CRIMJ 210 Chapter 12, CRIMJ 210 Chapter 11, The Law Enforcement Environment Final, CRIMJ 210 Chapter 13

Your page rank:

Total word count: 5694
Pages: 21

Calculate the Price

- -
275 words
Looking for Expert Opinion?
Let us have a look at your work and suggest how to improve it!
Get a Consultant

The Executive Sessions on Policing focused and debated on the use and price of:

a. rolling traffic enforcement
b. adaptable computer databases
c. intelligence-led policing
d. community policing

d. community policing

Which of the following was not one of the corporate strategies of policing described by the Executive Sessions on Policing?

a. team policing
b. strategic policing
c. community policing
d. problem-solving policing

a. team policing

In the 1960s, changes in police management led to the abandonment of:

a. bicycle patrol
b. two-man patrol units
c. foot patrol
d. equestrian patrol

c. foot patrol

Many believe that modern community policing began with James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling’s article "’____________________’: The Police and Neighborhood Safety."

a. Littered Streets
b. Disordered Communities
c. Broken Windows
d. Dangerous Streets

c. Broken Windows

Which of the following is not one of the human behaviors found by Wesley Skogan to be extremely disruptive to the community?

a. public drinking
b. youths firing gunshots into the air
c. commercial sex
d. street harassment

b. youths firing gunshots into the air

Which of the following is not one of the most important benefits of community policing, according to the scholar Herman Goldstein?

a. a more realistic acknowledgment of police functions
b. a recognition of the interrelationships among police functions
c. an acknowledgment of the limited capacity of the police to accomplish their jobs on their own and of the importance of an alliance between the police and the public
d. community control of the police

d. community control of the police

With incident-driven policing, officers tend to respond to similar incidents at the same location:

a. once
b. as tactical response units
c. with problem-solving tactics
d. numerous times

d. numerous times

The concept of problem-solving policing can be attributed to:

a. James Q. Wilson
b. Lee P. Brown
c. George Kelling
d. Herman Goldstein

d. Herman Goldstein

According to Herman Goldstein, traditional policing is:

a. incident driven
b. community driven
c. patrol driven
d. service driven

a. incident driven

Problem-oriented policing involves officers dealing with the:

a. underlying causes of incidents
b. things as they are before them
c. community pressures
d. management priorities

a. underlying causes of incidents

When officers reach the assessment process in the SARA model of problem-solving, officers:

a. plan further strategic movements
b. evaluate community policing
c. evaluate the effectiveness of the response
d. evaluate incident-driven policing

c. evaluate the effectiveness of the response

Who founded the National Center for Community Policing in East Lansing, Michigan?

a. Robert C. Trojanowicz
b. Logan Stout
c. Richard Hill
d. Rick D. Patterson

a. Robert C. Trojanowicz

The problem-oriented policing process necessitates improving various skill sets. One of those skill sets is:

a. scanning
b. analysis
c. response
d. communication

d. communication

What involves a continued reliance on traditional policing operations?

a. strategic policing
b. community policing
c. citizen-based policing
d. political-based policing

a. strategic policing

Analyzing crime issues to determine the underlying problems and addressing those underlying problems is referred to as:

a. zero-tolerance policing
b. problem-solving policing
c. political-based policing
d. targeted policing

b. problem-solving policing

The Office of Community Policing Services (COPS) is part of the ____________________.

a. NIJ
b. FBI
c. president’s cabinet
d. Chicago Police Department

a. NIJ

The Regional Community Policing Institutes (RCPIs) are part of the _____ program.

a. TOPS
b. COPS
c. TASP
d. COGS

b. COPS

More than ____________________ RCPIs provide regional community policing training and technical assistance to law enforcement around the country.

a. 5
b. 7
c. 9
d. 30

d. 30

Newark, New Jersey, has been using the broken windows theory for more than 10 years and has seen violent crime cut by nearly ____________________ percent.

a. 43
b. 53
c. 63
d. 73

d. 73

The 41st Precinct in the Bronx was nicknamed:

a. Little China
b. The View
c. The Flats
d. Fort Apache

d. Fort Apache

What is the philosophy of empowering citizens and developing a partnership between the police and the community to work together to solve problems?

