Developing Leading Marines

We obtain our values through the influence of our ________, ________, and ________ with earlier experiences having more of an effect than later experiences.

Parents, teachers, and peers

Attitudes are not as deeply held as values.

True

CATEGORIES

Values are organized into the following five categories: •Political values •Social values •Personal values •Economic values •Religious values

CHARACTER

Our character is defined by "...the commitment to an admirable set of values, and the courage to manifest those values in one's life, no matter the cost in terms of personal success or popularity." (Sorely, 1989)

VALUES AND LEADERSHIP

If a Marine is left without any guidance or supervision, then personal values will determine what that Marine will or will not do. Leaders must provide guidance and supervision to inspire and reinforce organizational values to have an effect on the behavior of our Marines.

IDENTIFYING WITH PEERS VICE UNIT

When there is a breakdown in vertical cohesion within the parent command, Marines only identify with their peers and not with their unit. Marines in a group or section are only loyal to those Marines within the immediate group.

IMPACT ON UNIT SUCCESS

Some Marines fail to make the connection between group objectives and command mission. Failing to understand the impact they have on the operation of the unit causes a disassociation from the unit and the Marine Corps.

INSUFFICIENT CHALLENGES

Many Marines joined the Corps to be challenged to the fullest extent of their capabilities. Disillusionment occurs if their units have low individual expectations.

INEFFECTIVE MENTORS

When new Marines check into a unit, they are looking to others to confirm accepted behaviors. Without a proper mentor, a Marine may choose a negative role model simply because of a dominant personality.

LACK OF MARINE CORPS STANDARDS

A witnessed deviation from, and a lack of adherence to, required standards leaves a negative opinion of both the command and the leadership. If Marines are continually exposed to such an environment, their standards will begin to suffer as their expectations and sense of accomplishment dwindle.

INSUFFICIENT DISCIPLINE

Discipline is degraded when commands relax standards, whether traditional customs or published regulations. All Marines are responsible for and capable of enforcing good discipline.

CONFLICT RESOLUTION

The best and most important way to resolve conflicting values is through leadership by example.

A Marine's sense of pride in who they are stems from a dedication to our ________.

Organizational values

As a leader, it is your job to sustain organizational values, set the example, and guide the way for new Marines.

true

As much as anything, our ________ set us apart.

Core values

Marine Corps core values increase our readiness by providing a ________.

Foundation for teams to function more effectively

Honor includes personal qualities of ________.

Dedication, trust, and dependability

MENTAL COURAGE

Just before the Battle of Thermoplyae, a Spartan warrior named Dienekes was told that the Persian archers could blank out the sun with their arrows. He replied "Good, then we shall have our battle in the shade." Spartans were mentally prepared for war from a young age.

MORAL COURAGE

In 1968, CWO Hugh Thompson was flying a support mission over My Lai when he realized something was terribly wrong. U.S. soldiers were slaughtering hundreds of unarmed civilians. With great moral courage Thompson landed his helicopter between the U.S. soldiers and the villagers and ordered his crew to train their weapons on the U.S. troops. He rescued 16 civilians calling in additional helicopter support to evacuate them. He would later report the incident to his chain of command.

PHYSICAL COURAGE

In early 2004 while serving on the Iraqi border with Syria, Jason Dunham's platoon was checking vehicles in conjunction with an attack on their PSD element. One of the drivers became combative, and Jason was engaged in hand-to-hand combat when the driver dropped an armed grenade in the midst of the Marines. Jason covered the grenade with his own helmet and used himself to shield his platoon members. This great physical courage saved the lives of those closest to him.

TRAINING AND COURAGE

Courage is not a chance gift of nature. It is developed through hard realistic training and unit cohesion that brings about a special bond amongst its members.

Courage is the uncompromising code of integrity to respect human dignity and value others.

false

What is the importance of our core values of honor, courage, and commitment?

They give strength, influence attitudes, and regulate behaviors.

The bedrock of a Marine's character is _______.

Honor

The Marine Corps philosophy of leadership is characterized by ________.

The belief that leadership qualities can be developed within the individual Marine

Which of the following are desired leadership qualities established by the Marine Corps philosophy of leadership? Select all that apply

Inspirational example Technical proficiency Moral responsibility

The objective of Marine Corps leadership is to develop ________.

Leadership qualities of Marines, enabling them to assume progressively greater responsibilities in the Marine Corps and in society

The four most common styles of leadership are ________.

