CUMULATIVE EXAM (2) 92%

What was the result when a military coup seized power in Ghana?

The government finally stabilized.
Civilian rule was abolished for good.
Nkrumah became stronger than ever.
Government instability increased.

Government instability increased.

How did the US Congress respond to the signing of the SALT II treaty?

Congress refused to ratify the treaty.
Congress called for greater changes.
Congress wanted to ban missile programs.
Congress hesitated, then agreed to ratify it.

Congress refused to ratify the treaty.

Which event sparked the protest movement known as the Arab Spring?

Free speech was declared illegal in Iran.
Ayatollah Khomeini became the ruler of Iran.
A young man tragically killed himself in Tunisia.
The six states of the Arabian peninsula united.

A young man tragically killed himself in Tunisia.

The main goal of Zionism was to

assimilate Jews into other cultures.
increase Arab residents in Palestine.
establish a Jewish homeland.
fight against anti-Semitism.

establish a Jewish homeland.

Study the image from Art Spiegelman's Maus.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/3011-09-07/mc012-1.jpg

How does Spiegelman's visual representation of the Holocaust aid with comprehension?
It shows the diversity of people affected by the events of the Holocaust.
It illustrates that few people from Sosnowiec were relocated to the camps.
It draws attention to the great number of people affected by the Holocaust.
It depicts a large number of faceless individuals, making the Holocaust less real.

It draws attention to the great number of people affected by the Holocaust.

What happened on January 15, 1991?

The Persian Gulf War began in the Middle East.
The United Nations told Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
The deadline for withdrawing from Kuwait passed.
Iraq invaded Kuwait to seize control of its oil supplies.

The deadline for withdrawing from Kuwait passed.

The Four Modernizations helped China prosper by focusing on what areas? Check all that apply.

revolution
industry
defense
collectivization
agriculture
democracy
science

industry defense agriculture science

Which term best describes Russia's transition to a market economy?

compromised
successful
difficult
corrupt

difficult

Why did the mujahedeen receive US support even though they were against some American ideals?

The mujahedeen wanted to establish an Afghan democracy.
The mujahedeen promised to protect U.S. oil interests.
The mujahedeen aimed to created a pro-U.S. alliance in the region.
The mujahedeen were trying to overthrow the communists.

The mujahedeen were trying to overthrow the communists.

Which statement best describes why an author might choose to write a memoir over other nonfiction formats?
A memoir lets the writer address both sides of an issue or conflict.
A memoir focuses on a significant period of a writer's life.
A memoir allows the writer to remain objective and detached.
A memoir describes the day-to-day hardships the writer has endured.

A memoir focuses on a significant period of a writer's life.

In what way does the European Union affect the rest of the world?

It creates international laws for all nations to follow.
It enables people to travel freely across international borders.
It provides humanitarian aid to people in developing countries.
It improves trade between different parts of the world.

It improves trade between different parts of the world.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Mr. Frank. First let us take off some of these clothes. (They all start to take off garment after garment. On each of their coats, sweaters, blouses, suits, dresses, is another yellow Star of David. Mr. and Mrs. Frank are underdressed quite simply. The others wear several things, sweaters, extra dresses, bathrobes, aprons, nightgowns, etc.)

Why did Anne and her sister most likely wear so many layers of clothing?

They were worried about being cold during the walk.
They were bringing extra garments for the Van Daan family.
They could bring into hiding only what they could carry.
They did not want to leave anything behind that could get stolen.

They could bring into hiding only what they could carry.

Which statement describes Ayatollah Khomeini?

He served as the last shah of Iran.
He became the first president of Turkey.
He helped found the Muslim Brotherhood.
He declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.

He declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.

The Nuremberg Laws identified a Jew as someone who

went to synagogue every week.
celebrated the Jewish holy days.
had Jewish ancestors.
had traveled to Palestine.

had Jewish ancestors

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

(Peter appears in the doorway of his room, with a saucer in his hand. He is carrying his cat.)
Peter. I . . . I . . . I thought I'd better get some water for Mouschi before . . .
Mr. Frank. Of course.