a. community policing
b. zero-tolerance policing
c. political-based policing
d. neighborhood policing

a. community policing

In what decade did increases in crime, technological advances, and changes in police management thinking lead to the reduction of police foot patrols and their resultant ties to the community?

a. 1920s
b. 1940s
c. 1960s
d. 1990s

c. 1960s

The real responsibility for proper police-community relations rests with ____________________.

a. the police chief
b. the city manager
c. every police officer
d. the community relations officer

c. every police officer

Community-oriented policing is an approach toward crime that addresses the underlying causes of crime and endeavors to apply ____________________ problem solving to the issue through improved police-community relationships.

a. rule-of-law
b. long-term
c. zero-tolerance
d. short-term

b. long-term

David L. Carter of Michigan State University explains that community policing:

a. suddenly materialized as a new idea
b. evolved over time from research conducted by a wide range of scholars
c. is not widely accepted
d. is only the responsibility of police chiefs

b. evolved over time from research conducted by a wide range of scholars

A very early attempt at community policing involving the development of decentralized neighborhood-based precincts that served as "storefront" police stations was tried in what city?

a. Detroit
b. Tampa
c. Miami
d. Hattiesburg

a. Detroit

What was the role of the New York City Police Department’s Community Patrol Officer Program?

a. to serve high-risk warrants
b. community surveillance
c. to rid the neighborhoods of street gangs
d. identification of neighborhood problems and development of short- and long-term strategies for solving them

d. identification of neighborhood problems and development of short- and long-term strategies for solving them

In "Broken Windows" and Police Discretion, George L. Kelling notes that the community policing model ____________________ the use of police discretion among officers at all levels of the organization.

a. reduces and limits
b. contracts and discourages
c. expands and encourages
d. both a and b

c. expands and encourages

Texas State University-San Marcos worked with the San Marcos, Texas, Police Department to develop the ____________________ campaign.

a. Achieving Community Together (ACT)
b. Increasing Arrest Rates (IAR)
c. Community Crime Control (CCR)
d. Keeping Campuses Safe (KCF)

a. Achieving Community Together (ACT)

Officers practicing incident-driven policing:

a. seek to determine the underlying causes of incidents
b. act proactively by contacting merchants prior to an incident
c. tend to respond to similar incidents at the same location numerous times
d. generally walk a business beat and are not tied to a patrol car

c. tend to respond to similar incidents at the same location numerous times

Which of the following is not part of a community policing operation?

a. kiosks
b. mini-stations
c. storefront substations
d. motorcycle traffic control

d. motorcycle traffic control

Community-oriented policing strategies have proven successful in:

a. only cities with a population over 50,000
b. only cities with a population over 100,000
c. only cities with a population over 500,000
d. cities of all sizes

d. cities of all sizes

The biggest recent threat to community policing and, consequently, the biggest criticism of community policing initiatives is:

a. the initial startup costs
b. the inability to keep police departments fully staffed and to keep money flowing to these initiatives
c. convincing local governmental leaders to participate in the programs
d. the capital investment for vehicles

b. the inability to keep police departments fully staffed and to keep money flowing to these initiatives

Many large cities that are faced with rising crime problems are eager to hire administrators who are familiar with CompStat and "broken windows" policing and who came up under this successful police chief:

a. Jimmy Johnson
b. Daryl Gates
c. William Bratton
d. Rick Patterson

c. William Bratton

According to the author, the police should be seen by the community as:

a. an army of occupation
b. mercenaries
c. part of the community
d. impartial enforcers of the law

c. part of the community

Everything done with each other as human beings in all kinds of relationships is the definition of:

a. community relations
b. public relations
c. human relations
d. incarceration

c. human relations

The President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice reported in 1967 that police relations with minority groups had:

a. sunk to explosively low levels
b. improved somewhat over the years
c. improved significantly over the years
d. remained the same

a. sunk to explosively low levels

The police-community relations movement (PCR) developed out of the:

a. efforts at team policing in the 1950s
b. efforts of police reform after the Wickersham Report
c. riots and civil disorders of the 1960s
d. the Rodney King incident of 199l

c. riots and civil disorders of the 1960s

The human relations training program that is designed to provide participants an opportunity to learn more about themselves and their impact on others is called:

a. objectivity training
b. sensitivity training
c. behavior enlightenment
d. participation training

b. sensitivity training

In a nationwide poll asking people how much confidence they have in the police, 56 percent answered:

a. a great deal
b. some
c. very little
d. none

a. a great deal

James Q. Wilson said that the single most striking fact about the attitudes of citizens, both black and white, toward the police is that these attitudes generally are:

a. apathetic
b. negative
c. positive
d. ambivalent

c. positive

In 2005, Hispanics surpassed African Americans as the largest minority group when they reached 14.5 percent of the population. In 2010, Hispanics represented _____ percent of the population.