Telling, selling, participating, and delegating

In the ________ style of leadership, the leader may discuss alternate solutions, but ultimately makes the decision themselves.

Participating

The one common thread among great leaders is the ability to read people and select the leadership style that best communicates orders.

True

Which leadership trait is achieved by weighing the pros and cons accordingly to arrive at an appropriate decision?

Judgment

________ permits a senior to assign a task with the understanding that it will be accomplished with minimum supervision.

Dependability

The leadership trait ________ involves impeccable personal appearance.

bearing

KNOW YOURSELF AND SEEK SELF-IMPROVEMENT

Evaluate yourself by using the leadership traits to determine your strengths and weaknesses. Then simply utilize your strengths and improve your weaknesses.

BE TECHNICALLY AND TACTICALLY PROFICIENT

As a Marine, you must demonstrate your ability to accomplish the mission, and to do this you must be capable of answering questions and demonstrating competence in your MOS as well as in the profession of arms.

DEVELOP A SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY AMONG SUBORDINATES

Assigning tasks and delegating the authority to accomplish tasks promotes mutual confidence and respect between the leader and subordinates. It also encourages initiative and cooperation in the accomplishment of unit tasks.

MAKE SOUND AND TIMELY DECISIONS

Hesitation or a reluctance to make a decision leads subordinates to lose confidence in your abilities as a leader.

SET THE EXAMPLE

As a leader of Marines, your duty is to set the standard by personal example.

KNOW YOUR MARINES AND LOOK OUT FOR THEIR WELFARE

Knowledge of your Marines' personalities will enable you, as the leader, to decide how to best handle each Marine and determine when more supervision is needed.

KEEP YOUR MARINES INFORMED

Informing your Marines of the situation makes them feel that they are a part of the team and not just a cog in the wheel.

SEEK AND TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR ACTIONS

Seeking responsibilities also means that you take responsibility for your actions.

ENSURE ASSIGNED TASKS ARE UNDERSTOOD, SUPERVISED, AND ACCOMPLISHED

Supervision is essential! Without supervision you cannot know if the assigned task is being properly accomplished.

TRAIN YOUR MARINES AS A TEAM

...

EMPLOY YOUR COMMAND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITS CAPABILITIES

...

Leadership traits develop ________, and leadership principles develop ________.

Personal qualities, leadership abilities

Which leadership principle promotes efficiency and morale by making Marines feel that they are part of the team?

Keep your Marines informed.

Which leadership principle can be developed by service schools, preparing yourself for the job requirements of the next higher rank, and independent research?

Be technically and tactically proficient.

Which of the following are methods to develop the Marine Corps leadership principle to know your Marines and look out for their welfare?

Be visible and approachable.,Enforce good hygiene and sanitation.,Correct grievances and remove discontent.

The leadership trait ________ is the essence of leadership.

Unselfishness

The ability to read people and select the leadership style that best communicates orders is the ________.

Common thread among great leaders

The belief that leadership qualities can be developed within the individual Marine by Marine leaders characterizes ________.

The Marine Corps leadership philosophy

Which of the following documents contain the basis for our professional ethics? Select all that apply.

ucmj code of conduct oath

A member of the profession of arms who protects the value of life, at great physical and emotional risk to themselves, is a/an ________.

Ethical warrior

Which term associated with ethical leadership is concerned with the principles of right and wrong in relation to human action and character?

Morals

Which term is associated with ethical leadership and includes clarifying misunderstandings?

Honesty

Documents that are the basis for our professional ethics include ________.

Code of conduct,UCMJ

Identify the traditional Marine Corps ethics from the list below. Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Marines take care of their own.,Marines refrain from public displays of affection while in uniform.

Which small unit leader guidelines set the leader and subordinate up for success in ethical behavior? Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Inform subordinates of expected standards.,Enforce institutional and organizational standards.,Issue clear orders.

During which stage of team development is there a high dependence on the leader for guidance and direction as there will be little agreement on team goals outside of those established by the leader?

Forming

Characteristics of a high performance team include which of the following?

Correct answer: Constructive criticism and mutual trust

Which dimension of cohesion is also known as peer bonding?

Correct answer: Horizontal cohesion

A good reputation among other units and care of equipment and weapons is an indicator of ________.

Correct answer: Esprit de corps

To foster and maintain esprit de corps and unit cohesion, the small unit leader should ________. Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Properly indoctrinate Marines.,Embody the spirit you wish to see.,Develop a winning attitude toward mission accomplishment.

