Chapter 6 Terms

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Which of the following is the component of the system unit that converts the wall outlet AC power into the DC power a computer requires?

Power supply

How many fans are typically in a desktop case?

at least three

Which of the following interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer?


Which of the following is true of synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) chips?

They are synchronized to the system clock.

Which of the following is another term for the system unit?


Which of the following cards converts computer output into a video signal that travels through a cable to the monitor, which displays an image on the screen?


Double Data Rate SDRAM (DDR SDRAM) chips are even faster than SDRAM chips because which of the following is true?

They transfer data twice for each clock cycle.

Which of the following is a kind of ROM chip that contains permanently written data, instructions, or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured?


Which of the following determines the number of bits that the computer can transmit at one time?

Bus width

As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following kinds of card is a circuit board that enhances functions of a component of the system unit and/or provides connections to peripherals?


Some computer and chip manufacturers use which of the following terms to refer to a personal computer processor chip?


AMD is the leading manufacturer of which of the following kinds of processors, which have an internal design similar to Intel processors, perform the same functions, can be as powerful, but often are less expensive?


Which of the following are small high-speed storage locations contained by the processor that temporarily hold data and instructions?


Which of the following is a case on a desktop that contains and protects the item shown in the accompanying figure and other electronic components?

System unit

On which of the following does battery life depend?


Which of the following is a type of nonvolatile memory that can be erased electronically and rewritten?

Flash memory

Which of the following allows the processor to communicate with peripheral devices?

Expansion bus

Which of the following should you have if you plan to connect your computer or mobile device to a wired computer network?

Ethernet port

Which of the following is the component of the processor that performs arithmetic, comparison, and other operations?


Which of the following is a cache separate from the processor chip on the item shown in the accompanying figure?

L3 cache

The processor relies on which of the following to control the timing of all computer operations?

System clock

Which kind of tablet typically does not include a physical keyboard and puts the case behind the display?


Which of the following is the International Electronics Commission working to make the universal connector standard for charging mobile devices?


Which of the following consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed by the processor, data needed by those instructions, and the results of processed data (information)?


Which kind of tablet positions the case below a keyboard, providing functionality similar to that of a laptop?


What is the process of copying items from RAM to a storage device?


Which of the following is an application that incorporates data from multiple providers into a new application?


Which of the following is measured by the number of ticks per second?

Clock speed

One gigahertz (GHz) equals how many ticks of the system clock per second?

One billion

Which of the following refers to an environment of servers that house and provide access to resources users access via the Internet?

Cloud computing

The faster the clock speed, the more of these the processor can execute per second. What are they?


Which of the following is the main circuit board of the system unit?

System board

Which of the following circuits contains many microscopic pathways capable of carrying electrical current?


Which of the following is a small piece of semiconducting material, usually silicon, on which integrated circuits are etched?

Computer chip

Which of the following processors is a single chip with two or more separate processor cores?


Current processors include advanced transfer cache, a type of cache built directly on a processor chip. Which type of cache is this?

L2 cache

The accompanying figure shows which of the following kinds of modules, which are small circuit boards where RAM chips usually reside, being inserted into the motherboard?


Which of the following adapter cards connects to musical instruments?


Which of the following means the computer automatically can configure cards like the one in the accompanying figure and other peripherals as users install them?


Within the circuitry of a computer, each channel along which bits transfer allows the various devices both inside and attached to the system unit to communicate with each other. What are these channels, shown in the accompanying figure, called?


Which of the following is the component of the processor that directs and coordinates most of the operations in the computer?

Control unit

In the accompanying figure, what on the motherboard holds the memory modules?

Memory slots

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