a. 12
b. 14
c. 20
d. 16

d. 16

Most police officers feel that the public:

a. does not support the police
b. appreciates the police
c. respects but does not like the police
d. has no opinion regarding the police

a. does not support the police

Most of the tension between police officers and members of minority groups has focused on police relationships with:

a. Hispanics
b. Asians
c. African Americans
d. women

c. African Americans

According to the author, one of the best ways to improve relationships between the police and minority groups is to:

a. enforce the law differentially against minority group members
b. appoint a minority member as police chief
c. ensure that minority groups are adequately represented in a jurisdiction’s police department
d. hold minority group members to a less strict standard of legal behavior

c. ensure that minority groups are adequately represented in a jurisdiction’s police department

What landmark 1954 Supreme Court case ended legal segregation of the races?

a. Mapp v. Ohio
b. Brown v. Mississippi
c. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
d. Board of Education v. Eisenhower

c. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

The Police Explorer program is part of the _____ organization.

a. Camp Fire
b. Boy Scouts of America
c. Police Athletic League
d. YMCA

b. Boy Scouts of America

As many as _____ million people are victims of violent or property crime in the United States annually.

a. 16
b. 31
c. 42
d. 20

b. 31

What is the largest minority group in the United States?

a. Native Americans
b. German Americans
c. African Americans
d. Hispanics

d. Hispanics

Triad is a joint partnership between the police and:

a. senior citizens
b. gays
c. Asian Americans
d. African Americans

a. senior citizens

DARE is a program aimed at:

a. senior citizens
b. children
c. Americans with physical disabilities
d. all Americans

b. children

Today, police departments have created numerous special programs to assist with the challenges faced by the aging population. One such program is:

a. AARP
b. Explorers
c. DARE
d. Triad

a. AARP

The Police Explorer program is aimed at youths interested in:

a. camping and sleeping out of doors
b. police work
c. traveling to foreign cities
d. none of the above

b. police work

Which of the following people who live on the public streets can be described as street people?

a. the homeless
b. alcoholics
c. the mentally ill
d. all of these choices

d. all of these choices

The Guardian Angels were formed in what city?

a. Houston
b. Dallas
c. New York City
d. San Diego

c. New York City

The U.S. Supreme Court case Zinermon v. Burch dealt with:

a. the elderly
b. juveniles
c. the mentally ill
d. female incarceration

c. the mentally ill

Another name for Neighborhood Watch programs is:

a. Crime Watch
b. Block Watch
c. Community Alert
d. all of these choices

d. all of these choices

Crime Stoppers is a program in which police:

a. operate decoy programs where they dress like possible crime victims
b. open up storefronts and pose as criminals who buy stolen property
c. ask television and radio stations to publicize a "crime of the week" so citizens can call tips into a special police phone number
d. all of these choices

c. ask television and radio stations to publicize a "crime of the week" so citizens can call tips into a special police phone number

Crime Stoppers originated in:

a. Albuquerque, New Mexico
b. Boise, Idaho
c. Miami, Florida
d. Seattle, Washington

a. Albuquerque, New Mexico

One of the best-known citizen patrol groups, whose members wear distinctive red berets and T-shirts, is called the:

a. Red Berets
b. Citizen Avengers
c. Guardian Angels
d. Good Samaritans

c. Guardian Angels

The Guardian Angels group was formed by:

a. Curtis Sliwa
b. Richard Hill
c. Rick Patterson
d. Logan Stout

a. Curtis Sliwa

The program in which the police engrave identifying numbers onto property such as bicycles, televisions, and stereos is called:

a. Operation Engravement
b. Operation Home Security
c. Operation Crime Stop
d. Operation Identification

d. Operation Identification

National Night Out is in effect:

a. once a month
b. twice a year
c. once a year
d. one week a year

c. once a year

McGruff, the crime dog, and the "Take a Bite Out of Crime" program is an example of:

a. a police ride-along program
b. a police mass media campaign
c. a police storefront or mini-station program
d. a citizen volunteer program

b. a police mass media campaign

Recently, social media has played a valuable role in the crime fight as well as _____ between the police departments and their clients.

