Chapter 6 & 7

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The process whereby an individual or a professional preparation program meets specific established standards.


The process by which an agency or government (usually a state) grants permission to individuals to practice a given profession by certifying that those individuals have attained specific standards of competence.


The process by which a recognized professional body evaluates an entire college or university professional preparation program.


A process by which a professional organization grants recognition to an individual who, upon completion of a competency-based curriculum, can demonstrate a predetermined standard of performance.


Health education specialists typically receive what type of credential upon completion of a national exam?


Once a health education specialist is certified, which set of initials may be used after one’s name and academic degree?


Those health education specialists who receive advanced certification may use which initials after their name and academic degree?


During which decade did the role delineation project begin?


The health education specialist most responsible for initiating the Role Delineation Project that eventually led to certification of health educators was

Helen Cleary.

A conference held in February, 1978, to determine the function of health educators practicing in different settings was the

Bethesda Conference on Commonalities and Differences.


National Commission for the Accreditation of Teach Education


Teacher Education Accreditation Council


Council for Accreditation of Educator Preparation


the Council on Education for Public Health


SOPHE/AAHE Baccalaureate Program Approval Committee

Principles of the final report of the Accreditation Task Force s

1. Health Education is a single profession, with common roles and responsibilities 2. Professional Preparation in health education provides the health education specialist with knowledge and skills that form a foundation of common and setting specific competencies 3. accreditation is the primary quality assurance mechanism in higher education 4. the health education profession is responsible for assuring quality in professional preparation and practice

CHES Benefits (certified health ed specialist)

1. establishes a national standard of practice for all health ed specialists 2. attests to the individual health ed specialist’s knowledge and skills 3. assists employers in identifying qualified health education practitioners 4. develops a sense of pride and accomplishment among certified health ed specialists 5. promotes continued professional development for health education specialists

Qualifications to sit for CHES

based exclusively on academic qualifications -must posses a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree from an accredited institution or higher, AND (1) an official transcript that show a major in Health Education, Community Health Education, Public Health Education, School Health Education, School Health Education OR (2) an official transcript that reflects at least 25 semester hours or 37 quarter hours of course work with specific preparation addressing the 7 areas of Responsibility, and Competency for Health Educators

15 hours of contact hours needed each year for CHES (a total of 75 for five years overall)


Financing Graduate studies

Graduate teaching assistantship or fellowship- the student teaches a specified number of undergrad courses each term. Graduate research assistant or fellowship- the student usually works closely with one or more faculty members on a particular research project. (literature reviews, assist with date collection, enter data into the computer, or a host of other research related activities)

Masters Degree Options

Masters of Education (M.Ed.) found in institution where the health education/promotion program is located in a college of Education or Teacher’s college Masters of Science (M.S.) and Masters of Arts (M.A.) are usually found in universities in which the health education/ promotion program is located in colleges other than education. *M.S may be more scientific or research oriented whereas the M.A. and M.Ed. may be more practitioner oriented. Masters of Public Health (M.P.H.)- curriculum must obtain 5 specific areas of knowledge: biostatics, epidemiology, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and environmental health. Masters of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H) *M.S.P.H. degree is typically more research oriented than the M.P.H. degree.

Considerations for selection a grad school

practicality, cost, location, and size list accredited programs and schools in public health college or university reputation, reputation of the health ed/promotion program at a given institution

Admission requirements for grad school

overall 3.0 gpa out of 4.0 completed application form, letter of application, and several letter of references. standardize scores from Graduate record exam or Miller Analogy test

Need for advanced study in health ed

Masters degree is often considered the entry level degree in school settings, the masters degree brings additional financial rewards and in some, progress towards more permanent teaching certifications or licenses. However, it is advised to not complete a masters degree in teaching prior to obtaining your first teaching position. Puts you at a disadvantage because it is more expensive for the school to hire you vs. someone with a bachelors degree. in community of public health agencies, masters degree may bring additional financial rewards as well as promotions within the agency, higher level positions.

The first official group that oversaw the Role Delineation Project and eventually a credentialing system for health educators was the

National Task Force on the Preparation and Practice of Health Educators.

The individual hired as project director for the Role Delineation Project was

Alan Henderson.

To make the initial curriculum guide based on the verified role of a health educator less rigid, it was transformed into

a curriculum framework.

At this conference, participants were divided into five groups and asked to respond to several predetermined questions. Results were that four of the five groups favored some type of certification for individuals and some form of credentialing for professional preparation programs.

Second Bethesda Conference

Which of the following groups was hired to develop the initial health education certification exam?

Professional Examination Service

Which of the following was established to continue the work of the National Task Force and establish a more permanent structure to coordinate and oversee the certification process?

National Commission for Health Education Credentialing

Seven major responsibilities identified in the HEJA 2010 model are the core of what a health education specialist does

1. Assess needs, Assets, and Capacity for Health Education 2. Plan Health Education 3. Implement Health Education 4. Conduct Evaluation and Research Related to Health Education 5. Administer and Manage Health Education 6. Serve as a health Education Resource Person 7. Communicate and Advocate for Health and Health Education

The benefits of national certification include all of the following EXCEPT

guaranteeing the quality of work a certified individual will provide.

In order for an individual to sit for the CHES exam, one must demonstrate all of the following EXCEPT

possess a minimum of three years of experience working as a health education specialist

The 1992 Joint Committee for Graduate Standards was established by the

American Association of Health Educators.

A project conducted to reverify the competencies and sub-competencies of a health educator is known as the

Competencies Update Project (CUP).

