Everfi Module 9- Investing

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Retirement Plan

A plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement


A retirement account offered through an employer, where an employee can contribute money from his or her paycheck before or after taxes.


The act of committing money or capital to an endeavor with the expectation of obtaining an additional income or profit.

Stock exchange

A business organization that accommodates the buying and selling of securities.


A certificate representing a promise to pay a definite amount of money at a stated interest rate on a specified due date.

Mutual Fund

Money from many investors is used to invest in a variety of companies; allows investors to spread out their risk among many investments.


Profits paid to stockholders as a return on their investment.

York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

A stock exchange based in New York City, which is considered the largest equities-based exchange in the world based on total market capitalization of its listed securities.

Growth Stock

Shares in a company whose earnings are expected to grow at an above-average rate relative to the market. Growing companies, more risk & higher PE ratio.


This global electronic marketplace for buying and selling securities was created by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) to enable investors to trade securities on a computerized, speedy and transparent system, and commenced operations on February 8, 1971 and is located in New York.

Dow Jones Industrial Average

A measure of stock market prices based on thirty leading companies of the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Comprised of 30 stocks.

Bear Market

Occurs when investors are pessimistic about the economy; prices of securities are falling for a long period of time.

Bull Market

Occurs when investors are optimistic about the economy; prices of securities are rising for a long period of time.


A general increase in the value of property or investment that occurs over time.

Capital gain

A stock that increases in value and is then sold for more than its original cost.

Capital Loss

A stock decreases in value and is then sold for less than its original cost.

Certificate of Deposit

A savings plan that requires funds to be left on deposit for a specific period of time; higher interest rate than savings accounts; penalties for early withdrawal.


Items of personal interest to collectors that can increase in value in the future; ancient coins, works of art or classic cars are examples.

Common Stock

General ownership in a corporation and a right to share in its profits; one vote per share owned; able to attend shareholders meeting.

Compound Interest

Interest computed on the amount saved plus the interest previously earned.

Face Value

The amount being borrowed by the corporation issuing the bond.

Market Value

The price at which a share of stock can be bought and sold in the stock market.

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