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Developing Leading Marines

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We obtain our values through the influence of our ________, ________, and ________ with earlier experiences having more of an effect than later experiences.

Parents, teachers, and peers

Attitudes are not as deeply held as values.

True

CATEGORIES

Values are organized into the following five categories: •Political values •Social values •Personal values •Economic values •Religious values

CHARACTER

Our character is defined by "…the commitment to an admirable set of values, and the courage to manifest those values in one’s life, no matter the cost in terms of personal success or popularity." (Sorely, 1989)

VALUES AND LEADERSHIP

If a Marine is left without any guidance or supervision, then personal values will determine what that Marine will or will not do. Leaders must provide guidance and supervision to inspire and reinforce organizational values to have an effect on the behavior of our Marines.

IDENTIFYING WITH PEERS VICE UNIT

When there is a breakdown in vertical cohesion within the parent command, Marines only identify with their peers and not with their unit. Marines in a group or section are only loyal to those Marines within the immediate group.

IMPACT ON UNIT SUCCESS

Some Marines fail to make the connection between group objectives and command mission. Failing to understand the impact they have on the operation of the unit causes a disassociation from the unit and the Marine Corps.

INSUFFICIENT CHALLENGES

Many Marines joined the Corps to be challenged to the fullest extent of their capabilities. Disillusionment occurs if their units have low individual expectations.

INEFFECTIVE MENTORS

When new Marines check into a unit, they are looking to others to confirm accepted behaviors. Without a proper mentor, a Marine may choose a negative role model simply because of a dominant personality.

LACK OF MARINE CORPS STANDARDS

A witnessed deviation from, and a lack of adherence to, required standards leaves a negative opinion of both the command and the leadership. If Marines are continually exposed to such an environment, their standards will begin to suffer as their expectations and sense of accomplishment dwindle.

INSUFFICIENT DISCIPLINE

Discipline is degraded when commands relax standards, whether traditional customs or published regulations. All Marines are responsible for and capable of enforcing good discipline.

CONFLICT RESOLUTION

The best and most important way to resolve conflicting values is through leadership by example.

A Marine’s sense of pride in who they are stems from a dedication to our ________.

Organizational values

As a leader, it is your job to sustain organizational values, set the example, and guide the way for new Marines.

true

As much as anything, our ________ set us apart.

Core values

Marine Corps core values increase our readiness by providing a ________.

Foundation for teams to function more effectively

Honor includes personal qualities of ________.

Dedication, trust, and dependability

MENTAL COURAGE

Just before the Battle of Thermoplyae, a Spartan warrior named Dienekes was told that the Persian archers could blank out the sun with their arrows. He replied "Good, then we shall have our battle in the shade." Spartans were mentally prepared for war from a young age.

MORAL COURAGE

In 1968, CWO Hugh Thompson was flying a support mission over My Lai when he realized something was terribly wrong. U.S. soldiers were slaughtering hundreds of unarmed civilians. With great moral courage Thompson landed his helicopter between the U.S. soldiers and the villagers and ordered his crew to train their weapons on the U.S. troops. He rescued 16 civilians calling in additional helicopter support to evacuate them. He would later report the incident to his chain of command.

PHYSICAL COURAGE

In early 2004 while serving on the Iraqi border with Syria, Jason Dunham’s platoon was checking vehicles in conjunction with an attack on their PSD element. One of the drivers became combative, and Jason was engaged in hand-to-hand combat when the driver dropped an armed grenade in the midst of the Marines. Jason covered the grenade with his own helmet and used himself to shield his platoon members. This great physical courage saved the lives of those closest to him.

TRAINING AND COURAGE

Courage is not a chance gift of nature. It is developed through hard realistic training and unit cohesion that brings about a special bond amongst its members.

Courage is the uncompromising code of integrity to respect human dignity and value others.

false

What is the importance of our core values of honor, courage, and commitment?

They give strength, influence attitudes, and regulate behaviors.

The bedrock of a Marine’s character is _______.

Honor

The Marine Corps philosophy of leadership is characterized by ________.

The belief that leadership qualities can be developed within the individual Marine

Which of the following are desired leadership qualities established by the Marine Corps philosophy of leadership? Select all that apply

Inspirational example Technical proficiency Moral responsibility

The objective of Marine Corps leadership is to develop ________.

Leadership qualities of Marines, enabling them to assume progressively greater responsibilities in the Marine Corps and in society

The four most common styles of leadership are ________.

