Chapter 7 MCQ

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10) Three of the four types of processes are:
A) goods, services, and hybrids.
B) manual, automated, and service.
C) process focus, repetitive focus, and product focus.
D) modular, continuous, and technological.
E) input, transformation, and output.

C

9) A job shop is an example of a(n):
A) repetitive process.
B) continuous process.
C) line process.
D) intermittent process.
E) specialized process.

d

11) Which of the following industries is most likely to have low equipment utilization?
A) auto manufacturing
B) commercial baking
C) television manufacturing
D) steel manufacturing
E) restaurants

E

12) A product-focused process is commonly used to produce:
A) high-volume, high-variety products.
B) low-volume, high-variety products.
C) high-volume, low-variety products.
D) low-variety products at either high- or low-volume.
E) high-volume products of either high- or low-variety.

C

13) Which one of the following products is most likely made in a job shop environment?
A) rolls of newsprint
B) paper forms
C) television sets
D) cigarettes
E) canned vegetables

B

14) Which of the following products is likely to be assembled on a repetitive process line?
A) automobiles
B) custom personal computers
C) custom cakes
D) steel
E) beer

A

15) An assembly line is an example of a:
A) product-focused process.
B) process-focused process.
C) repetitive process.
D) line process.
E) specialized process.

C

16) Arnold Palmer Hospital uses which focus?
A) process
B) repetitive
C) product
D) mass customization
E) A and D

A

17) One of the similarities between process focus and mass-customization is:
A) the volume of outputs.
B) the use of modules.
C) many departments and many routings.
D) the variety of outputs.
E) All of the above are similarities.

D

18) Frito-Lay is to ________ focus as Harley Davidson is to ________ focus.
A) process, repetitive
B) product, repetitive
C) repetitive, product
D) process, product
E) product, mass customization

B

19) High fixed costs and low variable costs are typical of which approach?
A) product
B) process
C) mass customization
D) repetitive
E) A and C

E

20) Goods made to order are typical of ________ and ________ approaches while goods made to forecast are typical of ________ and ________ approaches.
A) process, mass customization; repetitive, product
B) product, mass customization; repetitive, process
C) product, process; repetitive, mass customization
D) repetitive, product; mass customization, process
E) repetitive, process; mass customization, product

A

24) Which of the following is FALSE regarding repetitive processes?
A) They use modules.
B) They allow easy switching from one product to the other.
C) They are the classic assembly lines.
D) They have more structure and less flexibility than a job shop layout.
E) They include the assembly of basically all automobiles.

B

25) Which of the following phrases best describes product focus?
A) low volume, high variety
B) Finished goods are usually made to order.
C) Processes are designed to perform a wide variety of activities.
D) high fixed costs, low variable costs
E) high inventory

D

26) Which of the following phrases best describes process focus?
A) low volume, high variety
B) Finished goods are usually made to a forecast and stored.
C) Operators are less broadly skilled.
D) high fixed costs, low variable costs
E) low inventory

D

27) Which of the following characteristics best describes repetitive focus?
A) It uses sophisticated scheduling to accommodate custom orders.
B) Its output is a standardized product produced from modules.
C) Operators are broadly skilled.
D) It is widely used for the manufacture of steel.
E) low volume, high variety

B

28) A quasi-custom product:
A) gets its apparent customization from the combinations available from a small number of modules.
B) is often the output of repetitive focus facilities.
C) is a valid description of a fast food sandwich.
D) only applies in services.
E) All but D are true.

E

29) Process A has fixed costs of $1000 and variable costs of $5 per unit. Process B has fixed costs of $500 and variable costs of $15 per unit. What is the crossover point between process A and process B?
A) 50 units
B) 200 units
C) $2,500
D) $5,000
E) $9,500

A

30) Process X has fixed costs of $10,000 and variable costs of $2.40 per unit. Process Y has fixed costs of $9,000 and variable costs of $2.25 per unit. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) The crossover point is approximately 6667 units.
B) It is impossible for one process to have both of its costs lower than those of another process.
C) Process Y is cheaper than process X at all volumes.
D) Process X should be selected for very large production volumes.
E) Process X is more profitable than process Y and should be selected.

C

31) The crossover point is that production quantity where:
A) variable costs of one process equal the variable costs of another process.
B) fixed costs of a process are equal to its variable costs.
C) total costs equal total revenues for a process.
D) total costs for one process equal total costs for another process.

D

32) Product focused processes:
A) allow more customization, but are not very efficient.
B) are desirable because resource needs increase slowly with the complexity of a process.
C) are processes that are specialized for relatively few products or customer groups.
D) apply only to service firms, not to manufacturers.
E) are profitable because customers demand flexibility, not specialization.

D

7) Value-stream mapping:
A) is a variation of time-function mapping.
B) examines the supply chain to determine where value is added.
C) extends time function mapping back to the supplier.
D) starts with the customer and works backwards.
E) All of the above are true.

E

8) One fundamental difference between a process chart and a flowchart is that:
A) the process chart adds a time dimension to the horizontal axis, while a flowchart is not time-oriented.
B) the process chart includes the supply chain, while the flowchart stays within an organization.
C) the process chart is more like a table, while the flowchart is more like a schematic diagram.
D) the process chart focuses on the customer and on the provider’s interaction with the customer, while the flowchart does not deal directly with the customer.
E) None of these is true, because a process chart and a flowchart are the same thing.

C

9) Service blueprinting:
A) provides the basis to negotiate prices with suppliers.
B) mimics the way people communicate.
C) determines the best time for each step in the process.
D) focuses on the provider’s interaction with the customer.
E) uses the schematic of a house to diagram a service process.

D

10) What is a drawing of the movement of material, product, or people?
A) flowchart
B) process chart
C) service blueprint
D) process map
E) vision system
Objective: LO3

A

4) Which of the following is not one of the strategies for improving service productivity?
A) self-service
B) automation
C) scheduling
D) separation
E) mass customization

E

5) In mass service and professional service, the operations manager should focus extensively on:
A) automation.
B) equipment maintenance.
C) sophisticated scheduling.
D) human resources.
E) cost-cutting initiatives.

D

6) In the mass service and service factory quadrants of the service process matrix, the operations manager could focus on all of the following except:
A) automation.
B) standardization.
C) tight quality control.
D) removing some services.
E) customization.

E

5) Which of the following is TRUE regarding vision systems?
A) They are consistently accurate.
B) They are modest in cost.
C) They do not become bored.
D) All of the above are true.
E) None of the above is true.

D

6) The use of information technology to monitor and control a physical process is known as:
A) process control.
B) computer-aided design.
C) information numeric control.
D) numeric control.
E) IT oversight.

A

11) A system using an automated work cell controlled by electronic signals from a common centralized computer facility is called:
A) an adaptive control system.
B) robotics.
C) a flexible manufacturing system.
D) an automatic guided vehicle (AGV) system.
E) a manufacturing cell.

C

3) Advances in technology:
A) have impacted the manufacturing sector only.
B) have had only a limited impact on services.
C) have failed to change the level of customer interaction with an organization.
D) have had a dramatic impact on customer interaction with services and with products.
E) have dramatically changed health care, but have not changed retailing.

D

2) Process redesign:
A) is the fundamental rethinking of business processes.
B) is sometimes called process reengineering.
C) tries to bring about dramatic improvements in performance.
D) often focuses on activities that cross functional lines.
E) all of the above

E

9) A job shop is an example of a(n):
A) repetitive process.
B) continuous process.
C) line process.
D) intermittent process.
E) specialized process.

D

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