Family and Peer Reltionships

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Any group of individuals, usually consisting of an adult or adults who care for children.

Domestic Violence

Any abuse, violence, or threatening act inflicted by one family member on another.


The individual who is affected in a negative way from the abuse.

Describe the differences between the honeymoon phase, tension phase, and violence phase of domestic abuse.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The honeymoon phase is the phase when the abuser apologizes and promises that it will never happen again. The apology can be accompanied by excuses for behavior or gifts from the abuser. The tension phase is the stage where tensions are building and emotions peak. The violence phase is when physical abuse, such as hitting or choking, occurs or when verbal abuse peaks.

The honeymoon phase in abuse is __________.

the reason most couples stay together

Explain who can be a victim of abuse and how to prevent it.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Anyone can be a victim of abuse. The best way to resist abuse is to remember the three Rs: recognize, resist, report. One step to stop abuse is to recognize what abuse is. It is important to stay away from the abuser. Finally, report it to local authorities or authorized school personnel.

Define the term family and describe two different types of families.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Any group of individuals can be a family. Generally a family consists of an adult or adults that care for children. Different types of families include single parents, two-parent, extended, adoptive, foster, and blended.

Depriving children of food and water is considered neglect.


Victims can report abuse by __________.

calling 9-1-1 telling a teacher reporting it to trained school personnel

How do families develop strong foundations?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Families develop strong foundations by respecting one another, being committed to one another, loving one another, and communicating.

What are three ways family members positively cope with change?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: It is important to talk about your problems with friends, family members, or school counselors. It is also beneficial to help out others. Being supportive and lending an extra hand can show family members that you care. It is also important to learn to cope with change by being resilient and bouncing back.

Men always do the abusing in a relationship.


Giving space and respecting privacy are two ways to build a healthy family relationship.


If you are resilient, then you have the ability to __________.

spring back from difficult experiences

All of the following are attributes of building healthy family relationships EXCEPT:

holding in anger and not expressing feelings

Children learn to resolve conflicts from surrounding adults.


The lack of proper communication between caregivers and doctors helps to reduce family stress.


Only women and children can be victims of domestic violence.


Hitting, shaking, biting, and burning are all types of __________ abuse.


In general, a family can be defined as a group of __________.

individuals that care, respect, and love each other

Activities that can help reduce the stress level in a family include __________.

exercising, reading, going for a walk

Which statement is most accurate about abuse?

Abuse is never the victim’s fault.

Helping others with their problems shows your family that you care.



A connection that exists between groups or people that interact.


A person with whom you have things in common; considered an equal.


A person with whom you have a close relationship, with whom you interact socially and/or whom you know and like.


A close group of friends, usually with similar backgrounds or tastes, that exclude people seen as outsiders.

A peer is someone that is considered your superior and knows more than you.


How does working together strengthen a friendship?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: It helps to develop and strengthen common goals. Working together strengthens the bonds among friends and provides a sense of support. When people share the same interests, it also promotes a sense of belonging.

Compare and contrast a casual friendship with a close friendship.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: A casual friendship is one that may come and go. They benefit each individual because they explore different points of view, learn to respect differences, and determine whether or not to be a leader or follower. A close friendship may have started as a casual friendship but transitioned when a deeper bond was formed. A friend is a person that you go to when expressing your emotions. Friends help reduce stressors, increase happiness, and provide support when it’s needed.

Offering guidance, using good judgment, and knowing when to get help are all aspects of __________.

a Leader

Supporting one another in friendship means that you __________.

share trust with your friend and stand by one another in good and challenging times

All of the following are steps to resolving a conflict EXCEPT:

keeping the issue to yourself

Your friend gets chosen to play on the school soccer team, but you do not. As a result, you begin to feel jealous. What might a jealous reaction be toward your friend if it is not controlled? What is a healthier way of reacting?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The healthy way of reacting would be to attempt to feel pride for your friend, congratulate your friend, and ask your friend to work with you on your skills so that next time you can make the team. The jealous reaction would be to get angry at your friend and not talk to him or her, start rumors about him or her having cheated, etc.

A relationship __________.

consists of a connection between individuals or groups that interact

Why is a gang considered an unlikely place to develop healthy friendships?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Individuals often join gangs in order to feel supported or included by peers, often believing it may be a good place to find friends. However, a healthy friendship is one in which a friend would not ask you to do something that you do not want to do. Gangs are often involved in severe forms of bullying and illegal behavior and often attempt to solve conflicts through violent methods. Those involved in gangs often feel pressured to take part in the violence. A healthy friendship is unlikely to form within this atmosphere.

Why is confronting a friend in anger not always a good way to react?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Although it is normal to have conflicts with friends, it is not healthy to get angry over a simple disagreement. Anger can cause damage to a friendship, can have counterproductive results, can break up the relationship, can hurt feelings, etc.

Casual friendships are important as they provide an opportunity to learn new things.


A clique is a group of __________.

close friends that do not let others into their circle easily

When you know someone and like that person, he or she is considered a peer.


You should never get upset at friends because it isn’t normal to get mad at them.


A true friend would never put you in danger or ask you to do something with which you are not comfortable.


Showing leadership with friends is telling your friends what to do.


Friendships between a male and a female are completely healthy and normal.


A __________ friendship is one that allows you to express your emotions and increases happiness.


Making friends can take time and be difficult, but the benefits are many.


