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Of the following, which does NOT describe Romantic orchestral music?

Composers produced more symphonies than their Classical-era counterparts.

Of the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?

The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.

Solo musicians became stars in the Romantic era, idolized by the public.

True

Schubert was born in:

Vienna

Schumann’s "In the lovely month of May" is from which song cycle?

A Poet’s Love.

What is the form of "In the lovely month of May"?

Strophic

Chopin is considered to be the national composer of:

poland

Despite her gender, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was encouraged by her family to pursue a career in music.

False

Which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin?

reserved emotions

Which of the following describes the music in America during the early nineteenth century?

Music was largely imported from Europe.

In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe:

Symbolizes the beloved, recures by virtue of the literary program, and unifies the five movements, which are diverse in character and mood.

Of the following, which does NOT characterize Grieg’s Morning Mood from Peer Gynt?

prominent roles for a solo trumpet and trombone

Of the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?

Italian Symphony

Who was the first composer to use the term symphonic poem?

Liszt

Of the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?

Composers wrote more symphonies than their Classical counterparts

Dvorak set actual Native American tunes in his New World Symphony.

False

The scherzo is a lively, dancelike movement in duple meter.

False

Dvorak Symphony No. 9 is subtitled:

From the New World.

Wagner’s recurring themes that represent specific characters, emotions, or ideas are called leitmotifs.

True

Which composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century?

Wagner.

In the Ring cycle, who is the father of the gods?

Wotan

Why did Wotan deprive Brünnhilde of her immortality and leave her sleeping inside a ring of fire?

because she, overcome with compassion, attempted to save Siegmund’s life in battle

Of the following, who did NOT make a major contribution to choral literature?

Frédéric Chopin

The post-Romantic era lasted from approximately:

1890-1910.

At the close of the opera Madame Butterfly, the title character:

kills herself with a samurai dagger.

Of the following, who is a noted woman composer of the Romantic era?

Clara Schumann

Which of the following best describes the role of women in nineteenth-century music?

The piano provided women with a socially acceptable performance outlet.

The Romantics embraced conventional forms.

False

Schumann wrote his song cycle A Poet’s Love during his "year of song," in which he wrote hundreds of Lieder and also married Clara Schumann.

True

The favorite Romantic poets for the composers of Lieder were:

Goethe and Heine.

A German-texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:

A lied.

Chopin is credited with creating:

the modern piano style.

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s output is dominated by:

Lieder and piano music.

Piano manufacturing remained unchanged until the technical advances of the early twentieth century.

False

Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is a:

love song.

Incidental music to a play is generally considered to be absolute music.

False

Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?

String Quartet in B-flat major

Music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called absolute music.

False

Who composed the opera The Bartered Bride?

Smetana

Dvorak Symphony No. 9 was inspired by Goethe’s Faust.

False

Brahms wrote ____________ symphonies.

4

Of which national school of composition is Dvorak a representative?

Czech

Romantic composers wrote concertos only for their own performance.

False

The ensemble that follows "La donna è mobile" in Act III of Rigoletto is a:

quartet

The nineteenth century saw the quick development of an international opera style that replaced the national schools of the eighteenth century.

False

Verdi’s Aida could be viewed as an example of exoticism because of its Egyptian setting.

True

Who dies at the end of Rigoletto?

Gilda, Rigoletto’s daughter

Puccini’s operas are associated with the verismo movement.

True

A Japanese geisha is best compared in Western culture with:

a courtesan.

Which of the following exotic elements can be heard in the opera Madame Butterfly?

Japanese melodies. pentatonic and whole-tone scales. instrument combinations that evoke the Japanese gagaku. –>all of the above

Exoticism was expressed by incorporating folk music of one’s own country within a composition.

False

The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by:

sympathy for the oppressed. interest in folk culture. faith in humankind and its destiny. all of the above

Which does NOT characterize Romantic music?

reserved emotions

Schubert wrote several song cycles, including:

Winter’s Journey.

Schubert’s song Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by:

Goethe.

Schubert’s prolific output includes works of every major genre.

True

The short, lyric piano piece is the instrumental equivalent of:

the song

The mazurka is a Hungarian folk dance.

False

The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was:

The piano.

Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair has an active piano accompaniment suggesting flowing water.

False

Grieg’s incidental music for Peer Gynt was written for a play by:

Henrik Ibsen

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the music of Berlioz?

It relies on traditional forms.

Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique is an example of:

A program symphony.

The finale to Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character.

True

Brahms’s symphonies use a Romantic harmonic idiom but are Classical in form.

True

The typical Romantic symphony has four movements.

True

Which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?

