Chapter 8 – Judaism

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Judaism traces itself back to what legendary patriarch who is written about in the book of Genesis?


The Talmud is

a long work of commentary based on biblical principles.

The Jewish Day of Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year, is

Yom Kippur.

Contemporary Judaism has split into four parts. The most liberal is called

Reconstructionist Judaism.

The general Jewish attitude toward physical matter and bodily pleasure has generally been that

both matter and the body are innately good.

When the Jewish boy turns thirteen, he is considered an adult in the religious community. This ceremony takes its name from his new status.

Bar Mitzvah

Which division of modern Judaism stresses strict beliefs and careful keeping of dietary laws?


Which Jewish festival recalls the event related in the Book of Exodus about liberation of the Hebrews from oppression in Egypt?

Passover (Pesach)

Which book is part of the Torah or Pentateuch?


The Reform movement that began to spread in the nineteenth century attempted to

modernize Judaism.

The three categories of the Hebrew Bible are

Torah, Prophets, and Writings.

The biblical book that describes the origins of the human race is


The Sadducees were

an aristocratic, priestly party centered in Jerusalem.

The Jewish Sabbath is kept from

sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.

The biblical book of song lyrics sung in worship at the Second Temple in Jerusalem is


Jewish dietary laws forbid eating


The Jewish New Year occurs at what time of year?


The Passover occurs at what time of year?


On what feast are Jewish children given presents for eight days?


The Bible says that God spoke to Moses

on Mount Sinai.

The day of Rejoicing in the Torah comes at the end of what festival?


The Southern Kingdom was destroyed in 586 b.c.e. by


Zionism is

a movement that urges Jews to live in Israel.

Sephardic Jews have lived primarily in

the Mediterranean region.

The language of Sephardic Jews has been


The Yiddish language, though written in Hebrew characters, is a type of


The first two kings of the Israelite Kingdom were

Saul and David.

A dietary law kept by traditionalist Jews is that what items may not be eaten at the same meal?

meat and dairy products

Traditionalists sometimes interpret the command not to work on the Sabbath as including no

use of the telephone.

Another name for the Torah is


The name "Eve" means


Adam is said to have lived to be how old?


"Canaan" refers to

an early name for the region of Israel.

The Hebrew Bible sees history as

signs of divine activity.

"Covenant" means


The Hebrew ancestor who, according to the Bible, first settled in Egypt was


The moral conscience of the Hebrew people was the


According to the Book of Exodus, what disaster was the last to strike the Egyptians?

death of firstborn male children

The Jewish view of God is best expressed as

God makes moral demands.

The Torah is

the first five books of the Bible (Pentateuch)

The destruction of the Second Temple changed the nature of the Hebrew religion in that afterward

the Jewish religion began to focus on the written word.

The Talmud is the dispersion of Jews beyond Israel, particularly to Persia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean region.


Canaan is a joyous festival in early spring that recalls the Jews’ being saved from destruction, as told in the book of Esther.


Diaspora means "Teaching," "instruction"; the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures; also the additional instructions of God, believed by many to have been transmitted orally from Moses through a succession of teachers and rabbis.


Seder means "Order"; a special ritual meal at Passover, recalling the Hebrews’ exodus from Egypt.


Biblical Judaism describes Judaism before the destruction of the Second Temple (70 C.E.).


The Western Wall is the foundation stones of the western wall of the last temple of Jerusalem, today a place of prayer.


Bar mitzvah means "Son of the commandment"; the coming-of-age ceremony that marks the time when a young man is considered a legal adult within the Jewish community.


Kosher means "ritually correct"; said particularly about food consumption and food preparation.


Passover is a joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews’ exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression.


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