Daoism and Confucianism

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The notion of wu wei is

no unnecessary action.

Literally, Daodejing means

way-power-classic

Applying the notion of yin and yang, we could say that Daoism shows a special love for

allowing things to devolop naturally

The most important image to be found in the Daodejing, the image that best expresses its ideals, is

water

At the end of his life, Laozi (Lao Tzu) is said to have

left china riding on an Ox

Daoists aim at enjoying a long life but also accept death because

death is part of the narural order of things

The Daodejing is known for its

deliberate obscurity.

Dao is the origin of

the rhythms of nature

"Divination" refers to

telling the future

An image used by the Daodejing to express the difficulty of seeing in the Daoistic way is

darkness

A hierarchical, hereditary form of Daoism is called

Heavenly master Daoism

The two dots of contrasting color inside the light and dark commas of the yin/yang symbol represent

the seed of its opposite

Daoism likely established monasteries and temples

Through the influence of buddhism

Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being

The Three purities

Confucianism has been especially concerned about relationships

between human beings

Confucius lived during what years?

551-479 B.C.E.

Confucius worked almost all his life as

a teacher

The Analects are

the sayings of Confucius

The Mencius

presents the teachings of a Confucian thinker

Confucius’s ideal society would live according to the ideals of the

Five relationships

Confucius hoped to

restore the social harmony of the past

The Yijing (Yi Jing, I Ching)

is a book, valued by Confucius, that is used for divination.

In their view of human nature, the Confucianists

see human beings as needing their character shaped by education

The personal ideal or hero of Confucianism is the

noble person

The social period in which Confucius lived was

disorderly

In regard to Confucianism, the Communists after the Communist Revolution

rejected it as not being egalitarian.

The most fundamental relationship for Confucius seems to have been that between

father and son

The virtue of filial piety means

devotion to one’s family

Confucianism remains a strong value system in

Korea

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