chp 9 social

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According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the "core" of the world economy

high-income nations

One criticism of dependency theory is that it

treats global wealth as a zero-sum so that one country benefits only at the expense of another

Japan, Canada, and the nations of Western Europe are all classified as

high-income countries

With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory

claims rich nations are to blame for global poverty

The global region in which the greatest reduction in poverty has taken place is


While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____.

production of wealth; distribution of wealth

In the world’s lowest-income nations, two in ten children born die by the age of


A social theorist who contributed to the development of dependency theory by tracing the growth of the capitalist world economy is

Immanuel Wallerstein

If you were applying modernization theory to the problem of global poverty, you might expect rich nations to aid the economic development of poor nations by

increasing industrial production

In poor nations, poverty is_____ than in the United States

more widespread and severe

In past centuries, European nations colonized countries in

only Africa

Dependency theory differs from modernization theory by

explaining global inequality in terms of the exploitation of poor countries by rich countries.

If you wanted to visit the world’s low-income nations, where would you travel?

Africa and Asia

Which theoretical approach claims that rich nations of the world are "overdeveloped" while poor nations are "underdeveloped"?

dependency theory

The people of the high-income countries, who represent 23 percent of the world’s population, enjoy about how much of the world’s income?

64 percent

André Gunder Frank states that poor nations

were "underdeveloped," or made poor, by rich nations

What is Wallerstein’s term for the middle-income countries of the world?


The concept of "colonialism" refers to the process by which

some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of others

A majority of the world’s people live in

middle-income nations

Wallerstein pointed to several factors that cause dependency among low-income nations. Which of the following is a factor that Wallerstein did NOT claim to be a cause of dependency?

lack of integration into the world economy

Absolute poverty is

life threatening

According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of_____

traditional; high mass consumption

About how many people in the world die each year due to starvation

9 million

High-income nations

make use of factories, big machinery, and advanced technology.

The death of 52 garment workers in a Bangladeshi sweatshop shows that

the lives of the world’s poor are far worse than many people in the United States realize.

In 2012, how many independent nations were there in the world?


Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has


According to modernization theory, the greatest barrier to economic development is

traditional culture

The poorest 20 percent of the global population receives about what percentage of all global income

2 percent

Which world region contains the largest percentage of the world’s street children?

Latin America

Of the almost 1 billion people in the world who are living at or close to absolute poverty, what percentage are women

70 percent

What concept refers to a global economy in which multinational corporations exploit people in low-income nations


The social theorist identified with modernization theory is

Max Weber.

From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where

population increase is highest.

In poor countries, the disadvantages women face relative to men are

greater than in rich nations

The concept of "neocolonialism" refers to the process by which

multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country.

______ is not a high-income nation

South Africa

If you were to apply modernization theory to the problem of global poverty, you might point that low-income nations

have cultural resistance to innovation.

For the world as a whole, about how many people suffer from chronic hunger that leaves them less able to work and places them at high risk of disease?

close to 1 billion

Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another

chattel slavery

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