This piece of dialogue reveals that Peter is

easily confused when speaking to others.
deeply untrusting of other people.
overly frightened of adults.
somewhat nervous around other people.

somewhat nervous around other people.

Most nations that discuss the issue of Palestinian independence call for a

one-state solution.
two-state solution.
three-state solution.
four-state solution.

two-state solution.

What happened after the Communist party dissolved itself in Hungary?

Poland dissolved its Communist party too.
Hungary held its first free elections.
Citizens began to revolt in Hungary.
Hungarian workers walked off their jobs.

Citizens began to revolt in Hungary.

Which describes Juscelino Kubitschek, who began ruling Brazil in 1955?

He was the first president elected by the people.
He was the first president elected by the legislature.
He was the first president appointed by the military.
He was the first president appointed by the judiciary.

He was the first president elected by the people.

What was one negative effect of the end of communism in Czechoslovakia?

The Czech Republic fractured.
Slovakians began to revolt.
Slovakia suffered economically.
Czechs lost the right to vote.

Slovakia suffered economically.

During the Cultural Revolution, why were people sent to "re-education" camps?

to be punished for committing a crime.
to learn how to follow the rules of society.
to be punished for believing in communism.
to learn to become good Communists.

to learn to become good Communists.

When European nations established colonies in Africa in the late 1800s, they

controlled colonies' government but gave colonies economic control.
allowed colonies to run their government but held economic control.
exercised complete economic and political control over the colonies.
negotiated with colonies to determine economic and political control.

exercised complete economic and political control over the colonies.

Why did the Soviets face greater resistance from the mujahedeen than they expected? Check all that apply.

The Soviets were unfamiliar with the Afghan terrain.
The United States offered training to the mujahedeen.
The Soviets' poorly made weaponry was easily overcome and destroyed.
The mujahedeen had an innate understanding of all the Soviets' weaknesses.
The United States provided weapons to the mujahedeen.

The Soviets were unfamiliar with the Afghan terrain. The United States provided weapons to the mujahedeen.

What happened as a result of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003?

Saddam Hussein was convicted of war crimes and executed.
Iraq gave up the al-Qaeda members it had been harboring.
Many countries joined the invasion and helped secure peace in Iraq.
Osama bin Laden was forced into hiding and left al-Qaeda weakened.

Saddam Hussein was convicted of war crimes and executed.

Unequal distribution of wealth means that land and money are controlled by

a small number of people.
government officials.
a large number of people.
private business groups.

a small number of people.

Malaysia faced which of these challenges?

Little economic growth since gaining independence.
Few industrial and manufacturing developments.
Tensions between the Malay majority and other groups.
Increases in rebels who try to overthrow the government.

Tensions between the Malay majority and other groups.

Following the end of military rule, Chile

elected a civilian government.
descended into civil war.
elected a socialist president.
created a new constitution.

elected a civilian government.

What was a result of European settlement in South Africa in the early 1900s?

A new constitution denied settlers the right to vote.
South African society became desegregated.
Black South Africans had no representation.
The settlers created a democratic republic.

Black South Africans had no representation.

When the European Union formed, nations began to

create one unified education system.
eliminate their home governments.
cooperate on law enforcement.
abolish many geographic boundaries.

cooperate on law enforcement.

The South African student protest of 1976 was

held in response to a new housing law.
met with violence by the government.
an isolated incident that had little effect.
an example of a move to armed rebellion.

met with violence by the government.

Throughout European history, Jews were forced to lived in segregated communities called

ghettos

After becoming president in 1934, Lázaro Cárdenas tried to fulfill the ideals of the constitution by taking which actions? Check all that apply.

nationalizing oil and railroad industries
supporting trade initiatives
improving education in rural areas
implementing new welfare reforms
establishing a dominant political party
instituting a new tax system
redistributing land to the peasants

1,2,3,5,7

How did the United States respond to the crisis in West Berlin in 1948-1949?

It withdrew its armed forces from West Berlin.
It signed a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.
It insisted that East and West Germany be united.
It organized an airlift to send supplies to West Berlin.

It organized an airlift to send supplies to West Berlin.

The Cold War was a time best characterized by which word?

warfare
understanding
tension
cooperation

tension

Read the passage from a speech by Winston Churchill.

