Chapter 8 Quiz Pol

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Which of the following groups typically has the highest level of political participation?

senior citizens (65 and older)

The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, mandated that

no state could prevent the right to vote on account of race.

Over the past decade, polls have shown that Asian American voters are moving

toward the Democratic Party.

________ conducts its elections entirely by mail.


The modern low for voter turnout in a presidential election was ________ percent of eligible voters in the ________ election.

52; 1996

Under the Constitution, ________ the power to regulate elections.

state legislatures have

During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the criteria for determining one’s eligibility to vote were established by ________.

state governments

Statewide controversial initiatives on the ballot

increase voter turnout in elections.

Accidental mobilization occurs when

individuals are exposed to political information that they did not explicitly seek out.

Which of the following statements about religion is most accurate?

The Moral Majority is the first broad-based political organization of evangelical Christians.

The number one reason Americans gave for not voting in 2012 was that

they were "too busy" or had "conflicting schedules."

Which of the following characteristics constitutes one’s socioeconomic status?

level of income, level of education, and prestige of occupation

In terms of socioeconomic status, Asian Americans are closest to


About ________ percent of political advertising is aimed at Americans between 18 and 34 years of age.


World War I was an important factor in advancing the cause of women’s suffrage because

President Woodrow Wilson and members of Congress believed that women would support the war effort if they were granted the right to vote.

Voter turnout in the states that hold their presidential primary elections late in the nomination process is usually

much lower than states that hold their primary elections early in the process.

What was the primary venue for citizen participation in national politics until the early 1900s?

U.S. House elections

Which of the following statements about political parties is correct?

During the nineteenth century, political parties employed hundreds of thousands of workers to organize and mobilize voters.

Women won the right to vote in ________.


Approximately ________ percent of eligible voters turn out for midterm congressional elections.


Which of the following has not been a "battleground state" in recent presidential elections?

NOT NOT NOT NOT Pennsylvania NOT NOT NOT NOT Florida

It is likely that eliminating state-level voter registration laws would ________ voter turnout among ________ voters.

increase; younger

When was the Twenty-Sixth Amendment ratified?

during the Vietnam War

Which of the following statements about race and political participation is most accurate?

African Americans and Latinos are less likely to participate in politics than whites.

What was the main cause for reducing the legal voting age to 18?

Government officials hoped it would lead to a decline in disruptive student protests.

Which of the following is a traditional form of political activity?

NOT NOT NOT NOT visiting a candidate’s website

About ________ million Americans have lost their voting rights as a result of felony convictions.


The Supreme Court ruled that prayer in public schools was unconstitutional in ________.

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Which statement about religion and political participation is correct?

Religion has played an important role in organizing political participation.

The digital divide refers to the

line separating citizens with Internet access from those without.

Approximately ________ percent of young people voted for Barack Obama in 2012.


Descriptive representation occurs when

NOT NOT NOT NOT elected officials take the time to explain the details of each of their policy votes to their constituents.

The belief among African Americans that their own self-interests are linked to the interests of their race is called ________.

linked fate

The original purpose of voter registration was to

reduce corruption by making it more difficult to vote.

Asian Americans are approximately ________ percent of the U.S. population.


________ is the only state that does not require voter registration.

North Dakota

One of the limitations of focusing only on socioeconomic characteristics in explaining political participation is that

education levels have risen over time but rates of participation have fallen.

The "Black Lives Matter" protest movement started after

the killing of Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, in 2014.

Approximately ________ percent of Americans lack high-speed Internet access in their homes.


The Jim Crow era refers to the period

after the Civil War and before the 1960s.

Latinos tend to favor Democratic Party candidates in national elections because they

disagree with the Republican Party’s stance on immigration.

________ states currently require all voters to show some form of identification before voting at the polls.


Which of the following statements about African Americans and voting is NOT accurate?

The black-white gap in voter turnout has been at least 10 percent since the 1960s.

During the nineteenth century, about ________ percent of eligible voters usually cast a ballot on Election Day.


What is one reason that political parties and politicians view Latinos as a critically important group?

The Latino population in the United States is large and rapidly growing.

Which of the following is NOT a reason that digital politics fosters political participation?

NOT NOT NOT The Internet creates a form of "accidental mobilization" for those who are greeted by political news when they open their email, check social media, or conduct online searches. NOT NOT NOT NOT Information and political news is easier to obtain online and is available 24 hours a day for those who have Internet access.

What is social capital?

community networks that motivate political participation

During presidential election years, the nation’s first caucus is held in ________ and the first primary election is held in ________.

Iowa; New Hampshire

Gerrymandering may

NOT NOT NOT NOT reduce voter turnout by increasing the amount of money that is spent on advertising.

When congressional districts are drawn to favor one political party over another, it is referred to as


Journalists dubbed 1992 the "Year of the Woman" because

women doubled their numbers in the House and tripled them in the Senate during that year’s election.

Studies show that people are most likely to participate in politics when

someone asks them to get involved.

Which of the following states has had the highest voter turnout in recent presidential elections?


Approximately ________ percent of African Americans voted for Barack Obama in 2008.


Which of the following statements about Asian Americans is most accurate?

Although a majority of Asian Americans voted Republican in the 1990s, in the 2000s, they have been voting increasingly Democratic.

________ states prohibit prison inmates who are serving a felony sentence from voting.


Which of the following statements about age and political participation is true?

Young people are far less likely to participate in politics than older people.

What bloc of voters has recently been called "the sleeping giant"?

Latino Americans

________ is the single most important political act for most Americans.


The goal of the EMILY’s List organization is to

raise money for Democratic women candidates interested in running for office.

"Point-and-click" activism involving minimal personal effort or sustained engagement with political issues and a campaign is referred to as


During the colonial and early national periods of American history, suffrage was generally restricted to white males over the age of ________.


Studies suggest that

stringent voter identification laws have the effect of lowering overall turnout.

On average, women tend to vote for ________ candidates and men tend to vote for ________ candidates.

Democratic; Republican

The main goal of the group Rock the Vote is to

encourage young people to vote.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Most U.S. House seats are electorally competitive.

What is social capital?

community networks that motivate political participation

Which of the following is a reform that has attempted to make voting easier?

voter identification laws

In the 2008 presidential election, youth turnout

rose and most young people voted for Barack Obama.

According to political scientists, the passage of voter registration requirements in the early nineteenth century reduced voter turnout by as much as ________ percent.


Which of the following statements about women’s suffrage is most accurate?

Every state and territorial government adopted women’s suffrage before the federal government granted women the vote.

Which of the following statements about voter identification laws is most accurate?

In every state with a voter identification law, a person must have a photo ID issued by the federal government in order to cast a legal ballot.

About ________ percent of U.S. senators and U.S. representatives serving in Congress are women.


A state with a roughly equal number of Democrats and Republicans in the population is often referred to as a ________ state.


One-third of all Asian Americans live in which state?


Women are disadvantaged as candidates for office because

male candidates are more likely to have the advantage of incumbency in office.

Which of the following statements about felony voting laws is NOT accurate?

NOT NOT NOT NOT In Maine and Vermont, felons never lose their right to vote.

Evangelical Protestants are more likely to be associated with ________.

the Republican Party

Studies have shown that ________ is the most effective means to mobilize voters.

personal contact

What is the most important factor in predicting whether an individual votes?

education level

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