Ex- – Romantic Period Assessment,

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The following piano sonata was composed by one of the first female virtuoso performers. Identify this composer.
[player 2:35]

Clara Wieck Schumann

The following difficult piece for the violin was written by one of the few musicians of the time who could play it. Identify this composer.
[player 1:55]


According to the text, the Traditionalists were composers of the Romantic era who:

Held reverence for the music of the masters

According to the text, which of the following are Post-Romantic composers?

Rachmaninoff and Holst

An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is:


Who was NOT a nationalist composer?


Which of the following excerpts features frequently changing tempos?
[player :40]

Excerpt B

Which of the following was not a member of the Five?

Pyotr Tchaikovksy

Which of the following was NOT known as a composer of choral music?


Which one of these composers was considered a national hero in his homeland?

Jean Sibelius

The melody in this composition is representative of Romantic music because it:
[player :34]

Is long, flowing, and lyrical

The composer pictured above, an international artist of Hungarian heritage, decided to become a technical wizard at the keyboard after hearing Paganini playing the violin. What is his name?


Which of the following excerpts is most likely a composition by Paganini?
[player :24]

Excerpt C

During the Romantic period, choral music enjoyed its highest popularity since the Renaissance period.


The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer’s name?
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The dynamics of this excerpt indicate that it was composed in the Romantic period because:
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Dynamics range from extreme soft to very loud

From the following composers, select the one that best understood the intrinsic nature and potential of the piano as an expressive instrument:

Frédéric Chopin

The following choral work, based on the German Bible, was written by:
[player 7:09]


An important artistic product of the Romantic period was:

Vincent van Gogh’s paintings

Which of the following composers, upon arriving in Paris in 1831, quickly became closely associated with the most prominent intellectuals, artists, musicians, political activists, and financiers of his day, thus launching his career?

Frédéric Chopin

Which one of the following is not a general characteristic of Romantic music:

Compositions were based on logic and controlled feelings.

According to the text, art of the Romantic period valued emotional restraint and clarity of form.


In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period…

Gave full expression to a wide range of feelings, dreams, and the heroic human potential.

This excerpt is representative of Romantic music because…
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It expresses strong emotion through extreme loud and soft dynamics, wide pitch ranges, and a variety of timbres.

The following excerpt is from Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude.
[player :15]


Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period?

Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs.

Which of the following is not a composer from the Romantic period?

Eugene Delacroix

Which of the following statements best characterizes the "mood" of the Romantic period?

Rules and logic are less important that the free expression of human feelings. Humans can only "fully become" by exploring their inner feelings.

The Five was a group of nationalist composers who sought to incorporate elements of ______________ in their work.

Russian music

The following selection is from Berlioz’s Symphony Fantastique.
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The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:

Franz Schubert

During the Romantic period, most composers were:

Independent business persons, earning their living by performing music, writing music for specific occasions and commissions, and collecting royalties on published music.

The dance-like characteristics of the following piece indicate that it was written by:
[player :22]


According to the text, Romantic composers abandoned the principles of unity and variety in pursuit of more innovative and expressive sounds.


According to the text, composers of the Romantic period were reluctant to stray from the seven tones of the traditional scale (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, G).


Which of the following is an example of increasing tempo (accelerando), and the increasing excitement that goes with it?
[player :52]

Excerpt D

This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is:

Johann Strauss Jr.

Changes in tempo were rarely found in music of the Romantic period, in keeping with Classical period values.


Notes that don’t belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations.


Which of the following composers envisioned operas as "musical dramas"—a combination of all the arts?


According to the text, which of the following is NOT considered a form of program music?


The course places the Romantic period in music between the years:

1820 – 1910

A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is:

Richard Wagner

Romantic Period


romantic rhythm

extremely diverse and tempos are flexible

Romantic Dynamics

changes can be sudden or gradual with extremely wide ranges

tone color

wide range of expressive tone color and sensous sound

romantic melody

long complex, and highly expressive

chromatic harmony

harmony utilizing chords built on the five chromatic notes of the scale in addition to the seven diatonic ones; produces rich harmonies


used more freely in the romantic period

Romantic Texture

-predominantly homophonic -dense and rich

romantic form

Expansion of forms and interest in continuous as well as miniature programmatic forms

the romantic composer

independent, working class, studied philanthropic studies,

art song

a composition for solo voice and piano

art song theme

nature, legends, love

song cycle

a collection of several songs united by a common textual theme or literary idea

Franz Schubert


schubert music

composed over 170 songs, 2 symphonies, an opera, and a mass by 20

schubert most famous

unfinished symphony

Schubert most famous lieder



German art songs

Robert Schumann


Schumanns goal

becoming a virtuoso pianist

Schumanns weakness

his right hand due to some illness

Married Clara Wieck


Schumanns first musical pieces were

for the piano

Fredrick Chopin


Chopin wrote for


where did Chopin play


franz list


franz list was considered

the best pianist of all time

list quit performing at 19

to study the piano

handsome and irresistible to women

franz list

list piano compositions

were sometimes so difficult that only he could play them

list created a new form


Felix Mendlessohn



wrote all music forms except opera

A Midsummer Night’s Dream


program music

instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene

program music imitated

sounds from nature or everyday life


A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country

influenced music

composers deliberately gave their music distinctive national identity

program symphony

a symphony with the usual three, four, or five movements in which the individual movements together tell a tale or depict a succession of specific events or scenes

concert overture

a piece of music in the style of an overture modeled after an opera but intended for independent performance.

symphonic poem/tone poem

Programmatic composition for orchestra in one movement, which may have a traditional form (such as sonata or rondo) or an original, irregular form.

incidental music

music intended to be performed before and during a play, setting the mood for the drama

Smetana: The Moldau

A nationalistic tone poem that portrays the programmatic images of a Czech river.

Peter llyich Tchaikovsky



The most famous Russian composer

famous Tchaikovsky music

nutcracker, swan lake, sleeping beauty

1812 Overture

celebrates Russias victory over France

Johann Brahms


Clara wieks bestfriend and potential lover

Johann Brahms

Brahms music

wrote in all forms except opera, did not invent new forms, 4 symphonies, over 200 art songs,

A German Requiem

Sacred choral work Johannes Brahms 1868

Giuseppe Verdi


verdi songs

Rigoletto, IL Trovatore

Giacomo Puccini


Puccini tried to. make operas

understandable and easy for the common people

Puccini compositions

la bohemeur, tosca, madame butterfly, turandot

Richard Wagner


who influenced Wagner


Wagner lived a hard life

dueled, drank, gambled

Wagner wanted to be a

playwright and poet


a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.

The Ring of the Nibelung


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