"An iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe . . . all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow ."

-Winston Churchill,
March 5, 1946

Which of the following most accurately restates what Churchill was saying?

The world needs to maintain peaceful relations with the nations of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Soviet Union has taken control of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
People who live in cities in Central and Eastern Europe have begun to use iron curtains.
The United States should invade Central and Eastern Europe to stop the spread of communism.

The Soviet Union has taken control of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

Which of the following words best describes the level of support the United States gave to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War?

moderate
minimal
significant
begrudging

significant

Read the excerpt from Elie Wiesel's All Rivers Run to the Sea.

Why were those trains allowed to roll unhindered into Poland? Why were the tracks leading to Birkenau never bombed? I have put these questions to American presidents and generals and to high-ranking Soviet officers. Since Moscow and Washington knew what the killers were doing in the death camps, why was nothing done at least to slow down their "production"? That not a single Allied military aircraft ever tried to destroy the rail lines converging on Auschwitz remains an outrageous enigma into Poland? Why were the tracks leading to Birkenau never bombed?

How does Wiesel's choice of genre prove beneficial in the excerpt?
It shows him trying to reconcile the events of his past in Poland so he can move on with his future in America.
It gives him the chance to question presidents and generals about their positions regarding the Holocaust.
It allows him a moment to reflect on why the world neglected to aid the Jewish people during their greatest time of need.
It provides him the opportunity to accuse American and Soviet leaders of keeping the Holocaust a secret.

c

In Art Spiegelman's Maus, the events of the Holocaust are relayed from the perspective of
Spiegelman.
an unknown narrator.
the Nazi soldiers.
Spiegelman's father.

Spiegelman's father.

Which major change took place in Nigeria in 1999?

Ethnic tensions came to an end.
A peace treaty concluded the civil war.
Military leaders led a government coup.
A civilian president was elected.

A civilian president was elected.

The main reason Cárdenas nationalized Mexico's oil industry was to

curtail foreign investment in this key resource.
end corruption within private oil businesses.
enable the country to get direct benefit from its vast supplies.
better protect the environment and land in the country.

enable the country to get direct benefit from its vast supplies.

What was the first step in Ghana's independence?

Kwame Nkrumah became the prime minister.
A military coup seized power in the colony.
Africans gained a majority in the parliament.
Opposition political parties were banned.

Africans gained a majority in the parliament.

What was the most likely motivation for Iraqis to set fire to oil wells in Kuwait?

They hoped to set off explosions to kill enemy troops and win the war.
They wanted revenge when they were forced to retreat from Kuwait.
They wanted to deplete Kuwait's oil reserves so no one could use them.
They hoped to frighten the Kuwaiti government into surrendering to Iraq.

They wanted revenge when they were forced to retreat from Kuwait.

The European Economic Community was created to

limit development of nuclear power.
improve trade between European nations.
raise revenues through trade tariffs.
increase exports to non-European nations.

improve trade between European nations.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Mrs. Van Daan. Mr. Frank said they'd be here at seven o'clock. He said . . .

Mr. Van Daan. They have two miles to walk. You can't expect . . .

Mrs. Van Daan. They've been picked up. That's what's happened. They've been taken . . .

Mrs. Van Daan is worried that the Franks have not yet arrived because she believes

they may have been captured and sent away.
they may have been discovered by their neighbors.
they may not have been able to make the long walk.
they may not know where the hiding place is.

they may have been captured and sent away.

After the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States demanded that

Afghanistan's Taliban government turn over Osama bin Laden.
all international troops immediately withdraw from the Middle East.
al-Qaeda release the names of those responsible for the attacks.
all forms of travel stop until tighter security was in place.

Afghanistan's Taliban government turn over Osama bin Laden.

Why was the end to communism in Czechoslovakia termed the "Velvet Revolution"?

The transition was remarkably smooth.
Velvet was a symbol of Czechoslovakia.
The revolution was named for the group that led it.
The communist rulers were as soft and weak as velvet.

The transition was remarkably smooth.