a. catching criminals
b. crime suppression programs
c. government intrusion
d. building relationships

d. building relationships

A well-rounded chaplain program will attempt to have representatives from _____ religious groups.

a. all local
b. Christian
c. two main
d. nondenominational

a. all local

Typically, Police Explorers are required to work approximately _____ hours a month to maintain their eligibility, but they may work more hours if they wish.
a. 8
b. 12
c. 20
d. 40

c. 20

A tort is a:

private wrong

According to the Department of Justice, the most common disposition of the 26,000 complaints of excessive force against officers was:

the investigation turned up insufficient evidence to prove the allegation

Any police-initiated activity that relies on a person’s race or ethnic background as a basis for suspicion in involvement in criminal activity is called:

biased-based policing

In the case of ____________________, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that to be liable, police departments must be deliberately indifferent to the needs of the people with whom police come in contact.

Canton v. Harris

Many departments today rely on units described as "professional standards" units, "compliance" units, or "integrity" units as a major resource to combat corruption. These are other names for:

internal affairs divisions

Noble cause corruption is also known as:

Dirty Harry syndrome

Officers who participate in more aggressive types of corruption by seeking out and taking advantage of opportunities for corruption are called:

meat-eaters

Police officers who participate in more passive types of police corruption are referred to as:

grass-eaters

Police officers who violate a person’s civil rights by unlawfully searching or detaining them can be sued under what law?

42 U.S.C. Section 1983

Police testimony that narcotics found on the ground were dropped by persons they arrested has been called:

dropsy testimony

The code of silence is often referred to as the blue curtain or:

blue veil

The first national commission to discuss police brutality was the:

Wickersham Commission

The Knapp Commission was a(n) ____________________ commission.

local

The New York City plainclothes officer whose revelations about police corruption led to the legendary Knapp Commission was:

Frank Serpico

Today, ____________________ of the major U.S. cities have some form of citizen oversight in place.

most

What is the most prevalent type of corruption in law enforcement today?

noble cause corruption

What name is used for the loyalty test given to rookie officers by the training, and other officers?

Mama Rosa’s test

What stems from ends-oriented policing and involves police officers bending the rules to achieve the "right" goal of putting a criminal in jail?

noble cause corruption

What was the end result of the arrest of Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (a Harvard University scholar) by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, police sergeant?

The charges were dropped against Gates and a meeting took place between the sergeant, the president of the United States, and Gates.

When excessive force is used with the public and there is a significant disparity between the level of compliance by the person and the level of force used by the officer, the use of force is considered to be:

police brutality

Which of the following has been proposed as a solution to police brutality?

improved training better screening of applicants citizen review

Which of the following has been proposed as a solution to police brutality?
Select one:
a.
improved training
b.
better screening of applicants
c.
citizen review
d.
all of these choices

d

Which of the following is an example of police corruption?
Select one:
a.
A police officer receives $15 from a driver for not giving him or her a summons for speeding.
b.
A police officer receives sexual favors from a driver for not giving him or her a summons for speeding.
c.
An off-duty police officer escorts a drug dealer as he or she delivers illegal drugs to customers and receives $100 per delivery.
d.
all of these choices.

d

Which of the following is an example of police corruption?

A police officer receives $15 from a driver for not giving him or her a summons for speeding. A police officer receives sexual favors from a driver for not giving him or her a summons for speeding. An off-duty police officer escorts a drug dealer as he or she delivers illegal drugs to customers and receives $100 per delivery.

Which of the following is an example of the ethical standards established to determine how police officers should act?
Select one:
a.
organizational value systems or codes of ethics designed to educate and guide the behavior of those who work in the organization
b.
the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
c.
an oath of office
d.
all of these choices

d

Which of the following is an example of the ethical standards established to determine how police officers should act?

organizational value systems or codes of ethics designed to educate and guide the behavior of those who work in the organization the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics an oath of office

Which of the following is not an argument against citizen review?

