of Japan to United States trade let to what?

Japan became a modernized military power

Why was the extension of slavery significant politically?

Both the North and South wanted to control the Senate

What was ironic about the Fugitive Slave Act?

The South promoted states’ rights but with this law agreed to strong federal action

Why were the Know-Nothings unable to curb the political influence of Irish immigrants?

Voting rights were being determined by race

In the 1850s, which action would be in line with Abraham Lincoln’s views on race?

An African-American man trains as an artisan and then starts his own business

What distinguished John Brown from other abolitionists such as William Lloyd Garrison and Fredrick Douglass?

Brown emphasized violence in freeing slaves

By casting their ballots for the Constitutional Unionist candidate John Bell in the 1860 election, what did people in Virginia and Kentucky fear?

The voters worried that if Stephen Douglas was elected, slavery would be eliminated immediately

In regard to Fort Sumter, analyze the maneuvering of Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln. Who was superior, Davis or Lincoln?

Lincoln made the South look like the aggressor

The issue of Texas annexation was hotly linked to slavery and affected the nominations of presidential candidates in the 1840s


In California after the Mexian-American War, landowners of Spanish heritage had to adjust to a new identity as if they were immigrants


What did fighting a defensive war mean for the Confederates?

Since the weapon technology was basically equal, it was advantage for the Confederates

The scale of Civil War bloodshed was comparable to that of which other conflict?

Vietnam War

What disagreements existed between McClellan, the commander of the Army of the Potomac, and President Abraham Lincoln?

Lincoln thought the general was not using his manpower advantage

What would have been a practical outcome of the Emancipation Proclamation?

Slaveowners would be compensated for their property

Besides preserving the Union, how else has Lincoln’s legacy lived on in today’s America?

He overcame regional differences to build a new nation-state

What was a result of the expanding Union economy?

The size and spending of the government increased tremendously

By analyzing the New York City draft riots, what can be determined about the Civil War?

The Civil War was a rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight

What could be one possible reason why Robert E. Lee invaded the North in 1863?

He hoped to deliver a knockout blow to the North

Why was Vicksburg essential?

Capturing the city allowed the Union to control the entire Mississippi River

What separated Grant from the other Union generals that commanded the Army of the Potomac?

Grant was willing to wage a war of attrition

What was one downside to Lincoln’s Ten-Percent Plan of Reconstruction?

It only required one tenth of the area’s population to commit to supporting the Union and emancipation

The Union navel blockade was very effective early in the war


Abraham Lincoln realized that his armies had to capture the Confederate capital, Richmond, in order to win the war


It was clear to most people from the beginning of the war that the war meant the end of slavery


Why could someone argue that the North was complicit in the expansion of slavery?

Northern factory demand for cotton steadily increased

Which of the following would have been a reflection of the paternalist ethos in southern slavery?

The owner felt responsible for his slaves because the slaves could not take care of themselves

What did paternalism reinforce?

Slaves need to be watched carefully

When comparing colonial slavery to nineteenth-century slavery, what was a major difference?

In the colonial period, slaves did not work in the cotton fields

What was the key to developing an African-American slave community?

Slaves needed to have family members near them

What was the biggest fear of a slave of any age?

A family member being sold

What role did Christianity play in slavery?

Teaching slaves about Christianity helped to reinforce the owners’ ideas on paternalism

Which of the following would be an example of "silent sabotage"?

A slave on a large plantation slowed down the work pace

In Joesph Taper’s letter to Joseph Long, how does Taper analyze his experience of living in Canada?

The British system allowed for more "pursuit of happiness"

In the New Testament, Jesus did not condemn slavery. What did this mean to southern slave holders?

The New Testament could be used to endorse slavery

Before his execution, how did Nat Turner see himself?

He felt he was dying for the sin of slavery

How did slavery take away the rights of whites?

Written objections to slavery were banned in the South

By 1860, the economic investments represented by the slave population exceeded the value of the nation’s factories, railroads, and banks combined


George Fitzhugh, a Virginia writer, stated slavery was part of civilized society


Free blacks in New Orleans worked as craftsmen


Despite being forbidden by law to marry, may slaves were able to create a family life on the plantation


Overall, how did utopian societies and worldly communities perceive women?

Women needed to be treated as equals

How did utopian leaders differ from Henry David Thoreau?

Thoreau focused on the individual; utopian leaders emphasized the community

Why were most of the Utopian communities in the North?

The South had few churches

How did the Second Great Awakening influence American society?

It inspired some to combat the sins of society, such as slavery

What would John Winthrop most likely criticize about antebellum America?

Education reform

If the American Tract Society existed today, which of the following would anger this group?

Businesses opening on Sundays to run special advertised sales

Why did abolitionism’s focus move from a more gradual approach to calling for the immediate approach of ending slavery

Slavery was growing in the Deep South, so a different approach was needed

What was most significant about Theodore Weld’s argument concerning the sinfulness of slavery?

Ministers could preach that slavery was the devil’s work

Why could William Lloyd Garrison be seen as a more radical abolitionist than Fredrick Douglass?

Garrison saw the Constitution as evil

In his speech about the Fourth of July, how did Fredrick Douglass critique the founding of the United States?

The Declaration of Independence was a good starting point for principles of freedom

Which American Revolution ideology is best encapsulated in the Declaration of Sentiments?

Give me liberty or give me death

What was the greatest accomplishment of the abolitionists by 1840?

making slavery a prominent topic of conversation

The antebellum utopian communities were largely located in the upper south


The American Temperance Society directed its efforts at the drunkards but not the occasional drinker


In general, catholics supported the temperance movement


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