The African National Congress was founded to

draft a constitution and establish a policy of apartheid.
unite non-white South Africans and further their cause.
help relocate certain citizens to South African homelands.
set up National Party rule to divide South African society.

unite non-white South Africans and further their cause.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

He stands looking slowly around, making a supreme effort at self-control. He is weak, ill. His clothes are threadbare.

After a second he drops his rucksack on the couch and moves slowly about. He opens the door to one of the smaller rooms, and then abruptly closes it again, turning away.

Which best describes the purpose of these stage directions?

to show the reader that Mr. Frank is still fearful of being captured
to show the reader that Mr. Frank is looking for Anne's diary
to show the reader the pain Mr. Frank feels being in the attic postwar
to show the reader why Mr. Frank needed to go into hiding

to show the reader the pain Mr. Frank feels being in the attic postwar

One challenge faced by the European Union is the

inadequate educational and health care systems.
continued restrictions on movement between countries.
low standard of living compared to communist nations.
vast difference in per capita income among states.

vast difference in per capita income among states.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Anne (Pulling out a pasteboard-bound book). A diary! (She throws her arms around her father.) I've never had a diary. And I've always longed for one. (She looks around the room.) Pencil, pencil, pencil, pencil. (She starts down the stairs.) I'm going down to the office to get a pencil.
Mr. Frank. Anne! No! (He goes after her, catching her by the arm and pulling her back.)
Anne (Startled). But there's no one in the building now.
Mr. Frank. It doesn't matter. I don't want you ever to go beyond that door.
Anne (Sobered). Never . . . ? Not even at nighttime, when everyone is gone? Or on Sundays? Can't I go down to listen to the radio?

What does this piece of dialogue reveal about how Anne views her family's situation?

She has not yet realized what it means to be in hiding.
She is not afraid of taking a risk for something she wants.
She does not think that the rules of hiding apply to her.
She is not scared of being found and sent away.

She has not yet realized what it means to be in hiding.

The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo wore white head scarves as

a symbol of their demands.
a plea for their children.
a proclamation for war.
a symbol of peace.

a symbol of peace.

CUMULATIVE EXAM (2) 92% - Subjecto.com

CUMULATIVE EXAM (2) 92%

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What was the result when a military coup seized power in Ghana?

The government finally stabilized.
Civilian rule was abolished for good.
Nkrumah became stronger than ever.
Government instability increased.

Government instability increased.

How did the US Congress respond to the signing of the SALT II treaty?

Congress refused to ratify the treaty.
Congress called for greater changes.
Congress wanted to ban missile programs.
Congress hesitated, then agreed to ratify it.

Congress refused to ratify the treaty.

Which event sparked the protest movement known as the Arab Spring?

Free speech was declared illegal in Iran.
Ayatollah Khomeini became the ruler of Iran.
A young man tragically killed himself in Tunisia.
The six states of the Arabian peninsula united.

A young man tragically killed himself in Tunisia.

The main goal of Zionism was to

assimilate Jews into other cultures.
increase Arab residents in Palestine.
establish a Jewish homeland.
fight against anti-Semitism.

establish a Jewish homeland.

Study the image from Art Spiegelman’s Maus.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/3011-09-07/mc012-1.jpg

How does Spiegelman’s visual representation of the Holocaust aid with comprehension?
It shows the diversity of people affected by the events of the Holocaust.
It illustrates that few people from Sosnowiec were relocated to the camps.
It draws attention to the great number of people affected by the Holocaust.
It depicts a large number of faceless individuals, making the Holocaust less real.

It draws attention to the great number of people affected by the Holocaust.

What happened on January 15, 1991?

The Persian Gulf War began in the Middle East.
The United Nations told Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
The deadline for withdrawing from Kuwait passed.
Iraq invaded Kuwait to seize control of its oil supplies.

The deadline for withdrawing from Kuwait passed.

The Four Modernizations helped China prosper by focusing on what areas? Check all that apply.

revolution
industry
defense
collectivization
agriculture
democracy
science

industry defense agriculture science

Which term best describes Russia’s transition to a market economy?

compromised
successful
difficult
corrupt

difficult

Why did the mujahedeen receive US support even though they were against some American ideals?