Brahms

The third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 in F major is a rollicking scherzo.

False

Which of the following countries was NOT a leading opera center in the nineteenth century?

England

Louise Bertin wrote an opera based on Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

True

Wagner strived for a continuous flow of melody unlike the divisions of aria and recitative in Italian opera.

True

A special theater was built at ____________ for the presentation of Wagner’s music dramas.

Bayreuth

Tchaikovsky was known for his symphonies and operas as well as for his ballets.

True

Which great Russian choreographer wrote the scenario for The Nutcracker?

Petipa

Ballet became an independent art form in the nineteenth century.

True

The desire for increased expressiveness in nineteenth-century music is communicated by the composer to the performer through new descriptive terms.

True

The French Revolution signaled:

the transfer of power from the aristocracy to the middle class.

Which of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel.

Robert Schumann was married to the gifted pianist and composer Clara Wieck.

True

Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s A Poet’s Love?

It tells a detailed story of a lost love.

Which of the following was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?

praise of the Virgin Mary

An étude is a short but highly technical study piece for piano.

True

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is a cycle for:

Piano

How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?

It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links.

Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?

Louis Moreau Gottschalk

Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:

employing native songs and dances in their works.

Musorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition is an example of:

Program music

A multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called:

a program symphony.

Grieg’s In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt is unified by a recurring:

Theme.

By the Romantic era, concerts had moved from:

the aristocratic palace to the public concert hall.

Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with:

Clara Schumann.

Brahms is often described as a(n) ____________, because of his use of forms of the Classical masters.

traditionalist

Brahms was described as a "young eagle" by:

Robert Schumann.

Women achieved prominence in the Romantic era as opera singers.

True

The focal point of Wagnerian music drama is the voice.

False

Which characteristic of traditional opera did Wagner eliminate?

separate arias

After Italian independence, Verdi was ignored by the Italian public.

False

Which of the following does NOT characterize the Libera me: Dies irae section of Verdi’s Requiem?

understated emotions

Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly, worked as a geisha prior to her marriage.

True

The Nutcracker is a real-life story set at Christmastime.

False

Romantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:

Melody.

A Romantic symphony is generally longer than a Classical symphony.

True

Brass instruments became more flexible due to the invention of:

valves.

A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:

modified strophic.

Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking?

It is the masterpiece of his youth. It is based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of the elves must die. It presents four characters who are differentiated in the music. all of the above

Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:

Schubertiads.

Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?

A second keyboard was added.

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year has extra-musical connections.

True

Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?

salon or drawing room

Which of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?

simpler notation for people lacking music literacy

Although a musical nationalist, Smetana avoided getting involved with political revolution.

False

Grieg’s music for Peer Gynt was published as a suite.

True

Which of the following inspired Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?

the actress Harriet Smithson

Nineteenth-century Russian composers had a strong tradition of utilizing folk tales as the basis of their compositions.

True

The symphony was a new genre in the Romantic era.

False

The origins of the Romantic concerto reach back to the Renaissance.

False

Of the following, who wrote more than seven symphonies?

Haydn

How many movements are in a typical symphony?

four

The emotional quality of Wagner’s music is heightened by the use of:

chromatic dissonance.

The concept of a total artwork in which all the arts—music, poetry, drama, visual spectacle—are fused together is called:

Gesamtkunstwerk.

Which of the following does NOT characterize the music for Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walküre?

The orchestra plays a subordinate role.

Richard Wagner composed the first Singspiel.

False

Who was Tchaikovsky’s principal patron?

Nadezhda von Meck

The leading composer of Italian opera in the late-Romantic era was:

Puccini

What Russian figure played a crucial role in the development of twentieth-century ballet?

Diaghilev

One of the prime traits of Romantic artists was their emphasis on intense emotional expression.

True

The nineteenth-century novel found its great theme in the conflict between the individual and society.

True

During the nineteenth century, concert life began to center in the:

Public concert hall.

A song in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of the text is in strophic form.

True

____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.

Heinrich Heine.

A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in strophic form.

False

The form of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, from The Year, is:

A-B-A’.

Salon performances were usually open to the general public.

False

What nineteenth-century composer’s entire output centered around the piano?

Chopin

Shape-note notation was used to help the general public read music.

True

A symphonic poem is a multimovement programmatic work for orchestra.

False

Who was the first Bohemian composer to achieve international prominence?

Smetana

Which of the following is a Finnish nationalist composer?

Jean Sibelius

Nationalism can be seen in all of the following EXCEPT:

Chopin’s waltzes.

The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is:

ternary.