Why are friends important?

Friends are fun to have around and provide stability, companionship and advice, teach loyalty and conflict resolution

Peer pressure

The influence that people your age may have on you; the feeling that you should do or like something because others do.

Active peer pressure

When someone tries to directly persuade you to do something.

Passive Peer Pressure

When someone is swayed to do something simply because others are doing it.

Refusal skills

A strategy of communication that helps individuals avoid participating in unsafe or risky behavior.

Compare and contrast the differences between active peer pressure and passive peer pressure.

Active peer pressure is when others try to persuade you to do something you do not want to do. This includes persuading, teasing, bribing, putting others down, and threats. Passive peer pressure is similar to active because you are being swayed to do something you do not want to do; however, it does not involve manipulating or persuading. It is more subtle.

It is best to say "no" apologetically than to say it in a firm tone.


Why do people give in to negative peer pressure?

People don’t want to be made fun or or be rejects.

If you are in a situation and asked to do something that goes against your values and beliefs, what should you do to avoid the pressure?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: When put in a position that is against your core values, it is best to leave, change the subject, or ignore the suggestion.

The only disadvantage of negative peer pressure is having questionable friendships.


Your friend gets to school wearing an outfit straight from the pages of a recent fashion magazine. He says he is dressing like the famous actors in the magazine. His pants are stark-white, he has an open-collared shirt, and preppy shoes. This is an example of what type of peer pressure?

passive peer pressure

The BEST way to refuse an offer to smoke or do drugs is to __________.

Firmly say "no"

The BEST way to avoid negative peer pressure is to __________.

hang out with friends that share your values and support you

Situations where negative peer pressure is commonly felt include all of the following EXCEPT:

studying in a group for a test

How do people commonly divert the pressure from themselves?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: They often blame someone else for something they did. They can also give a reason for why they can or cannot do something. They also make excuses.

Refusal skills should protect your dignity, self-esteem, and values.


Active peer pressure involves all of the following EXCEPT:

famous people

"I don’t smoke because my mom would ground me," is an example of diverting the pressure.


Peers are anyone around your same age range.


Which is an example of peer pressure?

a teammate wanting you to play even though your doctor advised you to wait

Negative peer pressure can lead to __________.

questionable friendship, harmful experiences, discouragement

Which of the following is NOT a way to refuse with confidence?

Be wishy-washy and yell

Teens often give in to negative peer pressure because they want to be accepted and may feel awkward.


Being pressured to do something harmful or against your will is a form of negative peer pressure.


Why is walking away a refusal skill that doesn’t always work?

You may not be able to run away in some situations .


The activity of going out regularly with somebody as a social or romantic partner.

What negative social implications might early sexual intercourse have for teens?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Sexual intercourse can have many negative social implications for a teen. For starters, it can harm a teenager’s relationship with his or her parents because the boundary of trust has been breached. It can damage a teen’s reputation and can also complicate future romantic relationships.

Explain some steps you can take to help abstain from early sexual activity.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: There are several strategies one can use to help abstain from early sexual activity. Some of the strategies include dating someone who shares the same values, going on group dates, and being honest with your partner about your feelings. It is also important to remember that you always have the option to say "No" and that you shouldn’t feel obligated to have sex.

Which statement is NOT true about sexual activity and new relationships?

Sexual activity poses no emotional or physical risk as long as the partners use protection.

Describe what the legal ramifications are for having sexual relations with minors.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Having sex with someone under the legal age is against the law. It can lead to rape charges and can cause the individual to be labeled as a sex offender. The age of consent is different in each state and parents cannot override the law.

Which statement is NOT true concerning the emotional effects influenced by early sexual activity?

A teen will never regret engaging in sexual activity.

The pressure of a new relationship may include all of the following EXCEPT:

hormone therapy

You are in a healthy dating relationship if you isolate yourself from other people to be with your newfound partner.


Compare and contrast characteristics of healthy versus unhealthy relationships.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: A healthy relationship is based on trust and honesty. In a healthy relationship, partners practice mutual respect, make decisions together, and share their thoughts and emotions. In an unhealthy relationship, a partner may be controlling and possessive. The relationship may feel burdensome and/or be too much to handle. An unhealthy relationship can also lower a person’s self-esteem and make a person feel bad about him or herself.

It is acceptable to change your personality if you want the relationship to last.


What are the warning signs of an abusive relationship?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The warning signs of an unhealthy and abusive relationship include being mean, disrespectful, violent, possessive, and angry.

Which statement is most correct about dating?

You should compromise on behaviors that are not core to your happiness.

Teenage sexual activity may have __________.

legal ramifications if a minor is involved, negative emotional effects, negative social effects

It is vital to spend all of your free time with your new dating partner.


Over 4 million teens contract sexually transmitted infections every year.


__________ is a characteristic of an unhealthy relationship.


Possession, anger, and disrespect are all considered elements of an abusive relationship.


Studies show that over 2 million teenagers become pregnant every year.


Which of the following statements is false: "An unplanned pregnancy can __________."

decrease the risk of getting pregnant again

Which sentence is TRUE about having sexual intercourse with a minor?

Sex with a minor can lead to rape charges.

Which sentence is TRUE about abstaining from sex?

A teenager should never be afraid to say, "No."

Resiliency is a part of a person’s personality; it can not be learned.


Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman to

criticize society’s view of women.

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