Chapter 3- Minerals

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Which of the following best defines a mineral and a rock

In a mineral the constituent atoms are bonded in a regular, repetitive, internal structure ; A ROCK IS A LITHIFIED OR CONSOLIDATED AGGREGATE OF Different mineral grains

Which of the following is not a fundamental particle found in atoms?


Atoms of the same eiemenr, zinc for example, have the same numberof _____.

protons in the nucleus

Atoms that have an electrical charge due to a gain or loss of electrons are called ___.


, Which of the Following is correct for isotopes of the same elements ?

The atoms have different number of neutrons and the same number of protons

What mineral is the hardest known substance in nature


Which carbonate mineral reacts readily with cool, dilute hydrochloric acid to produce visible bubbles of
carbon dioxide gas?


Which common mineral is composed entirely of silicon and oxygen?


Which of the following minerals is a silicate?


A cubic centimeter of quartz, oiivine, and gold weighs 2.5,3.0, and 19.8 grams respectively. This
indicates that ____.

gold has a higher density and specific gravity than quartz and olivine

Which one of the following mineral groups exhibits a sheet-like silicate structure?


The ion at the center of a silicon-oxygen tetrahedron is surrounded by ____.

Four oxygen ions

The resistance of a mineral to abrasion is known as ____.


All silicate minerals contain which two elements ?

Silicon, oxygen

Which mineral is easily soluble in water at room temperature conditions?


What element is the most abundant in the Earth’s crust by weight?


The strong reuclency of certain minerals to breakalong smooth, parallel planes is know’ as ____.


An atoms mass number is 13 and its atomic number is 6. How many neutrons are in its nucleus


Which one of the following is not true for minerals

They can be liquid solid or glass

Which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth’s crust?


Which the following denotes the positively charged particles in an atom’s nucleus?


which of the following has the highest specific gravity


Which of the following describes the light reflecting and transmission characteristics of a mineral


The most unreliable (variable) diagnostic property of minerals such as quartz is _____.


Which of the following is NOT one of the eight most common elements in Earth’s crust


Mineral deposits which have been Identified and can be extracted profitably are called ____.


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