Of the following interests, which did Brahms pursue in his younger years?

folk music. writings of the German romantics. music of Bach and Beethoven. –> all of the above

The subtitle From the New World of Dvorak Symphony No. 9 refers to a visit the composer made to South America.

False

Dvorak sought to immigrate to America and become an American citizen.

False

What composer’s musical language was based on chromatic harmony?

Wagner

Opera singers Maria Malibran and Pauline Viardot were both daughters of the famous singer and teacher Manuel García.

True

Wagner did not wish to change the prevailing form of opera in the nineteenth century.

False

The aria "La donna è mobile" from Verdi’s Rigoletto, is set in a simple, strophic form with a refrain.

True

The libretto for Madame Butterfly represents Western fascination with geisha culture in the late nineteenth century.

True

Which of the following composers does NOT represent the Italian verismo style?

Verdi

Tchaikovsky suffered from depression and guilt over his homosexuality.

True

The Leipzig Conservatory was founded by:

Felix Mendelssohn.

An interest in folklore and folk music resulted from the rise of nationalism.

True

The French Revolution did not affect the Romantic movement.

False

Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.

False

Robert Schumann’s wife, Clara, was:

The daughter of his piano teacher, one fo the foremost pianists of her day, and the inspiration for A Poet’s Love.

A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:

strophic

The rise in popularity of the piano was an important factor in shaping the musical culture of the Romantic era.

True

Who composed the piano cycle entitled The Year?

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel

Chopin’s Mazurka in B-flat minor, Op. 24, No. 4, is in duple meter.

False

Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair contains a cadenza in every strophe.

True

In his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme, which he called the idée fixe, symbolizing the beloved.

True

Grieg was a Finnish nationalist composer who wrote the much-loved symphonic poem Finlandia.

False

Nationalism found natural expression in music, among other arts.

True

How many movements are in Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?

Five

William Grant Still was an African-American composer who sought musical inspiration from his native heritage.

True

Of the following, who was NOT an African-American composer?

Antonín Dvorak

Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is a program symphony.

False

A fanciful solo passage in an improvisational style that is interpolated into a concerto movement is called:

a cadenza

National styles of opera developed in:

Italy. Germany. France. all of above

Verdi’s opera Nabucco was hugely popular in Italy because it:

was interpreted as a symbol of Italian independence

Wagner pushed major-minor tonality to extreme limits with his style of chromatic harmony.

True

Who composed The Barber of Seville and the overture to William Tell?

Rossini

Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?

Part song

Verismo was a late-Romantic movement in opera which sought to:

pick subjects from everyday life and treat them realistically.

Which of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky?

Eugene Onegin

In the Romantic era, skilled musicians were trained at:

conservatories.

What trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far-off lands?

Exoticism.

Which of the following is true of Romantic poets?

They rebelled against conventional forms and subjects. They leaned toward the fanciful and picturesque. They expressed their new spirit of individualism with passion. all of the above

The German term for the art song is:

Lied.

The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.

False

The form of Schubert’s Lied Elfking is through-composed.

True

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because:

She was a woman.

Chopin had a long relationship with the female writer George Sand.

True

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is her only symphonic poem.

False

Hymns from eighteenth-century America survived only through oral traditions.

False

A piece of program music for orchestra in one movement that, through several contrasting sections, develops a poetic idea or suggests a scene or mood is called:

A symphonic poem

In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, what is the idée fixe?

The basic theme of the symphony, heard in all movements

Smetana’s The Moldau is a musical painting of a river.

True

Which composer is considered the first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France?

Berlioz

The first movement of the Romantic concerto often omitted the orchestral exposition.

True

Of the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?

The symphonic poem.

The true love of Brahms’s life was Clara Schumann.

True

Which movement of a symphony is traditionally the slowest?

The second movement.

What composer created the music drama?

Wagner

Wagner called his operas:

Music dramas.

Verdi’s operas stirred a revolutionary spirit within the Italian people.

True

One of the leitmotifs from Wagner’s Die Walküre is the magic fire music.

True

In her aria "Un bel dì," from Madame Butterfly, Cio-Cio-San sings of:

Her wish for her husband to return.

Verdi’s Requiem Mass was intended for performances in church.

False

Which of the following statements about Romantic choral music is NOT true?

Only professional singers participated in nineteenth-century choruses.

Of the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?

The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.

Romantic music is characterized by relatively less expression than music of earlier periods.

False

The Romantic orchestra was the same size as the Classical orchestra.

False

Robert Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is set to texts by:

Heinrich Heine.

The mood of Schumann’s "In the lovely month of May" is joyful and exuberant.

False

Goethe and Heine were two of the leading nineteenth-century writers whose poetry was set by Lieder composers

True

The term tempo rubato, associated with Chopin’s music, means that the performer should:

take liberties with the tempo.

