Computer Concepts Chapter 2

________ is the set of computer programs that allows the hardware to perform different tasks

Software

________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.

Embedded

All of the following are names for a flash drive EXCEPT ________ drive.

Hard

The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.

motherboard

Which of the following computers supports many simultaneous users and manages large amounts of data?

Mainframe computer

Which of the following is NOT a system used with touch screens?

Inductive

The terms data and information can be used interchangeably.

False

A(n) ________ device is a component, such as a keyboard, that connects to the computer

peripheral

An Apple iPad and a Samsung Galaxy Tab are examples of ________ computers

tablet

The area that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up when it is powered on is ________.

ROM

A(n)________ CPU has two processing paths, allowing it to process more than one instruction at a time

dual-core

A kilobyte is exactly ________ bytes.

1,024

Dropbox is an example of ________

cloud storage

________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon

Inkjet

RAM is a series of small cards plugged into slots on the ________.

motherboard

Apple's OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of ________ software

Operating System

A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet

Network interface card

________ is concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences.

Ergonomics

_______ is the set of computer programs that allows the hardware to perform different tasks.

Software

The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) controls all of the functions performed by the computer's other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions

False

Information is data that have been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.

True

________ is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored

RAM

Display screens that respond to commands initiated with your finger or a stylus are called ________ screens

touch

Which port is the most common port found on today's computing devices?

USB (Universal serial bus)

The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as ________.

screen resolution

In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________.

bits

The ________ keyboard layout gets its name from the first six letters in the top left row of alphabetic keys on the keyboard and is the standard English-language keyboard layout.

QWERTY

Which of the following is the smallest unit of measure?

Megabyte

RAM is a ________ storage location

volatile

The operating system provides the means for users to interact with a computer

True

Flash drives plug into a(n) ________

USB Port

A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices

Input

Brightness ratio is the difference in light intensity between brightest white and darkest black produced by a monitor

False

Monitors display images by using a grid made up of millions of tiny dots, called ________.

Pixels

All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT ________.

RAM

________ is a wireless transmission standard that lets you connect mobile computing devices to peripheral devices.

Bluetooth

A(n) ________ is an input device that looks like a pen.

Pointer

Which computer port can transmit uncompressed audio and video?

HDMI

A(n) ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.

Port

________ connectivity ports look like standard phone jacks but are slightly larger

Ethernet

The area that holds all of the instructions the computer needs to start up is the RAM.

False

The "brains" of the computer is the ________.

CPU

The most common type of monitor is a(n) ________.

liquid crystal display (LCD)

Computers use ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.

binary

A(n) ________ is a computer that is designed to perform complex calculations very rapidly.

supercomputer

Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers.

Nonimpact

Which of the following optical storage media has the greatest storage capacity?

BD

All of the following are ways to avoid injuries when working on computers EXCEPT ________.

A) placing a monitor at least 12" from the eyes

________ is a representation of a fact, a figure, or an idea and can be a number, a word, a picture, or even a recording of sound.

Data

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Computer Concepts Chapter 2

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________ is the set of computer programs that allows the hardware to perform different tasks

Software

________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.

Embedded

All of the following are names for a flash drive EXCEPT ________ drive.

Hard

The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.

motherboard

Which of the following computers supports many simultaneous users and manages large amounts of data?

Mainframe computer

Which of the following is NOT a system used with touch screens?

Inductive

The terms data and information can be used interchangeably.

False

A(n) ________ device is a component, such as a keyboard, that connects to the computer

peripheral

An Apple iPad and a Samsung Galaxy Tab are examples of ________ computers

tablet

The area that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up when it is powered on is ________.

ROM

A(n)________ CPU has two processing paths, allowing it to process more than one instruction at a time

dual-core

A kilobyte is exactly ________ bytes.

1,024

Dropbox is an example of ________

cloud storage

________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon

Inkjet

RAM is a series of small cards plugged into slots on the ________.

motherboard

Apple’s OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of ________ software

Operating System

A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet

Network interface card

________ is concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences.

Ergonomics

_______ is the set of computer programs that allows the hardware to perform different tasks.

Software

The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) controls all of the functions performed by the computer’s other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions

False

Information is data that have been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.

True

________ is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored

RAM

Display screens that respond to commands initiated with your finger or a stylus are called ________ screens

touch

Which port is the most common port found on today’s computing devices?

USB (Universal serial bus)

The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as ________.

screen resolution

In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________.

bits

The ________ keyboard layout gets its name from the first six letters in the top left row of alphabetic keys on the keyboard and is the standard English-language keyboard layout.

QWERTY

Which of the following is the smallest unit of measure?

Megabyte

RAM is a ________ storage location

volatile

The operating system provides the means for users to interact with a computer

True

Flash drives plug into a(n) ________

USB Port

A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices

Input

Brightness ratio is the difference in light intensity between brightest white and darkest black produced by a monitor

False

Monitors display images by using a grid made up of millions of tiny dots, called ________.

Pixels

All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT ________.

RAM

________ is a wireless transmission standard that lets you connect mobile computing devices to peripheral devices.

Bluetooth

A(n) ________ is an input device that looks like a pen.

Pointer

Which computer port can transmit uncompressed audio and video?

HDMI

A(n) ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.

Port

________ connectivity ports look like standard phone jacks but are slightly larger

Ethernet

The area that holds all of the instructions the computer needs to start up is the RAM.

False

The "brains" of the computer is the ________.

CPU

The most common type of monitor is a(n) ________.

liquid crystal display (LCD)

Computers use ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.

binary

A(n) ________ is a computer that is designed to perform complex calculations very rapidly.

supercomputer

Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers.

Nonimpact

Which of the following optical storage media has the greatest storage capacity?

BD

All of the following are ways to avoid injuries when working on computers EXCEPT ________.

A) placing a monitor at least 12" from the eyes

________ is a representation of a fact, a figure, or an idea and can be a number, a word, a picture, or even a recording of sound.

Data

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