It prevents lawbreakers from being punished for their crimes.

Which of the following is not an argument against citizen review?
Select one:
a.
When a system is formed hastily after a highly charged incident, it might not be the best one for the department.
b.
It allows people who know nothing about police work to make decisions for the department.
c.
It prevents lawbreakers from being punished for their crimes.
d.
A citizen review board may cause unnecessary expense by duplicating the work of the internal affairs department.

c

___________________ theory holds that crime is basically "imitative"-we learn crime the same way that we learn other behavior.

Differential association

A successful example of a directed patrol program that achieved positive results was the ____________________ gun experiment.

Kansas City

A thorough study conducted in Newark regarding foot patrols concluded that adding foot patrol:

had no effect on crime

Academic studies regarding response time indicate that:

citizens generally cannot or do not report crimes immediately

According to the California Highway Patrol study, the most prevalent reason drivers fail to stop during a high-speed pursuit is:

the driver is afraid of or dislikes the police or enjoys the excitement of a chase

Agencies that cover a large geographical area, such as sheriff’s departments and state patrols, utilize:

a take home car program

During what decade did the foot patrol return to policing?

1980s

During what decade was the efficiency of foot patrols challenged?

1960s

In 2003, nearly all police departments had pursuit policies, and ____________________ percent of local police agencies had restrictive pursuit policies.

61

In effect, the Kansas City study failed to demonstrate that adding or taking away police patrols from an area made any difference within the:

community

In the proactive group in the Kansas City study, the police presence was:

doubled or tripled

Most departments utilize:

fleet vehicles

Officers who patrol specific locations at specific times to address a specific crime problem are called ____________________ patrol.

directed

One of the authors of the classic text Police Administration was:

O. W. Wilson

Random patrol is commonly believed by police administration to create a sense of:

omnipresence

The aggressive saturation patrol operation in Washington, D.C., run by Chief Cathy Lanier is called:

All Hands on Deck

The calls radioed to patrol officers, or assignments given to police patrol units by 911 dispatchers, reveal the types of problems for which people call the police and the types of problems:

the police feel deserve a response by patrol units

The Kansas City study occurred in the:

1970s

The police department’s generalist is the:

patrol officer

When researchers examined the reinstitution of foot patrol in Newark and Flint, they arrived at the conclusion that when foot patrol is added in neighborhoods:

levels of fear decrease significantly

Which of the following is a functional category of routine patrol as defined by Gay, Schell, and Schack?

calls for service preventative patrol administrative tasks

Which of the following is a functional category of routine patrol as defined by Gay, Schell, and Schack?
Select one:
a.
calls for service
b.
preventative patrol
c.
administrative tasks
d.
all of these choices

d

Which of the following is not one of the basic components of response time?

time it takes for the perpetrator to flee the scene

Which of the following is not one of the three traditional ways we do police work in the United States?

proactive investigations

Who coined the term omnipresence?

O. W. Wilson

____________________ is/are the most expensive part of a police department’s budget.

Personnel

____________________ patrol is a solution to the problem of directed patrol units often getting interrupted by calls for service, which can affect the performance of their assignments.

Split-force

A legal defense that holds that police originated the criminal idea or initiated the criminal action is called:

entrapment

A study by Florida State University released in 2006 found that offenders tracked by GPS were ____________________ percent less likely to abscond or reoffend than those not monitored.

90

An investigative unit that reexamines old cases that have remained unsolved is called a:

cold-case squad

Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following except:

murderers

Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following

robbers purse snatchers persons committing larcenies from autos

Detectives in a centralized squad are considered ____________________.

specialists

Detectives in a decentralized squad are considered ____________________.

generalists

Dressing as and playing the role of a potential crime victim is known as:

a decoy operation

During the 1990s, the crime rates across the country:

went down at an unprecedented rate

Entrapment is a(n) ____________________ defense.

affirmative

Nationally, police are able to clear only____________________ percent of all violent crimes reported to them.

46.8

Nationally, police are only able to clear ____________________ percent of all property crimes reported to them.