The Competencies Update Project (CUP) was initiated to

reverify the initial competencies and sub-competencies of a health educator.

What was the name of the study conducted in order to update the health education competencies that had been most recently revised in 2005 by the CUP project?

Health Education Job Analysis 2010

Health education programs that are affiliated with a college of education and train students for positions in school health would most likely be accredited through the

National Commission for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Schools of public health, public health programs in non-schools of public health, and master’s degree programs in community health education may be accredited by the

Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).

Undergraduate programs in school or community health may obtain accreditation/approval through the

Society of Public Health Education and the Association for the Advancement of Health Education (SOPHE/AAHE).

Based on the 2009 AAHE Directory of Institutions That Prepare Health Educators, about how many programs at colleges and universities in the United Sates prepare health educators?


Based on the SOPHE/AAHE National Task Force on Accreditation in Health Education, all of the following principles were given to guide the profession EXCEPT

NCHEC is responsible for assuring quality in professional preparation and practice.

Which of the following is not one of the seven major responsibilities of a health education specialist as identified in the competency-based framework?

Developing computer programs

The hierarchy of skills from broad to specific in the competency-based framework is

responsibilities, competencies, and sub-competencies.

The most recent update of health education roles, responsibilities, competencies, and sub-competencies is the

Health Education Job Analysis.

Individual and collective resources that can be brought to bear for health enhancement are referred to as


In conducting a needs assessment, data that is already available such as that obtained from a literature review or the local health department is called

secondary data.

In conducting a needs assessment, data that is generated by the health educator via focus groups or surveys is called

primary data.

An important aspect of planning effective health education programs is to examine the

Rule of Sufficiency.

Population-based approaches to create health-improvement changes include a(n)

focus on policies, rules, regulations, and laws to modify behaviors.

Health education specialists are often called upon to serve as

resource persons.

Advocating for health and health education includes all of the following EXCEPT

altering the vending options in your work setting to assist employees in making healthy choices.

Multitasking refers to

the skill of coordinating the completion of multiple health projects at the same time.

Services that can be used by health education specialists to connect people with similar health interests are referred to as

social networks.

The type of master’s degree typically found in institutions where the health education program is located in a College of Education or Teacher’s College is the


A public health oriented master’s degree that would focus more on research would most likely be the


How many continuing education contact hours are required each year, on average, to maintain certification as a health education specialist?


Chapter 7
1. Which of the following is not one of the four major settings in which health education specialists usually work?

Insurance companies

2. Teaching school age children about health and health-related behaviors would most likely be done by someone with professional preparation in

school health education.

3. The best place to influence positive health-related change in the lives of youth and to reach both health and education goals is through health education efforts in which setting?


4. The initial impetus for school health stemmed from the terrible epidemics of the 1800s and the efforts of the

Women’s Christian Temperance Movement

5. In addition to providing classroom instruction, the school health education specialist should also take a leadership role in the development of

school health policies.

6. When comparing health education in the 1920s with the 1990s it is obvious that

the level of sophistication has increased over time.

7. "An integrated set of planned, sequential, school-affiliated strategies, activities, and services designed to promote the optimal physical, emotional, social, and educational development of students" best describes

a coordinated school health program.

8. Each of the following is a National Health Education Standard EXCEPT

act as a resource person to enhance health.

9. Which of the following are created by concerned citizens to deal with health needs not met by governmental agencies?

Voluntary health agencies

10. All of the following are voluntary health agencies EXCEPT

the Food and Drug Administration.

11. Which of the following are official governmental health agencies usually financed through public tax moneys.

Public health agencies

12. A disadvantage to working in voluntary health agencies is that

volunteers may not demonstrate the same level of commitment as paid employees.

13. "Healthy People in Healthy Communities" is the vision for

Healthy People 2010.

14. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in 2003 ________ percent of employers with 50 or more employees offered at least one health promotion activity.


15. Worksites have become interested in offering employees health education programs for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

the increased availability of health education specialists skilled in offering services in this setting.

16. According to the Wellness Councils of America, the benefits of worksite health promotion programs

are no longer a matter of speculation—they have been proven.

17. Which of the following is typically not considered a disadvantage of working as a health education specialist at a worksite setting?

Job satisfaction

18. Peabody and Linnan (2007) recommend that those wanting careers in the worksite setting consider getting one of the following combinations of degrees

health promotion and nutrition sciences.

19. Which of the following health care settings have been most receptive to hiring health education specialists?

Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)

20. Which of the following would a health education specialist be least likely to do in a health care setting?

Provide patient counseling on insurance needs

21. A major barrier that has prevented health education specialists from being used extensively in patient education is

a lack of reimbursement for health education services from insurance companies.

22. Which of the following is not a typical job responsibility for a health education specialists in a university health service or wellness center?

Conducting research

23. According to the text, one of the best ways to initiate a career in international health is to

join the Peace Corps.

24. Which health education setting requires health education specialists to acquire a diverse set of skills and be adaptable?

International health

25. Establishing and maintaining a wide range of contacts in the field that may be of help when looking for a job and in carrying out one’s job responsibilities once hired. This is known as


26. A body of evidence that enables students to demonstrate to prospective employers mastery of desired course or program outcomes is known as a


27. All of the following are recommended when trying to land that first job EXCEPT

limiting a job search to one or two key employers.

28. Which of the following is seen is the most important aspect in the job search?


29. New professionals wishing to seek jobs in health education should

be careful of what is placed on social networking websites.

30. Professionals working in health and medical recommend employees wishing to have job success should

continuously show how one adds value to the organization.

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