Nineteenth-century composers of the short, lyric piano piece included:

Johannes Brahms. Robert Schumann. Frédéric Chopin. all of the above

How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?

It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links.

Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?

When Johnny Comes Marching Home

Expressions of nationalism were more prevalent in Romantic music than in works of the Classical period.

True

In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe melody appears only at the very end of the fourth movement, March to the Scaffold.

False

Grieg was a Finnish nationalist composer who wrote the much-loved symphonic poem Finlandia.

False

Folk tales have had little influence on composers of Western classical music.

False

The origins of the Romantic concerto reach back to the Renaissance.

False

The scherzo is a lively, dancelike movement in duple meter.

False

Of the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?

the symphonic poem

The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is:

ternary.

Wagner eventually married Cosima, the daughter of his good friend Franz Liszt.

True

Which Verdi opera was commissioned for performance in Cairo to mark the opening of the Suez Canal?

Aida

Of the following, which does NOT characterize Singspiel?

It featured elaborate recitatives and arias.

Italian comic opera is called:

opera buffa.

Choral music offered the public an outlet for its creative energies.

True

The pas de deux is a Western-style two-step dance.

False

Of the following, which characterizes Verdi’s Requiem Mass?

The Requiem was dedicated to the memory of the poet Manzoni.

Of the following, which was NOT a major theme of Romantic writers?

idealized heroes of Greece and Rome

Solo musicians became stars in the Romantic era, idolized by the public.

True

Romantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:

melody.

In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?

Lied

Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose?

more than 600

Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:

Schubertiads.

Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?

salon or drawing room

Chopin is considered to be the national composer of:

Poland.

The manuscript for Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, from The Year, has poetic lines by:

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

Louis Moreau Gottschalk is primarily remembered for composing parlor songs in the style of spirituals.

False

The finale to Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character.

True

Smetana’s The Moldau is a musical painting of a river.

True

The Moldau represents:

Smetana’s finest achievement in orchestral music. a river that flows through Bohemia. a nationalist work. all of the above

Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:

employing native songs and dances in their works.

Of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?

Schubert

Of the following, who was a prolific composer of Lieder?

Brahms

The scheme of a traditional symphony is:

fast-slow-dance-fast.

Brahms was described as a "young eagle" by:

Robert Schumann.

Wagner chose to base his stories on:

idealized folk legends.

La Scala, the famous opera house where Verdi’s operas were performed, is in:

Milan.

Of the following, which opera is NOT by Verdi?

Carmen

Who are the Valkyries in Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung?

the nine daughters of Wotan

Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker is based on a story by:

E. T. A. Hoffmann.

The music for Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is entirely European in conception, despite the setting in Japan.

False

Which of the following descriptions best characterizes a part song?

a short, secular song for three or four voice parts

Which of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel.

The society of the nineteenth century saw a few women make careers as professional musicians.

True

A Romantic symphony is generally longer than a Classical symphony.

True

____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.

Heinrich Heine

A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:

modified strophic.

Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s "In the lovely month of May"?

It ends with harmonic resolution.

Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?

A second keyboard was added.

Chopin is credited with creating:

the modern piano style.

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year has extra-musical connections.

True

Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?

Louis Moreau Gottschalk

Hector Berlioz was born and spent most of his career in:

France

Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?

String Quartet in B-flat major

Of the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?

Italian Symphony

A multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called:

a program symphony.

The symphony was a new genre in the Romantic era.

False

The purity of Brahms’s Classical style and his mastery of musical architecture brought him closer to the spirit of Beethoven than any of his contemporaries.

True

The third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 in F major is a rollicking scherzo.

False

Which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?

Brahms

Wagner eventually married Cosima, the daughter of his good friend Franz Liszt.

True

After Italian independence, Verdi was ignored by the Italian public.

False

Which of the following operas is NOT an example of exoticism?

Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro

Which of the following was a widely loved nationalist opera composer?

Verdi

The development of Russian ballet was stimulated by the great choreographer ____________ in 1847.

Marius Petipa

Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?

Part song

The Nutcracker is based on a story by E. T. A. Hoffmann.

True

Mendelssohn’s Italian Symphony, Bizet’s Carmen, and Ravel’s Spanish Rhapsody are examples of:

exoticism.

Of the following, which does NOT describe Romantic orchestral music?

Composers produced more symphonies than their Classical-era counterparts.

The desire for increased expressiveness in nineteenth-century music is communicated by the composer to the performer through new descriptive terms.

True

Franz Schubert was a thoroughly Romantic composer whose music abandoned the forms and stylistic principles of Classicism.