19

One of the primary purposes of police patrol is to prevent crime by creating a sense of:

omnipresence

Plainclothes officers’ efforts to blend into an area and attempt to catch a criminal are called:

blending

Prior to the Rand study, it was common for police departments to have policies and procedures in place that emphasized:

retroactive investigations of past crimes by detectives

The idea that detective work is glamorous, exciting, and dangerous, as it is depicted in the movies and on television, is called the:

detective mystique

The investigative process begins with:

patrol officer

The MCI program is designed to put most of an investigator’s time and effort into:

only very important cases and cases that actually can be solved.

The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals recommended that detectives should be assigned only to preliminary investigations of:

very serious or complex preliminary investigations.

The Rand report said that half of all detectives could be replaced without negatively influencing:

crime clearance rates

The single most important determinant of whether or not a case will be solved is the information the victim supplies to the ____________________.

immediately responding patrol officer

The use of analytical methods to obtain pertinent information on crime patterns and trends that can then be disseminated to officers on the street is called ____________________.

crime analysis

The vast majority of all arrests are made:

at the scene of the crime

What system has greatly improved the surveillance of offenders?

global positioning system (GPS)

Which of the following is a solvability factor in the MCI program?

Is there a witness? Is a suspect named or known? Will the complainant cooperate?

Which of the following is a solvability factor in the MCI program?
Select one:
a.
Is there a witness?
b.
Is a suspect named or known?
c.
Will the complainant cooperate?
d.
all of these choices

d

____________________ are effective in cases in which the police receive a tip that a crime is going to occur in a commercial establishment or in which the police discover or come upon a pattern.

Stakeouts

According to the author, the police should be seen by the community as:

part of the community

Everything done with each other as human beings in all kinds of relationships is the definition of:

human relations

The President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice reported in 1967 that police relations with minority groups had:

Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs most each year is:

a. theft
b. motor vehicle theft
c. burglary
d. felonious assault

a. theft

Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs least each year is:

a. murder
c. robbery
b. Rape
d. felonious assault

c. robbery

Each year, police in the United States make about ____________________ million arrests for all criminal infractions except traffic violations.

a. 61.3
b. 51.0
c. 13.7
d. 6.2

c. 13.7

This case applied the exclusionary rule to all state courts.

a. Weeks v. United States
b. Wolf v. Colorado
c. Rochin v. California
d. Mapp v. Ohio

d. Mapp v. Ohio

This case established the exclusionary rule in federal courts.

a. Weeks v. United States
b. Wolf v. Colorado
c. Rochin v. California
d. Mapp v. Ohio

a. Weeks v. United States

"Evidence that may lead a reasonable person to believe that a crime has been committed and that a certain person committed it" is the definition of:

a. beyond a reasonable doubt
b. reasonable suspicion
c. probable cause
d. likely evidence

c. probable cause

This case allowed certain searches incident to arrest.

a. Chimel v. California
b. Terry v. Ohio
c. United States v. Matlock
d. Abel v. United States

a. Chimel v. California

This case allowed searches, also known as "pat-downs," during field interrogations.

a. Chimel v. California
b. Terry v. Ohio
c. United States v. Matlock
d. Abel v. United States

b. Terry v. Ohio

Due to the mobility of an automobile, this case allowed police to search automobiles upon probable cause but without a search warrant.

a. Florida v. Bostick
b. California v. Greenwood
c. Hester v. United States
d. Carroll v. United States

d. Carroll v. United States

This case ruled that a person in police custody must be advised of his or her constitutional rights prior to interrogation or the information obtained can be excluded.

a. Brown v. Mississippi
b. McNabb v. United States
c. Escobedo v. United States
d. Miranda v. Arizona

d. Miranda v. Arizona

Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects against unreasonable searches and seizures?
a. First
b. Fourth
c. Fifth
d. Sixth

b. Fourth

Which constitutional amendment states that "no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized"?

a. First
b. Fourth
c. Fifth
d. Sixth

b. Fourth

This national survey is based on reports made to the police from crime victims.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

a. Uniform Crime Reports

This national survey is based on a random survey of American homes.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

b. National Crime Victimization Survey

This national survey is prepared by the FBI.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

a. Uniform Crime Reports

This national survey is prepared by the National Institute of Justice.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

b. National Crime Victimization Survey

This national survey lists all arrests made in the United States.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

a. Uniform Crime Reports

This national survey lists the number of all law enforcement employees for each reporting town, city, and county in America.

