Chapter 7 Politics

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A political party is an organization

that tries to influence the government by getting its members elected to office.

What is the ultimate success for political parties?

winning elections

Incumbents in Congress

typically raise three times the money for their political campaigns than challengers.

Which of the following statements about party building is true?

Republicans have paid much more attention to party building than Democrats since the Eisenhower presidency.

Which of the following statements about Organizing for America (OFA) is FALSE?

OFA has established offices in only three states: California, New York, and Massachusetts.

Under the Constitution, ________ has/have the power to regulate elections.

state legislatures

Which of the following statements about parties in Congress is FALSE?

Only members of the majority party are allowed to take part in the election of the Speaker of the House.

Historically, realignments occur

when new issues combine with economic or political crises to mobilize new voters and persuade large numbers of voters to reexamine their traditional partisan loyalties.

Which of the following statements about partisan identification in the United States is most accurate?

Party identification varies significantly by income, race, and gender.

________ warned Americans against the dangers of political parties in his farewell address.

George Washington

Throughout its history, American politics has been dominated by ________ major political party/parties.


The United States began its tradition of ________ during the early nineteenth century.

the two-party system

An individual’s psychological attachment to one party or another is called a party ________.


The first party system was characterized by conflict between the ________ and the ________.

Federalists; Jeffersonian Republicans

The United States has had ________ party systems since 1790.


The Federalist Party disappeared forever as a result of ________.

the war of 1812

The two major parties in the United States during the 1830s and 1840s were the ________ and the ________.

Democrats; Whigs

What issue led to the demise of the Whig Party?


During the late 1840s and early 1850s, both the Democratic and Whig parties were divided by

conflicts over slavery.

From the end of the Civil War to the 1890s, the ________ Party was the party of the North, while the ________ Party was the party of the South.

Republican; Democratic

Reconstruction after the Civil War was led by the ________ Party.


The Populist Party appealed to which of the following groups?

western mining interests, small farmers, and urban workers

From 1896 to 1932, the ________ Party was the nation’s majority party.


Which group was NOT a part of the New Deal coalition?

business leaders

The New Deal coalition was severely strained and ultimately broken apart by the ________.

Vietnam War and the issue of civil rights

"Me too" Republicanism refers to

the tendency of Republican politicians during the New Deal to support popular programs such as Social Security rather than advocate alternative policies.

Which of the following best indicated the downfall of the New Deal coalition?

Richard Nixon’s election in 1968

In 1964, the Republican Party presidential nominee, ________, espoused a number of ideas, such as less taxation and less government regulation of the economy, that became major themes for the modern Republican Party.

Barry Goldwater

During the 1980s, the Republicans added ________to their coalition.

religious conservatives and working-class whites

When Richard Nixon employed his "southern strategy," he

appealed to disaffected white voters in the South.

Which of the following occurs when one party becomes dominant after replacing another party that has dominated national politics for a lengthy period of time?

An electoral realignment

________ occurs when one party controls the presidency while another party controls one or both houses of Congress.

Divided party government

In which of the following was there NOT an electoral realignment?


As a third-party candidate, Ross Perot captured approximately ________ percent of the popular vote in the 1992 presidential election.


The Tea Party movement is

an organized challenge to incumbents in the Republican Party by the most conservative wing of the Republican Party.

State ballot access laws, such as registration fees and petition requirements, have the effect of

reducing the number of third-party and independent candidates who can run for office.

Third-party candidates are better off under ________.

proportional representation

Which of the following is NOT part of a country’s party system?

the laws that govern how much money parties can raise and spend in election campaigns

Third parties in the United States typically represent

social and economic interests that are disregarded by the two major parties for certain reasons.

Women in the United States are ________ the ________ Party.

somewhat more likely to support; Democratic

Men in the United States are ________ the ________ Party.

somewhat more likely to support; Republican

Which of the following statements is true about political participation?

African Americans and Latinos are less likely to participate in politics than whites.

Which of the following statements is true about political participation?

Young people are far less likely to participate in politics than older people.

________ is the single most important factor in predicting whether an individual votes.

education level

Which of the following statements about voter identification laws is most accurate?

Voter identification laws in the states disproportionately affect minority citizens and the less affluent.

It is likely that eliminating state-level voter registration laws would

increase voter turnout among younger people.

Which of the following statements about voting rights is correct?

Many states have laws restricting the voting rights of persons convicted of felonies.

________ is the single most important political act for most Americans.


About ________ percent of eligible voters turn out for midterm congressional elections.


Which of the following is NOT a key factor affecting one’s level of participation?

geographic region

Which of the following characteristics constitutes one’s socioeconomic status?

level of income, level of education, and prestige of occupation

Compared with western Europe, the United States has ________ turnout in elections.

a lower

Dealignment refers to

the decline of partisan attachment within the electorate, the growth in the number of voters identifying themselves as independents, and the rise of split-ticket voting.

In 2012, about ________ percent of Latino Americans voted for Barack Obama.


About ________ percent of African Americans voted for Barack Obama in 2012.


In 2012, both Barack Obama and Mitt Romney raised about ________ each in their respective campaigns.

$1 billion

________ are nonprofit independent groups that receive and distribute funds to influence the nomination, election, and defeat of a candidate.

527 committees

527 committees are an important part of the American political system because they

are able to raise and spend unlimited amounts of money as long as they do not coordinate their activities with a political party.

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