Chapter 6- Public Opinion and Political Socialization

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All of the following are true of public opinion except that

it plays a small role in our political system

Which of the following is (are) true?

Public opinion can be described as the aggregate of individual attitudes shared by some portion of the adult population and there is no single "public," but rather many different publics

General agreement among the citizenry on an issue is

a consensus

The results of an opinion poll that asked if people were willing to allow government agencies to monitor telephone calls and email of Americans showed 41% willing, 52% not willing, and 7% Don’t Know/No answer. This is an example of ______ opinion


Private opinion become public opinion when

it concerns public issues and is publicly expressed

The process by which people acquire political beliefs and attitudes is called

political socialization

Political socialization

is the way that people acquire their political beliefs and values

The transfer of political values

is more likely to occur from parents to children

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

In high school, students have little exposure to ideas about the American political system

Peer groups are most likely to influence political attitudes when

the peer group is actively involved in political activities

An opinion leader is

one who is able to influence the opinions of others because of position, expertise, or personality

Many people believe that the media’s influence on public opinion

has grown equal to the influence of the family

Which of the following is an incorrect statement?

Most politicians have avoided networking systems because they fear the connections with the public

The forms of media

include talk radio and cable networks centered around the news

Which of the following is (are) true?

More important than age is the impact of significant political events that shape the political attitudes of an entire generation

The generational effect refers to

the long-lasting impact of significant events on the generation that came of age at that time

Having a college education

no longer means that an individual is likely to vote for a particular party

In recent years,

professionals with advanced degrees have moved toward the Democrats

The rich tend to be

economically conservative and socially liberal

The poor tend to be

economically liberal and socially conservative

Jewish voters tend to

be more liberal than average on economic and cultural issues

With regard to voting and religion,

African American voters strongly support Democrats, evangelicals are both split politically between liberals and conservatives, fundamentalists most often are conservative, and church attendance seems to influence voting patterns

African Americans tend to be

somewhat conservative on certain cultural issues such as gay marriage and abortion

Which of the following is an incorrect statement?

most African Americans have supported the Republican Party since the 1930s

Which of the following is (are) true?

There was little evidence of a gender gap before the 1980s, Men approved of President Reagan’s performance more than women did, Women are more likely to support Democratic causes, and Women hold different attitudes on a range of issues from men

American women are more likely

to support social welfare programs

Currently, which of the following regions are more supportive of the Republicans than the Democrats?

The South, the Great Plains, and the Rocky Mountain states

Why did the Literary Digest incorrectly predict that Alf Landon would defeat Franklin Roosevelt in the presidential election of 1936?

The Literary Digest only polled its subscribers, who were more affluent than the average American and thus more antagonistic toward Roosevelt’s policies

Modern polling was developed

in the 1930s by George Gallup and Elmo Roper

A random sample means that

every person in the target population has an equal chance of being selected

The survey where researchers first decide how many persons of certain types they need and then send out interviewers to find the necessary number of those types is

quota sampling

Usually, the Gallup or Roper polls interview

about 1,500 people in a nationwide sample

The phenomenon of certain attitudes occurring at certain chronological ages is known as

the lifestyle effect

The answers given by respondents to poll questions are influenced by all of the following except

compensation offered to the respondents

All of the following are true of self-selection sample except that

polls that use self-selected respondent have as accurate samples as those using other methods

Respondents are given misleading information in the questions they are asked in order to persuade them to vote against a candidate in

push polls

Push polls

are now used throughout all levels of U.S. politics–local, state, and federal

All of the following are true about technology and opinion polls except that

the media are careful to disregard non-scientific polls and to report on only scientifically conducted surveys

Which of the following is true?

Cell phone numbers are not included in random digit dialing programs or listed in telephone directories, limiting the ability of telephone polls to reach many people

Public opinion affects the political process

because it is a source of power for elected officials who take positions supported by the people

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