Chapter 7 Founding A Nation

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Anti-Federalists included:

Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry

Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress was able to:

Establish national control over land to the west of the thirteen states.

What proposal by Alexander Hamilton found little support in the Constitutional Convention?

Life terms for president and senators.

Why was the original House of Representatives so small, with only sixty five members?

The founders assumed that only prominent individuals could win elections in large districts, and that is what the founders wanted.

In The Federalist, James Madison argued that:

the large size of the United States was a source of political stability.

The relationship between the national government and the states is called:


Which of the following is NOT a check against presidential power in the Constitution?

The House can remove the president from office after impeaching him.

The Somerset case:

ruled that slavery was unlawful in England

James Madison:

was Thomas Jefferson’s friend and protégé

The Constitution explicitly granted Congress the power to do all of the following EXCEPT:

Emancipate slaves

Shay’s Rebellion was significant because it demonstrated:

to some influential Americans the need for a stronger central government

Thomas Jefferson believed that African-Americans:

should eventually be able to enjoy their natural rights, but they would have to leave the US to do so.

Which of the following is true of the Virginia Plan?

It proposed a two-house legislature, with population determining representation in each house.

Which of the following does NOT describe those who attended the Constitutional Convention?

Most had earned their wealth after rising from humble origins.

Which of the following is true of the Constitution of 1787 and of slavery?

Although never using the word "slavery", the document protected several aspects of the institution.

How did southern states react to the Constitution’s provision regarding slavery?

South Carolina and Georgia immediately began importing increased numbers of Africans, because in twenty years, the international slave trade could be constitutionally prohibited.

Who was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794?

Little Turtle

What was the annuity system involving the US government and certain Indian tribes?

A system under which the federal government gave annual monetary grants to Indians

Who wrote majority of the eight-five essays in the Federalist?

Alexander Hamilton

The New Jersey Plan:

was mainly supported by the smaller, less populated states

What qualification did the Constitution ratified in 1787 impose for voting?

It left voting rules to the states.

The Anti-Federalist James Winthrop argued that a bill of rights was necessary in the Constitution because:

It would secure the minority against the usurpation and tyranny of the majority.

Hector St. John Crèvecoeur’s Letters from an American Farmer:

Popularized the idea of the US as a melting pot of ethnicities.

Why did the founding fathers create the electoral college?

They did not trust ordinary voters to choose the president and vice president directly

Which of the following is true regarding Congress and the African slave trade in the United States under the Constitution?

Congress prohibited the African slave trade twenty years after ratification of the Constitution.

In The History of the American Revolution, David Ramsey:

Praised American state constitutions for allowing future amendments.

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787:

Established the policy to admit the area’s population as equal members of the political system.

Which of the following was a characteristic of the federal government under the Articles of Confederation?

Congress could not levy taxes or regulate commerce.

All of the following statements are true of the Bill of Rights EXCEPT:

It explicitly granted states the right of secession.

As designed by the Constitution:

Federal judges were appointed by the president, not elected by the people.

Which two prominent men were not at the Constitutional Convention?

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams

What was Congress able to accomplish with its Native American Policy under the Articles of Confederation?

Congress is demanded and received surrenders of large amounts of Indian land north of the Ohio River and in the South.

The Banner of the Society of Pewterers, one of many artisan group that took part in the celebrations over the ratification of the Constitution, hails the Constitution as a solid foundation for:

Prosperity and Freedom

In the immediate aftermath of independence, how did Congress justify its claim that at least some Indians had forfeited their rights to their lands?

Because they had aided the British during the war.

During the early years of the republic, African-Americans:

Made up well over 10 percent of the total population

The three-fifths clause in the US Constitution:

Gave the white South greater power in national affairs than the size of its free population warranted.

Which of the following is true of how the US government in the 1790s dealt with Native Americans?

The US government made treaties with them mainly to transfer land to itself or to the states.

In the 1780s, settlers in the western areas such as Tennessee and Kentucky:

believed they had a right to take possession of western lands and use them as they saw fit.

With regard to slavery, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787:

Banned slavery in the area north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River.

Under the Treaty of Greenville of 1795:

Twelve Indian tribes ceded most of the Ohio and Indiana to the federal government

Which of the following is true of how the leaders of the new nation viewed settlers moving west across the Appalachians in the 1780s?

The shared their British predecessors’ fears that frontier settler would fight constantly with Native Americans.

Which of the following is true of American national identity as envisioned by the Constitution of 1787?

The "people" were free Americans; Native Americans and "other persons" meaning African-American slaves, were not considered part of the political nation.

Which of the following did states NOT do during the period when the articles of confederation governed the US?

the called out militias to stop foreclosures on the homes of debtors

Which of the following persons would have been the most likely supporter of the articles of confederation?

an indebted farmer in western Massachusetts

The Naturalization Act of 1790 allowed:

only free white persons to become citizens

Which of the following groups tended to be Anti-Federalist during the ratification debates?

state politicians fearful of a strong central government

During the process of ratifying the Constitution:

2 states, Rhode Island and North Carolina, voted against ratification.

Who wrote Notes on the State of Virginia?

Thomas Jefferson

Shay’s Rebellion:

Used the example of the Revolution and the terminology of liberty in organizing.

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