False

Schumann’s "In the lovely month of May" is from which song cycle?

A Poet’s Love

Schubert lived a tragically short life but was a remarkably prolific composer of:

Lieder. chamber music. piano music. all of the above

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is her only symphonic poem.

False

Which of the following was NOT a genre of music written by Chopin?

symphonies

Chopin spent most of his productive life in:

Paris

Which of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?

simpler notation for people lacking music literacy

In his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme, which he called the idée fixe, symbolizing the beloved.

True

Music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called absolute music.

False

Edvard Grieg was an important representative of the Czech school of composition.

False

Edvard Grieg is a composer from:

Norway.

The first movement of the Romantic concerto often omitted the orchestral exposition.

True

Which form found in symphonies is most likely to be strongly rhythmic and dancelike?

scherzo

Dvorak Symphony No. 9 is subtitled:

From the New World.

The first movement of a symphony is usually in ____________ form.

sonata-allegro

Who was the source of Verdi’s inspiration for Rigoletto?

Victor Hugo

Of the following, which woman was a successful composer as well as a successful opera singer?

Louise Bertin

Wagner did not wish to change the prevailing form of opera in the nineteenth century.

False

The librettist for Verdi’s Rigoletto was:

Piave.

The ____________ is the most powerful part of the Requiem Mass.

Dies irae

Puccini’s Madame Butterfly ends:

tragically.

The trepak is a folk dance from:

Russia.

Which of the following best describes the role of women in nineteenth-century music?

The piano provided women with a socially acceptable performance outlet.

Which does NOT characterize Romantic music?

reserved emotions

The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by:

sympathy for the oppressed. interest in folk culture. faith in humankind and its destiny. all of the above

The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.

The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.

The song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic.

The song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic.

Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.

Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s output is dominated by:

Lieder and piano music.

As in the eighteenth century, nineteenth-century virtuoso pianists were almost always prominent composers as well.

False

The mazurka is a Hungarian folk dance.

False

Hymns from eighteenth-century America survived only through oral traditions.

True

Berlioz was one of the boldest musical innovators of the nineteenth century.

True

"The Mighty Five" were composers from:

Russia.

Who composed the opera The Bartered Bride?

Smetana

Grieg’s In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt is unified by a recurring:

theme.

Concertos in the nineteenth century often emphasized virtuosity.

True

The typical Romantic symphony has four movements.

True

Of the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?

Composers wrote more symphonies than their Classical counterparts.

The Harlem Renaissance was an early twentieth-century movement that promoted the creative efforts of African Americans.

True

In addition to composing music, Wagner was an important:

writer

What composer created the music drama?

Wagner

What was Verdi’s last opera, completed at age eighty?

Falstaff

Wagner pushed major-minor tonality to extreme limits with his style of chromatic harmony.

True

Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly, worked as a geisha prior to her marriage.

True

The solo voice begging for deliverance in the Libera me: Requiem aeternam section of Verdi’s Requiem is:

a soprano.

Tchaikovsky suffered from depression and guilt over his homosexuality.

True

The Industrial Revolution produced less expensive musical instruments but with no technical improvements.

False

The dynamic range of nineteenth-century orchestras was far greater than orchestras of the previous century.

True

Of the following instruments, which first appeared in the Romantic era?

saxophone

In Schubert’s Elfking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano accompaniment represents:

the galloping of the horse.

Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is a:

song cycle.

In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?

Lied

Of the following, which type of piano work has a spacious form?

ballade

Which of the following did NOT characterize salons?

They were generally hosted by wealthy male aristocrats

What is the origin of the mazurka?

a stately processional dance for nobility

Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?

When Johnny Comes Marching Home

Folk tales have had little influence on composers of Western classical music.

False

Edvard Grieg was an important representative of the Czech school of composition.

False

Berlioz was awarded the Prix de Rome in the year that he wrote his Symphonie fantastique.

True

Edvard Grieg is a composer from:

Norway

A large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument(s) and orchestra is called:

A concerto.

Dvorak Symphony No. 9 was inspired by:

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha.

Of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?

Schubert

What is the typical number of movements found in a concerto?

Three.

In Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walküre, what are the Valkyries carrying on their horses?

fallen heroes

The opera Carmen is set in Cuba.

False

In addition to composing music, Wagner was an important:

writer

Operas with exotic plots:

look to far-away lands for inspiration.

Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly, with its Japanese melodies and pentatonic and whole-tone scales, is an example of exoticism.

True

Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is:

a tragic tale of a Japanese geisha and a U: S: naval officer

The keyboard instrument featured in the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, from The Nutcracker, is:

the celesta.

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