chapter 3 CIS 243

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A software package for a mainframe usually requires a programmer to install it.


Hypertext markup language specifies how text, graphics, video, and sound are placed on a document.


________ is an operating system-independent, processor-independent, object-oriented programming language that has become a leading interactive programming environment for the Web.


A high-speed network dedicated to storage that connects different kinds of storage devices, such as tape libraries and disk arrays so they can be shared by multiple servers, best describes:


Using an online storage service such as DropBox is a type of virtualization.


In client/server computing, the client is:

the computer that acts as the user point of entry.

Software applications that combine different online software applications are referred to as:


Web services can exchange information between two different systems regardless of the operating system or programming languages on which the systems are based.


Languages that enable a user to make requests using conversational commands resembling human speech are called:

natural languages.

Microsoft Word is an example of:

word-processing software.

Client/server computing is the most widely used form of centralized processing.


Two categories of fourth-generation languages are:

graphics language and application software package.

Microsoft Excel is an example of:

spreadsheet software.

XML is limited to describing how data should be presented in the form of Web pages; HTML can perform presentation, communication, and storage of data.


Which of the following refers to the ability of a computer, product, or system to expand to serve a larger number of users without breaking down?


Today, most system and application software is custom built by in-house programmers.


Web browsers are the primary interface for accessing the Internet.


________ is free software created and updated by a worldwide community of programmers.

open source software

Software localization refers to the entire process of converting software to operate in a second language.


A software suite:

includes full-featured versions of application software bundled as a unit.

In order to manage their relationship with an outsourcer or technology service provider, firms need a contract that includes a(n):


Connecting geographically remote computers in a single network to create a "virtual supercomputer" is called:

grid computing.

Total cost of ownership components include costs for downtime, training, and support.


Which of the following is a type of optical disk storage?


Application server software is responsible for locating and managing stored Web pages.


Software that organizes, manages, and processes business data, such as data concerned with inventory, customers, and vendors, is called

data management software.


can boost server utilization rates to 70% or higher.

Software that manages the resources of the computer is called:

system software.

In co-location, a firm:

purchases and owns their Web server but locates the server in the physical facility of a hosting service.

XML provides a standard format for data exchange, enabling Web services to pass data from one process to another.


Which of the following is not one of the most important four programming languages for business?


All of the following place strain on system capacity, except for:

minimized response time for transaction processing.

A(n) ________ allows users to interact with a computer by using several fingers to perform gestures without using a mouse or keyboard.

multitouch interface

The primary storage technologies are:

Storage networks, magnetic tape,magnetic disk, and optical disk

You use ________ to predict when a computer hardware system becomes saturated.

capacity planning

Purchasing computing power from a central computing service and paying only for the amount of computing power used is commonly referred to as:

utility computing.

The floppy disk used by earlier generation PCs for portable storage has now been largely replaced by:

flash drives.

According to your reading of the chapter opening case, which new hardware technology did BART utilize to more closely match its computing power and storage capacities to its real needs?

Grid computing

Which of the following is a device used to collect data directly from the environment for input into a computer system?


To analyze the direct and indirect costs and determine the actual cost of specific technology implementations, you would use a:

total cost of ownership model.

The use of multiple computers linked by a communications network for processing is called:

distributed processing.

Running a Java program on a computer requires:

a Java virtual machine to be installed on the computer.

An SaaS provider maintains a large Web server, or series of servers, and provides fee-paying subscribers with space to maintain their Web sites.


The interactive, multiuser operating system developed by Bell Laboratories in 1969 to be highly supportive of communications and networking is:


Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software?

Desktop publishing software

IT infrastructure technology is the set of physical devices required to operate the entire enterprise.


A computer language translation program is an example of system software


A report generator is a type of:

fourth-generation language.

The contracting of custom software development to outside firms is commonly referred to as:


Systems integration means ensuring the legacy systems work with new elements of the infrastructure.


Nanotechnology uses individual atoms and molecules to create computer chips and other devices that are thousands of times smaller than current technologies permit.


A set of self-contained services that communicate with each other to create a working software application is called:


In a multitiered network:

the work of the entire network is balanced over several levels of servers.

Which of the following statements is not true about cloud computing?

It removes the concern about data and systems security for businesses., which combines Google Maps with crime data for the city of Chicago, is an example of:

a mashup.

Linux plays a major role in supporting business information systems, and has garnered about ________ of the U.S. server market.

25 percent

________ describes the efforts of companies to reduce the power and cooling costs of maintaining their technology assets.

Green computing

A private cloud is operated by a single organization but may be managed by a third party and be located off premises.


SaaS providers deliver and provide Web-based, remote access to storage


An example of autonomic computing is:

virus protection software that runs and updates itself automatically.

Which of the following is not a type of output device?


An industry-wide effort to develop systems that can configure, optimize, tune, and heal themselves when broken, and protect themselves from outside intruders and self-destruction is called:

autonomic computing.

The business case for using grid computing involves all of the following except:

centralized maintenance.

What is the foundation technology for Web services?


A mainframe is a type of legacy workstation.


The collection of Web services that are used to build a firm’s software systems constitutes what is known as a service-oriented architecture.


Legacy systems are still in use today because:

they are too expensive to redesign.

Which of the following types of computer is used for weather forecasting?


Which of the following types of computer would you use to support a computer network?


What would be a reason for using a workstation rather than a personal computer?

When you need more powerful computational abilities

n cloud computing, rapid elasticity refers to the ability of computing resources to be quickly altered to meet demand.


Allowing departments to make their own software and hardware purchases increases efficiency and minimizes the need for centralized support.


Linux is:

an example of open-source software.

One of the main benefits of moving to mobile business computing platforms is the dramatically lower costs of hardware.


HTML5 is the latest evolution of HTML, and is designed to make it much easier to embed third-party add-ons, such as Flash animations and streaming video, in web pages.


Which of the following storage technology stores data sequentially?

Magnetic tape

Software used to apply the computer to a specific task for an end user is called:

application software.

The main challenge coming to Microsoft’s Office software suite will be:

Web-based productivity software such as Google Apps.

What type of device gathers data and converts them into electronic form for use by the computer?

Input device

A client computer networked to a server computer, with processing split between the two types of machines, is called a(n) ________ architecture

two-tiered client/server

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