CMPH Chapter 10

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Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment you hard drive.


Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it’s important to delete unneeded files.


Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives


Using windows 7 backup and restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.


The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.


For optimal performance, how much free space does Windows need on a hard drive?

15 percent

Which hard drive type contains spinning platters?

Magnetic hard disk drives

What is pagefile.sys used for in windows?

Virtual memory

What is another name for a file allocation unit?


How ofter does windows7/vista automatically defragment a hard drive?

once a week

Use the ____ command to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contigouos.


To make sure the drive is healthy, you need to search for and repair file system errors using the Windows _____ utility.


A snapshot of the system settings and configuration is called a_____.

restore point

_____ creates restore points at a regular intervals and ust before you install software or hardware.

System Protection

What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?

Extended partition

Besides backing up user data or system files, you can also back up the entire volume on which Win7 is installed using ______.

Back up and Restore

Which partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operation system to start up?

Active partition

If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, you can press ____ to do so.


The _____ command creates a subdirectory under a directory


A dynamic disk requires ____ MB of storage for the disk management database


You can use _____ to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks.

Disk management

Which of the following status indicators apply only to dynamic disks?

1.Foreign drive 3.Healthy(at risk)

Which of the following are file systems supported by Windows that you can choose for volumes and drives that don’t hold the Windows installation.


Which of the following are recommendations for freein up disk space on a hard drive?

Uninstall software you no longer use use drive compression

Which of the following Windows settings are critical for kepping the system protected from malware and hackers?

Network location setting Antivirus software Windows updates

To _____ is to rearrange parts of files on the drive so each file is stored on the drive in contiguous clusters


_________ restores the system to its condition at the time a snapshot was taken of the system settings and configuration

System Restore

As you work at the command prompt, you can use _______ characters in a filename to say that the command applies to a group of files or to abbreviate a filename if you do not know the entire name


Space on the disk is marked as _____ if it has not yet been partitioned.


A ______ drive is a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space



Rearranges files on the drive into as a few segments as possible

Chkdsk utility

Searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible

Virtual Memory

Used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system


A hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C


An extra copy of data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed

Restore Points

Snapshots of the system and include Windows system fiels that have changed

Mounted Drive

A volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space

Dynamic volumes

Can span more than one hard drive

Basic disk

Can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive

File system

Overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive

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