Chapter 5- Civil Rights

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All of the following are true except that

civil liberties and civil rights are the same thing

Civil rights

include women’s rights, resulted in legislation that secured basic rights for all Americans, have not always been accorded to certain groups such as Native Americans, African Americans, women, and older Americans, and are concerned with protecting groups from discrimination

All of the following are true of the Supreme Court rules before the Civil War except that they

had little impact on the issue of slavery

The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution

abolished slavery

The Fourteenth Amendment does all of the following except

state that the right to vote shal not be abridged on account of race

Black Codes

were so severe they almost amounted to a new form of slavery and were attempts by souther state legislatures to regulate African Americans who were free

After the Civil War, civil rights legislation was passed by Congress

but much of it was very ineffective and parts were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court

In 1896, the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson

agreed that separation of races is not a violation of the Constitution

The white primary in southern states allowed

whites to exclude African Americans from voting in Democratic primaries

In the 1944 case of Smith v. Alrwright, the United States Supreme Court ruled the _______ to be a violation of the Fifteenth Amendment

white primary

The tests commonly administered as a precondition for voting were called

literacy tests

A poll tax was used to

dissuade African Americans from voting

In the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme Court held that

public school segregation of races violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment

All of the following are true of what happened after Brown v. Board of Education except

Chief Justice Earl Warren was impeached and removed from the United States Supreme Court

De facto segregation means

segregation because of residential patterns and concentration of populations, not because of laws

In an attempt to achieve integration,

busing students across neighborhoods was ordered by the courts

Which of the following is true?

Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, an action which led to a bus boycott, and the Civil Rights Movement was led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

The civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was based on the philosophy of

nonviolent civil disobediance

The use of _____ was instrumental in bringing about the integration of lunch counters, buses, and trains


African American leader Malcolm X

believed in "black power" and racial separation

All of the following are true of the 1964 and 1968 Civil Rights Acts except that

it allowed state government to control school integration

A major consequence of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was

the elimination of discriminatoryvoter registration tests

The Civil Rights Movement

has benefited many different minority groups

Which of the following is (are) true?

Women have had to struggle for equality just like other groups in the U.S.

Betty Friedan’s The Feminie Mystique

described the unequal status of women in the United States

The Equal Rights Amendment was

not ratified by the necessary thirty-eight states

After the fight for the Equal Rights Amendment, various women’s groups addressed all of the following issues except

special legislation to protect the health of female factory workers

A practice, policy, or procedure that denis equality of treatment to an individual or to a group because of gender

is gender discrimination

Which of the following is (are) true?

The Supreme Court has ruled that certain jobs cannot extablish arbitrary rules on weight and height requirements that would keep women out of the professions, Title IX guaranteed women’s participation in high schools and collegiate athletics, Women have been allowed to serve as combat oukits, and State-financed military academies cannot exclude women students

On the issue of sexual harassment, the Supreme Court has ruled that

it is considered sexual harassment when words or actions of a sexual nature interfere with the employee’s work or create a "hostile environment"

All of the following are true of women in the work place except that

jobs that are traditionally held by women pay more than those traditionally held by men

In the recent economic recession,

male unemployment was higher than that for women

Which of the following is (are) true?

Major issues include debate about whether illegal immigrants should be given amnesty and be allowed to become U.S. citizens

All of the following are true of civil rights of immigrants except that

protections in the Bill of Rights are limited to only those who are U.S. citizens

The policy in admissions or hiring that gives special consideration to traditionally disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination is known as

affirmative action

The charge that some affirmative action programs discriminate against non-minorities is called

reverse discrimination

the Supreme Court ruled in the Bakke case that

race cannot be the sole factor in admissions decisions

The Supreme Court’s opinion in Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena means that an affirmative action must do all of the following except

continue for a period of at least ten years

In 2003, the United States Supreme Court considered two different admissions policies adopted at the University of Michigan and

approved affirmative action plans that took race into consideration as part of a complete examination of the applicant’s background

The Americans Disabilities Act

does not apply to carpal tunnel syndrome

The modern movement for the rights of gay men and lesbians began

in 1969, following a riot that broke otu when police raided the Stonewall Inn, a New York gay bar

In the 2003 decision of Lawrence v. Texas, the United States Supreme Court

declared laws against sodomy between consenting adults in private to be unconstitutional

In the 1996 decision of Romer v. Evans, the Supreme Court

invalidated a Colorado law that denied homosexuals the right to seek specific protection of the law

The phrase "don’t ask, don’t tell" refers to a policy toward gay men and lesbians

granting limited protection to members of the military

The Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 was passed in response to

a ruling by the Hawaii Supreme Court that might have allowed same-sex couples to marry

With regard to child custody and visitation rights,

most states do not deny custody soley on the basis of sexual orientation

Citizens eighteen years or older received a constitutional right to vote in part because

they could be drafted into the military at that age

The law has given children certain defenses against ciminal prosecution because

of their presumed inability to have criminal intent

In recent years, Hispanics have

begun to reverse their reputation for being politically inactive or disinterested

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