The mujahedeen wanted to establish an Afghan democracy.
The mujahedeen promised to protect U.S. oil interests.
The mujahedeen aimed to created a pro-U.S. alliance in the region.
The mujahedeen were trying to overthrow the communists.

The mujahedeen were trying to overthrow the communists.

Which statement best describes why an author might choose to write a memoir over other nonfiction formats?
A memoir lets the writer address both sides of an issue or conflict.
A memoir focuses on a significant period of a writer’s life.
A memoir allows the writer to remain objective and detached.
A memoir describes the day-to-day hardships the writer has endured.

A memoir focuses on a significant period of a writer’s life.

In what way does the European Union affect the rest of the world?

It creates international laws for all nations to follow.
It enables people to travel freely across international borders.
It provides humanitarian aid to people in developing countries.
It improves trade between different parts of the world.

It improves trade between different parts of the world.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Mr. Frank. First let us take off some of these clothes. (They all start to take off garment after garment. On each of their coats, sweaters, blouses, suits, dresses, is another yellow Star of David. Mr. and Mrs. Frank are underdressed quite simply. The others wear several things, sweaters, extra dresses, bathrobes, aprons, nightgowns, etc.)

Why did Anne and her sister most likely wear so many layers of clothing?

They were worried about being cold during the walk.
They were bringing extra garments for the Van Daan family.
They could bring into hiding only what they could carry.
They did not want to leave anything behind that could get stolen.

They could bring into hiding only what they could carry.

Which statement describes Ayatollah Khomeini?

He served as the last shah of Iran.
He became the first president of Turkey.
He helped found the Muslim Brotherhood.
He declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.

He declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.

The Nuremberg Laws identified a Jew as someone who

went to synagogue every week.
celebrated the Jewish holy days.
had Jewish ancestors.
had traveled to Palestine.

had Jewish ancestors

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

(Peter appears in the doorway of his room, with a saucer in his hand. He is carrying his cat.)
Peter. I . . . I . . . I thought I’d better get some water for Mouschi before . . .
Mr. Frank. Of course.

This piece of dialogue reveals that Peter is

easily confused when speaking to others.
deeply untrusting of other people.
overly frightened of adults.
somewhat nervous around other people.

somewhat nervous around other people.

Most nations that discuss the issue of Palestinian independence call for a

one-state solution.
two-state solution.
three-state solution.
four-state solution.

two-state solution.

What happened after the Communist party dissolved itself in Hungary?

Poland dissolved its Communist party too.
Hungary held its first free elections.
Citizens began to revolt in Hungary.
Hungarian workers walked off their jobs.

Citizens began to revolt in Hungary.

Which describes Juscelino Kubitschek, who began ruling Brazil in 1955?

He was the first president elected by the people.
He was the first president elected by the legislature.
He was the first president appointed by the military.
He was the first president appointed by the judiciary.

He was the first president elected by the people.

What was one negative effect of the end of communism in Czechoslovakia?

The Czech Republic fractured.
Slovakians began to revolt.
Slovakia suffered economically.
Czechs lost the right to vote.

Slovakia suffered economically.

During the Cultural Revolution, why were people sent to "re-education" camps?

to be punished for committing a crime.
to learn how to follow the rules of society.
to be punished for believing in communism.
to learn to become good Communists.

to learn to become good Communists.

When European nations established colonies in Africa in the late 1800s, they

controlled colonies’ government but gave colonies economic control.
allowed colonies to run their government but held economic control.
exercised complete economic and political control over the colonies.
negotiated with colonies to determine economic and political control.

exercised complete economic and political control over the colonies.

Why did the Soviets face greater resistance from the mujahedeen than they expected? Check all that apply.

The Soviets were unfamiliar with the Afghan terrain.
The United States offered training to the mujahedeen.
The Soviets’ poorly made weaponry was easily overcome and destroyed.
The mujahedeen had an innate understanding of all the Soviets’ weaknesses.
The United States provided weapons to the mujahedeen.

The Soviets were unfamiliar with the Afghan terrain. The United States provided weapons to the mujahedeen.

What happened as a result of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003?

Saddam Hussein was convicted of war crimes and executed.
Iraq gave up the al-Qaeda members it had been harboring.
Many countries joined the invasion and helped secure peace in Iraq.
Osama bin Laden was forced into hiding and left al-Qaeda weakened.

