EMT Chapter 5- Medical Terminology

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"Chondro" in the word chondritis means:
A. Cartilage
B. Tendon
C. Joint
D. Rib

A. Cartilage

"Gastro" in the word "gastroenteritis" means:
A. bowel
B. tongue
C. intestine
D. stomach

D. Stomach

"Myo" in the word myocarditis means:
A. Muscle
B. Vein
C. Bone
D. Cartilage

A. Muscle

After applying a tourniquet, the injury from a patient’s leg stops bleeding. This is called:
A. Hemostasis
B. Hematemesis
C. Hemiplegia
D. Hemolysis

A. Hemostasis

An intoxicated 40-year-old male is found lying face down. How would you document his body’s position?
A. Dorsal
B. Prone
C. Recumbent
D. Supine

B. Prone

The meaning "around" can have which of the following prefixes?
A. "epi-" and "sub-"
B. "sub-" and "infra-"
C. "peri-" and "circum-"
D. "infra-" and "peri-"

C. "peri-" and "circum-"

The root "melan/o" means:
A. gray.
B. white.
C. black.
D. red.

C. black.

The suffix "-pathy" means:
A. study of.
B. disease.
C. specialist.
D. enlargement.

B. disease.

The term "pericardiocentesis" means:
A. Narrowing of the arteries supplying the heart.
B. A surgical opening made in the heart.
C. Surgical repair of the sac around the heart.
D. The removal of fluid from around the heart.

D. The removal of fluid from around the heart.

The topographic term used to describe the location of body parts that are closer toward the mid-line of the body is:
A. midaxillary.
B. lateral.
C. midclavicular.
D. medial.

D. medial.

You are transporting a 67-year-old female patient to the hospital for investigation of abdominal pain. The patient care record indicates that the patient has a history of AAA. Based on this information, the patient care record includes an abbreviation for:
A. against ambulance advice.
B. abdominal aortic aneurysm.
C. acute abdominal aneurysm .
D. acute abdominal assessment.

B. abdominal aortic aneurysm.

You are transporting to a 66-year-old patient with a history of heart problems. The patient chart indicates that he has hepatomegaly. The root of the term indicates that:
A. the problem is with the patient’s liver.
B. the problem is a direct consequence of the patient’s heart disease.
C. the problem is unrelated to the patient’s heart condition.
D. the organ involved is enlarged.

A. the problem is with the patient’s liver.

Which of the following components of a medical term conveys its essential meaning?
A. Prefix
B. Suffix
C. Word root
D. Combining vowels

C. Word root

Prefixes can indicate:
A. color.
B. conditions.
C. body parts.
D. procedures.

A. color.

The plural form of the word bronchus is:
A. bronchae.
B. bronches.
C. bronchices.
D. bronchi.

D. bronchi.

The statement, "the lungs are superior to the bladder" indicates that the lungs are closer to the:
A. feet.
B. surface of the skin.
C. head.
D. trunk.

C. head.

Movement of the arm toward mid-line is referred to as:
A. flexion.
B. extension.
C. adduction.
D. abduction.

C. adduction.

A body part that lies closer to the mid-line when compared to another is considered to be:
A. medial.
B. distal.
C. lateral.
D. proximal.

A. medial.

This is used to identify a body part that is on the "belly side" or anterior surface of the body.
A. Deep
B. Superficial
C. Dorsal
D. Ventral

D. Ventral

You place a patient in the semi-Fowler’s position for transport. This means the patient is:
A. lying on his or her back.
B. lying on his or her stomach.
C. sitting at a 45-degree angle.
D. sitting at a 90-degree angle.

C. sitting at a 45-degree angle.

A laceration located on the plantar surface is on the:
A. sole of the foot.
B. palm of the hand.
C. back of the body.
D. front of the body.

A. sole of the foot.

When using abbreviations, acronyms, or symbols, an EMT should:
A. be familiar with those used in your agency.
B. use only those that are medically accepted.
C. use them to shorten documentation.
D. All of the above.

D. All of the above.

A 5-year-old boy has fallen and has a severe deformity of the forearm near the wrist. He has possibly sustained a fracture of the ____________ forearm.
A. proximal
B. superior
C. distal
D. dorsal

C. distal

A diabetic patient has polydipsia. This means that she:
A. has low blood sugar.
B. urinates frequently.
C. is unable to swallow.
D. is excessively thirsty.

D. is excessively thirsty.

A patient has fractured both femurs. Anatomically, these injuries would be described as being:
A. bilateral.
B. proximal.
C. medial.
D. unilateral.

A. bilateral.

EMT’s should have a strong working knowledge of medical terminology in order to:
A. determine and document more accurate patient diagnoses.
B. communicate effectively with other members of the health care team.
C. perform and document more accurate patient assessments.
D. more clearly explain to patients the nature of their condition.

B. communicate effectively with other members of the health care team.

In relation to the chest, the back is:
A. anterior.
B. posterior.
C. ventral.
D. inferior.

B. posterior.

The ___________ of the heart is the inferior portion of the ventricles.
A. dorsum
B. apex
C. septum
D. base

B. apex

Which of the following suffixes mean "pertaining to"?
A. "-al" and "-ic"
B. "-ology" and "-oma"
C. "-ic" and "-ology"
D. "-al" and "-ology"

A. "-al" and "-ic"

Which of the following suffixes mean "two"?
A. "dipl-" and "bi-"
B. "bi-" and "null-"
C. "primi-" and "bi-"
D. "primi-" and "dipl-"

A. "dipl-" and "bi-"

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