Chapter 26 Soft- Tissue Injuries

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The germinal layer of the epidermis contains pigment granules that are responsible for skin:


Functions of the skin include all of the following, EXCEPT:

the production of key antibodies.

A hematoma develops when:

large blood vessels beneath the skin are damaged.

Which of the following is a sign of compartment syndrome?

Pain upon passive movement of the injury site

A 30-year-old male experienced a crushing injury when his forearm was trapped between the back of a truck and a loading dock. Upon your arrival, the man’s arm has been freed. Your assessment reveals that his arm is obviously deformed and swollen and is cold and pale. Further assessment reveals an absent radial pulse. You should be MOST concerned that this patient has:

compartment syndrome.

In addition to external bleeding, the MOST significant risk that an open soft-tissue injury exposes a patient to is:


Which of the following statements regarding penetrating injuries is correct?

External bleeding may be minimal but internal injuries can be extensive.

During your assessment of a 22-year-old male who was assaulted, you note widespread contusions and abrasions to his face, chest, and abdomen. His pulse is rapid and weak, and his skin is cool and clammy. You should:

administer oxygen and prepare for rapid transport.

You are assessing a 30-year-old woman with multiple large bruises to her chest and abdomen that she experienced during an assault. She is conscious but restless, and her skin is cool and pale. You should be MOST concerned with:

the fact that her clinical signs could indicate that she is bleeding internally.

An abdominal evisceration:

occurs when organs protrude through an open wound.

A construction worker fell approximately 30 feet and landed in a pile of steel rods. Your assessment reveals that he is pulseless and apneic and has a 10-inch steel rod impaled in his left leg. You should:

control the bleeding, begin CPR, stabilize the steel rod, immobilize his spine, and transport immediately.

In contrast to animal bites, the bite of a human:

carries with it a wide variety of virulent bacteria and viruses.

Burns are classified according to:

depth and extent.

Which of the following statements regarding severe burns is correct?

Severe burns are typically a combination of various degrees of burns.

A 5-year-old female pulled a pot of boiling water from the stove. She has superficial and partial-thickness burns to her head, face, and anterior trunk. What percentage of her body surface area has been burned?


In order for electricity to flow through the body and cause damage:

a complete circuit must exist between the electrical source and the ground.

You and your partner arrive at the scene of a house fire where firefighters have rescued a 50-year-old male from his burning house. The patient has superficial and partial-thickness burns to his face and chest. His nasal hairs are singed and he is coughing up sooty sputum. You should be MOST concerned with:

the potential for airway swelling.

When treating a partial-thickness burn, you should:

avoid the use of creams, lotions, or antiseptics.

Functions of dressings and bandages include all of the following, EXCEPT:

immobilization of the injury.

A 21-year-old male was working in an auto repair shop and sustained radiator burns to the anterior aspect of both arms and to his anterior chest. According to the rule of nines, this patient has burns that cover _____ of his BSA.


A 33-year-old male sustained an abdominal evisceration to the left lower quadrant of his abdomen after he was cut with a large knife. After appropriately managing his ABCs and assessing him for other life-threatening injuries, how you should care for his wound?

Cover it with moist, sterile gauze and secure with an occlusive dressing.

A 39-year-old male was struck in the head by a baseball during a game. He is confused and has slurred speech. He has a large hematoma in the center of his forehead and cannot remember the events preceding the injury. After manually stabilizing his head and assessing his airway, you should:

administer high-flow oxygen.

A 56-year-old male has an incomplete avulsion to his right forearm. After controlling any bleeding from the wound, you should:

replace the avulsed flap to its original position and cover it with a sterile dressing.

A burn that is characterized by redness and pain is classified as a:

superficial burn.

A closed soft-tissue injury characterized by swelling and ecchymosis is called a(n):


An 8-year-old male was bitten by a stray dog. He has a large laceration to the back of his left hand, which your partner covered with a sterile dressing and bandage. In addition to transporting the child to the hospital, you should:

report the incident to the appropriate authorities.

As you approach a young male who was involved in an industrial accident, you note that his eyes are closed and that he is not moving. You can see several large contusions to his arms, a laceration to his forehead with minimal bleeding, and a closed deformity to his right leg. You should:

open his airway and assess his breathing status.

Burns to pediatric patients are generally considered more serious than burns to adults because:

pediatric patients have more surface area relative to total body mass.

During your assessment of a patient who was shot in the abdomen, you notice a large entrance wound with multiple small puncture wounds surrounding it. This wound pattern is MOST consistent with a:


In addition to severe bleeding, the MOST life-threatening complication associated with an open neck injury is:

an air embolism.

In which of the following patients should you remove an impaled object?

A pulseless and apneic patient with a knife impaled in the back

The sebaceous glands produce sebum, a material that:

waterproofs the skin and keeps it supple.

When caring for a patient whose arm is covered with a dry chemical, you should:

brush away the chemical before flushing with water.

Which of the following areas of the body has the thinnest skin?


Which of the following is a severe burn in a 65-year-old patient?

Partial-thickness burn to 20% of the BSA

Which of the following open soft-tissue injuries is limited to the superficial layer of the skin and results in the least amount of blood loss?


Which of the following processes occurs during the inflammation phase of the healing process?

The immune system releases histamines, which cause vasodilation and increased capillary permeability, resulting in local redness and swelling.

Which of the following statements regarding crush syndrome is correct?

Compromised arterial blood flow leads to crush syndrome and can occur when an area of the body is trapped for longer than 4 hours.

You have applied a dressing and roller-gauze bandage to a laceration on the arm of a young female. During transport, she begins to complain of numbness and tingling in her hand. You should:

assess distal circulation and readjust the bandage as needed.

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