Common Noncommunicable Diseases

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Women of childbearing age are more likely to develop autoimmune diseases than men of a similar age.

T

It is not necessary to be tested for any noncommunicable diseases because if there are no symptoms, there is no disease.

F

People with type 2 diabetes have to monitor their blood sugar levels and take insulin to manage the disease.

T

Which of the following is an autoimmune disorder?

MS

Which of the following diseases is caused by an abnormal chromosome inherited before birth?

Turner syndrome

Type 2 diabetes is treated with a medication to make the body sensitive to insulin.

T

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces too much insulin.

F

Type 2 diabetes would be considered a(n) __________.

Complex disease

Immune disorders result from both underactive and overactive immune systems.

T

Type 1 diabetes is caused by a mutated gene.

F

In your opinion, why might a person with a noncommunicable disease like diabetes be more accepted in social settings than a person with HIV?

Most people are aware that diabetes is not a contagious disease, so people are more accepting of it. With HIV, many people still have misconceptions about how the virus is spread, leading them to discriminate against those with HIV.

Which of the following hereditary diseases involves multiple genetic mutations?

Complex

Diabetes is characterized by excessively low blood sugar levels.

F

Name one similarity and one difference between cystic fibrosis and Down syndrome.

Both diseases are hereditary, but cystic fibrosis occurs as a result of a single gene that is mutated during the development of the fetus; Down syndrome happens when a fetus inherits an extra copy of the 21st chromosome.

Which of the following factors can influence the development and progression of noncommunicable diseases?

Diet choices, genetics, and air quality

What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes because it begins during childhood. Type 2 diabetes happens later in life as a result of obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and poor choices in diet.

Which of the following diseases is caused by a single mutated gene?

Sickle sell anemia

Which of the following results from an incomplete chromosome?

Chromosomal disease

Which of the following is an immune disorder?

Asthma

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of diabetes?

Loss of appetite

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