Telling, selling, participating, and delegating

In the ________ style of leadership, the leader may discuss alternate solutions, but ultimately makes the decision themselves.

Participating

The one common thread among great leaders is the ability to read people and select the leadership style that best communicates orders.

True

Which leadership trait is achieved by weighing the pros and cons accordingly to arrive at an appropriate decision?

Judgment

________ permits a senior to assign a task with the understanding that it will be accomplished with minimum supervision.

Dependability

The leadership trait ________ involves impeccable personal appearance.

bearing

KNOW YOURSELF AND SEEK SELF-IMPROVEMENT

Evaluate yourself by using the leadership traits to determine your strengths and weaknesses. Then simply utilize your strengths and improve your weaknesses.

BE TECHNICALLY AND TACTICALLY PROFICIENT

As a Marine, you must demonstrate your ability to accomplish the mission, and to do this you must be capable of answering questions and demonstrating competence in your MOS as well as in the profession of arms.

DEVELOP A SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY AMONG SUBORDINATES

Assigning tasks and delegating the authority to accomplish tasks promotes mutual confidence and respect between the leader and subordinates. It also encourages initiative and cooperation in the accomplishment of unit tasks.

MAKE SOUND AND TIMELY DECISIONS

Hesitation or a reluctance to make a decision leads subordinates to lose confidence in your abilities as a leader.

SET THE EXAMPLE

As a leader of Marines, your duty is to set the standard by personal example.

KNOW YOUR MARINES AND LOOK OUT FOR THEIR WELFARE

Knowledge of your Marines’ personalities will enable you, as the leader, to decide how to best handle each Marine and determine when more supervision is needed.

KEEP YOUR MARINES INFORMED

Informing your Marines of the situation makes them feel that they are a part of the team and not just a cog in the wheel.

SEEK AND TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR ACTIONS

Seeking responsibilities also means that you take responsibility for your actions.

ENSURE ASSIGNED TASKS ARE UNDERSTOOD, SUPERVISED, AND ACCOMPLISHED

Supervision is essential! Without supervision you cannot know if the assigned task is being properly accomplished.

TRAIN YOUR MARINES AS A TEAM

EMPLOY YOUR COMMAND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITS CAPABILITIES

Leadership traits develop ________, and leadership principles develop ________.

Personal qualities, leadership abilities

Which leadership principle promotes efficiency and morale by making Marines feel that they are part of the team?

Keep your Marines informed.

Which leadership principle can be developed by service schools, preparing yourself for the job requirements of the next higher rank, and independent research?

Be technically and tactically proficient.

Which of the following are methods to develop the Marine Corps leadership principle to know your Marines and look out for their welfare?

Be visible and approachable.,Enforce good hygiene and sanitation.,Correct grievances and remove discontent.

The leadership trait ________ is the essence of leadership.

Unselfishness

The ability to read people and select the leadership style that best communicates orders is the ________.

Common thread among great leaders

The belief that leadership qualities can be developed within the individual Marine by Marine leaders characterizes ________.

The Marine Corps leadership philosophy

Which of the following documents contain the basis for our professional ethics? Select all that apply.

ucmj code of conduct oath

A member of the profession of arms who protects the value of life, at great physical and emotional risk to themselves, is a/an ________.

Ethical warrior

Which term associated with ethical leadership is concerned with the principles of right and wrong in relation to human action and character?

Morals

Which term is associated with ethical leadership and includes clarifying misunderstandings?

Honesty

Documents that are the basis for our professional ethics include ________.

Code of conduct,UCMJ

Identify the traditional Marine Corps ethics from the list below. Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Marines take care of their own.,Marines refrain from public displays of affection while in uniform.

Which small unit leader guidelines set the leader and subordinate up for success in ethical behavior? Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Inform subordinates of expected standards.,Enforce institutional and organizational standards.,Issue clear orders.

During which stage of team development is there a high dependence on the leader for guidance and direction as there will be little agreement on team goals outside of those established by the leader?

Forming

Characteristics of a high performance team include which of the following?

Correct answer: Constructive criticism and mutual trust

Which dimension of cohesion is also known as peer bonding?

Correct answer: Horizontal cohesion

A good reputation among other units and care of equipment and weapons is an indicator of ________.

Correct answer: Esprit de corps

To foster and maintain esprit de corps and unit cohesion, the small unit leader should ________. Select all that apply.

Correct answer: Properly indoctrinate Marines.,Embody the spirit you wish to see.,Develop a winning attitude toward mission accomplishment.

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