Get Fit Stay Well Ch. 6

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1) Women need ________% essential fat for reproductive system-related fat deposits.

C) 12

2) ________ is defined as the relative amounts of lean and fat tissue in the human body.

A) Body composition

3) ________ is defined as the body’s total amount of fat-free tissue.

C) Lean body mass

4) The minimal amount of fat needed for normal physiological functions is defined as

C) essential fat.

5) Which of the following provides energy, insulation, and padding?

B) storage fat

6) Which of the following is true of storage fat?

A) Men and women have significantly different amounts of storage fat.

7) In comparing typical 20- to 24-year-old men and women, gender variations in body composition are found primarily in ________ and ________.

B) muscle; essential fat

8) From the mid-1970s to 2010, the number of overweight children and adolescents

B) increased by 12%.

9) What would cause a beginning exerciser to experience weight gain without an accompanied increase in storage fat?

A) an increase in muscle tissue

10) Your friend Joe would like to know his BMI. He is 6′ 3" (1.905 m) and his weight is 250 lbs (113.4 kg). What is his BMI (kg/m2)?

C) 31.2

11) A disease risk assessment using height and weight is


12) A BMI of 30 or higher is classified as

D) obese.

13) A BMI between 25 and 29.9 is classified as

C) overweight.

14) Your roommate is 5′ 1" (1.5 m) and weighs 100 lbs (45.5 kg). What BMI (kg/m2) category would she be in?

A) normal weight

15) BMIs in ________ and ________ ranges are associated with increased risk for premature death and disease.

D) extremely high; extremely low

16) Which of the following is a limitation of BMI?

A) It doesn’t differentiate between fat and lean tissue.

17) Waist circumference is a measurement that assesses potential risk for disease based on ________ fat.

C) abdominal

18) ________ and ________ put an individual at greatest risk for cardiovascular disease.

B) A high BMI; a high waist circumference

19) Waist-to-hip ratio is calculated by

C) waist circumference divided by hip circumference.

20) Your brother has a waist circumference of 33" and a hip circumference of 40". What is his waist-to-hip ratio?

B) 0.825

21) Which of the following is the best assessment for indicating disease risk?

B) waist circumference

22) People with android fat distribution carry more fat around their

B) stomach.

23) Which waist-to-hip ratio is an indicator of high risk in young women?

B) 0.82 or more

24) A person with gynoid pattern obesity would most likely carry excess body fat in which area? D) hips

25) Adipose tissue that surrounds organs in the abdomen is known as

D) visceral fat.

26) Which of the following is the most accurate method of estimating body composition?

C) hydrostatic weighing

27) Which of the following techniques is considered the "gold standard" for assessing body fat percentage?


28) Which method of body composition assessment uses low-dose beams of X-ray energy to measure total fat mass, fat distribution pattern, and bone density?


29) Which of the following skinfold sites is used to measure body fat in females?

B) thigh

30) Skinfold measurements have what range of error in predicting percent body fat?

D) 3-4%

31) Skinfold thickness is measured with a

A) caliper.

32) Which of the following conditions would make hydrostatic weighing most difficult for the subject?

A) if the subject is excessively lean

33) Which of the following is a disadvantage of DXA?

C) cost

34) Hydrostatic weighing is a body composition technique that utilizes

A) water displacement.

35) Which method of body composition assessment calculates body volume from the air displaced by an individual sitting inside a small chamber?

A) Bod Pod

36) Which of the following best illustrates the principle of water displacement?

C) Denser objects sink while lighter objects float.

37) Which of the following techniques of body composition assessment is most similar in concept to hydrostatic weighing?

A) air displacement

38) Bioelectrical impedance is based on the principle that

B) lean tissue is a better conductor of an electrical current than fat tissue.

39) Max climbs into a Bod Pod at the football training camp to have his body composition assessed. What method does the Bod Pod use to calculate estimated percent body fat?

C) air displacement

40) The range of error for a bioelectrical impedance (BIA) in measuring body composition is

C) 3-4%.

41) Quick weight loss results in a loss of

A) water.

42) When setting goals for achieving a healthy body composition, it is a good idea to

D) choose a target weight that is healthy and that you can maintain for a lifetime.

43) Which of the following assessment techniques may be monitored weekly to track progress in meeting body composition goals?

A) body weight

44) Jessie is trying to meet a healthy body composition goal. How often should Jessie have his BMI reassessed?

D) once a month or less

45) Which of the following is associated with the unhealthy "female athlete triad"?

A) disordered eating

46) Which of the following groups are at greatest risk for the female athlete triad?

C) gymnasts

47) The self-esteem and body composition disorder in which men who are of normal weight and even unusually muscular think that they are "puny" is which of the following?

B) muscle dysmorphia

48) Kim is a college soccer player. Her training coach assessed her body composition using skinfold thickness. She had 15% body fat. This percentage body fat is classified as

A) athletic/low.

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