CPR Review

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In high quality CPR on an adult, what action should you ensure is being accomplished?

Compressing to a depth of at least 2 inches (5cm).

The AED arrives on the scene. What is the first step to using it?

Turn it on!

The AED detects ventricular fibrillation. What is the next step when using an AED?

Follow the AED prompts.

What should you do if the victim is submerged in water and you need to use an AED?

Pull the victim out of the water and wipe their chest.

When using a bag-mask device, how can rescuers ensure that they are providing effective breaths?

Observing the chest rise with breaths.

in 1 rescuer infant CPR what is the ratio of compressions to breaths?

30:2 (30 compressions and 2 breaths)

What is something to consider when using an AED?

pads may not stick on a hairy chest and may fail to deliver a shock.

A child has collapsed. 1 rescuer has confirmed the scene is safe, has called for help, and has begun high quality CPR. 2 additional rescuers arrive to assist. What actions are next, to support a team-based resuscitation attempt?

2 rescuers alternate giving high quality chest compressions.

2 rescuers begin high quality CPR, the 3rd leaves to get the AED. What action supports 2-rescuer CPR?

Alternating the compressor role every 2 minutes.

"Members of a team know their boundaries and ask for help before the resuscitation attempt worsens". What element of team dynamics does this reflect?

Knowing you limitations.

A victim has a foreign-body airway obstruction and becomes unresponsive. What is your first action?

Start CPR, beginning with chest compressions.

Defibrillation is important because

It can restore a regular cardiac rhythm

You see someone suddenly collapse. They are unresponsive, they are gasping, and there is no pulse. What next?

Begin CPR; the gasps are not normal breathing

You see a victim unresponsive, not breathing, and no pulse. Which action is most likely to positively impact this victim’s survival.

Performing high quality CPR

if compression rate slows during CPR what constructive feedback can you give?

"You need to compress at a rate of 100-120 per minute."

How do you perform chest compressions when providing high quality CPR to a child victim?

By compressing at least 1/3 the depth of the chest, about 2 inches (5cm)

How would you modify CPR on an unresponsive choking victim?

Each time you open the airway, look for the obstructing object.

An infant is responsive but choking with a severe airway obstruction. How do you relieve the obstruction?

Give sets of 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrust

Which action do you perform to relieve choking in an unresponsive infant?

Perform CPR and look for the obstructing object

Which victim requires CPR?

A victim who is unresponsive, with no normal breathing and no pulse.

"The team functions smoothly when all team members know their positions, functions, and tasks during a resusitation attempt." What element of team dynamics is this?

Clear roles and responsibilities.

Why is allowing complete chest recoil important?

The heart will adequately refill between compressions

When should rescuers switch positions during CPR?

Switch rescuers every 2 minutes

If you notice that the person performing chest compressions is not allowing complete chest recoil, what can you do?

Tell the compressor that you notice decreased chest recoil.

Rapid defibrillation is important to survival because

it eliminates abnormal heart rhythm

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