Chapter 3- Part 2

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The English Bill of Rights of 1689

listed parliamentary powers over such individual rights as trial by jury

In what ways did England reduce colonial autonomy during the 1680s?

It created the Dominion of New England, run by a royal appointee without benefit of an elected assembly

The Glorious Revolution witnessed uprisings in colonial America, including ones in:

New York and Maryland

Captain Jacob Leisler, the head of the rebel militia that took control of New York in 1689:

was overthrown and killed in so grisly a manner that the rivalry between his friends and foes polarized New York politics for years.

How did the new Massachusetts charter of 1691 change that colony’s government?

It made Massachusetts a royal colony rather than under the control of Puritan saints

Once Massachusetts became a royal colony in 1691:

it was required to abide by the English Act of Toleration, which displeased many Puritan leaders.

According to New England Puritans, witchcraft:

resulted from pacts that women made with the devil to obtain supernatural powers or interfere with natural processes.

Person most likely to have been accused of witchcraft in seventeenth-century New England:

A woman beyond childbearing age who was outspoken, economically independent, or estranged from her husband.

Why did the accusations of witchcraft in Salem suddenly snowball in 1692?

The only way to avoid prosecution was to confess and name others

Who finally ended the Salem witch trials?

the Massachusetts governor

As accusations and executions multiplied in Salem, what was the long-term impact of the witchcraft trials

The number of witchcraft prosecutions in Massachusetts declined markedly.

Population diversity in colonial British America

Great Britain originally promoted emigration to the colonies as a means of ridding itself of excess population but cut back in the eighteenth century, opening the colonies to a more diverse group of settlers.

Great Britain sought to attract which of the following to its American colonies in the eighteenth century?

Protestants from non-English and less prosperous parts of the British Isles.

The Scottish and Scotch-Irish immigrants to the colonies:

were often physicians, merchants and teachers.

The German migration to the English colonies:

led to the formation of many farming communities.

English and Dutch merchants created a well-organized system for "redemptioners." What was this system

for carrying indentured German families to America where they would work off their transportation debt

The separation of church and state:

existed only in a few colonies.

The biggest reason Jews left Europe was:

to escape rigid religious restrictions in German-speaking areas of Europe

Indians in eighteenth-century British America:

were well integrated into the British imperial system.

What role did Native Americans play in British imperial wars during the eighteenth century?

They did much of fighting in the wars

The Walking Purchase of 1737:

was a fraudulent deal for the Lenni Lenape Indians.

Agriculture in the colonies during the eighteenth century:

Because New York’s landlords had taken over so much land, agriculture grew more slowly in New York than in other colonies.

During the colonial era, Philadelphia:

became home to a varied population of artisans and craftsmen

North American crops and products:

were part of a commercial trade network that knitted together a far-flung empire

The colonial elite

They controlled colonial government

"Anglicization" meant:

to make english in form or character.

How did the colonial elite view their role in society?

It meant the power to rule–the right of those blessed with wealth and prominence to dominate others.

Poverty in the colonial period:

Limited supplies of land, especially for inheritance, contributed to poverty

As English colonial society became more structured in the eighteenth century, what were the effects on

Women’s work became more clearly defined as tied closely to the home.

By the eighteenth century, colonial farm families:

viewed land ownership almost as a right, precondition of freedom.

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