health week 7

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The ______ is the physical and social environment surrounding an individual’s drug use.

setting

Steven usually spent 1 hour in the gym 3 times and week, but recently he has been spending 3 hours a day 7 days a week working out. He has noticed that his back chronically hurts. Once Steven has finished his work out, he starts thinking about what he did not accomplish. This is an example of what type of behavior?

addictive behavior

Effects of marijuana include

dilation of blood vessels in the eyes.

Mike only thinks about how to get high, and when he is coming off his high he begins to think about his next high. Which type of behavior is he exhibiting?

compulsion

Which of the following products contains caffeine?

tea, headache remedies, cola – all of the above

All of the following are names for PCP EXCEPT

magic mushrooms

Psychoactive drugs change mood or behavior by acting on the

Brain

Which of the following drugs is NOT an opioid?

clonazepam

Possible effects of excessive or long-term use inhalants include of the following, EXCEPT

damage to the reproductive system.

Which of the following is NOT considered a behavior characteristic of substance abuse?

use in situations that are only physically safe

Antianxiety agents are also known as

tranquilizers.

A psychological risk factor for drug dependence is

difficulty controlling impulses.

Breathable chemical vapors produced by substances such as aerosol sprays are called

inhalants

Cocaine is introduced into the body fastest by

smoking

A shy person who drinks several alcoholic beverages at a party and becomes very loud and social is experiencing the effects of

intoxication

Which of the following drugs can induce tolerance after a couple of doses?

LSD

Which of the following are characteristics of a work-addicted individual?

neglect of other aspects of life, intense work schedule, inability to relax away from work – all of the above

The active component in marijuana is

THC

In terms of drug use, setting means the

social enviornment

Which of the following is a factor that determines how a person will respond to a particular drug?

general health, body mass, genetics – all of the above

"Ice" is a(n)

amphetamine.

The time-action function is the relationship between

when a drug is taken and the intensity of its effect.

Which of the following indicates the relationship between the amount of drug taken and the type and intensity of the resulting effect?

dose-response function

Which characteristic of addictive behavior indicates that an individual needs more and more of a particular substance?

escalation

Which of the following behaviors is NOT characteristic of drug dependence?

disinterest in regulating substance use

Which of the following statements about the Oxycontin is FALSE?

It is a powerful sedative found in pain relievers.

A common term for barbiturates is

downers

Which drug is most closely associated with flashbacks?

LSD

Which of the following traits is NOT part of the American Psychiatric Association’s definition of substance abuse?

failure to fulfill major responsibilities, continuing drug use despite social problems caused by use, recurrent drug-related legal issues – all of the above.

Evidence indicates that the most probable long-term effect of smoking marijuana is

damage to the respiratory system.

Heavy marijuana use during pregnancy may cause

impaired fetal growth and development.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, which of the following are characteristic behaviors of pathological gambling?

unsuccessful efforts to cut back or quit gambling, lying to family members to extent of gambling, preoccupation with gambling – all of above

Which of the following would NOT be considered a psychoactive drug?

aspirin

The effects of a drug depend on all of the following EXCEPT

the cost of the drug.

Jane frequently goes to dance clubs and raves with her friends. Which CNS depressant is often associated with these environments?

Rohypnol

The effects of cocaine are felt in

about 10 seconds if inhaled.

Which of the following is not typically associated with use of hallucinogens?

physical dependence

A key characteristic of drug dependence is

withdrawal.

Kristen used to smoke 3 to 5 cigarettes a day. Now for her to feel in control during the day, she has to smoke 18 cigarettes. What is she experiencing?

tolerance

The typical primary effects of central nervous system depressants include all of the following EXCEPT

euphoria

Consequences of heavy marijuana use may include all of the following EXCEPT

increased progesterone levels.

Which of the following drugs is not a hallucinogen?

methadone

Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for experimenting with drugs?

being an independent thinker

The best definition of a psychoactive drug is a drug that

alters a person’s experiences or consciousness.

Which of the following statements about addiction is FALSE?

Research suggests that addiction is caused by a single factor.

Responding to an inert substance as if it were an active drug is called

the placebo effect.

Amphetamines can do all of the following EXCEPT

improve complex thinking.

Carl is a junior in college. Over the past 12 months, he has spent his weekends drinking alcohol and playing poker. He does not drink on weekdays but occasionally uses speed if it is available to stay awake during the all-night poker games. He then takes Valium so that he can sleep during the day and be rested for the next night’s game. Carl’s friends are worried that Carl is hooked on drugs, but Carl claims that he has no problem with his drug use. Carl boasts that he can drink more beer now without becoming as intoxicated or having a hangover the next day than he could when he first came to college. He dismisses the risks associated with mixing alcohol with other drugs like Valium, stating that only people who don’t know what they are doing have problems. Carl attends his classes, although he has been missing the early Monday class, and his overall grade point average has dropped this semester.

alcohol tolerance.

John, 14, is somewhat small for his age and is often teased by his peers. He has recently become involved with a new peer group that is known to use alcohol and marijuana. What factor has probably had the most influence on John’s decision to become involved with drugs?

peer acceptance

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