Chapter 9 Sociology

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Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover their debts?

debt bondage

Absolute poverty is

life threatening.

The concept of "colonialism" refers to the process by which

some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of others.

According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the "core" of the world economy?

high-income nations

In poor countries, the disadvantages women face relative to men are

greater than in rich nations.

In 2012, how many independent nations were there in the world?


Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another?

chattel slavery

According to modernization theory, the greatest barrier to economic development is

traditional culture.

Some critics claim that modernization theory

ignores how rich nations prevent the economic development of poor nations.

From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where

population increase is highest.

The concept of "neocolonialism" refers to the process by which

multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country.

Wallerstein pointed to several factors that cause dependency among low-income nations. Which of the following is a factor that Wallerstein did NOT claim to be a cause of dependency?

lack of integration into the world economy

While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____.

production of wealth; distribution of wealth

A social theorist who contributed to the development of dependency theory by tracing the growth of the capitalist world economy is

Immanuel Wallerstein.

With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory

claims rich nations are to blame for global poverty

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