Saddam Hussein was convicted of war crimes and executed.

Unequal distribution of wealth means that land and money are controlled by

a small number of people.
government officials.
a large number of people.
private business groups.

a small number of people.

Malaysia faced which of these challenges?

Little economic growth since gaining independence.
Few industrial and manufacturing developments.
Tensions between the Malay majority and other groups.
Increases in rebels who try to overthrow the government.

Tensions between the Malay majority and other groups.

Following the end of military rule, Chile

elected a civilian government.
descended into civil war.
elected a socialist president.
created a new constitution.

elected a civilian government.

What was a result of European settlement in South Africa in the early 1900s?

A new constitution denied settlers the right to vote.
South African society became desegregated.
Black South Africans had no representation.
The settlers created a democratic republic.

Black South Africans had no representation.

When the European Union formed, nations began to

create one unified education system.
eliminate their home governments.
cooperate on law enforcement.
abolish many geographic boundaries.

cooperate on law enforcement.

The South African student protest of 1976 was

held in response to a new housing law.
met with violence by the government.
an isolated incident that had little effect.
an example of a move to armed rebellion.

met with violence by the government.

Throughout European history, Jews were forced to lived in segregated communities called

ghettos

After becoming president in 1934, Lázaro Cárdenas tried to fulfill the ideals of the constitution by taking which actions? Check all that apply.

nationalizing oil and railroad industries
supporting trade initiatives
improving education in rural areas
implementing new welfare reforms
establishing a dominant political party
instituting a new tax system
redistributing land to the peasants

1,2,3,5,7

How did the United States respond to the crisis in West Berlin in 1948-1949?

It withdrew its armed forces from West Berlin.
It signed a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.
It insisted that East and West Germany be united.
It organized an airlift to send supplies to West Berlin.

It organized an airlift to send supplies to West Berlin.

The Cold War was a time best characterized by which word?

warfare
understanding
tension
cooperation

tension

Read the passage from a speech by Winston Churchill.

"An iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe . . . all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow [the Soviet capital]."

-Winston Churchill,
March 5, 1946

Which of the following most accurately restates what Churchill was saying?

The world needs to maintain peaceful relations with the nations of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Soviet Union has taken control of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
People who live in cities in Central and Eastern Europe have begun to use iron curtains.
The United States should invade Central and Eastern Europe to stop the spread of communism.

The Soviet Union has taken control of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

Which of the following words best describes the level of support the United States gave to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War?

moderate
minimal
significant
begrudging

significant

Read the excerpt from Elie Wiesel’s All Rivers Run to the Sea.

Why were those trains allowed to roll unhindered into Poland? Why were the tracks leading to Birkenau never bombed? I have put these questions to American presidents and generals and to high-ranking Soviet officers. Since Moscow and Washington knew what the killers were doing in the death camps, why was nothing done at least to slow down their "production"? That not a single Allied military aircraft ever tried to destroy the rail lines converging on Auschwitz remains an outrageous enigma into Poland? Why were the tracks leading to Birkenau never bombed?

How does Wiesel’s choice of genre prove beneficial in the excerpt?
It shows him trying to reconcile the events of his past in Poland so he can move on with his future in America.
It gives him the chance to question presidents and generals about their positions regarding the Holocaust.
It allows him a moment to reflect on why the world neglected to aid the Jewish people during their greatest time of need.
It provides him the opportunity to accuse American and Soviet leaders of keeping the Holocaust a secret.

c

In Art Spiegelman’s Maus, the events of the Holocaust are relayed from the perspective of
Spiegelman.
an unknown narrator.
the Nazi soldiers.
Spiegelman’s father.

Spiegelman’s father.

Which major change took place in Nigeria in 1999?

Ethnic tensions came to an end.
A peace treaty concluded the civil war.
Military leaders led a government coup.
A civilian president was elected.

A civilian president was elected.

The main reason Cárdenas nationalized Mexico’s oil industry was to

curtail foreign investment in this key resource.
end corruption within private oil businesses.
enable the country to get direct benefit from its vast supplies.
better protect the environment and land in the country.

enable the country to get direct benefit from its vast supplies.