a. Uniform Crime Reports
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. U.S. Census
d. Federal Criminal Justice Survey

a. Uniform Crime Reports

The U.S. Supreme Court has made a significant impact on the way police do their job through its policy of:

a. judicial review
b. probable cause
c. third-degree tactics
d. silver platter doctrine

a. judicial review

Which type of tactics constituted the brutal and violent methods police historically practiced to obtain confessions?

a. hammering
b. first degree
c. third degree
d. drop down

c. third degree

The Supreme Court ruled in Burdeau v. McDowell that ____________________ apply/applies only to the actions of government agents, and not to those of private citizens or private security employees.

a. county ordinances
b. local ordinances
c. state statutes
d. the Bill of Rights

d. the Bill of Rights

The right to counsel contained within the Miranda ruling applies only when the subject of an interrogation:

a. is in custody
b. is accused of a felony crime
c. has been deemed indigent
d. has made an admission of guilt

a. is in custody

The "third degree" ended as a result of what U.S. Supreme Court decision?

a. Terry v. Ohio
b. Brown v. Mississippi
c. Carroll v. United States
d. Miranda v. Arizona

b. Brown v. Mississippi

A border search can be made without:

a. probable cause
b. a warrant
c. any articulable suspicion
d. all of these choices

d. all of these choices

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a warrantless search of a vehicle is valid if the police have probable cause to believe that the car contains evidence that they are seeking. This decision is known as the:

a. Stout doctrine
b. Carroll doctrine
c. exclusionary rule
d. fruits of the poisonous tree doctrine

b. Carroll doctrine

The purpose of a police inventory search of a vehicle is to:

a. recover weapons
b. recover any evidence
c. account for all the contents of the vehicle
d. look for elements of a crime

c. account for all the contents of the vehicle

Which of the following is not an exception to the search warrant requirement?

a. a crime scene
b. a border search
c. exigent circumstances
d. plain view

a. a crime scene

Which of the following has the Supreme Court not recognized as an exigent circumstance?

a. preventing an escape
b. to render immediate aid to a person in need of assistance
c. to check an identity
d. to prevent destruction of evidence

c. to check an identity

When conducting a stop and frisk, officers may search:

a. the outer clothing of the individual
b. the outer and inner clothing of the individual
c. inside the individual’s shoes
d. only inside the individual’s pockets

a. the outer clothing of the individual

Which of the following is not considered an actual search by the U.S. Supreme Court?

a. stop and frisk
b. border check
c. trained drug-dog sniff
d. search after a hot pursuit

c. trained drug-dog sniff

The Miranda ruling set out certain guidelines that the police must follow during interrogation; however, an exception to the Miranda warning allows questions to be asked:

a. to ensure the immediate safety of the public
b. regarding citizenship
c. about discarded narcotics
d. of a person under the age of 21

a. to ensure the immediate safety of the public

Which of the following is a violation of the Miranda ruling?

a. tape-recording unknowing suspects who were placed alone in a patrol car under arrest
b. using a jail informant to report what a suspect tells him or her
c. placing a tape recorder in an interrogation room while leaving the suspect alone
d. directly questioning the suspect about the crime while in a patrol car and en route to the jail

d. directly questioning the suspect about the crime while in a patrol car and en route to the jail

The police identification process that involves bringing a suspect back to the scene of the crime or another place (for example, a hospital where an injured victim is) where the suspect can be seen and possibly identified by a victim or witness of a crime is called a:

a. showup
b. showdown
c. line array
d. lineup

a. showup

Share This
Flashcard

More flashcards like this

NCLEX 10000 Integumentary Disorders

When assessing a client with partial-thickness burns over 60% of the body, which finding should the nurse report immediately? a) ...

Read more

NCLEX 300-NEURO

A client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, "Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without ...

Read more

NASM Flashcards

Which of the following is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body? Diffusion ...

Read more

We can Write a Custom Essay

Consectetur labore ullamco magna do irure fugiat Lorem

Check Price

Successful message
sending