Give Me Liberty Ch. 7

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Define "secular."

not pertaining to or connected with religion

In James Madison’s view in The Federalist, the "first object of government" is

the protection of property rights.

Which state was not eventually created from the region delimited by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?

NOT: Kentucky Was: Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin

The "father of the Constitution" was

James Madison

Initially—and until the Fourteenth Amendment (1868)—the rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Bill of Rights

applied only to the federal government and its laws, not to the states.

Which two states voted against ratification?

Rhode Island and North Carolina

The 1787 Northwest Ordinance prohibited

slavery.

In James Madison’s view in The Federalist, the nation’s large size both geographically and in terms of its population was

a source of stability.

Which of the following was not a feature of the new federal Constitution?

NOT: Congress was empowered to abolish slavery in the United States—but not before 1808. Was: 1. Unlike members of the House of Representatives, U.S. senators were not to be chosen directly by the people. 2. While states retained legislative powers, national legislation was now the "supreme law of the land." 3. A system of "checks and balances" was included to ensure that no branch of the federal government—executive, legislative, or judicial—could amass excessive power.

The costliest loss of human life suffered by the U.S. Army in warfare against Indians in American history, with 630 dead, occurred

in the Ohio Valley in an attack by the Miami Confederacy led by Little Turtle.

The plan at the Constitutional Convention that proposed creation of a bicameral legislature with representation in each house determined by each state’s population was

the Virginia Plan.

Which of the following was not an element of western policy under the Articles of Confederation?

NOT: procedures for the naturalization of Indians as American citizens Was: 1. the appropriation of large portions of Indian land 2. guidelines for the incorporation of western territories as states 3. a ban on the introduction of slavery in the Old Northwest

The U.S. Constitution

is a purely secular document that contains one reference to God and bars religious tests for federal officeholders.

The eighty-five essays published by "Publius" and gathered into a book in 1788 was entitled

The Federalist.

The U.S. Constitution provides that the President is to be elected

by an electoral college.

Who wrote, "The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants"?

Thomas Jefferson

Federalism refers to

the relationship between state and national governments.

Which of the following was not a significant difference between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists during the ratification debates?

NOT: Federalists were overwhelmingly northern; Anti-Federalists were overwhelmingly southern. Was: 1. Federalists appealed more to merchants, artisans, and commercially oriented landowners; Anti-Federalists appealed more to small farmers in areas remote from commercial markets. 2. Federalists believed that the clash of diverse interests in a large republic would enhance American freedom; Anti-Federalists did not. 3. Anti-Federalists saw centralized national authority as subversive of American freedom; Federalists did not.

What state had the largest free black population in 1790?

Virginia

Which of the following was not a key principle embedded in the Bill of Rights?

NOT: free public education Was: 1. freedom of speech, press, and assembly 2. religious freedom 3. protection of natural rights from government infringement

Which is not true of the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution?

NOT: They assert that presidents are to make declarations of war. Is: 1. Together they are called the Bill of Rights. 2. They prohibit Congress from making laws with regard to religion or infringing on freedom of speech. 3. They declare that rights not specifically mentioned in the Constitution are "retained by the people."

Which is not true of Anti-Federalists?

NOT: They were often financiers and others in cities and nearby rural areas. Is: 1. They opposed the Constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights. 2. Many were state politicians who feared that their power would diminish with the creation of a strong central government. 3. They were often small backcountry farmers.

Today the U.S. House of Representatives has 435 members, but initially it had

65 members.

One of the leading Federalist thinkers was

James Madison.

What state had the largest African-American population in 1790?

Virginia

Who, out of the following, helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris of 1783?

Benjamin Franklin

Shays’s Rebellion in late 1786 and early 1787 was a rebellion of

debt-ridden farmers who closed the courts in western Massachusetts.

Define "prohibited."

forbidden

Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had the power to

declare war.

What state had the largest slave population in 1790?

Virginia

Which was not a characteristic of the Articles of Confederation?

NOT: Each state had two votes in the upper chamber and votes in the lower chamber were proportionately distributed by population. Was: 1. to amend the articles required unanimity of all the states 2. The national government could not levy taxes or regulate commerce. 3. The national government could conduct wars and make treaties.

Under the rule of the U.S. Constitution, which remains in the hands of the states?

education

Which was not an attribute of the new nation?

NOT: The federal government made the laws and states enforced them Was: 1. a youthful population 2. literacy among white citizens 3. broad distribution of property ownership

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