What was the first step in Ghana’s independence?

Kwame Nkrumah became the prime minister.
A military coup seized power in the colony.
Africans gained a majority in the parliament.
Opposition political parties were banned.

Africans gained a majority in the parliament.

What was the most likely motivation for Iraqis to set fire to oil wells in Kuwait?

They hoped to set off explosions to kill enemy troops and win the war.
They wanted revenge when they were forced to retreat from Kuwait.
They wanted to deplete Kuwait’s oil reserves so no one could use them.
They hoped to frighten the Kuwaiti government into surrendering to Iraq.

They wanted revenge when they were forced to retreat from Kuwait.

The European Economic Community was created to

limit development of nuclear power.
improve trade between European nations.
raise revenues through trade tariffs.
increase exports to non-European nations.

improve trade between European nations.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Mrs. Van Daan. Mr. Frank said they’d be here at seven o’clock. He said . . .

Mr. Van Daan. They have two miles to walk. You can’t expect . . .

Mrs. Van Daan. They’ve been picked up. That’s what’s happened. They’ve been taken . . .

Mrs. Van Daan is worried that the Franks have not yet arrived because she believes

they may have been captured and sent away.
they may have been discovered by their neighbors.
they may not have been able to make the long walk.
they may not know where the hiding place is.

they may have been captured and sent away.

After the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States demanded that

Afghanistan’s Taliban government turn over Osama bin Laden.
all international troops immediately withdraw from the Middle East.
al-Qaeda release the names of those responsible for the attacks.
all forms of travel stop until tighter security was in place.

Afghanistan’s Taliban government turn over Osama bin Laden.

Why was the end to communism in Czechoslovakia termed the "Velvet Revolution"?

The transition was remarkably smooth.
Velvet was a symbol of Czechoslovakia.
The revolution was named for the group that led it.
The communist rulers were as soft and weak as velvet.

The transition was remarkably smooth.

The African National Congress was founded to

draft a constitution and establish a policy of apartheid.
unite non-white South Africans and further their cause.
help relocate certain citizens to South African homelands.
set up National Party rule to divide South African society.

unite non-white South Africans and further their cause.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

He stands looking slowly around, making a supreme effort at self-control. He is weak, ill. His clothes are threadbare.

After a second he drops his rucksack on the couch and moves slowly about. He opens the door to one of the smaller rooms, and then abruptly closes it again, turning away.

Which best describes the purpose of these stage directions?

to show the reader that Mr. Frank is still fearful of being captured
to show the reader that Mr. Frank is looking for Anne’s diary
to show the reader the pain Mr. Frank feels being in the attic postwar
to show the reader why Mr. Frank needed to go into hiding

to show the reader the pain Mr. Frank feels being in the attic postwar

One challenge faced by the European Union is the

inadequate educational and health care systems.
continued restrictions on movement between countries.
low standard of living compared to communist nations.
vast difference in per capita income among states.

vast difference in per capita income among states.

Read the excerpt from The Diary of Anne Frank.

Anne (Pulling out a pasteboard-bound book). A diary! (She throws her arms around her father.) I’ve never had a diary. And I’ve always longed for one. (She looks around the room.) Pencil, pencil, pencil, pencil. (She starts down the stairs.) I’m going down to the office to get a pencil.
Mr. Frank. Anne! No! (He goes after her, catching her by the arm and pulling her back.)
Anne (Startled). But there’s no one in the building now.
Mr. Frank. It doesn’t matter. I don’t want you ever to go beyond that door.
Anne (Sobered). Never . . . ? Not even at nighttime, when everyone is gone? Or on Sundays? Can’t I go down to listen to the radio?

What does this piece of dialogue reveal about how Anne views her family’s situation?

She has not yet realized what it means to be in hiding.
She is not afraid of taking a risk for something she wants.
She does not think that the rules of hiding apply to her.
She is not scared of being found and sent away.

She has not yet realized what it means to be in hiding.

The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo wore white head scarves as

a symbol of their demands.
a plea for their children.
a proclamation for war.
a symbol of peace.

a symbol of peace.

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