Chapter 6 The Human Body

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The diaphragm is unique because it:

is both a voluntary and an involuntary muscle.

The ___________ is made up of the maxilla and zygoma, as well as the frontal bone of the cranium.


Which organ lies in the lateral and posterior portion of the left upper quadrant of the abdomen?


The waste products of aerobic metabolism include:

carbon dioxide and water.

The __________ fills the entire anteroposterior depth of the right upper quadrant of the abdomen.


The ____________ is a muscular dome that forms the inferior boundary of the thorax, separating the thorax from the abdomen.


Which of the following is NOT a function of the skin?

Metabolic coordination

A patient has a blood pressure of 130/70 mm Hg. The "130" in this measurement represents:

ventricular contraction.

Bile is produced by the liver and concentrated and stored in the:


What is the function of the fallopian tubes?

To transport a mature egg to the uterus

Large amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) are generated when:

the cells function with adequate oxygen.

Which of the following is NOT true of the lymphatic system?

It circulates oxygen, nutrients and hormones to the cells.

Urine is transported from the kidneys to the urinary bladder via the:


The brain connects to the spinal cord through a large opening at the base of the skull called the:

foramen magnum

Twelve pairs of ribs attach to which section of the spinal column?


Signs of adequate breathing in the adult include all of the following, EXCEPT:

a reduction in tidal volume.

A patient has a large accumulation of blood in the sac surrounding the heart. Which type of shock would this condition cause?


If a patient’s chest barely moves during inhalation, even if the patient’s respiratory rate is normal, you should suspect that:

minute volume is decreased.

What happens when blood volume is lost from the body?

The arteries contract to increase the blood pressure.

The ___________ portion of the spinal column is joined to the iliac bones of the pelvis.


The pelvic bones are formed by the fusion of the:

ilium, ischium, and pubis.

The bony prominence on the lateral/superior aspect of the thigh is called the:

greater trochanter.

The inferior cartilaginous tip of the sternum is called the:

xiphoid process.

Pathophysiology is the study of the functional changes that occur when the body reacts to a particular:


A by-product of involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation is:


The central nervous system is composed of the:

brain and spinal cord.

Which set of nerves is responsible for carrying information from the body to the central nervous system?


Oxygen and carbon dioxide pass across the alveolar membrane in the lungs through a process called:


Which of the following systems is responsible for releasing hormones that regulate body activities?


Which of the following structures does NOT contain smooth muscle?

Skeletal system

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